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SubjectRe: module: use relative references for __ksymtab entries
On Sat, Sep 9, 2017 at 6:08 AM, Jessica Yu <jeyu@kernel.org> wrote:
> +++ Ard Biesheuvel [19/08/17 19:10 +0100]:
>
>> An ordinary arm64 defconfig build has ~64 KB worth of __ksymtab
>> entries, each consisting of two 64-bit fields containing absolute
>> references, to the symbol itself and to a char array containing
>> its name, respectively.
>>
>> When we build the same configuration with KASLR enabled, we end
>> up with an additional ~192 KB of relocations in the .init section,
>> i.e., one 24 byte entry for each absolute reference, which all need
>> to be processed at boot time.
>>
>> Given how the struct kernel_symbol that describes each entry is
>> completely local to module.c (except for the references emitted
>> by EXPORT_SYMBOL() itself), we can easily modify it to contain
>> two 32-bit relative references instead. This reduces the size of
>> the __ksymtab section by 50% for all 64-bit architectures, and
>> gets rid of the runtime relocations entirely for architectures
>> implementing KASLR, either via standard PIE linking (arm64) or
>> using custom host tools (x86).
>>
>> Note that the binary search involving __ksymtab contents relies
>> on each section being sorted by symbol name. This is implemented
>> based on the input section names, not the names in the ksymtab
>> entries, so this patch does not interfere with that.
>>
>> Given that the use of place-relative relocations requires support
>> both in the toolchain and in the module loader, we cannot enable
>> this feature for all architectures. So make it dependend on whether
>> CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_PREL32_RELOCATIONS is defined.

Good idea, I assume we may still get relocations given the compiler is
pretty bad at optimizing (_ptr - .) but I might be wrong. Anyway, the
size decrease is great and we can ignore these relocations if need be.
Thanks.

>>
>> Cc: Jessica Yu <jeyu@kernel.org>
>> Cc: Arnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de>
>> Cc: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
>> Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
>> Cc: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org>
>> Cc: Thomas Garnier <thgarnie@google.com>
>> Cc: Nicolas Pitre <nico@linaro.org>
>> Signed-off-by: Ard Biesheuvel <ard.biesheuvel@linaro.org>
>
>
> I ran this through some light testing and the relative ksymtab
> references seem to work just fine:
>
> Acked-by: Jessica Yu <jeyu@kernel.org> (for module changes)
>
>
>> arch/x86/include/asm/Kbuild | 1 +
>> arch/x86/include/asm/export.h | 4 --
>> include/asm-generic/export.h | 12 +++++-
>> include/linux/compiler.h | 11 +++++
>> include/linux/export.h | 45 +++++++++++++++-----
>> kernel/module.c | 33 +++++++++++---
>> 6 files changed, 83 insertions(+), 23 deletions(-)
>>
>> diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/Kbuild b/arch/x86/include/asm/Kbuild
>> index 5d6a53fd7521..3e8a88dcaa1d 100644
>> --- a/arch/x86/include/asm/Kbuild
>> +++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/Kbuild
>> @@ -9,5 +9,6 @@ generated-y += xen-hypercalls.h
>> generic-y += clkdev.h
>> generic-y += dma-contiguous.h
>> generic-y += early_ioremap.h
>> +generic-y += export.h
>> generic-y += mcs_spinlock.h
>> generic-y += mm-arch-hooks.h
>> diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/export.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/export.h
>> deleted file mode 100644
>> index 138de56b13eb..000000000000
>> --- a/arch/x86/include/asm/export.h
>> +++ /dev/null
>> @@ -1,4 +0,0 @@
>> -#ifdef CONFIG_64BIT
>> -#define KSYM_ALIGN 16
>> -#endif
>> -#include <asm-generic/export.h>
>> diff --git a/include/asm-generic/export.h b/include/asm-generic/export.h
>> index 719db1968d81..97ce606459ae 100644
>> --- a/include/asm-generic/export.h
>> +++ b/include/asm-generic/export.h
>> @@ -5,12 +5,10 @@
>> #define KSYM_FUNC(x) x
>> #endif
>> #ifdef CONFIG_64BIT
>> -#define __put .quad
>> #ifndef KSYM_ALIGN
>> #define KSYM_ALIGN 8
>> #endif
>> #else
>> -#define __put .long
>> #ifndef KSYM_ALIGN
>> #define KSYM_ALIGN 4
>> #endif
>> @@ -25,6 +23,16 @@
>> #define KSYM(name) name
>> #endif
>>
>> +.macro __put, val, name
>> +#ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_PREL32_RELOCATIONS
>> + .long \val - ., \name - .
>> +#elif defined(CONFIG_64BIT)
>> + .quad \val, \name
>> +#else
>> + .long \val, \name
>> +#endif
>> +.endm
>> +
>> /*
>> * note on .section use: @progbits vs %progbits nastiness doesn't matter,
>> * since we immediately emit into those sections anyway.
>> diff --git a/include/linux/compiler.h b/include/linux/compiler.h
>> index eca8ad75e28b..363fb3e734ec 100644
>> --- a/include/linux/compiler.h
>> +++ b/include/linux/compiler.h
>> @@ -590,4 +590,15 @@ static __always_inline void
>> __write_once_size(volatile void *p, void *res, int s
>> (_________p1); \
>> })
>>
>> +/*
>> + * Force the compiler to emit 'sym' as a symbol, so that we can reference
>> + * it from inline assembler. Necessary in case 'sym' could be inlined
>> + * otherwise, or eliminated entirely due to lack of references that are
>> + * visibile to the compiler.
>> + */
>> +#define __ADDRESSABLE(sym) \
>> + static void *__attribute__((section(".discard.text"), used)) \
>> + __PASTE(__discard_##sym, __LINE__)(void) \
>> + { return (void *)&sym; } \
>> +
>> #endif /* __LINUX_COMPILER_H */
>> diff --git a/include/linux/export.h b/include/linux/export.h
>> index 1a1dfdb2a5c6..156b974181a4 100644
>> --- a/include/linux/export.h
>> +++ b/include/linux/export.h
>> @@ -24,12 +24,6 @@
>> #define VMLINUX_SYMBOL_STR(x) __VMLINUX_SYMBOL_STR(x)
>>
>> #ifndef __ASSEMBLY__
>> -struct kernel_symbol
>> -{
>> - unsigned long value;
>> - const char *name;
>> -};
>> -
>> #ifdef MODULE
>> extern struct module __this_module;
>> #define THIS_MODULE (&__this_module)
>> @@ -60,17 +54,46 @@ extern struct module __this_module;
>> #define __CRC_SYMBOL(sym, sec)
>> #endif
>>
>> +#ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_PREL32_RELOCATIONS
>> +/*
>> + * Emit the ksymtab entry as a pair of relative references: this reduces
>> + * the size by half on 64-bit architectures, and eliminates the need for
>> + * absolute relocations that require runtime processing on relocatable
>> + * kernels.
>> + */
>> +#define __KSYMTAB_ENTRY(sym, sec) \
>> + __ADDRESSABLE(sym) \
>> + asm(" .section \"___ksymtab" sec "+" #sym "\", \"a\" \n" \
>> + " .balign 8 \n" \
>> + VMLINUX_SYMBOL_STR(__ksymtab_##sym) ": \n" \
>> + " .long " VMLINUX_SYMBOL_STR(sym) "- . \n" \
>> + " .long " VMLINUX_SYMBOL_STR(__kstrtab_##sym) "- .\n" \
>> + " .previous \n")
>> +
>> +struct kernel_symbol {
>> + signed int value_offset;
>> + signed int name_offset;
>> +};
>> +#else
>> +#define __KSYMTAB_ENTRY(sym, sec) \
>> + static const struct kernel_symbol __ksymtab_##sym \
>> + __attribute__((section("___ksymtab" sec "+" #sym), used)) \
>> + = { (unsigned long)&sym, __kstrtab_##sym }
>> +
>> +struct kernel_symbol {
>> + unsigned long value;
>> + const char *name;
>> +};
>> +#endif
>> +
>> /* For every exported symbol, place a struct in the __ksymtab section */
>> #define ___EXPORT_SYMBOL(sym, sec) \
>> extern typeof(sym) sym; \
>> __CRC_SYMBOL(sym, sec) \
>> static const char __kstrtab_##sym[] \
>> - __attribute__((section("__ksymtab_strings"), aligned(1))) \
>> + __attribute__((section("__ksymtab_strings"), used, aligned(1))) \
>> = VMLINUX_SYMBOL_STR(sym); \
>> - static const struct kernel_symbol __ksymtab_##sym \
>> - __used \
>> - __attribute__((section("___ksymtab" sec "+" #sym), used)) \
>> - = { (unsigned long)&sym, __kstrtab_##sym }
>> + __KSYMTAB_ENTRY(sym, sec)
>>
>> #if defined(__KSYM_DEPS__)
>>
>> diff --git a/kernel/module.c b/kernel/module.c
>> index 40f983cbea81..a45423dcc32d 100644
>> --- a/kernel/module.c
>> +++ b/kernel/module.c
>> @@ -539,12 +539,31 @@ static bool check_symbol(const struct symsearch
>> *syms,
>> return true;
>> }
>>
>> +static unsigned long kernel_symbol_value(const struct kernel_symbol *sym)
>> +{
>> +#ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_PREL32_RELOCATIONS
>> + return (unsigned long)&sym->value_offset + sym->value_offset;
>> +#else
>> + return sym->value;
>> +#endif
>> +}
>> +
>> +static const char *kernel_symbol_name(const struct kernel_symbol *sym)
>> +{
>> +#ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_PREL32_RELOCATIONS
>> + return (const char *)((unsigned long)&sym->name_offset +
>> + sym->name_offset);
>> +#else
>> + return sym->name;
>> +#endif
>> +}
>> +
>> static int cmp_name(const void *va, const void *vb)
>> {
>> const char *a;
>> const struct kernel_symbol *b;
>> a = va; b = vb;
>> - return strcmp(a, b->name);
>> + return strcmp(a, kernel_symbol_name(b));
>> }
>>
>> static bool find_symbol_in_section(const struct symsearch *syms,
>> @@ -2190,7 +2209,7 @@ void *__symbol_get(const char *symbol)
>> sym = NULL;
>> preempt_enable();
>>
>> - return sym ? (void *)sym->value : NULL;
>> + return sym ? (void *)kernel_symbol_value(sym) : NULL;
>> }
>> EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(__symbol_get);
>>
>> @@ -2220,10 +2239,12 @@ static int verify_export_symbols(struct module
>> *mod)
>>
>> for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(arr); i++) {
>> for (s = arr[i].sym; s < arr[i].sym + arr[i].num; s++) {
>> - if (find_symbol(s->name, &owner, NULL, true,
>> false)) {
>> + if (find_symbol(kernel_symbol_name(s), &owner,
>> NULL,
>> + true, false)) {
>> pr_err("%s: exports duplicate symbol %s"
>> " (owned by %s)\n",
>> - mod->name, s->name,
>> module_name(owner));
>> + mod->name, kernel_symbol_name(s),
>> + module_name(owner));
>> return -ENOEXEC;
>> }
>> }
>> @@ -2272,7 +2293,7 @@ static int simplify_symbols(struct module *mod,
>> const struct load_info *info)
>> ksym = resolve_symbol_wait(mod, info, name);
>> /* Ok if resolved. */
>> if (ksym && !IS_ERR(ksym)) {
>> - sym[i].st_value = ksym->value;
>> + sym[i].st_value =
>> kernel_symbol_value(ksym);
>> break;
>> }
>>
>> @@ -2532,7 +2553,7 @@ static int is_exported(const char *name, unsigned
>> long value,
>> ks = lookup_symbol(name, __start___ksymtab,
>> __stop___ksymtab);
>> else
>> ks = lookup_symbol(name, mod->syms, mod->syms +
>> mod->num_syms);
>> - return ks != NULL && ks->value == value;
>> + return ks != NULL && kernel_symbol_value(ks) == value;
>> }
>>
>> /* As per nm */
>> --
>> 2.11.0
>>
>



--
Thomas

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