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Subject[PATCH 2/4] x86/mm/64: Stop using CR3.PCID == 0 in ASID-aware code
Date
Putting the logical ASID into CR3's PCID bits directly means that we
have two cases to consider separately: ASID == 0 and ASID != 0.
This means that bugs that only hit in one of these cases trigger
nondeterministically.

There were some bugs like this in the past, and I think there's
still one in current kernels. In particular, we have a number of
ASID-unware code paths that save CR3, write some special value, and
then restore CR3. This includes suspend/resume, hibernate, kexec,
EFI, and maybe other things I've missed. This is currently
dangerous: if ASID != 0, then this code sequence will leave garbage
in the TLB tagged for ASID 0. We could potentially see corruption
when switching back to ASID 0. In principle, an
initialize_tlbstate_and_flush() call after these sequences would
solve the problem, but EFI, at least, does not call this. (And it
probably shouldn't -- initialize_tlbstate_and_flush() is rather
expensive.)

Signed-off-by: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org>
---
arch/x86/include/asm/mmu_context.h | 21 +++++++++++++++++++--
1 file changed, 19 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/mmu_context.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/mmu_context.h
index a999ba6b721f..9001f7a52216 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/mmu_context.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/mmu_context.h
@@ -286,14 +286,31 @@ static inline bool arch_vma_access_permitted(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
return __pkru_allows_pkey(vma_pkey(vma), write);
}

+/*
+ * If PCID is on, ASID-aware code paths put the ASID + 1 into the PCID
+ * bits. This serves two purposes. It prevents a nasty situation in
+ * which PCID-unaware code saves CR3, loads some other value (with PCID
+ * == 0), and then restores CR3, thus corrupting the TLB for ASID 0 if
+ * the saved ASID was nonzero. It also means that any bugs involving
+ * loading a PCID-enabled CR3 with CR4.PCIDE off will trigger
+ * deterministically.
+ */
+
static inline unsigned long build_cr3(struct mm_struct *mm, u16 asid)
{
- return __sme_pa(mm->pgd) | asid;
+ if (static_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_PCID)) {
+ VM_WARN_ON_ONCE(asid > 4094);
+ return __sme_pa(mm->pgd) | (asid + 1);
+ } else {
+ VM_WARN_ON_ONCE(asid != 0);
+ return __sme_pa(mm->pgd);
+ }
}

static inline unsigned long build_cr3_noflush(struct mm_struct *mm, u16 asid)
{
- return __sme_pa(mm->pgd) | asid | CR3_NOFLUSH;
+ VM_WARN_ON_ONCE(asid > 4094);
+ return __sme_pa(mm->pgd) | (asid + 1) | CR3_NOFLUSH;
}

/*
--
2.13.5
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