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Subject[patch v2] madvise.2: Add MADV_WIPEONFORK documentation
v2: implement the improvements suggested by Colm, and add
Colm's text to the fork.2 man page
(Colm, I have added a signed-off-by in your name - is that ok?)

Add MADV_WIPEONFORK and MADV_KEEPONFORK documentation to
madvise.2. The new functionality was recently merged by
Linus, and should be in the 4.14 kernel.

While documenting what EINVAL means for MADV_WIPEONFORK,
I realized that MADV_FREE has the same thing going on,
so I documented EINVAL for both in the ERRORS section.

This patch documents the following kernel commit:

commit d2cd9ede6e193dd7d88b6d27399e96229a551b19
Author: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Date: Wed Sep 6 16:25:15 2017 -0700

mm,fork: introduce MADV_WIPEONFORK

Signed-off-by: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Colm MacCárthaigh <colm@allcosts.net>

diff --git a/man2/fork.2 b/man2/fork.2
index b5af58ca08c0..b11e750e3876 100644
--- a/man2/fork.2
+++ b/man2/fork.2
@@ -140,6 +140,12 @@ Memory mappings that have been marked with the
flag are not inherited across a
.BR fork ().
.IP *
+Memory in mappings that have been marked with the
+.BR madvise (2)
+.B MADV_WIPEONFORK
+flag is zeroed in the child after a
+.BR fork ().
+.IP *
The termination signal of the child is always
.B SIGCHLD
(see
diff --git a/man2/madvise.2 b/man2/madvise.2
index dfb31b63dba3..bb0ac469c509 100644
--- a/man2/madvise.2
+++ b/man2/madvise.2
@@ -31,6 +31,9 @@
.\" 2010-06-19, Andi Kleen, Add documentation of MADV_SOFT_OFFLINE.
.\" 2011-09-18, Doug Goldstein <cardoe@cardoe.com>
.\" Document MADV_HUGEPAGE and MADV_NOHUGEPAGE
+.\" 2017-09-14, Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
+.\" Document MADV_WIPEONFORK and MADV_KEEPONFORK
+.\" commit d2cd9ede6e193dd7d88b6d27399e96229a551b19
.\"
.TH MADVISE 2 2017-07-13 "Linux" "Linux Programmer's Manual"
.SH NAME
@@ -405,6 +408,22 @@ can be applied only to private anonymous pages (see
.BR mmap (2)).
On a swapless system, freeing pages in a given range happens instantly,
regardless of memory pressure.
+.TP
+.BR MADV_WIPEONFORK " (since Linux 4.14)"
+Present the child process with zero-filled memory in this range after a
+.BR fork (2).
+This is useful for per-process data in forking servers that should be
+re-initialized in the child process after a fork, for example PRNG seeds,
+cryptographic secrets, etc.
+.IP
+The
+.B MADV_WIPEONFORK
+operation can only be applied to private anonymous pages (see
+.BR mmap (2)).
+.TP
+.BR MADV_KEEPONFORK " (since Linux 4.14)"
+Undo the effect of an earlier
+.BR MADV_WIPEONFORK .
.SH RETURN VALUE
On success,
.BR madvise ()
@@ -457,6 +476,18 @@ or
but the kernel was not configured with
.BR CONFIG_KSM .
.TP
+.B EINVAL
+.I advice
+is
+.BR MADV_FREE
+or
+.BR MADV_WIPEONFORK
+but the specified address range includes file, Huge TLB,
+.BR MAP_SHARED ,
+or
+.BR VM_PFNMAP
+ranges.
+.TP
.B EIO
(for
.BR MADV_WILLNEED )
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