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SubjectRe: [PATCH 1/3] mm, sysctl: make VM stats configurable
On Fri 15-09-17 17:23:24, Kemi Wang wrote:
> This patch adds a tunable interface that allows VM stats configurable, as
> suggested by Dave Hansen and Ying Huang.
>
> When performance becomes a bottleneck and you can tolerate some possible
> tool breakage and some decreased counter precision (e.g. numa counter), you
> can do:
> echo [C|c]oarse > /proc/sys/vm/vmstat_mode
>
> When performance is not a bottleneck and you want all tooling to work, you
> can do:
> echo [S|s]trict > /proc/sys/vm/vmstat_mode
>
> We recommend automatic detection of virtual memory statistics by system,
> this is also system default configuration, you can do:
> echo [A|a]uto > /proc/sys/vm/vmstat_mode
>
> The next patch handles numa statistics distinctively based-on different VM
> stats mode.

I would just merge this with the second patch so that it is clear how
those modes are implemented. I am also wondering why cannot we have a
much simpler interface and implementation to enable/disable numa stats
(btw. sysctl_vm_numa_stats would be more descriptive IMHO).

Why do we need an auto-mode? Is it safe to enforce by default. Is it
possible that userspace can get confused to see 0 NUMA stats in the
first read while other allocation stats are non-zero?

> Reported-by: Jesper Dangaard Brouer <brouer@redhat.com>
> Suggested-by: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@intel.com>
> Suggested-by: Ying Huang <ying.huang@intel.com>
> Signed-off-by: Kemi Wang <kemi.wang@intel.com>
> ---
> include/linux/vmstat.h | 14 ++++++++++
> kernel/sysctl.c | 7 +++++
> mm/vmstat.c | 70 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> 3 files changed, 91 insertions(+)
>
> diff --git a/include/linux/vmstat.h b/include/linux/vmstat.h
> index ade7cb5..c3634c7 100644
> --- a/include/linux/vmstat.h
> +++ b/include/linux/vmstat.h
> @@ -9,6 +9,20 @@
>
> extern int sysctl_stat_interval;
>
> +/*
> + * vmstat_mode:
> + * 0 = auto mode of vmstat, automatic detection of VM statistics.
> + * 1 = strict mode of vmstat, keep all VM statistics.
> + * 2 = coarse mode of vmstat, ignore unimportant VM statistics.
> + */
> +#define VMSTAT_AUTO_MODE 0
> +#define VMSTAT_STRICT_MODE 1
> +#define VMSTAT_COARSE_MODE 2
> +#define VMSTAT_MODE_LEN 16
> +extern char sysctl_vmstat_mode[];
> +extern int sysctl_vmstat_mode_handler(struct ctl_table *table, int write,
> + void __user *buffer, size_t *length, loff_t *ppos);
> +
> #ifdef CONFIG_VM_EVENT_COUNTERS
> /*
> * Light weight per cpu counter implementation.
> diff --git a/kernel/sysctl.c b/kernel/sysctl.c
> index 6648fbb..f5b813b 100644
> --- a/kernel/sysctl.c
> +++ b/kernel/sysctl.c
> @@ -1234,6 +1234,13 @@ static struct ctl_table kern_table[] = {
>
> static struct ctl_table vm_table[] = {
> {
> + .procname = "vmstat_mode",
> + .data = &sysctl_vmstat_mode,
> + .maxlen = VMSTAT_MODE_LEN,
> + .mode = 0644,
> + .proc_handler = sysctl_vmstat_mode_handler,
> + },
> + {
> .procname = "overcommit_memory",
> .data = &sysctl_overcommit_memory,
> .maxlen = sizeof(sysctl_overcommit_memory),
> diff --git a/mm/vmstat.c b/mm/vmstat.c
> index 4bb13e7..e675ad2 100644
> --- a/mm/vmstat.c
> +++ b/mm/vmstat.c
> @@ -32,6 +32,76 @@
>
> #define NUMA_STATS_THRESHOLD (U16_MAX - 2)
>
> +int vmstat_mode = VMSTAT_AUTO_MODE;
> +char sysctl_vmstat_mode[VMSTAT_MODE_LEN] = "auto";
> +static const char *vmstat_mode_name[3] = {"auto", "strict", "coarse"};
> +static DEFINE_MUTEX(vmstat_mode_lock);
> +
> +
> +static int __parse_vmstat_mode(char *s)
> +{
> + const char *str = s;
> +
> + if (strcmp(str, "auto") == 0 || strcmp(str, "Auto") == 0)
> + vmstat_mode = VMSTAT_AUTO_MODE;
> + else if (strcmp(str, "strict") == 0 || strcmp(str, "Strict") == 0)
> + vmstat_mode = VMSTAT_STRICT_MODE;
> + else if (strcmp(str, "coarse") == 0 || strcmp(str, "Coarse") == 0)
> + vmstat_mode = VMSTAT_COARSE_MODE;
> + else {
> + pr_warn("Ignoring invalid vmstat_mode value: %s\n", s);
> + return -EINVAL;
> + }
> + return 0;
> +}
> +
> +int sysctl_vmstat_mode_handler(struct ctl_table *table, int write,
> + void __user *buffer, size_t *length, loff_t *ppos)
> +{
> + char old_string[VMSTAT_MODE_LEN];
> + int ret, oldval;
> +
> + mutex_lock(&vmstat_mode_lock);
> + if (write)
> + strncpy(old_string, (char *)table->data, VMSTAT_MODE_LEN);
> + ret = proc_dostring(table, write, buffer, length, ppos);
> + if (ret || !write) {
> + mutex_unlock(&vmstat_mode_lock);
> + return ret;
> + }
> +
> + oldval = vmstat_mode;
> + if (__parse_vmstat_mode((char *)table->data)) {
> + /*
> + * invalid sysctl_vmstat_mode value, restore saved string
> + */
> + strncpy((char *)table->data, old_string, VMSTAT_MODE_LEN);
> + vmstat_mode = oldval;
> + } else {
> + /*
> + * check whether vmstat mode changes or not
> + */
> + if (vmstat_mode == oldval) {
> + /* no change */
> + mutex_unlock(&vmstat_mode_lock);
> + return 0;
> + } else if (vmstat_mode == VMSTAT_AUTO_MODE)
> + pr_info("vmstat mode changes from %s to auto mode\n",
> + vmstat_mode_name[oldval]);
> + else if (vmstat_mode == VMSTAT_STRICT_MODE)
> + pr_info("vmstat mode changes from %s to strict mode\n",
> + vmstat_mode_name[oldval]);
> + else if (vmstat_mode == VMSTAT_COARSE_MODE)
> + pr_info("vmstat mode changes from %s to coarse mode\n",
> + vmstat_mode_name[oldval]);
> + else
> + pr_warn("invalid vmstat_mode:%d\n", vmstat_mode);
> + }
> +
> + mutex_unlock(&vmstat_mode_lock);
> + return 0;
> +}
> +
> #ifdef CONFIG_VM_EVENT_COUNTERS
> DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct vm_event_state, vm_event_states) = {{0}};
> EXPORT_PER_CPU_SYMBOL(vm_event_states);
> --
> 2.7.4
>

--
Michal Hocko
SUSE Labs

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