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Subject[PATCH 1/2] mm: Add infrastructure for get_user_pages_fast() benchmarking
Date
Performance of get_user_pages_fast() is critical for some workloads, but
it's tricky to test it directly.

This patch provides /sys/kernel/debug/gup_benchmark that helps with
testing performance of it.

See tools/testing/selftests/vm/gup_benchmark.c for userspace
counterpart.

Signed-off-by: Kirill A. Shutemov <kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com>
---
mm/Kconfig | 9 +++
mm/Makefile | 1 +
mm/gup_benchmark.c | 100 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
tools/testing/selftests/vm/Makefile | 1 +
tools/testing/selftests/vm/gup_benchmark.c | 91 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++
5 files changed, 202 insertions(+)
create mode 100644 mm/gup_benchmark.c
create mode 100644 tools/testing/selftests/vm/gup_benchmark.c

diff --git a/mm/Kconfig b/mm/Kconfig
index 0ded10a22639..97eda34b9a81 100644
--- a/mm/Kconfig
+++ b/mm/Kconfig
@@ -704,3 +704,12 @@ config PERCPU_STATS
This feature collects and exposes statistics via debugfs. The
information includes global and per chunk statistics, which can
be used to help understand percpu memory usage.
+
+config GUP_BENCHMARK
+ bool "Enable infrastructure for get_user_pages_fast() benchmarking"
+ default n
+ help
+ Provides /sys/kernel/debug/gup_benchmark that helps with testing
+ performance of get_user_pages_fast().
+
+ See tools/testing/selftests/vm/gup_benchmark.c
diff --git a/mm/Makefile b/mm/Makefile
index 411bd24d4a7c..2f788a5970f8 100644
--- a/mm/Makefile
+++ b/mm/Makefile
@@ -104,3 +104,4 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_FRAME_VECTOR) += frame_vector.o
obj-$(CONFIG_DEBUG_PAGE_REF) += debug_page_ref.o
obj-$(CONFIG_HARDENED_USERCOPY) += usercopy.o
obj-$(CONFIG_PERCPU_STATS) += percpu-stats.o
+obj-$(CONFIG_GUP_BENCHMARK) += gup_benchmark.o
diff --git a/mm/gup_benchmark.c b/mm/gup_benchmark.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..5c8e2abeaa15
--- /dev/null
+++ b/mm/gup_benchmark.c
@@ -0,0 +1,100 @@
+#include <linux/kernel.h>
+#include <linux/mm.h>
+#include <linux/slab.h>
+#include <linux/uaccess.h>
+#include <linux/ktime.h>
+#include <linux/debugfs.h>
+
+#define GUP_FAST_BENCHMARK _IOWR('g', 1, struct gup_benchmark)
+
+struct gup_benchmark {
+ __u64 delta_usec;
+ __u64 addr;
+ __u64 size;
+ __u32 nr_pages_per_call;
+ __u32 flags;
+};
+
+static int __gup_benchmark_ioctl(unsigned int cmd,
+ struct gup_benchmark *gup)
+{
+ ktime_t start_time, end_time;
+ unsigned long i, nr, nr_pages, addr, next;
+ struct page **pages;
+
+ nr_pages = gup->size / PAGE_SIZE;
+ pages = kvmalloc(sizeof(void *) * nr_pages, GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!pages)
+ return -ENOMEM;
+
+ i = 0;
+ nr = gup->nr_pages_per_call;
+ start_time = ktime_get();
+ for (addr = gup->addr; addr < gup->addr + gup->size; addr = next) {
+ if (nr != gup->nr_pages_per_call)
+ break;
+
+ next = addr + nr * PAGE_SIZE;
+ if (next > gup->addr + gup->size) {
+ next = gup->addr + gup->size;
+ nr = (next - addr) / PAGE_SIZE;
+ }
+
+ nr = get_user_pages_fast(addr, nr, gup->flags & 1, pages + i);
+ i += nr;
+ }
+ end_time = ktime_get();
+
+ gup->delta_usec = ktime_us_delta(end_time, start_time);
+ gup->size = addr - gup->addr;
+
+ for (i = 0; i < nr_pages; i++) {
+ if (!pages[i])
+ break;
+ put_page(pages[i]);
+ }
+
+ kvfree(pages);
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static long gup_benchmark_ioctl(struct file *filep, unsigned int cmd,
+ unsigned long arg)
+{
+ struct gup_benchmark gup;
+ int ret;
+
+ if (cmd != GUP_FAST_BENCHMARK)
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ if (copy_from_user(&gup, (void __user *)arg, sizeof(gup)))
+ return -EFAULT;
+
+ ret = __gup_benchmark_ioctl(cmd, &gup);
+ if (ret)
+ return ret;
+
+ if (copy_to_user((void __user *)arg, &gup, sizeof(gup)))
+ return -EFAULT;
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static const struct file_operations gup_benchmark_fops = {
+ .open = nonseekable_open,
+ .unlocked_ioctl = gup_benchmark_ioctl,
+};
+
+static int gup_benchmark_init(void)
+{
+ void *ret;
+
+ ret = debugfs_create_file_unsafe("gup_benchmark", 0600, NULL, NULL,
+ &gup_benchmark_fops);
+ if (!ret)
+ pr_warn("Failed to create gup_benchmark in debugfs");
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+late_initcall(gup_benchmark_init);
diff --git a/tools/testing/selftests/vm/Makefile b/tools/testing/selftests/vm/Makefile
index cbb29e41ef2b..084212d9e3e2 100644
--- a/tools/testing/selftests/vm/Makefile
+++ b/tools/testing/selftests/vm/Makefile
@@ -17,6 +17,7 @@ TEST_GEN_FILES += transhuge-stress
TEST_GEN_FILES += userfaultfd
TEST_GEN_FILES += mlock-random-test
TEST_GEN_FILES += virtual_address_range
+TEST_GEN_FILES += gup_benchmark

TEST_PROGS := run_vmtests

diff --git a/tools/testing/selftests/vm/gup_benchmark.c b/tools/testing/selftests/vm/gup_benchmark.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..36df55132036
--- /dev/null
+++ b/tools/testing/selftests/vm/gup_benchmark.c
@@ -0,0 +1,91 @@
+#include <fcntl.h>
+#include <stdio.h>
+#include <stdlib.h>
+#include <unistd.h>
+
+#include <sys/ioctl.h>
+#include <sys/mman.h>
+#include <sys/prctl.h>
+#include <sys/stat.h>
+#include <sys/types.h>
+
+#include <linux/types.h>
+
+#define MB (1UL << 20)
+#define PAGE_SIZE sysconf(_SC_PAGESIZE)
+
+#define GUP_FAST_BENCHMARK _IOWR('g', 1, struct gup_benchmark)
+
+struct gup_benchmark {
+ __u64 delta_usec;
+ __u64 addr;
+ __u64 size;
+ __u32 nr_pages_per_call;
+ __u32 flags;
+};
+
+int main(int argc, char **argv)
+{
+ struct gup_benchmark gup;
+ unsigned long size = 128 * MB;
+ int i, fd, opt, nr_pages = 1, thp = -1, repeats = 1, write = 0;
+ char *p;
+
+ while ((opt = getopt(argc, argv, "m:r:n:tT")) != -1) {
+ switch (opt) {
+ case 'm':
+ size = atoi(optarg) * MB;
+ break;
+ case 'r':
+ repeats = atoi(optarg);
+ break;
+ case 'n':
+ nr_pages = atoi(optarg);
+ break;
+ case 't':
+ thp = 1;
+ break;
+ case 'T':
+ thp = 0;
+ break;
+ case 'w':
+ write = 1;
+ default:
+ return -1;
+ }
+ }
+
+ gup.nr_pages_per_call = nr_pages;
+ gup.flags = write;
+
+ fd = open("/sys/kernel/debug/gup_benchmark", O_RDWR);
+ if (fd == -1)
+ perror("open"), exit(1);
+
+ p = mmap(NULL, size, PROT_READ | PROT_WRITE,
+ MAP_ANONYMOUS | MAP_PRIVATE, -1, 0);
+ if (p == MAP_FAILED)
+ perror("mmap"), exit(1);
+ gup.addr = (unsigned long)p;
+
+ if (thp == 1)
+ madvise(p, size, MADV_HUGEPAGE);
+ else if (thp == 0)
+ madvise(p, size, MADV_NOHUGEPAGE);
+
+ for (; (unsigned long)p < gup.addr + size; p += PAGE_SIZE)
+ p[0] = 0;
+
+ for (i = 0; i < repeats; i++) {
+ gup.size = size;
+ if (ioctl(fd, GUP_FAST_BENCHMARK, &gup))
+ perror("ioctl"), exit(1);
+
+ printf("Time: %lld us", gup.delta_usec);
+ if (gup.size != size)
+ printf(", truncated (size: %lld)", gup.size);
+ printf("\n");
+ }
+
+ return 0;
+}
--
2.14.1
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