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SubjectRe: [PATCH 2/2] mm: oom: show unreclaimable slab info when kernel panic
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On 9/21/17 1:23 AM, David Rientjes wrote:
> On Thu, 21 Sep 2017, Yang Shi wrote:
>
>> Kernel may panic when oom happens without killable process sometimes it
>> is caused by huge unreclaimable slabs used by kernel.
>>
>> Although kdump could help debug such problem, however, kdump is not
>> available on all architectures and it might be malfunction sometime.
>> And, since kernel already panic it is worthy capturing such information
>> in dmesg to aid touble shooting.
>>
>> Print out unreclaimable slab info (used size and total size) which
>> actual memory usage is not zero (num_objs * size != 0) when panic_on_oom is set
>> or no killable process. Since such information is just showed when kernel
>> panic, so it will not lead too verbose message for normal oom.
>>
>> The output looks like:
>>
>> Unreclaimable slab info:
>> Name Used Total
>> rpc_buffers 31KB 31KB
>> rpc_tasks 7KB 7KB
>> ebitmap_node 1964KB 1964KB
>> avtab_node 5024KB 5024KB
>> xfs_buf 1402KB 1402KB
>> xfs_ili 134KB 134KB
>> xfs_efi_item 115KB 115KB
>> xfs_efd_item 115KB 115KB
>> xfs_buf_item 134KB 134KB
>> xfs_log_item_desc 342KB 342KB
>> xfs_trans 1412KB 1412KB
>> xfs_ifork 212KB 212KB
>>
>> Signed-off-by: Yang Shi <yang.s@alibaba-inc.com>
>> ---
>> mm/oom_kill.c | 3 +++
>> mm/slab.h | 8 ++++++++
>> mm/slab_common.c | 26 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++
>> 3 files changed, 37 insertions(+)
>>
>> diff --git a/mm/oom_kill.c b/mm/oom_kill.c
>> index 99736e0..bd48d34 100644
>> --- a/mm/oom_kill.c
>> +++ b/mm/oom_kill.c
>> @@ -43,6 +43,7 @@
>>
>> #include <asm/tlb.h>
>> #include "internal.h"
>> +#include "slab.h"
>>
>> #define CREATE_TRACE_POINTS
>> #include <trace/events/oom.h>
>> @@ -960,6 +961,7 @@ static void check_panic_on_oom(struct oom_control *oc,
>> if (is_sysrq_oom(oc))
>> return;
>> dump_header(oc, NULL);
>> + dump_unreclaimable_slab();
>> panic("Out of memory: %s panic_on_oom is enabled\n",
>> sysctl_panic_on_oom == 2 ? "compulsory" : "system-wide");
>> }
>> @@ -1044,6 +1046,7 @@ bool out_of_memory(struct oom_control *oc)
>> /* Found nothing?!?! Either we hang forever, or we panic. */
>> if (!oc->chosen && !is_sysrq_oom(oc) && !is_memcg_oom(oc)) {
>> dump_header(oc, NULL);
>> + dump_unreclaimable_slab();
>> panic("Out of memory and no killable processes...\n");
>> }
>> if (oc->chosen && oc->chosen != (void *)-1UL) {
>> diff --git a/mm/slab.h b/mm/slab.h
>> index 0733628..734a92d 100644
>> --- a/mm/slab.h
>> +++ b/mm/slab.h
>> @@ -505,6 +505,14 @@ static inline struct kmem_cache_node *get_node(struct kmem_cache *s, int node)
>> void memcg_slab_stop(struct seq_file *m, void *p);
>> int memcg_slab_show(struct seq_file *m, void *p);
>>
>> +#ifdef CONFIG_SLABINFO
>> +void dump_unreclaimable_slab(void);
>> +#else
>> +void dump_unreclaimable_slab(void);
>
> This won't compile when CONFIG_SLABINFO is disabled.
>
> static inline void dump_unreclaimable_slab(void)
> {
> }
>
> when CONFIG_SLABINFO=n.

Thanks for pointing this. Just tested CONFIG_SLANINFO = n case. It can't
be disabled in menuconfig, just manually modified init/Kconfig to test it.

>
>> +{
>> +}
>> +#endif
>> +
>> void ___cache_free(struct kmem_cache *cache, void *x, unsigned long addr);
>>
>> #ifdef CONFIG_SLAB_FREELIST_RANDOM
>> diff --git a/mm/slab_common.c b/mm/slab_common.c
>> index 904a83b..90d9de3 100644
>> --- a/mm/slab_common.c
>> +++ b/mm/slab_common.c
>> @@ -1272,6 +1272,32 @@ static int slab_show(struct seq_file *m, void *p)
>> return 0;
>> }
>>
>> +void dump_unreclaimable_slab(void)
>> +{
>> + struct kmem_cache *s;
>> + struct slabinfo sinfo;
>> +
>> + pr_info("Unreclaimable slab info:\n");
>> + pr_info("Name Used Total\n");
>> +
>> + /*
>> + * Here acquiring slab_mutex is unnecessary since we don't prefer to
>> + * get sleep in oom path right before kernel panic, and avoid race condition.
>> + * Since it is already oom, so there should be not any big allocation
>> + * which could change the statistics significantly.
>
> The statistics themselves aren't protected by slab_mutex, it protects the
> iteration of the list. I would suggest still taking the mutex here unless
> there's a reason to avoid it.

I don't think we prefer to sleep in oom path. Instead of acquiring the
mutex, I think we can use list_for_each_entry_safe() to avoid the
removal of kmem cache when printing the statistics.

>
>> + */
>> + list_for_each_entry(s, &slab_caches, list) {
>> + if (!is_root_cache(s))
>> + continue;
>
> if (!(s->flags & SLAB_RECLAIM_ACCOUNT))
> continue;
>
> No need to do the memset or get_slabinfo() if it's reclaimable, so just
> short-circuit it early in that case.
>
>> +
>> + memset(&sinfo, 0, sizeof(sinfo));
>> + get_slabinfo(s, &sinfo);
>> +
>> + if (!(s->flags & SLAB_RECLAIM_ACCOUNT) && sinfo.num_objs > 0)
>> + pr_info("%-17s %10luKB %10luKB\n", cache_name(s), (sinfo.active_objs * s->size) / 1024, (sinfo.num_objs * s->size) / 1024);
>> + }
>> +}
>> +
>> #if defined(CONFIG_MEMCG) && !defined(CONFIG_SLOB)
>> void *memcg_slab_start(struct seq_file *m, loff_t *pos)
>> {
>
> Please run scripts/checkpatch.pl on your patch since there's some
> stylistic problems. Otherwise, I think we need one more revision and
> we'll be good to go!

Thanks, will prepare v5 soon.

Yang

>

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