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SubjectRe: [PATCH] ASoC: fsl_ssi: Override bit clock rate based on slot number

On 12/09/2017 23:32, Nicolin Chen wrote:
> On Tue, Sep 12, 2017 at 04:35:13PM +0200, Arnaud Mouiche wrote:
>>> - * freq: Output BCLK frequency = samplerate * 32 (fixed) * channels
>>> + * freq: Output BCLK frequency = samplerate * 32 (fixed) * slots (or channels)
>> Slots are not necessarily 32 bits width.
>> Indeed, a simple grep of snd_soc_dai_set_tdm_slot shows 16, 24, 32
>> and 0 bits usage. (don't know the real meaning of 0 BTW...)
>> So, it should be good to also remember the slots width given in
>> snd_soc_dai_set_tdm_slot() call.
> RM says that the word length is fixed to 32 in I2S Master mode.
> So I used it here. But I think using it with the slots could be
> wrong here as you stated. What kind of clock rates (bit and lr)
> does a TDM case have?
> The problem of slot width here is handled in the set_tdm_slot()
> at all. So I tried to ignored that. But we probably do need it
> when calculating things with the slot number.
> Could you please give me a few set of examples of how you set
> set_sysclk(), set_tdm_slot() with the current driver? The idea
> here is to figure out a way to calculate the bclk in hw_params
> without getting set_sysclk() involved any more.

Here is one, where a bclk = 4*16*fs is expected

static int imx_hifi_hw_params(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream,
struct snd_pcm_hw_params *params)
struct snd_soc_pcm_runtime *rtd = substream->private_data;
struct imx_priv *priv = &card_priv;
struct device *dev = &priv->pdev->dev;

int ret = 0;
struct snd_soc_dai *cpu_dai = rtd->cpu_dai;
unsigned int freq;
int ch;

/* configuring cpu_dai
* - bitclk (fclk is computed automatically)
* 16bit * 4 (max) channels * sampling rate
* - tdm maskto select the active channels

freq = 4 * 16 * params_rate(params);
if (freq != priv->current_freq) {
/* clk_id and direction are not taken in count by fsl_ssi
driver */
ret = snd_soc_dai_set_sysclk( cpu_dai, 0, freq, 0 );
if (ret) {
dev_err(dev, "failed to set cpu dai bitclk: %u\n", freq);
return ret;
priv->current_freq = freq;
ch = params_channels(params);
if (ch != priv->current_ch) {
ret = snd_soc_dai_set_tdm_slot( cpu_dai, (1 << ch)-1, (1 <<
ch)-1, 4, 16 );
if (ret) {
dev_err(dev, "failed to set cpu dai tdm slots:
ch=%d\n", ch);
return ret;
priv->current_ch = ch;
return 0;

In another setup, there are 8 x 16 bits slots, whatever the number of
active channels is.
In this case bclk = 128 * fs
The number of slots is completely arbitrary. Some slots can even be
reserved for communication between codecs that don't communicate with linux.

>> Anyway, there is something wrong in the snd_soc_codec_set_sysclk
>> usage by fsl_ssi
>> Let's get a look again at the description:
>> /**
>> * snd_soc_dai_set_sysclk - configure DAI system or master clock.
>> * @dai: DAI
>> * @clk_id: DAI specific clock ID
>> * @freq: new clock frequency in Hz
>> * @dir: new clock direction - input/output.
>> *
>> * Configures the DAI master (MCLK) or system (SYSCLK) clocking.
>> */
>> int snd_soc_dai_set_sysclk(struct snd_soc_dai *dai, int clk_id,
>> unsigned int freq, int dir)
>> So, it can be used to configure 2 different clocks (and more) with
>> different usages.
>> Lukasz complains that simple-card is configuring MCLK incorrectly.
>> but simple-card, only want to configure the SYSCLK, whereas fsl_ssi
>> understand "configure the MCLK..." (fsl_ssi doesn't check the clk_id
>> at all)
> It's more than a clock_id in my opinion. The driver now sets
> the bit clock rate via set_sysclk() other than the MCLK rate
> actually.
>> I think the problem is here.
>> I would propose a new clk_id
>> #define FSL_SSI_SYSCLK_MCLK 1
>> And leave fsl_ssi_set_dai_sysclk(xxx, FSL_SSI_SYSCLK_MCLK, ...)
>> override the computed mlck.
>> This will leave a way for obscure TDM users to specify a specific a
>> random mclk frequency for obscure reasons...
>> Unfortunately, such generic clock_id (sysclk, mclk) were never
>> defined widely.
> Unfortunately, it looks like a work around to me. I understand
> the idea of leaving set_sysclk() out there to override the bit
> clock is convenient, but it is not a standard ALSA design and
> may eventually introduce new problems like today.

I agree. I'm not conservative at all concerning this question.
I don't see a way to remove set_sysclk without breaking current TDM
users anyway, at least for those who don't have their code upstreamed.

All information provided through snd_soc_dai_set_tdm_slot( cpu_dai,
mask, mask, slots, width ) should be enough
In this case, for TDM users

bclk = slots * width * fs (where slots is != channels)

will manage 99 % of the cases.
And the remaining 1% will concern people who need to hack the kernel so
widely they don't care about the set_sysclk removal.

Now, looking at the code currently in linus/master:sound/soc/fsl
concerning TDM
- imx-mc13783.c : the codec is master => OK
- fsl-asoc-card.c : *something will break since snd_soc_dai_set_sysclk
returned code is checked*
- eukrea-tlv320.c : based on imx-ssi.c, so not affected by changes in
fsl_ssi.c. Use set_sysclk() only to setup the clock direction
- wm1133-ev1.c : bclk generated by the codec. set_sysclk() not called
for cpu_dai

Consequently, we can say that few things is broken in linux upstream if
set_sysclk is removed, and this can be fixed easily for fsl-asoc-card.c


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