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SubjectRE: [PATCH] iommu/dma: limit the IOVA allocated to dma-ranges region
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Robin,
>>Why? IOVA allocation is already constrained as much as it should be - if the device's DMA mask is wrong that's another problem, and this isn't the right place to fix it.

This is because of following reasons.
1. Many of the HW modules in Tegra114 and Tegra30 can't access IOVA that overlap with MMIO. Even though these HW modules support 32-bit addressing, They can't access IOVA overlapping with range 0xff00:0000 to 0xffff:fffff, which is MMIO region for high vectors. These modules can only see 0x8000:0000 to 0xff00:0000 as IOVA. If dma mask is set to use 31-bit, the IOVA range reduces from ~2GB to 1GB. The patch is to get most of IOVA range usable by using dma-ranges property. As we already use dma-ranges start as bottom on IOVA range, The patch is to restrict the IOVA top as well using dma-ranges range.
2. Most of the drivers in Linux Kernel are setting mask as either 32-bit or 64-bit. Especially, I am referring to driver/mmc/host/sdhci.c (sdhci_set_dma_mask()) here. In Tegra124/210/186, HW modules support 34-bit addressing. But, sdhci only support setting mask as either 32-bit or 64-bit. As you pointed, This can be fixed by changing mask in sdhci common code. Or This patch can help here as well without changing the driver code. 1 is the main driving factor for this patch.

>>dma_32bit_pfn means nothing more than an internal detail of IOVA allocator caching, which is subject to change[1]. As-is, on some platforms this patch will effectively force all allocations to fail already.

I see that your patches are removing specifying end of IOVA during init_iova_domain() and use mask as the end of IOVA range. Do you have any suggestion on how to handle 1 in a way to use most of IOVA range supported by HW? Can IOVA code look for dma-ranges on its own and limit the iova top to lowest of mask and dma-ranges, if it is present? or any other ways you can think of?

-KR

-----Original Message-----
From: Robin Murphy [mailto:robin.murphy@arm.com]
Sent: Friday, September 1, 2017 2:43 AM
To: Joerg Roedel <joro@8bytes.org>; Krishna Reddy <vdumpa@nvidia.com>
Cc: iommu@lists.linux-foundation.org; linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org
Subject: Re: [PATCH] iommu/dma: limit the IOVA allocated to dma-ranges region

On 01/09/17 10:26, Joerg Roedel wrote:
> Adding Robin for review.
>
> On Thu, Aug 31, 2017 at 03:08:21PM -0700, Krishna Reddy wrote:
>> Limit the IOVA allocated to dma-ranges specified for the device.
>> This is necessary to ensure that IOVA allocated is addressable by
>> device.

Why? IOVA allocation is already constrained as much as it should be - if the device's DMA mask is wrong that's another problem, and this isn't the right place to fix it.

dma_32bit_pfn means nothing more than an internal detail of IOVA allocator caching, which is subject to change[1]. As-is, on some platforms this patch will effectively force all allocations to fail already.

Robin.

[1]:https://www.mail-archive.com/iommu@lists.linux-foundation.org/msg19694.html
>> Signed-off-by: Krishna Reddy <vdumpa@nvidia.com>
>> ---
>> drivers/iommu/dma-iommu.c | 5 +++++
>> 1 file changed, 5 insertions(+)
>>
>> diff --git a/drivers/iommu/dma-iommu.c b/drivers/iommu/dma-iommu.c
>> index 9d1cebe7f6cb..e8a8320b571b 100644
>> --- a/drivers/iommu/dma-iommu.c
>> +++ b/drivers/iommu/dma-iommu.c
>> @@ -364,6 +364,7 @@ static dma_addr_t iommu_dma_alloc_iova(struct iommu_domain *domain,
>> struct iommu_dma_cookie *cookie = domain->iova_cookie;
>> struct iova_domain *iovad = &cookie->iovad;
>> unsigned long shift, iova_len, iova = 0;
>> + dma_addr_t dma_end_addr;
>>
>> if (cookie->type == IOMMU_DMA_MSI_COOKIE) {
>> cookie->msi_iova += size;
>> @@ -381,6 +382,10 @@ static dma_addr_t iommu_dma_alloc_iova(struct iommu_domain *domain,
>> if (iova_len < (1 << (IOVA_RANGE_CACHE_MAX_SIZE - 1)))
>> iova_len = roundup_pow_of_two(iova_len);
>>
>> + /* Limit IOVA allocated to device addressable dma-ranges region. */
>> + dma_end_addr = (dma_addr_t)iovad->dma_32bit_pfn << shift;
>> + dma_limit = dma_limit > dma_end_addr ? dma_end_addr : dma_limit;
>
> This looks like a good use-case for min().
>
>> +
>> if (domain->geometry.force_aperture)
>> dma_limit = min(dma_limit, domain->geometry.aperture_end);
>>
>> --
>> 2.1.4

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