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Subject[PATCH 3.2 087/106] signal: Only reschedule timers on signals timers have sent
3.2.93-rc1 review patch.  If anyone has any objections, please let me know.

------------------

From: "Eric W. Biederman" <ebiederm@xmission.com>

commit 57db7e4a2d92c2d3dfbca4ef8057849b2682436b upstream.

Thomas Gleixner wrote:
> The CRIU support added a 'feature' which allows a user space task to send
> arbitrary (kernel) signals to itself. The changelog says:
>
> The kernel prevents sending of siginfo with positive si_code, because
> these codes are reserved for kernel. I think we can allow a task to
> send such a siginfo to itself. This operation should not be dangerous.
>
> Quite contrary to that claim, it turns out that it is outright dangerous
> for signals with info->si_code == SI_TIMER. The following code sequence in
> a user space task allows to crash the kernel:
>
> id = timer_create(CLOCK_XXX, ..... signo = SIGX);
> timer_set(id, ....);
> info->si_signo = SIGX;
> info->si_code = SI_TIMER:
> info->_sifields._timer._tid = id;
> info->_sifields._timer._sys_private = 2;
> rt_[tg]sigqueueinfo(..., SIGX, info);
> sigemptyset(&sigset);
> sigaddset(&sigset, SIGX);
> rt_sigtimedwait(sigset, info);
>
> For timers based on CLOCK_PROCESS_CPUTIME_ID, CLOCK_THREAD_CPUTIME_ID this
> results in a kernel crash because sigwait() dequeues the signal and the
> dequeue code observes:
>
> info->si_code == SI_TIMER && info->_sifields._timer._sys_private != 0
>
> which triggers the following callchain:
>
> do_schedule_next_timer() -> posix_cpu_timer_schedule() -> arm_timer()
>
> arm_timer() executes a list_add() on the timer, which is already armed via
> the timer_set() syscall. That's a double list add which corrupts the posix
> cpu timer list. As a consequence the kernel crashes on the next operation
> touching the posix cpu timer list.
>
> Posix clocks which are internally implemented based on hrtimers are not
> affected by this because hrtimer_start() can handle already armed timers
> nicely, but it's a reliable way to trigger the WARN_ON() in
> hrtimer_forward(), which complains about calling that function on an
> already armed timer.

This problem has existed since the posix timer code was merged into
2.5.63. A few releases earlier in 2.5.60 ptrace gained the ability to
inject not just a signal (which linux has supported since 1.0) but the
full siginfo of a signal.

The core problem is that the code will reschedule in response to
signals getting dequeued not just for signals the timers sent but
for other signals that happen to a si_code of SI_TIMER.

Avoid this confusion by testing to see if the queued signal was
preallocated as all timer signals are preallocated, and so far
only the timer code preallocates signals.

Move the check for if a timer needs to be rescheduled up into
collect_signal where the preallocation check must be performed,
and pass the result back to dequeue_signal where the code reschedules
timers. This makes it clear why the code cares about preallocated
timers.

Reported-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
History Tree: https://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tglx/history.git
Reference: 66dd34ad31e5 ("signal: allow to send any siginfo to itself")
Reference: 1669ce53e2ff ("Add PTRACE_GETSIGINFO and PTRACE_SETSIGINFO")
Fixes: db8b50ba75f2 ("[PATCH] POSIX clocks & timers")
Signed-off-by: "Eric W. Biederman" <ebiederm@xmission.com>
[bwh: Backported to 3.2: adjust context]
Signed-off-by: Ben Hutchings <ben@decadent.org.uk>
---
kernel/signal.c | 20 ++++++++++++++------
1 file changed, 14 insertions(+), 6 deletions(-)

--- a/kernel/signal.c
+++ b/kernel/signal.c
@@ -535,7 +535,8 @@ unblock_all_signals(void)
spin_unlock_irqrestore(&current->sighand->siglock, flags);
}

-static void collect_signal(int sig, struct sigpending *list, siginfo_t *info)
+static void collect_signal(int sig, struct sigpending *list, siginfo_t *info,
+ bool *resched_timer)
{
struct sigqueue *q, *first = NULL;

@@ -557,6 +558,12 @@ static void collect_signal(int sig, stru
still_pending:
list_del_init(&first->list);
copy_siginfo(info, &first->info);
+
+ *resched_timer =
+ (first->flags & SIGQUEUE_PREALLOC) &&
+ (info->si_code == SI_TIMER) &&
+ (info->si_sys_private);
+
__sigqueue_free(first);
} else {
/*
@@ -573,7 +580,7 @@ still_pending:
}

static int __dequeue_signal(struct sigpending *pending, sigset_t *mask,
- siginfo_t *info)
+ siginfo_t *info, bool *resched_timer)
{
int sig = next_signal(pending, mask);

@@ -587,7 +594,7 @@ static int __dequeue_signal(struct sigpe
}
}

- collect_signal(sig, pending, info);
+ collect_signal(sig, pending, info, resched_timer);
}

return sig;
@@ -601,15 +608,16 @@ static int __dequeue_signal(struct sigpe
*/
int dequeue_signal(struct task_struct *tsk, sigset_t *mask, siginfo_t *info)
{
+ bool resched_timer = false;
int signr;

/* We only dequeue private signals from ourselves, we don't let
* signalfd steal them
*/
- signr = __dequeue_signal(&tsk->pending, mask, info);
+ signr = __dequeue_signal(&tsk->pending, mask, info, &resched_timer);
if (!signr) {
signr = __dequeue_signal(&tsk->signal->shared_pending,
- mask, info);
+ mask, info, &resched_timer);
/*
* itimer signal ?
*
@@ -654,7 +662,7 @@ int dequeue_signal(struct task_struct *t
*/
current->jobctl |= JOBCTL_STOP_DEQUEUED;
}
- if ((info->si_code & __SI_MASK) == __SI_TIMER && info->si_sys_private) {
+ if (resched_timer) {
/*
* Release the siglock to ensure proper locking order
* of timer locks outside of siglocks. Note, we leave
\
 
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