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SubjectRe: [PATCH 6/6] fs-writeback: only allow one inflight and pending !nr_pages flush
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On 09/19/2017 09:10 PM, Amir Goldstein wrote:
> On Tue, Sep 19, 2017 at 10:53 PM, Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk> wrote:
>> A few callers pass in nr_pages == 0 when they wakeup the flusher
>> threads, which means that the flusher should just flush everything
>> that was currently dirty. If we are tight on memory, we can get
>> tons of these queued from kswapd/vmscan. This causes (at least)
>> two problems:
>>
>> 1) We consume a ton of memory just allocating writeback work items.
>> 2) We spend so much time processing these work items, that we
>> introduce a softlockup in writeback processing.
>>
>> Fix this by adding a 'zero_pages' bit to the writeback structure,
>> and set that when someone queues a nr_pages==0 flusher thread
>> wakeup. The bit is cleared when we start writeback on that work
>> item. If the bit is already set when we attempt to queue !nr_pages
>> writeback, then we simply ignore it.
>>
>> This provides us one of full flush in flight, with one pending as
>> well, and makes for more efficient handling of this type of
>> writeback.
>>
>> Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk>
>> ---
>> fs/fs-writeback.c | 30 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++--
>> include/linux/backing-dev-defs.h | 1 +
>> 2 files changed, 29 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)
>>
>> diff --git a/fs/fs-writeback.c b/fs/fs-writeback.c
>> index a9a86644cb9f..e0240110b36f 100644
>> --- a/fs/fs-writeback.c
>> +++ b/fs/fs-writeback.c
>> @@ -53,6 +53,7 @@ struct wb_writeback_work {
>> unsigned int for_background:1;
>> unsigned int for_sync:1; /* sync(2) WB_SYNC_ALL writeback */
>> unsigned int auto_free:1; /* free on completion */
>> + unsigned int zero_pages:1; /* nr_pages == 0 writeback */
>
> Suggest: use a name that describes the intention (e.g. WB_everything)

Agree, the name isn't the best. WB_everything isn't great either, though,
since this isn't an integrity write. WB_start_all would be better,
I'll make that change.

>> enum wb_reason reason; /* why was writeback initiated? */
>>
>> struct list_head list; /* pending work list */
>> @@ -948,15 +949,25 @@ static void wb_start_writeback(struct bdi_writeback *wb, long nr_pages,
>> bool range_cyclic, enum wb_reason reason)
>> {
>> struct wb_writeback_work *work;
>> + bool zero_pages = false;
>>
>> if (!wb_has_dirty_io(wb))
>> return;
>>
>> /*
>> - * If someone asked for zero pages, we write out the WORLD
>> + * If someone asked for zero pages, we write out the WORLD.
>> + * Places like vmscan and laptop mode want to queue a wakeup to
>> + * the flusher threads to clean out everything. To avoid potentially
>> + * having tons of these pending, ensure that we only allow one of
>> + * them pending and inflight at the time
>> */
>> - if (!nr_pages)
>> + if (!nr_pages) {
>> + if (test_bit(WB_zero_pages, &wb->state))
>> + return;
>> + set_bit(WB_zero_pages, &wb->state);
>
> Shouldn't this be test_and_set? not the worst outcome if you have more
> than one pending work item, but still.

If the frequency of these is high, and they were to trigger the bad
conditions we saw, then a split test + set is faster as it won't
keep re-dirtying the same cacheline from multiple locations. It's
better to leave it a little racy, but faster.

>> @@ -1828,6 +1840,14 @@ static struct wb_writeback_work *get_next_work_item(struct bdi_writeback *wb)
>> list_del_init(&work->list);
>> }
>> spin_unlock_bh(&wb->work_lock);
>> +
>> + /*
>> + * Once we start processing a work item that had !nr_pages,
>> + * clear the wb state bit for that so we can allow more.
>> + */
>> + if (work && work->zero_pages && test_bit(WB_zero_pages, &wb->state))
>> + clear_bit(WB_zero_pages, &wb->state);
>
> nit: should not need to test_bit

True, we can drop it for this case, as it'll be the common condition
anyway. I'll make that change.

>> @@ -1896,6 +1916,12 @@ static long wb_do_writeback(struct bdi_writeback *wb)
>> trace_writeback_exec(wb, work);
>> wrote += wb_writeback(wb, work);
>> finish_writeback_work(wb, work);
>> +
>> + /*
>> + * If we have a lot of pending work, make sure we take
>> + * an occasional breather, if needed.
>> + */
>> + cond_resched();
>
> Probably ought to be in a separate patch.

Yeah, it probably should be. It's not strictly needed with the other
change anyway, I will just drop it.

New version:

http://git.kernel.dk/cgit/linux-block/commit/?h=writeback-fixup&id=338a69c217cdaaffda93f3cc9a364a347f782adb

--
Jens Axboe

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