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SubjectRe: [PATCH] mtd: spi-nor: fix DMA unsafe buffer issue in spi_nor_read_sfdp()
On Thu, 7 Sep 2017 10:00:50 +0200
Geert Uytterhoeven <geert@linux-m68k.org> wrote:

> Hi Cyrille,
>
> On Wed, Sep 6, 2017 at 11:45 PM, Cyrille Pitchen
> <cyrille.pitchen@wedev4u.fr> wrote:
> > spi_nor_read_sfdp() calls nor->read() to read the SFDP data.
> > When the m25p80 driver is used (pretty common case), nor->read() is then
> > implemented by the m25p80_read() function, which is likely to initialize a
> > 'struct spi_transfer' from its buf argument before appending this
> > structure inside the 'struct spi_message' argument of spi_sync().
> >
> > Besides the SPI sub-system states that both .tx_buf and .rx_buf members of
> > 'struct spi_transfer' must point into dma-safe memory. However, two of the
> > three calls of spi_nor_read_sfdp() were given pointers to stack allocated
> > memory as buf argument, hence not in a dma-safe area.
> > Hopefully, the third and last call of spi_nor_read_sfdp() was already
> > given a kmalloc'ed buffer argument, hence dma-safe.
> >
> > So this patch fixes this issue by introducing a
> > spi_nor_read_sfdp_dma_unsafe() function which simply wraps the existing
> > spi_nor_read_sfdp() function and uses some kmalloc'ed memory as a bounce
> > buffer.
> >
> > Reported-by: Geert Uytterhoeven <geert@linux-m68k.org>
> > Signed-off-by: Cyrille Pitchen <cyrille.pitchen@wedev4u.fr>
>
> While this patch got rid of the warning, it does not fix the SPI FLASH
> identification
> issue:
>
> m25p80 spi0.0: s25fl512s (0 Kbytes)
> 3 ofpart partitions found on MTD device spi0.0
> Creating 3 MTD partitions on "spi0.0":
> 0x000000000000-0x000000040000 : "loader"
> mtd: partition "loader" is out of reach -- disabled
> 0x000000040000-0x000000080000 : "system"
> mtd: partition "system" is out of reach -- disabled
> 0x000000080000-0x000004000000 : "user"
> mtd: partition "user" is out of reach -- disabled
>
> I noticed there's still one direct call to spi_nor_read_sfdp() left in
> spi_nor_parse_sfdp().
> I tried changing that to spi_nor_read_sfdp_dma_unsafe(), but that didn't help.
>
> > --- a/drivers/mtd/spi-nor/spi-nor.c
> > +++ b/drivers/mtd/spi-nor/spi-nor.c
> > @@ -1784,7 +1784,7 @@ spi_nor_set_pp_settings(struct spi_nor_pp_command *pp,
> > * @nor: pointer to a 'struct spi_nor'
> > * @addr: offset in the SFDP area to start reading data from
> > * @len: number of bytes to read
> > - * @buf: buffer where the SFDP data are copied into
> > + * @buf: buffer where the SFDP data are copied into (dma-safe memory)
> > *
> > * Whatever the actual numbers of bytes for address and dummy cycles are
> > * for (Fast) Read commands, the Read SFDP (5Ah) instruction is always
> > @@ -1829,6 +1829,36 @@ static int spi_nor_read_sfdp(struct spi_nor *nor, u32 addr,
> > return ret;
> > }
> >
> > +/**
> > + * spi_nor_read_sfdp_dma_unsafe() - read Serial Flash Discoverable Parameters.
> > + * @nor: pointer to a 'struct spi_nor'
> > + * @addr: offset in the SFDP area to start reading data from
> > + * @len: number of bytes to read
> > + * @buf: buffer where the SFDP data are copied into
> > + *
> > + * Wrap spi_nor_read_sfdp() using a kmalloc'ed bounce buffer as @buf is now not
> > + * guaranteed to be dma-safe.
> > + *
> > + * Return: -ENOMEM if kmalloc() fails, the return code of spi_nor_read_sfdp()
> > + * otherwise.
> > + */
> > +static int spi_nor_read_sfdp_dma_unsafe(struct spi_nor *nor, u32 addr,
> > + size_t len, void *buf)
> > +{
> > + void *dma_safe_buf;
> > + int ret;
> > +
> > + dma_safe_buf = kmalloc(len, GFP_KERNEL);
> > + if (!dma_safe_buf)
> > + return -ENOMEM;
> > +
> > + ret = spi_nor_read_sfdp(nor, addr, len, dma_safe_buf);
> > + memcpy(buf, dma_safe_buf, len);
> > + kfree(dma_safe_buf);
> > +
> > + return ret;
> > +}
> > +
> > struct sfdp_parameter_header {
> > u8 id_lsb;
> > u8 minor;
> > @@ -2101,7 +2131,7 @@ static int spi_nor_parse_bfpt(struct spi_nor *nor,
> > bfpt_header->length * sizeof(u32));
> > addr = SFDP_PARAM_HEADER_PTP(bfpt_header);
> > memset(&bfpt, 0, sizeof(bfpt));
> > - err = spi_nor_read_sfdp(nor, addr, len, &bfpt);
> > + err = spi_nor_read_sfdp_dma_unsafe(nor, addr, len, &bfpt);
> > if (err < 0)
> > return err;
> >
> > @@ -2243,7 +2273,7 @@ static int spi_nor_parse_sfdp(struct spi_nor *nor,
> > int i, err;
> >
> > /* Get the SFDP header. */
> > - err = spi_nor_read_sfdp(nor, 0, sizeof(header), &header);
> > + err = spi_nor_read_sfdp_dma_unsafe(nor, 0, sizeof(header), &header);
> > if (err < 0)
> > return err;
> >
>
> Instead of having buffers on the stack, passing them around through multiple
> call levels, and then kmalloc()ing a buffer, what about using the helpers in
> <linux/spi/spi.h> instead, which take care of the issue through the
> static bounce
> buffer or kmalloc() themselves?

Are you referring to spi_write_then_read()? If this is the case, I'm not
sure we can use this because m25p80_read/write() can have more than 2
transfers.

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