lkml.org 
[lkml]   [2017]   [Sep]   [8]   [last100]   RSS Feed
Views: [wrap][no wrap]   [headers]  [forward] 
 
Messages in this thread
/
From
Subject[GIT PULL] zstd support (lib, btrfs, squashfs)
Date
Hi Linus,

Nick Terrell's patch series to add zstd support to the kernel has been
floating around for a while. After talking with Dave Sterba, Herbert and
Phillip, we decided to send the whole thing in as one pull request.

I have it in my zstd branch:

git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/mason/linux-btrfs.git zstd

There's a trivial conflict with the main btrfs pull that Dave Sterba just
sent. His pull deletes BTRFS_COMPRESS_LAST in fs/btrfs/compression.h, and
I've put the sample resolution in a branch named zstd-4.14-merge. My
idea was that you'd take our main btrfs pull first and this one second,
but the conflicts are small enough it's not a big deal.

zstd is a big win in speed over zlib and in compression ratio over lzo, and
the compression team here at FB has gotten great results using it in production.
Nick will continue to update the kernel side with new improvements from the
open source zstd userland code.

Nick has a number of benchmarks for the main zstd code in his lib/zstd
commit:

============
I ran the benchmarks on a Ubuntu 14.04 VM with 2 cores and 4 GiB of RAM.
The VM is running on a MacBook Pro with a 3.1 GHz Intel Core i7 processor,
16 GB of RAM, and a SSD. I benchmarked using `silesia.tar` [3], which is
211,988,480 B large. Run the following commands for the benchmark:

sudo modprobe zstd_compress_test
sudo mknod zstd_compress_test c 245 0
sudo cp silesia.tar zstd_compress_test

The time is reported by the time of the userland `cp`.
The MB/s is computed with

1,536,217,008 B / time(buffer size, hash)

which includes the time to copy from userland.
The Adjusted MB/s is computed with

1,536,217,088 B / (time(buffer size, hash) - time(buffer size, none)).

The memory reported is the amount of memory the compressor requests.

| Method | Size (B) | Time (s) | Ratio | MB/s | Adj MB/s | Mem (MB) |
|----------|----------|----------|-------|---------|----------|----------|
| none | 11988480 | 0.100 | 1 | 2119.88 | - | - |
| zstd -1 | 73645762 | 1.044 | 2.878 | 203.05 | 224.56 | 1.23 |
| zstd -3 | 66988878 | 1.761 | 3.165 | 120.38 | 127.63 | 2.47 |
| zstd -5 | 65001259 | 2.563 | 3.261 | 82.71 | 86.07 | 2.86 |
| zstd -10 | 60165346 | 13.242 | 3.523 | 16.01 | 16.13 | 13.22 |
| zstd -15 | 58009756 | 47.601 | 3.654 | 4.45 | 4.46 | 21.61 |
| zstd -19 | 54014593 | 102.835 | 3.925 | 2.06 | 2.06 | 60.15 |
| zlib -1 | 77260026 | 2.895 | 2.744 | 73.23 | 75.85 | 0.27 |
| zlib -3 | 72972206 | 4.116 | 2.905 | 51.50 | 52.79 | 0.27 |
| zlib -6 | 68190360 | 9.633 | 3.109 | 22.01 | 22.24 | 0.27 |
| zlib -9 | 67613382 | 22.554 | 3.135 | 9.40 | 9.44 | 0.27 |

I benchmarked zstd decompression using the same method on the same machine.
The benchmark file is located in the upstream zstd repo under
`contrib/linux-kernel/zstd_decompress_test.c` [4]. The memory reported is
the amount of memory required to decompress data compressed with the given
compression level. If you know the maximum size of your input, you can
reduce the memory usage of decompression irrespective of the compression
level.

| Method | Time (s) | MB/s | Adjusted MB/s | Memory (MB) |
|----------|----------|---------|---------------|-------------|
| none | 0.025 | 8479.54 | - | - |
| zstd -1 | 0.358 | 592.15 | 636.60 | 0.84 |
| zstd -3 | 0.396 | 535.32 | 571.40 | 1.46 |
| zstd -5 | 0.396 | 535.32 | 571.40 | 1.46 |
| zstd -10 | 0.374 | 566.81 | 607.42 | 2.51 |
| zstd -15 | 0.379 | 559.34 | 598.84 | 4.61 |
| zstd -19 | 0.412 | 514.54 | 547.77 | 8.80 |
| zlib -1 | 0.940 | 225.52 | 231.68 | 0.04 |
| zlib -3 | 0.883 | 240.08 | 247.07 | 0.04 |
| zlib -6 | 0.844 | 251.17 | 258.84 | 0.04 |
| zlib -9 | 0.837 | 253.27 | 287.64 | 0.04 |

=======================

I ran a long series of tests and benchmarks on the btrfs side and
the gains are very similar to the core benchmarks Nick ran.

Nick Terrell (4) commits (+14578/-12):
crypto: Add zstd support (+356/-0)
btrfs: Add zstd support (+468/-12)
lib: Add zstd modules (+13014/-0)
lib: Add xxhash module (+740/-0)

Sean Purcell (1) commits (+178/-0):
squashfs: Add zstd support

Total: (5) commits (+14756/-12)

crypto/Kconfig | 9 +
crypto/Makefile | 1 +
crypto/testmgr.c | 10 +
crypto/testmgr.h | 71 +
crypto/zstd.c | 265 ++++
fs/btrfs/Kconfig | 2 +
fs/btrfs/Makefile | 2 +-
fs/btrfs/compression.c | 1 +
fs/btrfs/compression.h | 6 +-
fs/btrfs/ctree.h | 1 +
fs/btrfs/disk-io.c | 2 +
fs/btrfs/ioctl.c | 6 +-
fs/btrfs/props.c | 6 +
fs/btrfs/super.c | 12 +-
fs/btrfs/sysfs.c | 2 +
fs/btrfs/zstd.c | 432 ++++++
fs/squashfs/Kconfig | 14 +
fs/squashfs/Makefile | 1 +
fs/squashfs/decompressor.c | 7 +
fs/squashfs/decompressor.h | 4 +
fs/squashfs/squashfs_fs.h | 1 +
fs/squashfs/zstd_wrapper.c | 151 ++
include/linux/xxhash.h | 236 +++
include/linux/zstd.h | 1157 +++++++++++++++
include/uapi/linux/btrfs.h | 8 +-
lib/Kconfig | 11 +
lib/Makefile | 3 +
lib/xxhash.c | 500 +++++++
lib/zstd/Makefile | 18 +
lib/zstd/bitstream.h | 374 +++++
lib/zstd/compress.c | 3484 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
lib/zstd/decompress.c | 2528 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
lib/zstd/entropy_common.c | 243 +++
lib/zstd/error_private.h | 53 +
lib/zstd/fse.h | 575 ++++++++
lib/zstd/fse_compress.c | 795 ++++++++++
lib/zstd/fse_decompress.c | 332 +++++
lib/zstd/huf.h | 212 +++
lib/zstd/huf_compress.c | 770 ++++++++++
lib/zstd/huf_decompress.c | 960 ++++++++++++
lib/zstd/mem.h | 151 ++
lib/zstd/zstd_common.c | 75 +
lib/zstd/zstd_internal.h | 263 ++++
lib/zstd/zstd_opt.h | 1014 +++++++++++++
44 files changed, 14756 insertions(+), 12 deletions(-)

\
 
 \ /
  Last update: 2017-09-08 21:34    [W:0.109 / U:0.476 seconds]
©2003-2017 Jasper Spaans. hosted at Digital OceanAdvertise on this site