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SubjectRe: [PATCH v8 11/14] lockdep: Apply crossrelease to PG_locked locks
On Mon, Aug 07, 2017 at 04:12:58PM +0900, Byungchul Park wrote:
> Although lock_page() and its family can cause deadlock, the lock
> correctness validator could not be applied to them until now, becasue
> things like unlock_page() might be called in a different context from
> the acquisition context, which violates lockdep's assumption.
>
> Thanks to CONFIG_LOCKDEP_CROSSRELEASE, we can now apply the lockdep
> detector to page locks. Applied it.

I expect applying this into lock_page() is more useful than
wait_for_completion(). Could you consider this as the next?

> Signed-off-by: Byungchul Park <byungchul.park@lge.com>
> ---
> include/linux/mm_types.h | 8 ++++
> include/linux/pagemap.h | 101 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++---
> lib/Kconfig.debug | 8 ++++
> mm/filemap.c | 4 +-
> mm/page_alloc.c | 3 ++
> 5 files changed, 116 insertions(+), 8 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/include/linux/mm_types.h b/include/linux/mm_types.h
> index ff15181..f1e3dba 100644
> --- a/include/linux/mm_types.h
> +++ b/include/linux/mm_types.h
> @@ -16,6 +16,10 @@
>
> #include <asm/mmu.h>
>
> +#ifdef CONFIG_LOCKDEP_PAGELOCK
> +#include <linux/lockdep.h>
> +#endif
> +
> #ifndef AT_VECTOR_SIZE_ARCH
> #define AT_VECTOR_SIZE_ARCH 0
> #endif
> @@ -216,6 +220,10 @@ struct page {
> #ifdef LAST_CPUPID_NOT_IN_PAGE_FLAGS
> int _last_cpupid;
> #endif
> +
> +#ifdef CONFIG_LOCKDEP_PAGELOCK
> + struct lockdep_map_cross map;
> +#endif
> }
> /*
> * The struct page can be forced to be double word aligned so that atomic ops
> diff --git a/include/linux/pagemap.h b/include/linux/pagemap.h
> index 9717ca8..9f448c6 100644
> --- a/include/linux/pagemap.h
> +++ b/include/linux/pagemap.h
> @@ -14,6 +14,9 @@
> #include <linux/bitops.h>
> #include <linux/hardirq.h> /* for in_interrupt() */
> #include <linux/hugetlb_inline.h>
> +#ifdef CONFIG_LOCKDEP_PAGELOCK
> +#include <linux/lockdep.h>
> +#endif
>
> /*
> * Bits in mapping->flags.
> @@ -450,26 +453,91 @@ static inline pgoff_t linear_page_index(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
> return pgoff;
> }
>
> +#ifdef CONFIG_LOCKDEP_PAGELOCK
> +#define lock_page_init(p) \
> +do { \
> + static struct lock_class_key __key; \
> + lockdep_init_map_crosslock((struct lockdep_map *)&(p)->map, \
> + "(PG_locked)" #p, &__key, 0); \
> +} while (0)
> +
> +static inline void lock_page_acquire(struct page *page, int try)
> +{
> + page = compound_head(page);
> + lock_acquire_exclusive((struct lockdep_map *)&page->map, 0,
> + try, NULL, _RET_IP_);
> +}
> +
> +static inline void lock_page_release(struct page *page)
> +{
> + page = compound_head(page);
> + /*
> + * lock_commit_crosslock() is necessary for crosslocks.
> + */
> + lock_commit_crosslock((struct lockdep_map *)&page->map);
> + lock_release((struct lockdep_map *)&page->map, 0, _RET_IP_);
> +}
> +#else
> +static inline void lock_page_init(struct page *page) {}
> +static inline void lock_page_free(struct page *page) {}
> +static inline void lock_page_acquire(struct page *page, int try) {}
> +static inline void lock_page_release(struct page *page) {}
> +#endif
> +
> extern void __lock_page(struct page *page);
> extern int __lock_page_killable(struct page *page);
> extern int __lock_page_or_retry(struct page *page, struct mm_struct *mm,
> unsigned int flags);
> -extern void unlock_page(struct page *page);
> +extern void do_raw_unlock_page(struct page *page);
>
> -static inline int trylock_page(struct page *page)
> +static inline void unlock_page(struct page *page)
> +{
> + lock_page_release(page);
> + do_raw_unlock_page(page);
> +}
> +
> +static inline int do_raw_trylock_page(struct page *page)
> {
> page = compound_head(page);
> return (likely(!test_and_set_bit_lock(PG_locked, &page->flags)));
> }
>
> +static inline int trylock_page(struct page *page)
> +{
> + if (do_raw_trylock_page(page)) {
> + lock_page_acquire(page, 1);
> + return 1;
> + }
> + return 0;
> +}
> +
> /*
> * lock_page may only be called if we have the page's inode pinned.
> */
> static inline void lock_page(struct page *page)
> {
> might_sleep();
> - if (!trylock_page(page))
> +
> + if (!do_raw_trylock_page(page))
> __lock_page(page);
> + /*
> + * acquire() must be after actual lock operation for crosslocks.
> + * This way a crosslock and current lock can be ordered like:
> + *
> + * CONTEXT 1 CONTEXT 2
> + * --------- ---------
> + * lock A (cross)
> + * acquire A
> + * X = atomic_inc_return(&cross_gen_id)
> + * ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
> + * acquire B
> + * Y = atomic_read_acquire(&cross_gen_id)
> + * lock B
> + *
> + * so that 'lock A and then lock B' can be seen globally,
> + * if X <= Y.
> + */
> + lock_page_acquire(page, 0);
> }
>
> /*
> @@ -479,9 +547,20 @@ static inline void lock_page(struct page *page)
> */
> static inline int lock_page_killable(struct page *page)
> {
> + int ret;
> +
> might_sleep();
> - if (!trylock_page(page))
> - return __lock_page_killable(page);
> +
> + if (!do_raw_trylock_page(page)) {
> + ret = __lock_page_killable(page);
> + if (ret)
> + return ret;
> + }
> + /*
> + * acquire() must be after actual lock operation for crosslocks.
> + * This way a crosslock and other locks can be ordered.
> + */
> + lock_page_acquire(page, 0);
> return 0;
> }
>
> @@ -496,7 +575,17 @@ static inline int lock_page_or_retry(struct page *page, struct mm_struct *mm,
> unsigned int flags)
> {
> might_sleep();
> - return trylock_page(page) || __lock_page_or_retry(page, mm, flags);
> +
> + if (do_raw_trylock_page(page) || __lock_page_or_retry(page, mm, flags)) {
> + /*
> + * acquire() must be after actual lock operation for crosslocks.
> + * This way a crosslock and other locks can be ordered.
> + */
> + lock_page_acquire(page, 0);
> + return 1;
> + }
> +
> + return 0;
> }
>
> /*
> diff --git a/lib/Kconfig.debug b/lib/Kconfig.debug
> index 4ba8adc..99b5f76 100644
> --- a/lib/Kconfig.debug
> +++ b/lib/Kconfig.debug
> @@ -1093,6 +1093,14 @@ config LOCKDEP_COMPLETE
> A deadlock caused by wait_for_completion() and complete() can be
> detected by lockdep using crossrelease feature.
>
> +config LOCKDEP_PAGELOCK
> + bool "Lock debugging: allow PG_locked lock to use deadlock detector"
> + select LOCKDEP_CROSSRELEASE
> + default n
> + help
> + PG_locked lock is a kind of crosslock. Using crossrelease feature,
> + PG_locked lock can work with runtime deadlock detector.
> +
> config PROVE_LOCKING
> bool "Lock debugging: prove locking correctness"
> depends on DEBUG_KERNEL && TRACE_IRQFLAGS_SUPPORT && STACKTRACE_SUPPORT && LOCKDEP_SUPPORT
> diff --git a/mm/filemap.c b/mm/filemap.c
> index a497024..0d83bf0 100644
> --- a/mm/filemap.c
> +++ b/mm/filemap.c
> @@ -1083,7 +1083,7 @@ static inline bool clear_bit_unlock_is_negative_byte(long nr, volatile void *mem
> * portably (architectures that do LL/SC can test any bit, while x86 can
> * test the sign bit).
> */
> -void unlock_page(struct page *page)
> +void do_raw_unlock_page(struct page *page)
> {
> BUILD_BUG_ON(PG_waiters != 7);
> page = compound_head(page);
> @@ -1091,7 +1091,7 @@ void unlock_page(struct page *page)
> if (clear_bit_unlock_is_negative_byte(PG_locked, &page->flags))
> wake_up_page_bit(page, PG_locked);
> }
> -EXPORT_SYMBOL(unlock_page);
> +EXPORT_SYMBOL(do_raw_unlock_page);
>
> /**
> * end_page_writeback - end writeback against a page
> diff --git a/mm/page_alloc.c b/mm/page_alloc.c
> index 6d30e91..2cbf412 100644
> --- a/mm/page_alloc.c
> +++ b/mm/page_alloc.c
> @@ -5406,6 +5406,9 @@ void __meminit memmap_init_zone(unsigned long size, int nid, unsigned long zone,
> } else {
> __init_single_pfn(pfn, zone, nid);
> }
> +#ifdef CONFIG_LOCKDEP_PAGELOCK
> + lock_page_init(pfn_to_page(pfn));
> +#endif
> }
> }
>
> --
> 1.9.1

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