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SubjectRe: [PATCH v2 1/3] arm: npcm: add basic support for Nuvoton BMCs
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Le 08/31/17 à 15:53, Brendan Higgins a écrit :
> Adds basic support for the Nuvoton NPCM750 BMC.
>
> Signed-off-by: Brendan Higgins <brendanhiggins@google.com>
> ---
> arch/arm/Kconfig | 2 +
> arch/arm/Makefile | 1 +
> arch/arm/mach-npcm/Kconfig | 58 +++++++++++++++
> arch/arm/mach-npcm/Makefile | 3 +
> arch/arm/mach-npcm/headsmp.S | 120 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> arch/arm/mach-npcm/npcm7xx.c | 34 +++++++++
> arch/arm/mach-npcm/platsmp.c | 168 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> 7 files changed, 386 insertions(+)
> create mode 100644 arch/arm/mach-npcm/Kconfig
> create mode 100644 arch/arm/mach-npcm/Makefile
> create mode 100644 arch/arm/mach-npcm/headsmp.S
> create mode 100644 arch/arm/mach-npcm/npcm7xx.c
> create mode 100644 arch/arm/mach-npcm/platsmp.c
>
> diff --git a/arch/arm/Kconfig b/arch/arm/Kconfig
> index 61a0cb15067e..05543f1cfbde 100644
> --- a/arch/arm/Kconfig
> +++ b/arch/arm/Kconfig
> @@ -782,6 +782,8 @@ source "arch/arm/mach-netx/Kconfig"
>
> source "arch/arm/mach-nomadik/Kconfig"
>
> +source "arch/arm/mach-npcm/Kconfig"
> +
> source "arch/arm/mach-nspire/Kconfig"
>
> source "arch/arm/plat-omap/Kconfig"
> diff --git a/arch/arm/Makefile b/arch/arm/Makefile
> index 47d3a1ab08d2..60ca50c7d762 100644
> --- a/arch/arm/Makefile
> +++ b/arch/arm/Makefile
> @@ -191,6 +191,7 @@ machine-$(CONFIG_ARCH_MEDIATEK) += mediatek
> machine-$(CONFIG_ARCH_MXS) += mxs
> machine-$(CONFIG_ARCH_NETX) += netx
> machine-$(CONFIG_ARCH_NOMADIK) += nomadik
> +machine-$(CONFIG_ARCH_NPCM) += npcm
> machine-$(CONFIG_ARCH_NSPIRE) += nspire
> machine-$(CONFIG_ARCH_OXNAS) += oxnas
> machine-$(CONFIG_ARCH_OMAP1) += omap1
> diff --git a/arch/arm/mach-npcm/Kconfig b/arch/arm/mach-npcm/Kconfig
> new file mode 100644
> index 000000000000..a45670e516b4
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/arch/arm/mach-npcm/Kconfig
> @@ -0,0 +1,58 @@
> +menuconfig ARCH_NPCM
> + bool "Nuvoton NPCM Architecture"
> + select ARCH_REQUIRE_GPIOLIB
> + select USE_OF
> + select PINCTRL
> + select PINCTRL_NPCM7XX
> +
> +if ARCH_NPCM
> +
> +comment "NPCMX50 CPU type"
> +
> +config CPU_NPCM750
> + depends on ARCH_NPCM && ARCH_MULTI_V7 && !CPU_V6 && !CPU_V6K

Why the !CPU_V6 and !CPU_V6K, you indicate in your cover letter that
this is because headsmp.S requires ARMv7 instructions, so just tell the
assembler that with:

AFLAGS_headsmp.o += -march=armv7-a

> + bool "Support for NPCM750 BMC CPU (Poleg)"
> + select CACHE_L2X0
> + select CPU_V7
> + select ARM_GIC
> + select ARM_ERRATA_754322
> + select ARM_ERRATA_764369
> + select USB_EHCI_ROOT_HUB_TT
> + select USB_ARCH_HAS_HCD
> + select USB_ARCH_HAS_EHCI
> + select USB_EHCI_HCD
> + select USB_ARCH_HAS_OHCI
> + select USB_OHCI_HCD
> + select USB
> + select FIQ
> + select CPU_USE_DOMAINS
> + select COMMON_CLK if OF
> + select NPCM750_TIMER
> + select MFD_SYSCON
> + help
> + Support for single core NPCM750 BMC CPU (Poleg).
> +
> + Single core variant of the Nuvoton NPCM750 BMC based on the Cortex A9.
> +
> +config CPU_NPCM750_SMP
> + depends on CPU_NPCM750
> + bool "Support for NPCM750 BMC CPU SMP (Poleg)"
> + select HAVE_SMP
> + select HAVE_ARM_SCU
> + select ARM_ERRATA_794072
> + select PL310_ERRATA_588369
> + select PL310_ERRATA_727915
> + select ARM_ERRATA_720789
> + select DEBUG_SPINLOCK
> + select GENERIC_CLOCKEVENTS
> + select SMP
> + select HAVE_ARM_TWD if SMP
> + select HAVE_ARM_SCU if SMP
> + select CLKDEV_LOOKUP
> + select COMMON_CLK if OF
> + help
> + Support for dual core NPCM750 BMC CPU (Poleg).
> +
> + Dual core variant of the Nuvoton NPCM750 BMC based on the Cortex A9.

This is something that you could determine entirely from Device Tree and
just have this code unconditionally be built into the kernel and have
your SMP operations do nothing if only one CPU is enabled/declared in
DT. The runtime overhead of running SMP_ON_UP is largely negligible that
it is worth having fewer configuration options to support.


> diff --git a/arch/arm/mach-npcm/headsmp.S b/arch/arm/mach-npcm/headsmp.S
> new file mode 100644
> index 000000000000..d22d2fc1a35c
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/arch/arm/mach-npcm/headsmp.S
> @@ -0,0 +1,120 @@
> +/*
> + * linux/arch/arm/mach-realview/headsmp.S

The filename no longer matches but this also indicates that this was
largely based on the realview board's SMP bring-up code which Russell
King repeatedly tells people to move away from since it is made for a
board with a ton of limitations.

> + *
> + * Copyright (c) 2003 ARM Limited
> + * Copyright 2017 Google, Inc.
> + * All Rights Reserved
> + *
> + * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
> + * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as
> + * published by the Free Software Foundation.
> + */
> +
> +#include <linux/linkage.h>
> +#include <linux/init.h>
> +
> +.equ SVC_MODE, 0x13
> +.equ I_BIT, 0x80
> +.equ F_BIT, 0x40

You can use the C preprocessor to make this more readable and/or re-use
existing defines from other header files.

> +
> +ENTRY(npcm7xx_wakeup_z1)
> + stmfd sp!, {r0-r12, lr}
> + ldr r0, =0x01
> + ldr r1, =0x01
> + ldr r2, =0x01
> +
> + and r3, r0, #0x0F /* Mask off unused bits of ID, and move to r3 */
> + and r1, r1, #0x0F /* Mask off unused bits of target_filter */
> + and r2, r2, #0x0F /* Mask off unused bits of filter_list */
> +
> + orr r3, r3, r1, LSL #16 /* Combine ID and target_filter */
> + orr r3, r3, r2, LSL #24 /* and now the filter list */
> +
> + /* Get the address of the GIC */
> + mrc p15, 4, r0, c15, c0, 0 /* Read periph base address */
> + add r0, r0, #0x1F00 /* Add offset of the sgi_trigger reg */
> +
> + /* Write to the Software Generated Interrupt Register (ICDSGIR) */
> + str r3, [r0]

Don't you need some kind of barrier here?

> +
> + ldmfd sp!, {r0-r12, pc}
> +ENDPROC(npcm7xx_wakeup_z1)
> +
> +ENTRY(v7_invalidate_l1_npcmX50)
> + mov r0, #0
> + mcr p15, 0, r0, c7, c5, 0 /* invalidate I cache */
> + mcr p15, 2, r0, c0, c0, 0
> + mrc p15, 1, r0, c0, c0, 0
> +
> + ldr r1, =0x7fff
> + and r2, r1, r0, lsr #13
> +
> + ldr r1, =0x3ff
> +
> + and r3, r1, r0, lsr #3 /* NumWays - 1 */
> + add r2, r2, #1 /* NumSets */
> +
> + and r0, r0, #0x7
> + add r0, r0, #4 /* SetShift */
> +
> + clz r1, r3 /* WayShift */
> + add r4, r3, #1 /* NumWays */
> +1: sub r2, r2, #1 /* NumSets-- */
> + mov r3, r4 /* Temp = NumWays */
> +2: subs r3, r3, #1 /* Temp-- */
> + mov r5, r3, lsl r1
> + mov r6, r2, lsl r0
> + /* Reg = (Temp << WayShift) | (NumSets << SetShift) */
> + orr r5, r5, r6
> + mcr p15, 0, r5, c7, c6, 2
> + bgt 2b
> + cmp r2, #0
> + bgt 1b
> + dsb
> + isb
> + mov pc, lr
> +ENDPROC(v7_invalidate_l1_npcmX50)

This looks a lot, if not nearly the same thing as v7_invalidate_l1 which
is already called by secondary_startup, can you see if you can re-use it
directly?

> +
> +/*
> + * MSM specific entry point for secondary CPUs. This provides
> + * a "holding pen" into which all secondary cores are held until we're
> + * ready for them to initialise.
> + */

Assuming this was copied from a Qualcomm MSM routine, you may want to
fix the comment, typo on "initialis.

> +ENTRY(npcm7xx_secondary_startup)
> + msr CPSR_c, #(SVC_MODE)

Is there a BootROM or something that would not make the secondary cores
start in supervisor mode?

> +
> + bl v7_invalidate_l1_npcmX50
> + /* disable vector table remapping */
> + mrc p15, 0,r0, c1, c0, 0
> + and r0, #0xffffdfff
> + mcr p15, 0,r0, c1, c0, 0
> +
> +#ifdef CONFIG_CACHE_L2X0
> + /* Enable L1 & L2 prefetch + Zero line */
> + mrc p15, 0, r0, c1, c0, 1
> + orr r0, r0, #(7 << 1)
> + mcr p15, 0, r0, c1, c0, 1
> +#endif /* CONFIG_CACHE_L2X0 */
> +
> + mrc p15, 0, r0, c0, c0, 5
> + and r0, r0, #15
> + adr r4, 1f
> + ldmia r4, {r5, r6}
> + sub r4, r4, r5
> + add r6, r6, r4
> + str r3,[r2]
> +
> +pen: ldr r7, [r6]
> + cmp r7, r0
> + bne pen
> +
> + /*
> + * we've been released from the holding pen: secondary_stack
> + * should now contain the SVC stack for this core
> + */
> + b secondary_startup
> +ENDPROC(npcm7xx_secondary_startup)
> +
> + .align
> +1: .long .
> + .long pen_release
> diff --git a/arch/arm/mach-npcm/npcm7xx.c b/arch/arm/mach-npcm/npcm7xx.c
> new file mode 100644
> index 000000000000..106dc62dd62b
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/arch/arm/mach-npcm/npcm7xx.c
> @@ -0,0 +1,34 @@
> +/*
> + * Copyright (c) 2014 Nuvoton Technology corporation.
> + * Copyright 2017 Google, Inc.
> + *
> + * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
> + * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
> + * the Free Software Foundation;version 2 of the License.
> + */
> +
> +#include <linux/kernel.h>
> +#include <linux/types.h>
> +#include <asm/mach/arch.h>
> +#include <asm/mach-types.h>
> +#include <asm/mach/map.h>
> +#include <asm/hardware/cache-l2x0.h>
> +
> +#define NPCM7XX_AUX_VAL (L310_AUX_CTRL_INSTR_PREFETCH | \
> + L310_AUX_CTRL_DATA_PREFETCH | \
> + L310_AUX_CTRL_NS_LOCKDOWN | \
> + L310_AUX_CTRL_CACHE_REPLACE_RR | \
> + L2C_AUX_CTRL_SHARED_OVERRIDE | \
> + L310_AUX_CTRL_FULL_LINE_ZERO)
> +
> +static const char *const npcm7xx_dt_match[] = {
> + "nuvoton,npcm750",
> + NULL
> +};
> +
> +DT_MACHINE_START(NPCM7XX_DT, "NPCMX50 Chip family")
> + .atag_offset = 0x100,
> + .dt_compat = npcm7xx_dt_match,
> + .l2c_aux_val = NPCM7XX_AUX_VAL,
> + .l2c_aux_mask = ~NPCM7XX_AUX_VAL,
> +MACHINE_END
> diff --git a/arch/arm/mach-npcm/platsmp.c b/arch/arm/mach-npcm/platsmp.c
> new file mode 100644
> index 000000000000..4b53adb467fc
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/arch/arm/mach-npcm/platsmp.c
> @@ -0,0 +1,168 @@
> +/*
> + * Copyright (C) 2002 ARM Ltd.
> + * Copyright (C) 2008 STMicroelctronics.
> + * Copyright (C) 2009 ST-Ericsson.
> + * Copyright 2017 Google, Inc.
> + *
> + * This file is based on arm realview platform
> + *
> + * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
> + * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as
> + * published by the Free Software Foundation.
> + */
> +
> +#define pr_fmt(fmt) "PLATSMP: " fmt
> +
> +#include <linux/delay.h>
> +#include <linux/device.h>
> +#include <linux/smp.h>
> +#include <linux/io.h>
> +#include <linux/of.h>
> +#include <linux/of_device.h>
> +#include <linux/of_platform.h>
> +#include <linux/of_address.h>
> +#include <asm/cacheflush.h>
> +#include <asm/smp.h>
> +#include <asm/smp_plat.h>
> +#include <asm/smp_scu.h>
> +
> +#define NPCM7XX_SCRPAD_REG 0x13c
> +
> +static void __iomem *gcr_base;
> +static void __iomem *scu_base;
> +
> +/* This is called from headsmp.S to wakeup the secondary core */
> +extern void npcm7xx_secondary_startup(void);
> +extern void npcm7xx_wakeup_z1(void);

This routine is not called, was it for an early revision of the silicon,
or is it for CPU hotplugging maybe?

> +
> +/*
> + * Write pen_release in a way that is guaranteed to be visible to all
> + * observers, irrespective of whether they're taking part in coherency
> + * or not. This is necessary for the hotplug code to work reliably.
> + */
> +static void npcm7xx_write_pen_release(int val)
> +{
> + pen_release = val;
> + /* write to pen_release must be visible to all observers. */
> + smp_wmb();
> + __cpuc_flush_dcache_area((void *) &pen_release, sizeof(pen_release));
> + outer_clean_range(__pa(&pen_release), __pa(&pen_release + 1));
> +}
> +
> +static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(boot_lock);
> +
> +static void npcm7xx_smp_secondary_init(unsigned int cpu)
> +{
> + /*
> + * let the primary processor know we're out of the
> + * pen, then head off into the C entry point
> + */
> + npcm7xx_write_pen_release(-1);
> +
> + /*
> + * Synchronise with the boot thread.
> + */
> + spin_lock(&boot_lock);
> + spin_unlock(&boot_lock);
> +}
> +
> +static int npcm7xx_smp_boot_secondary(unsigned int cpu, struct task_struct *idle)
> +{
> + unsigned long timeout;
> +
> + if (!gcr_base)
> + return -EIO;
> +
> + /*
> + * set synchronisation state between this boot processor
> + * and the secondary one
> + */
> + spin_lock(&boot_lock);
> +
> + /*
> + * The secondary processor is waiting to be released from
> + * the holding pen - release it, then wait for it to flag
> + * that it has been released by resetting pen_release.
> + */
> + npcm7xx_write_pen_release(cpu_logical_map(cpu));
> + iowrite32(virt_to_phys(npcm7xx_secondary_startup),
> + gcr_base + NPCM7XX_SCRPAD_REG);

Please use __pa_symbol here instead of virt_to_phys() since you are
calling this against a kernel image symbol.

> + /* make npcm7xx_secondary_startup visible to all observers. */
> + smp_rmb();
> +
> + arch_send_wakeup_ipi_mask(cpumask_of(cpu));
> + timeout = jiffies + (HZ * 1);
> + while (time_before(jiffies, timeout)) {
> + /* make sure we see any writes to pen_release. */
> + smp_rmb();
> + if (pen_release == -1)
> + break;
> +
> + udelay(10);
> + }
> +
> + /*
> + * now the secondary core is starting up let it run its
> + * calibrations, then wait for it to finish
> + */
> + spin_unlock(&boot_lock);
> +
> + return pen_release != -1 ? -EIO : 0;
> +}
> +
> +
> +static void __init npcm7xx_wakeup_secondary(void)
> +{
> + /*
> + * write the address of secondary startup into the backup ram register
> + * at offset 0x1FF4, then write the magic number 0xA1FEED01f to the
> + * backup ram register at offset 0x1FF0, which is what boot rom code
> + * is waiting for. This would wake up the secondary core from WFE
> + */

The comment does not seem to match what you are doing.

> + iowrite32(virt_to_phys(npcm7xx_secondary_startup), gcr_base +
> + NPCM7XX_SCRPAD_REG);

Same here please use __pa_symbol().

> + /* make sure npcm7xx_secondary_startup is seen by all observers. */
> + smp_wmb();
> + dsb_sev();
> +
> + /* make sure write buffer is drained */
> + mb();
> +}
> +
> +static void __init npcm7xx_smp_prepare_cpus(unsigned int max_cpus)
> +{
> + struct device_node *gcr_np, *scu_np;
> +
> + gcr_np = of_find_compatible_node(NULL, NULL, "nuvoton,npcm750-gcr");
> + if (!gcr_np) {
> + pr_err("no gcr device node\n");
> + return;
> + }
> + gcr_base = of_iomap(gcr_np, 0);
> + if (!gcr_base) {
> + pr_err("could not iomap gcr at: 0x%llx\n", gcr_base);
> + return;
> + }
> +
> + scu_np = of_find_compatible_node(NULL, NULL, "arm,cortex-a9-scu");
> + if (!scu_np) {
> + pr_err("no scu device node\n");
> + return;
> + }
> + scu_base = of_iomap(scu_np, 0);
> + if (!scu_base) {
> + pr_err("could not iomap gcr at: 0x%llx\n", scu_base);
> + return;
> + }
> +
> + scu_enable(scu_base);
> + npcm7xx_wakeup_secondary();
> +}
> +
> +static struct smp_operations npcm7xx_smp_ops __initdata = {
> + .smp_prepare_cpus = npcm7xx_smp_prepare_cpus,
> + .smp_boot_secondary = npcm7xx_smp_boot_secondary,
> + .smp_secondary_init = npcm7xx_smp_secondary_init,
> +};

Overall you have copied the realview pen hold/release mechanism and this
is really frowned upon especially if you have a better way to control
the bring-up of secondary cores, e.g: via writing a special word to a
specific register, or setting a special address bit (e.g: bit 31 of the
physical address | secondary_startup) or anything that acts as a "GO"
signal of some sort.
--
Florian

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