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SubjectRe: [PATCH V2 0/3] Use mm_struct and switch_mm() instead of manually
Hi Sai,

On Tue, Aug 29, 2017 at 5:07 AM, Sai Praneeth Prakhya
<sai.praneeth.prakhya@intel.com> wrote:
> From: Sai Praneeth <sai.praneeth.prakhya@intel.com>
>
> Presently, in x86, to invoke any efi function like
> efi_set_virtual_address_map() or any efi_runtime_service() the code path
> typically involves read_cr3() (save previous pgd), write_cr3()
> (write efi_pgd) and calling efi function. Likewise after returning from
> efi function the code path typically involves read_cr3() (save efi_pgd),
> write_cr3() (write previous pgd). We do this couple of times in efi
> subsystem of Linux kernel, instead we can use helper function
> efi_switch_mm() to do this. This improves readability and maintainability.
> Also, instead of maintaining a separate struct "efi_scratch" to store/restore
> efi_pgd, we can use mm_struct to do this.
>
> I have tested this patch set against LUV (Linux UEFI Validation), so I
> think I didn't break any existing configurations. I have tested this
> patch set for
> 1. x86_64,
> 2. x86_32,
> 3. Mixed mode
> with efi=old_map and for kexec kernel. Please let me know if I have
> missed any other configurations.
>
> Changes in V2:
> 1. Resolve mm_dropping() issue by not mm_dropping()/mm_grabbing() any mm,
> as we are not losing/creating any references.
>
> Sai Praneeth (3):
> efi: Use efi_mm in x86 as well as ARM
> x86/efi: Replace efi_pgd with efi_mm.pgd
> x86/efi: Use efi_switch_mm() rather than manually twiddling with %cr3
>
> arch/x86/include/asm/efi.h | 29 ++++++++++----------
> arch/x86/platform/efi/efi_64.c | 52 ++++++++++++++++++++----------------
> arch/x86/platform/efi/efi_thunk_64.S | 2 +-
> drivers/firmware/efi/arm-runtime.c | 9 -------
> drivers/firmware/efi/efi.c | 9 +++++++
> include/linux/efi.h | 2 ++
> 6 files changed, 55 insertions(+), 48 deletions(-)
>
> --
> 2.1.4
>

Thanks for this v2.
Introducing the 'efi_switch_mm() ' helper instead of manually
twiddling with %cr3 seems more cleaner.

I have tested this patchset on a x86_64 machine with the following
configurations:

1. Primary kernel boot with efi=old_map
2. Primary kernel boot with new efi map

While it seems that efi=old_map passes, the new efi map boot fails for
me on both the two x86 machine (Dell 3050MT and a SGI - UV300 machine.

It seems we are hitting a NULL pointer deference in
'efi_call_phys_prolog' while accessing '&efi_mm'.

Please see the log below for details:

[ 0.020006] BUG: unable to handle kernel NULL pointer dereference
at (null)
[ 0.021000] IP: switch_mm_irqs_off+0x44/0x270
[ 0.021000] PGD 0
[ 0.021000] P4D 0
[ 0.021000]
[ 0.021000] Oops: 0002 [#1] SMP
[ 0.021000] Modules linked in:
[ 0.021000] CPU: 0 PID: 0 Comm: swapper/0 Not tainted 4.12.0-rc7+ #8
[ 0.021000] Hardware name: SGI UV300/UV300, BIOS SGI UV 300 series
BIOS 05/25/2016
[ 0.021000] task: ffffffffb0e104c0 task.stack: ffffffffb0e00000
[ 0.021000] RIP: 0010:switch_mm_irqs_off+0x44/0x270
[ 0.021000] RSP: 0000:ffffffffb0e035d0 EFLAGS: 00010083
[ 0.021000] RAX: 0000000000000000 RBX: ffffffffb0fbe620 RCX: ffffffffb0e61348
[ 0.021000] RDX: ffffffffb0e104c0 RSI: ffffffffb0fbe620 RDI: ffffffffb0f14660
[ 0.021000] RBP: ffffffffb0e035f0 R08: 65202c3120676f6c R09: 0000000000000189
[ 0.021000] R10: 30313d6d6d5f6966 R11: 3432303331363936 R12: ffffffffb0f14660
[ 0.021000] R13: 0000000000000000 R14: 0000000000000bb0 R15: 0000000000000450
[ 0.021000] FS: 0000000000000000(0000) GS:ffff8bf2c3600000(0000)
knlGS:0000000000000000
[ 0.021000] CS: 0010 DS: 0000 ES: 0000 CR0: 0000000080050033
[ 0.021000] CR2: 0000000000000000 CR3: 0000005b43e09000 CR4: 00000000000406b0
[ 0.021000] DR0: 0000000000000000 DR1: 0000000000000000 DR2: 0000000000000000
[ 0.021000] DR3: 0000000000000000 DR6: 00000000fffe0ff0 DR7: 0000000000000400
[ 0.021000] Call Trace:
[ 0.021000] switch_mm+0x20/0x30
[ 0.021000] efi_switch_mm+0x49/0x60
[ 0.021000] efi_call_phys_prolog+0x56/0x1b3
[ 0.021000] efi_enter_virtual_mode+0x3a9/0x520
[ 0.021000] start_kernel+0x424/0x4c8
[ 0.021000] ? set_init_arg+0x5a/0x5a
[ 0.021000] ? early_idt_handler_array+0x120/0x120
[ 0.021000] x86_64_start_reservations+0x29/0x2b
[ 0.021000] x86_64_start_kernel+0x151/0x174
[ 0.021000] secondary_startup_64+0x9f/0x9f
[ 0.021000] Code: 2d 82 51 d9 4f 65 c7 05 0f 65 da 4f 01 00 00 00
48 39 f7 0f 84 14 01 00 00 65 48 89 35 f6 64 da 4f 48 8b 86 e8 02 00
00 45 89 ed <f0> 4c 0f ab 28 bf 00 00 00 80 48 03 7e 50 48 8b 05 27 b0
b9 00
[ 0.021000] RIP: switch_mm_irqs_off+0x44/0x270 RSP: ffffffffb0e035d0
[ 0.021000] CR2: 0000000000000000
[ 0.021000] ---[ end trace fb94349305e1cb8b ]---
[ 0.021000] Kernel panic - not syncing: Fatal exception
[ 0.021000] ---[ end Kernel panic - not syncing: Fatal exception


Regards,
Bhupesh

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