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Subject[PATCH v5 for 4.14 1/3] membarrier: Provide register expedited private command
Date
Provide a new command allowing processes to register their intent to use
the private expedited command.

This allows PowerPC to skip the full memory barrier in switch_mm(), and
only issue the barrier when scheduling into a task belonging to a
process that has registered to use expedited private.

Processes are now required to register before using
MEMBARRIER_CMD_PRIVATE_EXPEDITED, otherwise that command returns EPERM.

Changes since v1:
- Use test_ti_thread_flag(next, ...) instead of test_thread_flag() in
powerpc membarrier_arch_sched_in(), given that we want to specifically
check the next thread state.
- Add missing ARCH_HAS_MEMBARRIER_HOOKS in Kconfig.
- Use task_thread_info() to pass thread_info from task to
*_ti_thread_flag().

Changes since v2:
- Move membarrier_arch_sched_in() call to finish_task_switch().
- Check for NULL t->mm in membarrier_arch_fork().
- Use membarrier_sched_in() in generic code, which invokes the
arch-specific membarrier_arch_sched_in(). This fixes allnoconfig
build on PowerPC.
- Move asm/membarrier.h include under CONFIG_MEMBARRIER, fixing
allnoconfig build on PowerPC.
- Build and runtime tested on PowerPC.

Changes since v3:
- Simply rely on copy_mm() to copy the membarrier_private_expedited mm
field on fork.
- powerpc: test thread flag instead of reading
membarrier_private_expedited in membarrier_arch_fork().
- powerpc: skip memory barrier in membarrier_arch_sched_in() if coming
from kernel thread, since mmdrop() implies a full barrier.
- Set membarrier_private_expedited to 1 only after arch registration
code, thus eliminating a race where concurrent commands could succeed
when they should fail if issued concurrently with process
registration.
- Use READ_ONCE() for membarrier_private_expedited field access in
membarrier_private_expedited. Matches WRITE_ONCE() performed in
process registration.

Changes since v4:
- Move powerpc hook from sched_in() to switch_mm(), based on feedback
from Nicholas Piggin.

Signed-off-by: Mathieu Desnoyers <mathieu.desnoyers@efficios.com>
CC: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
CC: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
CC: Boqun Feng <boqun.feng@gmail.com>
CC: Andrew Hunter <ahh@google.com>
CC: Maged Michael <maged.michael@gmail.com>
CC: gromer@google.com
CC: Avi Kivity <avi@scylladb.com>
CC: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org>
CC: Paul Mackerras <paulus@samba.org>
CC: Michael Ellerman <mpe@ellerman.id.au>
CC: Dave Watson <davejwatson@fb.com>
CC: Alan Stern <stern@rowland.harvard.edu>
CC: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com>
CC: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org>
CC: Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com>
CC: Alexander Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
CC: Nicholas Piggin <npiggin@gmail.com>
CC: linuxppc-dev@lists.ozlabs.org
CC: linux-arch@vger.kernel.org
---
MAINTAINERS | 2 ++
arch/powerpc/Kconfig | 1 +
arch/powerpc/include/asm/membarrier.h | 43 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
arch/powerpc/include/asm/thread_info.h | 3 ++
arch/powerpc/kernel/Makefile | 2 ++
arch/powerpc/kernel/membarrier.c | 45 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
arch/powerpc/mm/mmu_context.c | 7 +++++
fs/exec.c | 1 +
include/linux/mm_types.h | 3 ++
include/linux/sched/mm.h | 50 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
include/uapi/linux/membarrier.h | 23 +++++++++++-----
init/Kconfig | 3 ++
kernel/fork.c | 2 ++
kernel/sched/core.c | 10 -------
kernel/sched/membarrier.c | 25 ++++++++++++++---
15 files changed, 199 insertions(+), 21 deletions(-)
create mode 100644 arch/powerpc/include/asm/membarrier.h
create mode 100644 arch/powerpc/kernel/membarrier.c

diff --git a/MAINTAINERS b/MAINTAINERS
index 6671f375f7fc..f11d8aece00d 100644
--- a/MAINTAINERS
+++ b/MAINTAINERS
@@ -8816,6 +8816,8 @@ L: linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org
S: Supported
F: kernel/sched/membarrier.c
F: include/uapi/linux/membarrier.h
+F: arch/powerpc/kernel/membarrier.c
+F: arch/powerpc/include/asm/membarrier.h

MEMORY MANAGEMENT
L: linux-mm@kvack.org
diff --git a/arch/powerpc/Kconfig b/arch/powerpc/Kconfig
index 809c468edab1..6f44c5f74f71 100644
--- a/arch/powerpc/Kconfig
+++ b/arch/powerpc/Kconfig
@@ -138,6 +138,7 @@ config PPC
select ARCH_HAS_ELF_RANDOMIZE
select ARCH_HAS_FORTIFY_SOURCE
select ARCH_HAS_GCOV_PROFILE_ALL
+ select ARCH_HAS_MEMBARRIER_HOOKS
select ARCH_HAS_SCALED_CPUTIME if VIRT_CPU_ACCOUNTING_NATIVE
select ARCH_HAS_SG_CHAIN
select ARCH_HAS_TICK_BROADCAST if GENERIC_CLOCKEVENTS_BROADCAST
diff --git a/arch/powerpc/include/asm/membarrier.h b/arch/powerpc/include/asm/membarrier.h
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..61152a7a3cf9
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/powerpc/include/asm/membarrier.h
@@ -0,0 +1,43 @@
+#ifndef _ASM_POWERPC_MEMBARRIER_H
+#define _ASM_POWERPC_MEMBARRIER_H
+
+static inline void membarrier_arch_switch_mm(struct mm_struct *prev,
+ struct mm_struct *next, struct task_struct *tsk)
+{
+ /*
+ * Only need the full barrier when switching between processes.
+ * Barrier when switching from kernel to userspace is not
+ * required here, given that it is implied by mmdrop(). Barrier
+ * when switching from userspace to kernel is not needed after
+ * store to rq->curr.
+ */
+ if (likely(!test_ti_thread_flag(task_thread_info(tsk),
+ TIF_MEMBARRIER_PRIVATE_EXPEDITED) || !prev))
+ return;
+
+ /*
+ * The membarrier system call requires a full memory barrier
+ * after storing to rq->curr, before going back to user-space.
+ */
+ smp_mb();
+}
+static inline void membarrier_arch_fork(struct task_struct *t,
+ unsigned long clone_flags)
+{
+ /*
+ * Coherence of TIF_MEMBARRIER_PRIVATE_EXPEDITED against thread
+ * fork is protected by siglock. membarrier_arch_fork is called
+ * with siglock held.
+ */
+ if (test_thread_flag(TIF_MEMBARRIER_PRIVATE_EXPEDITED))
+ set_ti_thread_flag(task_thread_info(t),
+ TIF_MEMBARRIER_PRIVATE_EXPEDITED);
+}
+static inline void membarrier_arch_execve(struct task_struct *t)
+{
+ clear_ti_thread_flag(task_thread_info(t),
+ TIF_MEMBARRIER_PRIVATE_EXPEDITED);
+}
+void membarrier_arch_register_private_expedited(struct task_struct *t);
+
+#endif /* _ASM_POWERPC_MEMBARRIER_H */
diff --git a/arch/powerpc/include/asm/thread_info.h b/arch/powerpc/include/asm/thread_info.h
index a941cc6fc3e9..2a208487724b 100644
--- a/arch/powerpc/include/asm/thread_info.h
+++ b/arch/powerpc/include/asm/thread_info.h
@@ -100,6 +100,7 @@ static inline struct thread_info *current_thread_info(void)
#if defined(CONFIG_PPC64)
#define TIF_ELF2ABI 18 /* function descriptors must die! */
#endif
+#define TIF_MEMBARRIER_PRIVATE_EXPEDITED 19 /* membarrier */

/* as above, but as bit values */
#define _TIF_SYSCALL_TRACE (1<<TIF_SYSCALL_TRACE)
@@ -119,6 +120,8 @@ static inline struct thread_info *current_thread_info(void)
#define _TIF_SYSCALL_TRACEPOINT (1<<TIF_SYSCALL_TRACEPOINT)
#define _TIF_EMULATE_STACK_STORE (1<<TIF_EMULATE_STACK_STORE)
#define _TIF_NOHZ (1<<TIF_NOHZ)
+#define _TIF_MEMBARRIER_PRIVATE_EXPEDITED \
+ (1<<TIF_MEMBARRIER_PRIVATE_EXPEDITED)
#define _TIF_SYSCALL_DOTRACE (_TIF_SYSCALL_TRACE | _TIF_SYSCALL_AUDIT | \
_TIF_SECCOMP | _TIF_SYSCALL_TRACEPOINT | \
_TIF_NOHZ)
diff --git a/arch/powerpc/kernel/Makefile b/arch/powerpc/kernel/Makefile
index 91960f83039c..2dd4b9e3313a 100644
--- a/arch/powerpc/kernel/Makefile
+++ b/arch/powerpc/kernel/Makefile
@@ -135,6 +135,8 @@ endif
obj-$(CONFIG_EPAPR_PARAVIRT) += epapr_paravirt.o epapr_hcalls.o
obj-$(CONFIG_KVM_GUEST) += kvm.o kvm_emul.o

+obj-$(CONFIG_MEMBARRIER) += membarrier.o
+
# Disable GCOV & sanitizers in odd or sensitive code
GCOV_PROFILE_prom_init.o := n
UBSAN_SANITIZE_prom_init.o := n
diff --git a/arch/powerpc/kernel/membarrier.c b/arch/powerpc/kernel/membarrier.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..b0d79a5f5981
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/powerpc/kernel/membarrier.c
@@ -0,0 +1,45 @@
+/*
+ * Copyright (C) 2010-2017 Mathieu Desnoyers <mathieu.desnoyers@efficios.com>
+ *
+ * membarrier system call - PowerPC architecture code
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
+ * the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
+ * (at your option) any later version.
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
+ * GNU General Public License for more details.
+ */
+
+#include <linux/sched/mm.h>
+#include <linux/sched/signal.h>
+#include <linux/thread_info.h>
+#include <linux/spinlock.h>
+#include <linux/rcupdate.h>
+
+void membarrier_arch_register_private_expedited(struct task_struct *p)
+{
+ struct task_struct *t;
+
+ if (get_nr_threads(p) == 1) {
+ set_thread_flag(TIF_MEMBARRIER_PRIVATE_EXPEDITED);
+ return;
+ }
+ /*
+ * Coherence of TIF_MEMBARRIER_PRIVATE_EXPEDITED against thread
+ * fork is protected by siglock.
+ */
+ spin_lock(&p->sighand->siglock);
+ for_each_thread(p, t)
+ set_ti_thread_flag(task_thread_info(t),
+ TIF_MEMBARRIER_PRIVATE_EXPEDITED);
+ spin_unlock(&p->sighand->siglock);
+ /*
+ * Ensure all future scheduler executions will observe the new
+ * thread flag state for this process.
+ */
+ synchronize_sched();
+}
diff --git a/arch/powerpc/mm/mmu_context.c b/arch/powerpc/mm/mmu_context.c
index 0f613bc63c50..22f5c91cdc38 100644
--- a/arch/powerpc/mm/mmu_context.c
+++ b/arch/powerpc/mm/mmu_context.c
@@ -12,6 +12,7 @@

#include <linux/mm.h>
#include <linux/cpu.h>
+#include <linux/sched/mm.h>

#include <asm/mmu_context.h>

@@ -67,6 +68,10 @@ void switch_mm_irqs_off(struct mm_struct *prev, struct mm_struct *next,
*
* On the read side the barrier is in pte_xchg(), which orders
* the store to the PTE vs the load of mm_cpumask.
+ *
+ * This full barrier is needed by membarrier when switching
+ * between processes after store to rq->curr, before user-space
+ * memory accesses.
*/
smp_mb();

@@ -89,6 +94,8 @@ void switch_mm_irqs_off(struct mm_struct *prev, struct mm_struct *next,

if (new_on_cpu)
radix_kvm_prefetch_workaround(next);
+ else
+ membarrier_arch_switch_mm(prev, next, tsk);

/*
* The actual HW switching method differs between the various
diff --git a/fs/exec.c b/fs/exec.c
index ac34d9724684..b2448f2731b3 100644
--- a/fs/exec.c
+++ b/fs/exec.c
@@ -1802,6 +1802,7 @@ static int do_execveat_common(int fd, struct filename *filename,
/* execve succeeded */
current->fs->in_exec = 0;
current->in_execve = 0;
+ membarrier_execve(current);
acct_update_integrals(current);
task_numa_free(current);
free_bprm(bprm);
diff --git a/include/linux/mm_types.h b/include/linux/mm_types.h
index 46f4ecf5479a..5e0fe8ce053b 100644
--- a/include/linux/mm_types.h
+++ b/include/linux/mm_types.h
@@ -445,6 +445,9 @@ struct mm_struct {
unsigned long flags; /* Must use atomic bitops to access the bits */

struct core_state *core_state; /* coredumping support */
+#ifdef CONFIG_MEMBARRIER
+ int membarrier_private_expedited;
+#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_AIO
spinlock_t ioctx_lock;
struct kioctx_table __rcu *ioctx_table;
diff --git a/include/linux/sched/mm.h b/include/linux/sched/mm.h
index 3a19c253bdb1..4af1b719c65f 100644
--- a/include/linux/sched/mm.h
+++ b/include/linux/sched/mm.h
@@ -205,4 +205,54 @@ static inline void memalloc_noreclaim_restore(unsigned int flags)
current->flags = (current->flags & ~PF_MEMALLOC) | flags;
}

+#ifdef CONFIG_MEMBARRIER
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_MEMBARRIER_HOOKS
+#include <asm/membarrier.h>
+#else
+static inline void membarrier_arch_switch_mm(struct mm_struct *prev,
+ struct mm_struct *next, struct task_struct *tsk)
+{
+}
+static inline void membarrier_arch_fork(struct task_struct *t,
+ unsigned long clone_flags)
+{
+}
+static inline void membarrier_arch_execve(struct task_struct *t)
+{
+}
+static inline void membarrier_arch_register_private_expedited(
+ struct task_struct *p)
+{
+}
+#endif
+
+static inline void membarrier_fork(struct task_struct *t,
+ unsigned long clone_flags)
+{
+ /*
+ * Prior copy_mm() copies the membarrier_private_expedited field
+ * from current->mm to t->mm.
+ */
+ membarrier_arch_fork(t, clone_flags);
+}
+static inline void membarrier_execve(struct task_struct *t)
+{
+ t->mm->membarrier_private_expedited = 0;
+ membarrier_arch_execve(t);
+}
+#else
+static inline void membarrier_arch_switch_mm(struct mm_struct *prev,
+ struct mm_struct *next, struct task_struct *tsk)
+{
+}
+static inline void membarrier_fork(struct task_struct *t,
+ unsigned long clone_flags)
+{
+}
+static inline void membarrier_execve(struct task_struct *t)
+{
+}
+#endif
+
#endif /* _LINUX_SCHED_MM_H */
diff --git a/include/uapi/linux/membarrier.h b/include/uapi/linux/membarrier.h
index 6d47b3249d8a..4e01ad7ffe98 100644
--- a/include/uapi/linux/membarrier.h
+++ b/include/uapi/linux/membarrier.h
@@ -52,21 +52,30 @@
* (non-running threads are de facto in such a
* state). This only covers threads from the
* same processes as the caller thread. This
- * command returns 0. The "expedited" commands
- * complete faster than the non-expedited ones,
- * they never block, but have the downside of
- * causing extra overhead.
+ * command returns 0 on success. The
+ * "expedited" commands complete faster than
+ * the non-expedited ones, they never block,
+ * but have the downside of causing extra
+ * overhead. A process needs to register its
+ * intent to use the private expedited command
+ * prior to using it, otherwise this command
+ * returns -EPERM.
+ * @MEMBARRIER_CMD_REGISTER_PRIVATE_EXPEDITED:
+ * Register the process intent to use
+ * MEMBARRIER_CMD_PRIVATE_EXPEDITED. Always
+ * returns 0.
*
* Command to be passed to the membarrier system call. The commands need to
* be a single bit each, except for MEMBARRIER_CMD_QUERY which is assigned to
* the value 0.
*/
enum membarrier_cmd {
- MEMBARRIER_CMD_QUERY = 0,
- MEMBARRIER_CMD_SHARED = (1 << 0),
+ MEMBARRIER_CMD_QUERY = 0,
+ MEMBARRIER_CMD_SHARED = (1 << 0),
/* reserved for MEMBARRIER_CMD_SHARED_EXPEDITED (1 << 1) */
/* reserved for MEMBARRIER_CMD_PRIVATE (1 << 2) */
- MEMBARRIER_CMD_PRIVATE_EXPEDITED = (1 << 3),
+ MEMBARRIER_CMD_PRIVATE_EXPEDITED = (1 << 3),
+ MEMBARRIER_CMD_REGISTER_PRIVATE_EXPEDITED = (1 << 4),
};

#endif /* _UAPI_LINUX_MEMBARRIER_H */
diff --git a/init/Kconfig b/init/Kconfig
index 78cb2461012e..a3dc6a66f0d1 100644
--- a/init/Kconfig
+++ b/init/Kconfig
@@ -1400,6 +1400,9 @@ config MEMBARRIER

If unsure, say Y.

+config ARCH_HAS_MEMBARRIER_HOOKS
+ bool
+
config EMBEDDED
bool "Embedded system"
option allnoconfig_y
diff --git a/kernel/fork.c b/kernel/fork.c
index 10646182440f..bd4a93915e08 100644
--- a/kernel/fork.c
+++ b/kernel/fork.c
@@ -1840,6 +1840,8 @@ static __latent_entropy struct task_struct *copy_process(
*/
copy_seccomp(p);

+ membarrier_fork(p, clone_flags);
+
/*
* Process group and session signals need to be delivered to just the
* parent before the fork or both the parent and the child after the
diff --git a/kernel/sched/core.c b/kernel/sched/core.c
index 18a6966567da..afbdc260d4da 100644
--- a/kernel/sched/core.c
+++ b/kernel/sched/core.c
@@ -2644,16 +2644,6 @@ static struct rq *finish_task_switch(struct task_struct *prev)
prev_state = prev->state;
vtime_task_switch(prev);
perf_event_task_sched_in(prev, current);
- /*
- * The membarrier system call requires a full memory barrier
- * after storing to rq->curr, before going back to user-space.
- *
- * TODO: This smp_mb__after_unlock_lock can go away if PPC end
- * up adding a full barrier to switch_mm(), or we should figure
- * out if a smp_mb__after_unlock_lock is really the proper API
- * to use.
- */
- smp_mb__after_unlock_lock();
finish_lock_switch(rq, prev);
finish_arch_post_lock_switch();

diff --git a/kernel/sched/membarrier.c b/kernel/sched/membarrier.c
index a92fddc22747..f06949a279ca 100644
--- a/kernel/sched/membarrier.c
+++ b/kernel/sched/membarrier.c
@@ -26,21 +26,25 @@
* except MEMBARRIER_CMD_QUERY.
*/
#define MEMBARRIER_CMD_BITMASK \
- (MEMBARRIER_CMD_SHARED | MEMBARRIER_CMD_PRIVATE_EXPEDITED)
+ (MEMBARRIER_CMD_SHARED | MEMBARRIER_CMD_PRIVATE_EXPEDITED \
+ | MEMBARRIER_CMD_REGISTER_PRIVATE_EXPEDITED)

static void ipi_mb(void *info)
{
smp_mb(); /* IPIs should be serializing but paranoid. */
}

-static void membarrier_private_expedited(void)
+static int membarrier_private_expedited(void)
{
int cpu;
bool fallback = false;
cpumask_var_t tmpmask;

+ if (!READ_ONCE(current->mm->membarrier_private_expedited))
+ return -EPERM;
+
if (num_online_cpus() == 1)
- return;
+ return 0;

/*
* Matches memory barriers around rq->curr modification in
@@ -94,6 +98,17 @@ static void membarrier_private_expedited(void)
* rq->curr modification in scheduler.
*/
smp_mb(); /* exit from system call is not a mb */
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static void membarrier_register_private_expedited(void)
+{
+ struct task_struct *p = current;
+
+ if (READ_ONCE(p->mm->membarrier_private_expedited))
+ return;
+ membarrier_arch_register_private_expedited(p);
+ WRITE_ONCE(p->mm->membarrier_private_expedited, 1);
}

/**
@@ -144,7 +159,9 @@ SYSCALL_DEFINE2(membarrier, int, cmd, int, flags)
synchronize_sched();
return 0;
case MEMBARRIER_CMD_PRIVATE_EXPEDITED:
- membarrier_private_expedited();
+ return membarrier_private_expedited();
+ case MEMBARRIER_CMD_REGISTER_PRIVATE_EXPEDITED:
+ membarrier_register_private_expedited();
return 0;
default:
return -EINVAL;
--
2.11.0
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