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SubjectRe: [PATCH 6/9] ext4: safely transition S_DAX on journaling changes
On Wed, Sep 06, 2017 at 11:47:00AM +0200, Jan Kara wrote:
> On Tue 05-09-17 16:35:38, Ross Zwisler wrote:
> > The IOCTL path which switches the journaling mode for an inode is currently
> > unsafe because it doesn't properly do a writeback and invalidation on the
> > inode. In XFS, for example, safe transitions of S_DAX are handled by
> > xfs_ioctl_setattr_dax_invalidate() which locks out page faults and I/O,
> > does a writeback via filemap_write_and_wait() and an invalidation via
> > invalidate_inode_pages2().
> >
> > Without this in place we can see the following kernel warning when we try
> > and insert a DAX exceptional entry but find that a dirty page cache page is
> > still in the mapping->radix_tree:
> >
> > WARNING: CPU: 4 PID: 1052 at mm/filemap.c:262 __delete_from_page_cache+0x375/0x550
> > Modules linked in: dax_pmem nd_pmem device_dax nd_btt nfit libnvdimm
> > CPU: 4 PID: 1052 Comm: small Not tainted 4.13.0-rc6-00055-gac26931 #3
> > Hardware name: QEMU Standard PC (i440FX + PIIX, 1996), BIOS 1.9.3-1.fc25 04/01/2014
> > task: ffff88020ccd0000 task.stack: ffffc900021d4000
> > RIP: 0010:__delete_from_page_cache+0x375/0x550
> > RSP: 0000:ffffc900021d7b90 EFLAGS: 00010002
> > RAX: 002fffc00001123d RBX: ffffffffffffffff RCX: ffff8801d9440d68
> > RDX: 0000000000000000 RSI: ffffffff81fd5b84 RDI: ffffffff81f6f0e5
> > RBP: ffffc900021d7be0 R08: 0000000000000000 R09: ffff8801f9938c70
> > R10: 0000000000000021 R11: ffff8801f9938c91 R12: ffff8801d9440d70
> > R13: ffffea0007fdda80 R14: 0000000000000001 R15: ffff8801d9440d68
> > FS: 00007feacc041700(0000) GS:ffff880211800000(0000) knlGS:0000000000000000
> > CS: 0010 DS: 0000 ES: 0000 CR0: 0000000080050033
> > CR2: 0000000010420000 CR3: 000000020cfd8000 CR4: 00000000000006e0
> > Call Trace:
> > dax_insert_mapping_entry+0x158/0x2c0
> > dax_iomap_fault+0x1020/0x1bb0
> > ext4_dax_huge_fault+0xc8/0x160
> > ext4_dax_fault+0x10/0x20
> > __do_fault+0x20/0x110
> > __handle_mm_fault+0x97d/0x1120
> > handle_mm_fault+0x188/0x2f0
> > __do_page_fault+0x28f/0x590
> > trace_do_page_fault+0x58/0x2c0
> > do_async_page_fault+0x2c/0x90
> > async_page_fault+0x28/0x30
> >
> > I'm pretty sure we could make a test that shows userspace visible data
> > corruption as well in this scenario.
> >
> > Make it safe to change the journaling mode and turn on or off S_DAX by
> > adding locking to properly lock out page faults (i_mmap_sem) and then doing
> > the writeback and invalidate. I/O is already held off because all callers
> > of ext4_ioctl_setflags() hold the inode lock.
>
> Yeah, this is a good point. It is just that this is not enough as I
> discovered in [1]. You also need to tear down & recreate VMAs when changing
> DAX flag which is a bit tricky. So for now I think returning EBUSY when
> file is mmaped and we'd like to flip DAX flag is the best solution. Hmm?
>
> [1] https://www.spinics.net/lists/linux-xfs/msg09859.html

Yea, thanks for the link, I totally missed this discussion (obviously).

Cool, I'll rework this for v2.

> > The locking for this new code is complex because of the following:
> >
> > 1) filemap_write_and_wait() eventually calls ext4_writepages(), which
> > acquires the sbi->s_journal_flag_rwsem. This lock ranks above the
> > jbdw_handle which is eventually taken by ext4_journal_start(). This
> > essentially means that the writeback has to happen outside of the context
> > of an active journal handle (outside of ext4_journal_start() to
> > ext4_journal_stop().)
> >
> > 2) To lock out page faults we take a write lock on the ei->i_mmap_sem, and
> > this lock again ranks above the jbd2_handle taken by ext4_journal_start().
> > So, as with the writeback code in 1) above we have to take ei->i_mmap_sem
> > outside of the context of an active journal handle.
>
> Welcome to the joy of fs locking ;)

:) Well, I feel like I learned a lot more about ext4 during this patch set!

> > Signed-off-by: Ross Zwisler <ross.zwisler@linux.intel.com>
> > CC: stable@vger.kernel.org
>
> Honza
>
> --
> Jan Kara <jack@suse.com>
> SUSE Labs, CR

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