lkml.org 
[lkml]   [2017]   [Sep]   [4]   [last100]   RSS Feed
Views: [wrap][no wrap]   [headers]  [forward] 
 
Messages in this thread
Patch in this message
/
Date
From
Subject[PATCH] blk-mq: Start to fix memory ordering...

Attempt to untangle the ordering in blk-mq. The patch introducing the
single smp_mb__before_atomic() is obviously broken in that it doesn't
clearly specify a pairing barrier and an obtained guarantee.

The comment is further misleading in that it hints that the
deadline store and the COMPLETE store also need to be ordered, but
AFAICT there is no such dependency. However what does appear to be
important is the clear happening _after_ the store, and that worked by
pure accident.

This clarifies blk_mq_start_request() -- we should not get there with
STARTING set -- this simplifies the code and makes the barrier usage
sane (the old code could be read to allow not having _any_ atomic after
the barrier, in which case the barrier hasn't got anything to order). We
then also introduce the missing pairing barrier for it.

And it documents the STARTING vs COMPLETE ordering. Although I've not
been entirely successful in reverse engineering the blk-mq state
machine so there might still be more funnies around timeout vs
requeue.

If I got anything wrong, feel free to educate me by adding comments to
clarify things ;-)

Cc: Alan Stern <stern@rowland.harvard.edu>
Cc: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com>
Cc: Ming Lei <tom.leiming@gmail.com>
Cc: Jens Axboe <axboe@fb.com>
Cc: Andrea Parri <parri.andrea@gmail.com>
Cc: Boqun Feng <boqun.feng@gmail.com>
Cc: "Paul E. McKenney" <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Cc: Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de>
Cc: Bart Van Assche <bart.vanassche@wdc.com>
Fixes: 538b75341835 ("blk-mq: request deadline must be visible before marking rq as started")
Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra (Intel) <peterz@infradead.org>
---
block/blk-mq.c | 48 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-----------
1 file changed, 37 insertions(+), 11 deletions(-)

--- a/block/blk-mq.c
+++ b/block/blk-mq.c
@@ -558,22 +558,29 @@ void blk_mq_start_request(struct request

blk_add_timer(rq);

- /*
- * Ensure that ->deadline is visible before set the started
- * flag and clear the completed flag.
- */
- smp_mb__before_atomic();
+ WARN_ON_ONCE(test_bit(REQ_ATOM_STARTED, &rq->atomic_flags));

/*
* Mark us as started and clear complete. Complete might have been
* set if requeue raced with timeout, which then marked it as
* complete. So be sure to clear complete again when we start
* the request, otherwise we'll ignore the completion event.
+ *
+ * Ensure that ->deadline is visible before set STARTED, such that
+ * blk_mq_check_expired() is guaranteed to observe our ->deadline
+ * when it observes STARTED.
*/
- if (!test_bit(REQ_ATOM_STARTED, &rq->atomic_flags))
- set_bit(REQ_ATOM_STARTED, &rq->atomic_flags);
- if (test_bit(REQ_ATOM_COMPLETE, &rq->atomic_flags))
+ smp_mb__before_atomic();
+ set_bit(REQ_ATOM_STARTED, &rq->atomic_flags);
+ if (test_bit(REQ_ATOM_COMPLETE, &rq->atomic_flags)) {
+ /*
+ * Coherence order guarantees these consequtive stores to a
+ * singe variable propagate in the specified order. Thus the
+ * clear_bit() is ordered _after_ the set bit. See
+ * blk_mq_check_expired().
+ */
clear_bit(REQ_ATOM_COMPLETE, &rq->atomic_flags);
+ }

if (q->dma_drain_size && blk_rq_bytes(rq)) {
/*
@@ -744,11 +751,20 @@ static void blk_mq_check_expired(struct
struct request *rq, void *priv, bool reserved)
{
struct blk_mq_timeout_data *data = priv;
+ unsigned long deadline;

if (!test_bit(REQ_ATOM_STARTED, &rq->atomic_flags))
return;

/*
+ * Ensures that if we see STARTED we must also see our
+ * up-to-date deadline, see blk_mq_start_request().
+ */
+ smp_rmb();
+
+ deadline = READ_ONCE(rq->deaedline);
+
+ /*
* The rq being checked may have been freed and reallocated
* out already here, we avoid this race by checking rq->deadline
* and REQ_ATOM_COMPLETE flag together:
@@ -761,10 +777,20 @@ static void blk_mq_check_expired(struct
* and clearing the flag in blk_mq_start_request(), so
* this rq won't be timed out too.
*/
- if (time_after_eq(jiffies, rq->deadline)) {
- if (!blk_mark_rq_complete(rq))
+ if (time_after_eq(jiffies, deadline)) {
+ if (!blk_mark_rq_complete(rq)) {
+ /*
+ * Relies on the implied MB from test_and_clear() to
+ * order the COMPLETE load against the STARTED load.
+ * Orders against the coherence order in
+ * blk_mq_start_request().
+ *
+ * This ensures that if we see !COMPLETE we must see
+ * STARTED and ignore this timeout.
+ */
blk_mq_rq_timed_out(rq, reserved);
- } else if (!data->next_set || time_after(data->next, rq->deadline)) {
+ }
+ } else if (!data->next_set || time_after(data->next, deadline)) {
data->next = rq->deadline;
data->next_set = 1;
}
\
 
 \ /
  Last update: 2017-09-04 11:10    [W:0.048 / U:0.760 seconds]
©2003-2017 Jasper Spaans. hosted at Digital OceanAdvertise on this site