lkml.org 
[lkml]   [2017]   [Sep]   [16]   [last100]   RSS Feed
Views: [wrap][no wrap]   [headers]  [forward] 
 
Messages in this thread
Patch in this message
/
SubjectRe: [RFC PATCH 3/4] x86/asm: Make alternative macro interfaces more clear and consistent
From
Date
On 09/16/2017 02:29 AM, Josh Poimboeuf wrote:
> On Fri, Sep 15, 2017 at 11:01:19AM -0700, Linus Torvalds wrote:
>> On Fri, Sep 15, 2017 at 9:53 AM, Andrey Ryabinin
>> <aryabinin@virtuozzo.com> wrote:
>>>
>>> I'm not so sure that this is disabled optimization. I assume that global rsp makes
>>> changes something in gcc's register allocation logic, or something like that leading
>>> to subtle changes in generated code.
>>>
>>> But what I recently find out, is that this "regression" sometimes is actually improvement in .text size.
>>> It all depends on .config, e.g:
>>
>> Oh, that would be lovely and solve all the issues.
>>
>> And looking at the code generation differences for one file
>> (kernel/futex.c) and one single config (my default config), the thing
>> that the global stack register seems to change is that it moves some
>> code - particularly completely unrelated inline asm code - inside the
>> region protected by frame pointers.
>>
>> There are a few register allocation changes too, but they didn't seem
>> to make code worse, and I think they were just "incidental" from code
>> movement. And most code movement really seemed to be around inline
>> asms, I wonder if the gcc logic simply is something like "if the
>> stack pointer is visible as a register, don't move any inline asm
>> across a frame setup".
>>
>> In fact, on that one file and one configuration, the resulting
>> assembler file had three fewer lines of code with that global stack
>> register declaration than with the local one.
>>
>> So at least from just that one case, I can back up Andrey's
>> observation: it's not that the code gets worse, it just is slightly
>> different. Sometimes it's better.
>>
>> So maybe that simple patch to just make the stack pointer be a global
>> register declaration really is the fix for this issue.
>>
>> It's not *pretty*, and I'd much rather just see some explicit way for
>> us to say "this asm wants the frame to be set up", but of the
>> alternatives we've seen, maybe it's the right thing to do?
>
> Ok, here's the (compile tested) patch in case anybody wants to try it
> out.
>

I already had almost the same patch, so I just used mine. Patch seems to be
the same as yours except cosmetic details which shouldn't affect the end result.
But just in case it posted below.


The patch was applied on top of b38923a068c10fc36ca8f596d650d095ce390b85 commit,
kernel compiled gcc 7.2.0

allnoconfig: text data bss dec hex filename
base 946920 206384 1215752 2369056 242620 allnoconfig/vmlinux
patched 946501 206384 1215752 2368637 24247d allnoconfig_p/vmlinux

defconfig: text data bss dec hex filename
base 10729978 4840000 876544 16446522 faf43a defconfig/vmlinux
patched 10730666 4840000 876544 16447210 faf6ea defconfig_p/vmlinux

allyesconfig: text data bss dec hex filename
base 161016572 152888347 49303552 363208471 15a61f17 allyesconfig/vmlinux
patched 161003557 152888347 49303552 363195456 15a5ec40 allyesconfig_p/vmlinux


---
arch/x86/include/asm/alternative.h | 3 +--
arch/x86/include/asm/asm.h | 2 ++
arch/x86/include/asm/mshyperv.h | 10 ++++------
arch/x86/include/asm/paravirt_types.h | 12 +++++-------
arch/x86/include/asm/preempt.h | 6 ++----
arch/x86/include/asm/processor.h | 6 ++----
arch/x86/include/asm/rwsem.h | 3 +--
arch/x86/include/asm/thread_info.h | 1 -
arch/x86/include/asm/uaccess.h | 5 +++--
arch/x86/include/asm/xen/hypercall.h | 5 ++---
arch/x86/kvm/emulate.c | 3 +--
arch/x86/kvm/vmx.c | 3 +--
arch/x86/mm/fault.c | 3 +--
13 files changed, 25 insertions(+), 37 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/alternative.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/alternative.h
index 1b020381ab38..8e3174258c5f 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/alternative.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/alternative.h
@@ -218,10 +218,9 @@ static inline int alternatives_text_reserved(void *start, void *end)
#define alternative_call_2(oldfunc, newfunc1, feature1, newfunc2, feature2, \
output, input...) \
{ \
- register void *__sp asm(_ASM_SP); \
asm volatile (ALTERNATIVE_2("call %P[old]", "call %P[new1]", feature1,\
"call %P[new2]", feature2) \
- : output, "+r" (__sp) \
+ : output, "+r" (__current_sp) \
: [old] "i" (oldfunc), [new1] "i" (newfunc1), \
[new2] "i" (newfunc2), ## input); \
}
diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/asm.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/asm.h
index 676ee5807d86..2ebaddb6958d 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/asm.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/asm.h
@@ -129,6 +129,8 @@
# define _ASM_EXTABLE_REFCOUNT(from, to) \
_ASM_EXTABLE_HANDLE(from, to, ex_handler_refcount)

+register unsigned long __current_sp asm(_ASM_SP);
+
/* For C file, we already have NOKPROBE_SYMBOL macro */
#endif

diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/mshyperv.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/mshyperv.h
index 63cc96f064dc..761cd7596296 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/mshyperv.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/mshyperv.h
@@ -179,7 +179,6 @@ static inline u64 hv_do_hypercall(u64 control, void *input, void *output)
u64 input_address = input ? virt_to_phys(input) : 0;
u64 output_address = output ? virt_to_phys(output) : 0;
u64 hv_status;
- register void *__sp asm(_ASM_SP);

#ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
if (!hv_hypercall_pg)
@@ -187,7 +186,7 @@ static inline u64 hv_do_hypercall(u64 control, void *input, void *output)

__asm__ __volatile__("mov %4, %%r8\n"
"call *%5"
- : "=a" (hv_status), "+r" (__sp),
+ : "=a" (hv_status), "+r" (__current_sp),
"+c" (control), "+d" (input_address)
: "r" (output_address), "m" (hv_hypercall_pg)
: "cc", "memory", "r8", "r9", "r10", "r11");
@@ -202,7 +201,7 @@ static inline u64 hv_do_hypercall(u64 control, void *input, void *output)

__asm__ __volatile__("call *%7"
: "=A" (hv_status),
- "+c" (input_address_lo), "+r" (__sp)
+ "+c" (input_address_lo), "+r" (__current_sp)
: "A" (control),
"b" (input_address_hi),
"D"(output_address_hi), "S"(output_address_lo),
@@ -224,12 +223,11 @@ static inline u64 hv_do_hypercall(u64 control, void *input, void *output)
static inline u64 hv_do_fast_hypercall8(u16 code, u64 input1)
{
u64 hv_status, control = (u64)code | HV_HYPERCALL_FAST_BIT;
- register void *__sp asm(_ASM_SP);

#ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
{
__asm__ __volatile__("call *%4"
- : "=a" (hv_status), "+r" (__sp),
+ : "=a" (hv_status), "+r" (__current_sp),
"+c" (control), "+d" (input1)
: "m" (hv_hypercall_pg)
: "cc", "r8", "r9", "r10", "r11");
@@ -242,7 +240,7 @@ static inline u64 hv_do_fast_hypercall8(u16 code, u64 input1)
__asm__ __volatile__ ("call *%5"
: "=A"(hv_status),
"+c"(input1_lo),
- "+r"(__sp)
+ "+r"(__current_sp)
: "A" (control),
"b" (input1_hi),
"m" (hv_hypercall_pg)
diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/paravirt_types.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/paravirt_types.h
index 42873edd9f9d..8e0e9d39ea01 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/paravirt_types.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/paravirt_types.h
@@ -459,8 +459,7 @@ int paravirt_disable_iospace(void);
*/
#ifdef CONFIG_X86_32
#define PVOP_VCALL_ARGS \
- unsigned long __eax = __eax, __edx = __edx, __ecx = __ecx; \
- register void *__sp asm("esp")
+ unsigned long __eax = __eax, __edx = __edx, __ecx = __ecx;
#define PVOP_CALL_ARGS PVOP_VCALL_ARGS

#define PVOP_CALL_ARG1(x) "a" ((unsigned long)(x))
@@ -480,8 +479,7 @@ int paravirt_disable_iospace(void);
/* [re]ax isn't an arg, but the return val */
#define PVOP_VCALL_ARGS \
unsigned long __edi = __edi, __esi = __esi, \
- __edx = __edx, __ecx = __ecx, __eax = __eax; \
- register void *__sp asm("rsp")
+ __edx = __edx, __ecx = __ecx, __eax = __eax;
#define PVOP_CALL_ARGS PVOP_VCALL_ARGS

#define PVOP_CALL_ARG1(x) "D" ((unsigned long)(x))
@@ -532,7 +530,7 @@ int paravirt_disable_iospace(void);
asm volatile(pre \
paravirt_alt(PARAVIRT_CALL) \
post \
- : call_clbr, "+r" (__sp) \
+ : call_clbr, "+r" (__current_sp) \
: paravirt_type(op), \
paravirt_clobber(clbr), \
##__VA_ARGS__ \
@@ -542,7 +540,7 @@ int paravirt_disable_iospace(void);
asm volatile(pre \
paravirt_alt(PARAVIRT_CALL) \
post \
- : call_clbr, "+r" (__sp) \
+ : call_clbr, "+r" (__current_sp) \
: paravirt_type(op), \
paravirt_clobber(clbr), \
##__VA_ARGS__ \
@@ -569,7 +567,7 @@ int paravirt_disable_iospace(void);
asm volatile(pre \
paravirt_alt(PARAVIRT_CALL) \
post \
- : call_clbr, "+r" (__sp) \
+ : call_clbr, "+r" (__current_sp) \
: paravirt_type(op), \
paravirt_clobber(clbr), \
##__VA_ARGS__ \
diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/preempt.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/preempt.h
index ec1f3c651150..82ff7cbc3c3a 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/preempt.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/preempt.h
@@ -102,16 +102,14 @@ static __always_inline bool should_resched(int preempt_offset)
extern asmlinkage void ___preempt_schedule(void);
# define __preempt_schedule() \
({ \
- register void *__sp asm(_ASM_SP); \
- asm volatile ("call ___preempt_schedule" : "+r"(__sp)); \
+ asm volatile ("call ___preempt_schedule" : "+r"(__current_sp)); \
})

extern asmlinkage void preempt_schedule(void);
extern asmlinkage void ___preempt_schedule_notrace(void);
# define __preempt_schedule_notrace() \
({ \
- register void *__sp asm(_ASM_SP); \
- asm volatile ("call ___preempt_schedule_notrace" : "+r"(__sp)); \
+ asm volatile ("call ___preempt_schedule_notrace" : "+r"(__current_sp)); \
})
extern asmlinkage void preempt_schedule_notrace(void);
#endif
diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/processor.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/processor.h
index 3fa26a61eabc..a6ced4b30c2f 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/processor.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/processor.h
@@ -677,8 +677,6 @@ static inline void sync_core(void)
* Like all of Linux's memory ordering operations, this is a
* compiler barrier as well.
*/
- register void *__sp asm(_ASM_SP);
-
#ifdef CONFIG_X86_32
asm volatile (
"pushfl\n\t"
@@ -686,7 +684,7 @@ static inline void sync_core(void)
"pushl $1f\n\t"
"iret\n\t"
"1:"
- : "+r" (__sp) : : "memory");
+ : "+r" (__current_sp) : : "memory");
#else
unsigned int tmp;

@@ -703,7 +701,7 @@ static inline void sync_core(void)
"iretq\n\t"
UNWIND_HINT_RESTORE
"1:"
- : "=&r" (tmp), "+r" (__sp) : : "cc", "memory");
+ : "=&r" (tmp), "+r" (__current_sp) : : "cc", "memory");
#endif
}

diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/rwsem.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/rwsem.h
index a34e0d4b957d..a6b4c7e2b90a 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/rwsem.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/rwsem.h
@@ -103,7 +103,6 @@ static inline bool __down_read_trylock(struct rw_semaphore *sem)
({ \
long tmp; \
struct rw_semaphore* ret; \
- register void *__sp asm(_ASM_SP); \
\
asm volatile("# beginning down_write\n\t" \
LOCK_PREFIX " xadd %1,(%4)\n\t" \
@@ -114,7 +113,7 @@ static inline bool __down_read_trylock(struct rw_semaphore *sem)
" call " slow_path "\n" \
"1:\n" \
"# ending down_write" \
- : "+m" (sem->count), "=d" (tmp), "=a" (ret), "+r" (__sp) \
+ : "+m" (sem->count), "=d" (tmp), "=a" (ret), "+r" (__current_sp) \
: "a" (sem), "1" (RWSEM_ACTIVE_WRITE_BIAS) \
: "memory", "cc"); \
ret; \
diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/thread_info.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/thread_info.h
index 5161da1a0fa0..d8f225efab8e 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/thread_info.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/thread_info.h
@@ -157,7 +157,6 @@ struct thread_info {
* preempt_count needs to be 1 initially, until the scheduler is functional.
*/
#ifndef __ASSEMBLY__
-
static inline unsigned long current_stack_pointer(void)
{
unsigned long sp;
diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/uaccess.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/uaccess.h
index 184eb9894dae..90098148e6b7 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/uaccess.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/uaccess.h
@@ -162,15 +162,16 @@ __typeof__(__builtin_choose_expr(sizeof(x) > sizeof(0UL), 0ULL, 0UL))
* Clang/LLVM cares about the size of the register, but still wants
* the base register for something that ends up being a pair.
*/
+
#define get_user(x, ptr) \
({ \
int __ret_gu; \
register __inttype(*(ptr)) __val_gu asm("%"_ASM_DX); \
- register void *__sp asm(_ASM_SP); \
__chk_user_ptr(ptr); \
might_fault(); \
asm volatile("call __get_user_%P4" \
- : "=a" (__ret_gu), "=r" (__val_gu), "+r" (__sp) \
+ : "=a" (__ret_gu), "=r" (__val_gu), \
+ "+r" (__current_sp) \
: "0" (ptr), "i" (sizeof(*(ptr)))); \
(x) = (__force __typeof__(*(ptr))) __val_gu; \
__builtin_expect(__ret_gu, 0); \
diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/xen/hypercall.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/xen/hypercall.h
index 9606688caa4b..7adb02fbeead 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/xen/hypercall.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/xen/hypercall.h
@@ -113,10 +113,9 @@ extern struct { char _entry[32]; } hypercall_page[];
register unsigned long __arg2 asm(__HYPERCALL_ARG2REG) = __arg2; \
register unsigned long __arg3 asm(__HYPERCALL_ARG3REG) = __arg3; \
register unsigned long __arg4 asm(__HYPERCALL_ARG4REG) = __arg4; \
- register unsigned long __arg5 asm(__HYPERCALL_ARG5REG) = __arg5; \
- register void *__sp asm(_ASM_SP);
+ register unsigned long __arg5 asm(__HYPERCALL_ARG5REG) = __arg5;

-#define __HYPERCALL_0PARAM "=r" (__res), "+r" (__sp)
+#define __HYPERCALL_0PARAM "=r" (__res), "+r" (__current_sp)
#define __HYPERCALL_1PARAM __HYPERCALL_0PARAM, "+r" (__arg1)
#define __HYPERCALL_2PARAM __HYPERCALL_1PARAM, "+r" (__arg2)
#define __HYPERCALL_3PARAM __HYPERCALL_2PARAM, "+r" (__arg3)
diff --git a/arch/x86/kvm/emulate.c b/arch/x86/kvm/emulate.c
index 16bf6655aa85..29c797dc40aa 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kvm/emulate.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kvm/emulate.c
@@ -5296,7 +5296,6 @@ static void fetch_possible_mmx_operand(struct x86_emulate_ctxt *ctxt,

static int fastop(struct x86_emulate_ctxt *ctxt, void (*fop)(struct fastop *))
{
- register void *__sp asm(_ASM_SP);
ulong flags = (ctxt->eflags & EFLAGS_MASK) | X86_EFLAGS_IF;

if (!(ctxt->d & ByteOp))
@@ -5304,7 +5303,7 @@ static int fastop(struct x86_emulate_ctxt *ctxt, void (*fop)(struct fastop *))

asm("push %[flags]; popf; call *%[fastop]; pushf; pop %[flags]\n"
: "+a"(ctxt->dst.val), "+d"(ctxt->src.val), [flags]"+D"(flags),
- [fastop]"+S"(fop), "+r"(__sp)
+ [fastop]"+S"(fop), "+r"(__current_sp)
: "c"(ctxt->src2.val));

ctxt->eflags = (ctxt->eflags & ~EFLAGS_MASK) | (flags & EFLAGS_MASK);
diff --git a/arch/x86/kvm/vmx.c b/arch/x86/kvm/vmx.c
index 699704d4bc9e..9513c9f28312 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kvm/vmx.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kvm/vmx.c
@@ -9036,7 +9036,6 @@ static void vmx_complete_atomic_exit(struct vcpu_vmx *vmx)
static void vmx_handle_external_intr(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
{
u32 exit_intr_info = vmcs_read32(VM_EXIT_INTR_INFO);
- register void *__sp asm(_ASM_SP);

if ((exit_intr_info & (INTR_INFO_VALID_MASK | INTR_INFO_INTR_TYPE_MASK))
== (INTR_INFO_VALID_MASK | INTR_TYPE_EXT_INTR)) {
@@ -9065,7 +9064,7 @@ static void vmx_handle_external_intr(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
#ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
[sp]"=&r"(tmp),
#endif
- "+r"(__sp)
+ "+r"(__current_sp)
:
[entry]"r"(entry),
[ss]"i"(__KERNEL_DS),
diff --git a/arch/x86/mm/fault.c b/arch/x86/mm/fault.c
index b836a7274e12..071b459029fe 100644
--- a/arch/x86/mm/fault.c
+++ b/arch/x86/mm/fault.c
@@ -806,7 +806,6 @@ no_context(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long error_code,
if (is_vmalloc_addr((void *)address) &&
(((unsigned long)tsk->stack - 1 - address < PAGE_SIZE) ||
address - ((unsigned long)tsk->stack + THREAD_SIZE) < PAGE_SIZE)) {
- register void *__sp asm("rsp");
unsigned long stack = this_cpu_read(orig_ist.ist[DOUBLEFAULT_STACK]) - sizeof(void *);
/*
* We're likely to be running with very little stack space
@@ -821,7 +820,7 @@ no_context(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long error_code,
asm volatile ("movq %[stack], %%rsp\n\t"
"call handle_stack_overflow\n\t"
"1: jmp 1b"
- : "+r" (__sp)
+ : "+r" (__current_sp)
: "D" ("kernel stack overflow (page fault)"),
"S" (regs), "d" (address),
[stack] "rm" (stack));
--
2.13.5
\
 
 \ /
  Last update: 2017-09-17 00:23    [W:0.136 / U:3.756 seconds]
©2003-2017 Jasper Spaans. hosted at Digital OceanAdvertise on this site