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Subject[PATCH v3] iio: dac: ds4422/ds4424 dac driver
Date
From: "Ismail H. Kose" <ihkose@gmail.com>

This patch provides an iio device driver for DS4422/DS4424 chips that support
two/four channel 7-bit Sink/Source Current DAC.

Signed-off-by: Ismail Kose <Ismail.Kose@maximintegrated.com>
---
v3:
* Removed iio-map and platform file support
* Removed ds4424.h file
* Fixed ADC value read bug
* Removed confused comments
* Added device tree binding file
* Fixed bugs in probe and read function

v2: (https://lkml.org/lkml/2017/9/14/546)
* Fixed coding style and removed unncessary code
* Removed min/max rfs, ifs-scale, etc values from device tree
* Removed unused code, definitions and some comments
* Removed regulator control and made standard structure
* Removed data processing and channel scale
* Removed device tree binding file

.../devicetree/bindings/iio/dac/ds4424.txt | 20 ++
drivers/iio/dac/Kconfig | 9 +
drivers/iio/dac/Makefile | 1 +
drivers/iio/dac/ds4424.c | 399 +++++++++++++++++++++
4 files changed, 429 insertions(+)
create mode 100644 Documentation/devicetree/bindings/iio/dac/ds4424.txt
create mode 100644 drivers/iio/dac/ds4424.c

diff --git a/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/iio/dac/ds4424.txt b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/iio/dac/ds4424.txt
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..840b11e1d813
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/iio/dac/ds4424.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,20 @@
+Maxim Integrated DS4422/DS4424 7-bit Sink/Source Current DAC Device Driver
+
+Datasheet publicly available at:
+https://datasheets.maximintegrated.com/en/ds/DS4422-DS4424.pdf
+
+Required properties:
+ - compatible: Must be "maxim,ds4422" or "maxim,ds4424"
+ - reg: Should contain the DAC I2C address
+ - maxim,rfs-resistors-ohms: Should contain reference resistor
+
+Optional properties:
+ - vcc-supply: Power supply is optional. If not defined, driver will ignore it.
+
+Example:
+ ds4224@10 {
+ compatible = "maxim,ds4424";
+ reg = <0x10>; /* When A0, A1 pins are ground */
+ vcc-supply = "dac_vcc_3v3";
+ maxim,rfs-resistors-ohms = <400 800 1000 1600>;
+ };
diff --git a/drivers/iio/dac/Kconfig b/drivers/iio/dac/Kconfig
index 25bed2d7d2b9..db6ceba1c76f 100644
--- a/drivers/iio/dac/Kconfig
+++ b/drivers/iio/dac/Kconfig
@@ -310,4 +310,13 @@ config VF610_DAC
This driver can also be built as a module. If so, the module will
be called vf610_dac.

+config DS4424
+ tristate "Maxim Integrated DS4422/DS4424 DAC driver"
+ depends on I2C
+ help
+ If you say yes here you get support for Maxim chips DS4422, DS4424.
+
+ This driver can also be built as a module. If so, the module
+ will be called ds4424.
+
endmenu
diff --git a/drivers/iio/dac/Makefile b/drivers/iio/dac/Makefile
index 603587cc2f07..f29f929a0587 100644
--- a/drivers/iio/dac/Makefile
+++ b/drivers/iio/dac/Makefile
@@ -33,3 +33,4 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_MCP4922) += mcp4922.o
obj-$(CONFIG_STM32_DAC_CORE) += stm32-dac-core.o
obj-$(CONFIG_STM32_DAC) += stm32-dac.o
obj-$(CONFIG_VF610_DAC) += vf610_dac.o
+obj-$(CONFIG_DS4424) += ds4424.o
diff --git a/drivers/iio/dac/ds4424.c b/drivers/iio/dac/ds4424.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..46ae28081cf0
--- /dev/null
+++ b/drivers/iio/dac/ds4424.c
@@ -0,0 +1,399 @@
+/*
+ * Maxim Integrated
+ * 7-bit, Multi-Channel Sink/Source Current DAC Driver
+ * Copyright (C) 2017 Maxim Integrated
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as
+ * published by the Free Software Foundation.
+ */
+
+#include <linux/kernel.h>
+#include <linux/module.h>
+#include <linux/i2c.h>
+#include <linux/regulator/consumer.h>
+#include <linux/err.h>
+#include <linux/delay.h>
+#include <linux/iio/iio.h>
+#include <linux/iio/driver.h>
+#include <linux/iio/machine.h>
+#include <linux/iio/consumer.h>
+
+#define DS4422_MAX_DAC_CHANNELS 2
+#define DS4424_MAX_DAC_CHANNELS 4
+
+#define DS4424_DAC_ADDR(chan) ((chan) + 0xf8)
+#define DS4424_SOURCE_I 1
+#define DS4424_SINK_I 0
+
+#define DS4424_CHANNEL(chan) { \
+ .type = IIO_CURRENT, \
+ .indexed = 1, \
+ .output = 1, \
+ .channel = chan, \
+ .info_mask_separate = BIT(IIO_CHAN_INFO_RAW), \
+ .address = DS4424_DAC_ADDR(chan), \
+}
+
+/*
+ * DS4424 DAC control register 8 bits
+ * [7] 0: to sink; 1: to source
+ * [6:0] steps to sink/source
+ * bit[7] looks like a sign bit, but the value of the register is
+ * not a two's complement code considering the bit[6:0] is a absolute
+ * distance from the zero point.
+ */
+union ds4424_raw_data {
+ struct {
+ u8 dx:7;
+ u8 source_bit:1;
+ };
+ u8 bits;
+};
+
+enum ds4424_device_ids {
+ ID_DS4422,
+ ID_DS4424,
+};
+
+struct ds4424_data {
+ struct i2c_client *client;
+ struct mutex lock;
+ __maybe_unused uint16_t save[DS4424_MAX_DAC_CHANNELS];
+ uint32_t rfs_res[DS4424_MAX_DAC_CHANNELS];
+ struct regulator *vcc_reg;
+ uint8_t raw[DS4424_MAX_DAC_CHANNELS];
+};
+
+static const struct iio_chan_spec ds4424_channels[] = {
+ DS4424_CHANNEL(0),
+ DS4424_CHANNEL(1),
+ DS4424_CHANNEL(2),
+ DS4424_CHANNEL(3),
+};
+
+static int ds4424_get_value(struct iio_dev *indio_dev,
+ int *val, int channel)
+{
+ struct ds4424_data *data = iio_priv(indio_dev);
+ int ret;
+
+ mutex_lock(&data->lock);
+ ret = i2c_smbus_read_byte_data(data->client, DS4424_DAC_ADDR(channel));
+ if (ret < 0)
+ goto fail;
+
+ *val = ret;
+ mutex_unlock(&data->lock);
+ return 0;
+
+fail:
+ mutex_unlock(&data->lock);
+ return ret;
+}
+
+static int ds4424_set_value(struct iio_dev *indio_dev,
+ int val, struct iio_chan_spec const *chan)
+{
+ struct ds4424_data *data = iio_priv(indio_dev);
+ int ret;
+
+ if (val < 0 || val > U8_MAX)
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ mutex_lock(&data->lock);
+ ret = i2c_smbus_write_byte_data(data->client,
+ DS4424_DAC_ADDR(chan->channel), val);
+ if (ret < 0) {
+ mutex_unlock(&data->lock);
+ return ret;
+ }
+
+ data->raw[chan->channel] = val;
+ mutex_unlock(&data->lock);
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static int ds4424_read_raw(struct iio_dev *indio_dev,
+ struct iio_chan_spec const *chan,
+ int *val, int *val2, long mask)
+{
+ union ds4424_raw_data raw;
+ int ret;
+
+ switch (mask) {
+ case IIO_CHAN_INFO_RAW:
+ ret = ds4424_get_value(indio_dev, val, chan->channel);
+ if (ret < 0) {
+ pr_err("%s : ds4424_get_value returned %d\n",
+ __func__, ret);
+ return ret;
+ }
+ raw.bits = *val;
+ *val = raw.dx;
+ if (raw.source_bit == DS4424_SINK_I)
+ *val = -*val;
+ return IIO_VAL_INT;
+
+ default:
+ return -EINVAL;
+ }
+}
+
+static int ds4424_write_raw(struct iio_dev *indio_dev,
+ struct iio_chan_spec const *chan,
+ int val, int val2, long mask)
+{
+ union ds4424_raw_data raw;
+
+ if (val2 != 0)
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ switch (mask) {
+ case IIO_CHAN_INFO_RAW:
+ if (val < S8_MIN || val > S8_MAX)
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ if (val > 0) {
+ raw.source_bit = DS4424_SOURCE_I;
+ raw.dx = val;
+ } else {
+ raw.source_bit = DS4424_SINK_I;
+ raw.dx = -val;
+ }
+
+ return ds4424_set_value(indio_dev, raw.bits, chan);
+
+ default:
+ return -EINVAL;
+ }
+}
+
+static int ds4424_verify_chip(struct iio_dev *indio_dev)
+{
+ int ret = 0, val;
+
+ ret = ds4424_get_value(indio_dev, &val, DS4424_DAC_ADDR(0));
+ if (ret < 0)
+ dev_err(&indio_dev->dev,
+ "%s failed. ret: %d\n", __func__, ret);
+
+ return ret;
+}
+
+static int __maybe_unused ds4424_suspend(struct device *dev)
+{
+ struct i2c_client *client = to_i2c_client(dev);
+ struct iio_dev *indio_dev = i2c_get_clientdata(client);
+ struct ds4424_data *data = iio_priv(indio_dev);
+ int ret = 0;
+ int i;
+
+ for (i = 0; i < indio_dev->num_channels; i++) {
+ data->save[i] = data->raw[i];
+ ret = ds4424_set_value(indio_dev, 0,
+ &indio_dev->channels[i]);
+ if (ret < 0)
+ return ret;
+ }
+ return ret;
+}
+
+static int __maybe_unused ds4424_resume(struct device *dev)
+{
+ struct i2c_client *client = to_i2c_client(dev);
+ struct iio_dev *indio_dev = i2c_get_clientdata(client);
+ struct ds4424_data *data = iio_priv(indio_dev);
+ int ret = 0;
+ int i;
+
+ for (i = 0; i < indio_dev->num_channels; i++) {
+ ret = ds4424_set_value(indio_dev, data->save[i],
+ &indio_dev->channels[i]);
+ if (ret < 0)
+ return ret;
+ }
+ return ret;
+}
+
+static SIMPLE_DEV_PM_OPS(ds4424_pm_ops, ds4424_suspend, ds4424_resume);
+
+static const struct iio_info ds4424_info = {
+ .read_raw = ds4424_read_raw,
+ .write_raw = ds4424_write_raw,
+};
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_OF
+static int ds4424_parse_dt(struct iio_dev *indio_dev)
+{
+ int ret;
+ int len;
+ int count;
+ struct property *prop;
+ struct ds4424_data *data = iio_priv(indio_dev);
+ struct device_node *node = indio_dev->dev.of_node;
+
+ if (!node) {
+ pr_info("%s:%d ds4424 DT not found\n", __func__, __LINE__);
+ return -ENODEV;
+ }
+
+ prop = of_find_property(node, "maxim,rfs-resistors-ohms", &len);
+ if (!prop) {
+ pr_err("ds4424 maxim,rfs-resistor not found in DT.\n");
+ return -EINVAL;
+ }
+
+ if (len != (DS4424_MAX_DAC_CHANNELS * sizeof(uint32_t))) {
+ pr_err("ds4424 maxim,rfs-resistor length in DT not valid.\n");
+ return -EINVAL;
+ }
+
+ ret = of_property_read_u32_array(node, "maxim,rfs-resistors-ohms",
+ data->rfs_res, DS4424_MAX_DAC_CHANNELS);
+ if (ret < 0) {
+ pr_err("ds4424 reading maxim,rfs-resistors from DT failed.\n");
+ return ret;
+ }
+
+ pr_info("ds4424 maxim,rfs-resistors: %d, %d, %d, %d\n",
+ data->rfs_res[0], data->rfs_res[1],
+ data->rfs_res[2], data->rfs_res[3]);
+
+ return 0;
+}
+#else
+static int ds4424_parse_dt(struct iio_dev *indio_dev)
+{
+ return -ENODEV;
+}
+#endif
+
+static int ds4424_probe(struct i2c_client *client,
+ const struct i2c_device_id *id)
+{
+ struct ds4424_data *data;
+ struct iio_dev *indio_dev;
+ int ret;
+
+ indio_dev = devm_iio_device_alloc(&client->dev, sizeof(*data));
+ if (!indio_dev) {
+ dev_err(&client->dev, "iio dev alloc failed.\n");
+ return -ENOMEM;
+ }
+
+ data = iio_priv(indio_dev);
+ i2c_set_clientdata(client, indio_dev);
+ data->client = client;
+ indio_dev->name = id->name;
+ indio_dev->dev.of_node = client->dev.of_node;
+ indio_dev->dev.parent = &client->dev;
+
+ if (!client->dev.of_node) {
+ dev_err(&client->dev,
+ "Not found DT.\n");
+ return -EPERM;
+ }
+
+ indio_dev->dev.of_node = client->dev.of_node;
+ ret = ds4424_parse_dt(indio_dev);
+ if (ret < 0) {
+ dev_err(&client->dev,
+ "%s - of_node error\n", __func__);
+ return -EINVAL;
+ }
+
+ data->vcc_reg = devm_regulator_get(&client->dev, "vcc");
+ if (IS_ERR(data->vcc_reg)) {
+ ret = PTR_ERR(data->vcc_reg);
+ dev_err(&client->dev,
+ "Failed to get vcc-supply regulator: %d\n", ret);
+ return ret;
+ }
+
+ mutex_init(&data->lock);
+ ret = regulator_enable(data->vcc_reg);
+ if (ret < 0) {
+ dev_err(&client->dev,
+ "Unable to enable the regulator.\n");
+ return ret;
+ }
+
+ usleep_range(1000, 1200);
+ ret = ds4424_verify_chip(indio_dev);
+ if (ret < 0)
+ return -ENXIO;
+
+ switch (id->driver_data) {
+ case ID_DS4422:
+ indio_dev->num_channels = DS4422_MAX_DAC_CHANNELS;
+ break;
+ case ID_DS4424:
+ indio_dev->num_channels = DS4424_MAX_DAC_CHANNELS;
+ break;
+ default:
+ dev_err(&client->dev,
+ "ds4424: Invalid chip id.\n");
+ regulator_disable(data->vcc_reg);
+ return -ENXIO;
+ }
+
+ indio_dev->channels = ds4424_channels;
+ indio_dev->modes = INDIO_DIRECT_MODE;
+ indio_dev->info = &ds4424_info;
+
+ ret = iio_device_register(indio_dev);
+ if (ret < 0) {
+ dev_err(&client->dev,
+ "iio_device_register failed. ret: %d\n", ret);
+ regulator_disable(data->vcc_reg);
+ }
+
+ return ret;
+}
+
+static int ds4424_remove(struct i2c_client *client)
+{
+ struct iio_dev *indio_dev = i2c_get_clientdata(client);
+ struct ds4424_data *data = iio_priv(indio_dev);
+
+ iio_device_unregister(indio_dev);
+ regulator_disable(data->vcc_reg);
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static const struct i2c_device_id ds4424_id[] = {
+ { "ds4422", ID_DS4422 },
+ { "ds4424", ID_DS4424 },
+ { }
+};
+
+MODULE_DEVICE_TABLE(i2c, ds4424_id);
+
+static const struct of_device_id ds4424_of_match[] = {
+ { .compatible = "maxim,ds4422" },
+ { .compatible = "maxim,ds4424" },
+ { },
+};
+
+MODULE_DEVICE_TABLE(of, ds4424_of_match);
+
+static struct i2c_driver ds4424_driver = {
+ .driver = {
+ .name = "ds4424",
+ .of_match_table = ds4424_of_match,
+ .pm = &ds4424_pm_ops,
+ },
+ .probe = ds4424_probe,
+ .remove = ds4424_remove,
+ .id_table = ds4424_id,
+};
+module_i2c_driver(ds4424_driver);
+
+MODULE_DESCRIPTION("Maxim DS4424 DAC Driver");
+MODULE_AUTHOR("Ismail H. Kose <ismail.kose@maximintegrated.com>");
+MODULE_AUTHOR("Vishal Sood <vishal.sood@maximintegrated.com>");
+MODULE_AUTHOR("David Jung <david.jung@maximintegrated.com>");
+MODULE_LICENSE("GPL v2");
--
2.11.0
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