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SubjectRe: [lkp-robot] [x86/mm] 9e52fc2b50: will-it-scale.per_thread_ops -16% regression
Date
kernel test robot <xiaolong.ye@intel.com> writes:

> Greeting,
>
> FYI, we noticed a -16% regression of will-it-scale.per_thread_ops due to commit:
>
> commit: 9e52fc2b50de3a1c08b44f94c610fbe998c0031a ("x86/mm: Enable RCU based page table freeing (CONFIG_HAVE_RCU_TABLE_FREE=y)")
> https://git.kernel.org/cgit/linux/kernel/git/torvalds/linux.git master
>
> in testcase: will-it-scale
> on test machine: 32 threads Intel(R) Xeon(R) CPU E5-2680 0 @ 2.70GHz with 64G memory
> with following parameters:
>
> test: malloc1
> cpufreq_governor: performance
>
> test-description: Will It Scale takes a testcase and runs it from 1 through to n parallel copies to see if the testcase will scale. It builds both a process and threads based test in order to see any differences between the two.
> test-url: https://github.com/antonblanchard/will-it-scale
>
> Details are as below:
> -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------->
>
> To reproduce:
>
> git clone https://github.com/intel/lkp-tests.git
> cd lkp-tests
> bin/lkp install job.yaml # job file is attached in this email
> bin/lkp run job.yaml
>
> testcase/path_params/tbox_group/run: will-it-scale/malloc1-performance/lkp-sb03
>
> 39e48d9b128abbd2 9e52fc2b50de3a1c08b44f94c6
> ---------------- --------------------------
> %stddev change %stddev
> \ | \
> 52686 ± 4% -16% 44404 will-it-scale.per_thread_ops
> 2351 216% 7432 ± 9% will-it-scale.time.involuntary_context_switches

[snip]

Thank you for the report,

I tried reproducing this on a smaller system (16 threads E5-2640, 32 Gb
RAM) but I'm not seeing this:

4.14-rc2 with 9e52fc2b50de3a1c08b44f94c6 included:

time ./runtest.py malloc1
tasks,processes,processes_idle,threads,threads_idle,linear
0,0,100,0,100,0
1,282785,93.75,253402,93.74,282785
2,453749,87.50,123048,92.69,565570
3,654495,81.25,121974,91.04,848355
4,821504,75.01,120409,90.16,1131140
5,958374,68.76,133752,90.18,1413925
6,1078434,62.53,138999,90.37,1696710
7,1165645,56.27,134086,90.45,1979495
8,1257750,50.03,139918,90.39,2262280
9,870393,43.78,120765,89.20,2545065
10,695333,37.54,125554,87.90,2827850
11,533409,31.28,121283,87.57,3110635
12,458691,25.06,119839,87.23,3393420
13,432307,18.79,121203,86.22,3676205
14,428379,12.58,122107,86.16,3958990
15,424319,6.32,121789,86.34,4241775
16,426072,0.12,121244,86.44,4524560

real 5m52.363s
user 0m18.204s
sys 5m7.249s

4.14-rc2 with 9e52fc2b50de3a1c08b44f94c6 reverted:

time ./runtest.py malloc1
tasks,processes,processes_idle,threads,threads_idle,linear
0,0,100,0,100,0
1,290971,93.78,316790,93.76,316790
2,478501,87.48,122081,93.11,633580
3,722748,81.25,117410,92.28,950370
4,945460,75.01,123084,91.30,1267160
5,1145372,68.76,128113,91.71,1583950
6,1332411,62.51,132994,92.08,1900740
7,1479931,56.27,129479,92.24,2217530
8,1579569,50.03,133241,91.68,2534320
9,1272772,43.79,131393,89.87,2851110
10,1105981,37.54,126218,88.76,3167900
11,892427,31.29,127651,87.48,3484690
12,703695,25.06,125056,86.97,3801480
13,642629,18.82,123492,86.68,4118270
14,625952,12.58,121581,87.02,4435060
15,617222,6.34,121273,87.47,4751850
16,611371,0.11,125548,86.74,5068640

real 5m52.406s
user 0m27.973s
sys 5m8.169s

I have a couple of guesses why we may be seeing significantly increased
number of context switches in some very specific workloads:

1) In case the system is under extreme memory pressure and
__get_free_page() is failing in tlb_remove_table() we'll be doing
smp_call_function() for _each_ call (avoiding batching). We may want to
have a pre-allocated pool.

2) The default MAX_TABLE_BATCH is static (it is equal to the number of
pointer we can fit into one page - sizeof(struct mmu_table_batch) ==
509), we may want to adjust it for very big systems.

I'd love to work on these but with a good reproducible case I'm afraid
I'm stuck :-(

--
Vitaly

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