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SubjectRe: [PATCH 1/1] userfaultfd: non-cooperative: fix fork use after free
On Wed, Sep 20, 2017 at 08:04:13PM +0200, Andrea Arcangeli wrote:
> When reading the event from the uffd, we put it on a temporary
> fork_event list to detect if we can still access it after releasing
> and retaking the event_wqh.lock.
>
> If fork aborts and removes the event from the fork_event all is fine
> as long as we're still in the userfault read context and fork_event
> head is still alive.
>
> We've to put the event allocated in the fork kernel stack, back from
> fork_event list-head to the event_wqh head, before returning from
> userfaultfd_ctx_read, because the fork_event head lifetime is limited
> to the userfaultfd_ctx_read stack lifetime.
>
> Forgetting to move the event back to its event_wqh place then results
> in __remove_wait_queue(&ctx->event_wqh, &ewq->wq); in
> userfaultfd_event_wait_completion to remove it from a head that has
> been already freed from the reader stack.
>
> This could only happen if resolve_userfault_fork failed (for example
> if there are no file descriptors available to allocate the fork
> uffd). If it succeeded it was put back correctly.
>
> Furthermore, after find_userfault_evt receives a fork event, the
> forked userfault context in fork_nctx and
> uwq->msg.arg.reserved.reserved1 can be released by the fork thread as
> soon as the event_wqh.lock is released. Taking a reference on the
> fork_nctx before dropping the lock prevents an use after free in
> resolve_userfault_fork().
>
> If the fork side aborted and it already released everything, we still
> try to succeed resolve_userfault_fork(), if possible.
>
> Reported-by: Mark Rutland <mark.rutland@arm.com>
> Signed-off-by: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>

This has survived my test-case overnight, so FWIW:

Tested-by: Mark Rutland <mark.rutland@arm.com>

So that this can be backported to stable trees, I think we also need:

Fixes: 893e26e61d04eac9 ("userfaultfd: non-cooperative: Add fork() event")
Cc: <stable@vger.kernel.org>

Thanks,
Mark.

> ---
> fs/userfaultfd.c | 66 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++---------
> 1 file changed, 56 insertions(+), 10 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/fs/userfaultfd.c b/fs/userfaultfd.c
> index 06d6cfda1e8e..16366587e579 100644
> --- a/fs/userfaultfd.c
> +++ b/fs/userfaultfd.c
> @@ -599,6 +599,12 @@ static void userfaultfd_event_wait_completion(struct userfaultfd_ctx *ctx,
> break;
> if (ACCESS_ONCE(ctx->released) ||
> fatal_signal_pending(current)) {
> + /*
> + * &ewq->wq may be queued in fork_event, but
> + * __remove_wait_queue ignores the head
> + * parameter. It would be a problem if it
> + * didn't.
> + */
> __remove_wait_queue(&ctx->event_wqh, &ewq->wq);
> if (ewq->msg.event == UFFD_EVENT_FORK) {
> struct userfaultfd_ctx *new;
> @@ -1072,6 +1078,12 @@ static ssize_t userfaultfd_ctx_read(struct userfaultfd_ctx *ctx, int no_wait,
> (unsigned long)
> uwq->msg.arg.reserved.reserved1;
> list_move(&uwq->wq.entry, &fork_event);
> + /*
> + * fork_nctx can be freed as soon as
> + * we drop the lock, unless we take a
> + * reference on it.
> + */
> + userfaultfd_ctx_get(fork_nctx);
> spin_unlock(&ctx->event_wqh.lock);
> ret = 0;
> break;
> @@ -1102,19 +1114,53 @@ static ssize_t userfaultfd_ctx_read(struct userfaultfd_ctx *ctx, int no_wait,
>
> if (!ret && msg->event == UFFD_EVENT_FORK) {
> ret = resolve_userfault_fork(ctx, fork_nctx, msg);
> + spin_lock(&ctx->event_wqh.lock);
> + if (!list_empty(&fork_event)) {
> + /*
> + * The fork thread didn't abort, so we can
> + * drop the temporary refcount.
> + */
> + userfaultfd_ctx_put(fork_nctx);
> +
> + uwq = list_first_entry(&fork_event,
> + typeof(*uwq),
> + wq.entry);
> + /*
> + * If fork_event list wasn't empty and in turn
> + * the event wasn't already released by fork
> + * (the event is allocated on fork kernel
> + * stack), put the event back to its place in
> + * the event_wq. fork_event head will be freed
> + * as soon as we return so the event cannot
> + * stay queued there no matter the current
> + * "ret" value.
> + */
> + list_del(&uwq->wq.entry);
> + __add_wait_queue(&ctx->event_wqh, &uwq->wq);
>
> - if (!ret) {
> - spin_lock(&ctx->event_wqh.lock);
> - if (!list_empty(&fork_event)) {
> - uwq = list_first_entry(&fork_event,
> - typeof(*uwq),
> - wq.entry);
> - list_del(&uwq->wq.entry);
> - __add_wait_queue(&ctx->event_wqh, &uwq->wq);
> + /*
> + * Leave the event in the waitqueue and report
> + * error to userland if we failed to resolve
> + * the userfault fork.
> + */
> + if (likely(!ret))
> userfaultfd_event_complete(ctx, uwq);
> - }
> - spin_unlock(&ctx->event_wqh.lock);
> + } else {
> + /*
> + * Here the fork thread aborted and the
> + * refcount from the fork thread on fork_nctx
> + * has already been released. We still hold
> + * the reference we took before releasing the
> + * lock above. If resolve_userfault_fork
> + * failed we've to drop it because the
> + * fork_nctx has to be freed in such case. If
> + * it succeeded we'll hold it because the new
> + * uffd references it.
> + */
> + if (ret)
> + userfaultfd_ctx_put(fork_nctx);
> }
> + spin_unlock(&ctx->event_wqh.lock);
> }
>
> return ret;

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