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Subject[PATCH v8 08/18] irqchip: New RISC-V PLIC Driver
Date
From
This patch adds a driver for the Platform Level Interrupt Controller
(PLIC) specified as part of the RISC-V supervisor level ISA manual.
The PLIC connocts global interrupt sources to the local interrupt
controller on each hart. A PLIC is present on all RISC-V systems.

Signed-off-by: Palmer Dabbelt <palmer@dabbelt.com>
---
drivers/irqchip/Kconfig | 13 ++
drivers/irqchip/Makefile | 1 +
drivers/irqchip/irq-riscv-plic.c | 379 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
3 files changed, 393 insertions(+)
create mode 100644 drivers/irqchip/irq-riscv-plic.c

diff --git a/drivers/irqchip/Kconfig b/drivers/irqchip/Kconfig
index 7923d3fa8fae..c23539923c10 100644
--- a/drivers/irqchip/Kconfig
+++ b/drivers/irqchip/Kconfig
@@ -307,6 +307,19 @@ config QCOM_IRQ_COMBINER
Say yes here to add support for the IRQ combiner devices embedded
in Qualcomm Technologies chips.

+config RISCV_PLIC
+ bool "Platform-Level Interrupt Controller"
+ depends on RISCV
+ default y
+ help
+ This enables support for the PLIC chip found in standard RISC-V
+ systems. The PLIC controls devices interrupts and connects them to
+ each core's local interrupt controller. Aside from timer and
+ software interrupts, all other interrupt sources (MSI, GPIO, etc)
+ are subordinate to the PLIC.
+
+ If you don't know what to do here, say Y.
+
config RISCV_INTC
def_bool y if RISCV
#bool "RISC-V Interrupt Controller"
diff --git a/drivers/irqchip/Makefile b/drivers/irqchip/Makefile
index b1aa9114afc4..7880c9cec40e 100644
--- a/drivers/irqchip/Makefile
+++ b/drivers/irqchip/Makefile
@@ -78,4 +78,5 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_EZNPS_GIC) += irq-eznps.o
obj-$(CONFIG_ARCH_ASPEED) += irq-aspeed-vic.o irq-aspeed-i2c-ic.o
obj-$(CONFIG_STM32_EXTI) += irq-stm32-exti.o
obj-$(CONFIG_QCOM_IRQ_COMBINER) += qcom-irq-combiner.o
+obj-$(CONFIG_RISCV_PLIC) += irq-riscv-plic.o
obj-$(CONFIG_RISCV_INTC) += irq-riscv-intc.o
diff --git a/drivers/irqchip/irq-riscv-plic.c b/drivers/irqchip/irq-riscv-plic.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..b5182b43b377
--- /dev/null
+++ b/drivers/irqchip/irq-riscv-plic.c
@@ -0,0 +1,379 @@
+/*
+ * Copyright (C) 2017 SiFive
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
+ * modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License
+ * as published by the Free Software Foundation, version 2.
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
+ * GNU General Public License for more details.
+ */
+
+#include <linux/interrupt.h>
+#include <linux/io.h>
+#include <linux/irq.h>
+#include <linux/irqchip.h>
+#include <linux/irqchip/chained_irq.h>
+#include <linux/irqdomain.h>
+#include <linux/module.h>
+#include <linux/of.h>
+#include <linux/of_address.h>
+#include <linux/of_irq.h>
+#include <linux/platform_device.h>
+#include <linux/spinlock.h>
+
+/*
+ * From the RISC-V Privlidged Spec v1.10:
+ *
+ * Global interrupt sources are assigned small unsigned integer identifiers,
+ * beginning at the value 1. An interrupt ID of 0 is reserved to mean “no
+ * interrupt”. Interrupt identifiers are also used to break ties when two or
+ * more interrupt sources have the same assigned priority. Smaller values of
+ * interrupt ID take precedence over larger values of interrupt ID.
+ *
+ * While the RISC-V supervisor spec doesn't define the maximum number of
+ * devices supported by the PLIC, the largest number supported by devices
+ * marked as 'riscv,plic0' (which is the only device type this driver supports,
+ * and is the only extant PLIC as of now) is 1024. As mentioned above, device
+ * 0 is defined to be non-existant so this device really only supports 1023
+ * devices.
+ */
+#define MAX_DEVICES 1024
+#define MAX_CONTEXTS 15872
+
+/*
+ * The PLIC consists of memory-mapped control registers, with a memory map as
+ * follows:
+ *
+ * base + 0x000000: Reserved (interrupt source 0 does not exist)
+ * base + 0x000004: Interrupt source 1 priority
+ * base + 0x000008: Interrupt source 2 priority
+ * ...
+ * base + 0x000FFC: Interrupt source 1023 priority
+ * base + 0x001000: Pending 0
+ * base + 0x001FFF: Pending
+ * base + 0x002000: Enable bits for sources 0-31 on context 0
+ * base + 0x002004: Enable bits for sources 32-63 on context 0
+ * ...
+ * base + 0x0020FC: Enable bits for sources 992-1023 on context 0
+ * base + 0x002080: Enable bits for sources 0-31 on context 1
+ * ...
+ * base + 0x002100: Enable bits for sources 0-31 on context 2
+ * ...
+ * base + 0x1F1F80: Enable bits for sources 992-1023 on context 15871
+ * base + 0x1F1F84: Reserved
+ * ... (higher context IDs would fit here, but wouldn't fit
+ * inside the per-context priority vector)
+ * base + 0x1FFFFC: Reserved
+ * base + 0x200000: Priority threshold for context 0
+ * base + 0x200004: Claim/complete for context 0
+ * base + 0x200008: Reserved
+ * ...
+ * base + 0x200FFC: Reserved
+ * base + 0x201000: Priority threshold for context 1
+ * base + 0x201004: Claim/complete for context 1
+ * ...
+ * base + 0xFFE000: Priority threshold for context 15871
+ * base + 0xFFE004: Claim/complete for context 15871
+ * base + 0xFFE008: Reserved
+ * ...
+ * base + 0xFFFFFC: Reserved
+ */
+
+/* Each interrupt source has a priority register associated with it. */
+#define PRIORITY_BASE 0
+#define PRIORITY_PER_ID 4
+
+/*
+ * Each hart context has a vector of interupt enable bits associated with it.
+ * There's one bit for each interrupt source.
+ */
+#define ENABLE_BASE 0x2000
+#define ENABLE_PER_HART 0x80
+
+/*
+ * Each hart context has a set of control registers associated with it. Right
+ * now there's only two: a source priority threshold over which the hart will
+ * take an interrupt, and a register to claim interrupts.
+ */
+#define CONTEXT_BASE 0x200000
+#define CONTEXT_PER_HART 0x1000
+#define CONTEXT_THRESHOLD 0
+#define CONTEXT_CLAIM 4
+
+/*
+ * PLIC devices are named like 'riscv,plic0,%llx', this is enough space to
+ * store that name.
+ */
+#define PLIC_DATA_NAME_SIZE 30
+
+struct plic_handler {
+ bool present;
+ int contextid;
+ struct plic_data *data;
+};
+
+struct plic_data {
+ struct irq_chip chip;
+ struct irq_domain *domain;
+ u32 ndev;
+ void __iomem *reg;
+ int handlers;
+ struct plic_handler *handler;
+ char name[PLIC_DATA_NAME_SIZE];
+ spinlock_t lock;
+};
+
+/* Addressing helper functions. */
+static inline
+void __iomem *plic_enable_vector(struct plic_data *data, int contextid)
+{
+ return data->reg + ENABLE_BASE + contextid * ENABLE_PER_HART;
+}
+
+static inline
+void __iomem *plic_priority(struct plic_data *data, int hwirq)
+{
+ return data->reg + PRIORITY_BASE + hwirq * PRIORITY_PER_ID;
+}
+
+static inline
+void __iomem *plic_hart_threshold(struct plic_data *data, int contextid)
+{
+ return data->reg + CONTEXT_BASE + CONTEXT_PER_HART * contextid + CONTEXT_THRESHOLD;
+}
+
+static inline
+void __iomem *plic_hart_claim(struct plic_data *data, int contextid)
+{
+ return data->reg + CONTEXT_BASE + CONTEXT_PER_HART * contextid + CONTEXT_CLAIM;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Handling an interrupt is a two-step process: first you claim the interrupt
+ * by reading the claim register, then you complete the interrupt by writing
+ * that source ID back to the same claim register. This automatically enables
+ * and disables the interrupt, so there's nothing else to do.
+ */
+static inline
+u32 plic_claim(struct plic_data *data, int contextid)
+{
+ return readl(plic_hart_claim(data, contextid));
+}
+
+static inline
+void plic_complete(struct plic_data *data, int contextid, u32 claim)
+{
+ writel(claim, plic_hart_claim(data, contextid));
+}
+
+/* Explicit interrupt masking. */
+static void plic_disable(struct plic_data *data, int contextid, int hwirq)
+{
+ void __iomem *reg = plic_enable_vector(data, contextid) + (hwirq / 32);
+ u32 mask = ~(1 << (hwirq % 32));
+
+ spin_lock(&data->lock);
+ writel(readl(reg) & mask, reg);
+ spin_unlock(&data->lock);
+}
+
+static void plic_enable(struct plic_data *data, int contextid, int hwirq)
+{
+ void __iomem *reg = plic_enable_vector(data, contextid) + (hwirq / 32);
+ u32 bit = 1 << (hwirq % 32);
+
+ spin_lock(&data->lock);
+ writel(readl(reg) | bit, reg);
+ spin_unlock(&data->lock);
+}
+
+/*
+ * There is no need to mask/unmask PLIC interrupts
+ * They are "masked" by reading claim and "unmasked" when writing it back.
+ */
+static void plic_irq_mask(struct irq_data *d) { }
+static void plic_irq_unmask(struct irq_data *d) { }
+
+static void plic_irq_enable(struct irq_data *d)
+{
+ struct plic_data *data = irq_data_get_irq_chip_data(d);
+ void __iomem *priority = plic_priority(data, d->hwirq);
+ int i;
+
+ writel(1, priority);
+ for (i = 0; i < data->handlers; ++i)
+ if (data->handler[i].present)
+ plic_enable(data, i, d->hwirq);
+}
+
+static void plic_irq_disable(struct irq_data *d)
+{
+ struct plic_data *data = irq_data_get_irq_chip_data(d);
+ void __iomem *priority = plic_priority(data, d->hwirq);
+ int i;
+
+ writel(0, priority);
+ for (i = 0; i < data->handlers; ++i)
+ if (data->handler[i].present)
+ plic_disable(data, i, d->hwirq);
+}
+
+static void plic_irq_eoi(struct irq_data *d)
+{
+ /* FIXME: I can't figure out what's going on here: when I set the PLIC
+ * driver to use hadle_fasteoi_irq I end up with !handler here. The
+ * difference is that here we get an irq_data and use
+ * common.handler_data, while in the working version we get an
+ * irq_desc and use irq_common_data.handler_data. */
+ struct plic_handler *handler = d->common->handler_data;
+ BUG_ON(!handler);
+ plic_complete(handler->data, handler->contextid, d->hwirq);
+}
+
+static int plic_irqdomain_map(struct irq_domain *d, unsigned int irq,
+ irq_hw_number_t hwirq)
+{
+ struct plic_data *data = d->host_data;
+
+ /* FIXME: ... I want to set handle_fasteoi_irq here. */
+ irq_set_chip_and_handler(irq, &data->chip, handle_simple_irq);
+ irq_set_chip_data(irq, data);
+ irq_set_noprobe(irq);
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static const struct irq_domain_ops plic_irqdomain_ops = {
+ .map = plic_irqdomain_map,
+ .xlate = irq_domain_xlate_onecell,
+};
+
+static void plic_chained_handle_irq(struct irq_desc *desc)
+{
+ struct plic_handler *handler = irq_desc_get_handler_data(desc);
+ struct irq_chip *chip = irq_desc_get_chip(desc);
+ struct irq_domain *domain = handler->data->domain;
+ u32 what;
+
+ chained_irq_enter(chip, desc);
+
+ while ((what = plic_claim(handler->data, handler->contextid))) {
+ int irq = irq_find_mapping(domain, what);
+
+ if (irq > 0)
+ generic_handle_irq(irq);
+ else
+ handle_bad_irq(desc);
+ plic_complete(handler->data, handler->contextid, what);
+ }
+
+ chained_irq_exit(chip, desc);
+}
+
+static int plic_init(struct device_node *node, struct device_node *parent)
+{
+ struct plic_data *data;
+ struct resource resource;
+ int i, ok = 0;
+ int out = -1;
+
+ data = kzalloc(sizeof(*data), GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (WARN_ON(!data))
+ return -ENOMEM;
+
+ spin_lock_init(&data->lock);
+
+ data->reg = of_iomap(node, 0);
+ if (WARN_ON(!data->reg)) {
+ out = -EIO;
+ goto free_data;
+ }
+
+ of_property_read_u32(node, "riscv,ndev", &data->ndev);
+ if (WARN_ON(!data->ndev)) {
+ out = -EINVAL;
+ goto free_reg;
+ }
+
+ data->handlers = of_irq_count(node);
+ if (WARN_ON(!data->handlers)) {
+ out = -EINVAL;
+ goto free_reg;
+ }
+
+ data->handler =
+ kcalloc(data->handlers, sizeof(*data->handler), GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (WARN_ON(!data->handler)) {
+ out = -ENOMEM;
+ goto free_reg;
+ }
+
+ data->domain = irq_domain_add_linear(node, data->ndev+1, &plic_irqdomain_ops, data);
+ if (WARN_ON(!data->domain)) {
+ out = -ENOMEM;
+ goto free_handler;
+ }
+
+ of_address_to_resource(node, 0, &resource);
+ snprintf(data->name, sizeof(data->name),
+ "riscv,plic0,%llx", resource.start);
+ data->chip.name = data->name;
+ data->chip.irq_mask = plic_irq_mask;
+ data->chip.irq_unmask = plic_irq_unmask;
+ data->chip.irq_enable = plic_irq_enable;
+ data->chip.irq_disable = plic_irq_disable;
+ data->chip.irq_eoi = plic_irq_eoi;
+
+ for (i = 0; i < data->handlers; ++i) {
+ struct plic_handler *handler = &data->handler[i];
+ struct of_phandle_args parent;
+ int parent_irq, hwirq;
+
+ handler->present = false;
+
+ if (of_irq_parse_one(node, i, &parent))
+ continue;
+ /* skip context holes */
+ if (parent.args[0] == -1)
+ continue;
+
+ /* skip any contexts that lead to inactive harts */
+ if (of_device_is_compatible(parent.np, "riscv,cpu-intc") &&
+ parent.np->parent &&
+ riscv_of_processor_hart(parent.np->parent) < 0)
+ continue;
+
+ parent_irq = irq_create_of_mapping(&parent);
+ if (!parent_irq)
+ continue;
+
+ handler->present = true;
+ handler->contextid = i;
+ handler->data = data;
+ /* hwirq prio must be > this to trigger an interrupt */
+ writel(0, plic_hart_threshold(data, i));
+
+ for (hwirq = 1; hwirq <= data->ndev; ++hwirq)
+ plic_disable(data, i, hwirq);
+ irq_set_chained_handler_and_data(parent_irq, plic_chained_handle_irq, handler);
+ ++ok;
+ }
+
+ pr_info("%s: mapped %d interrupts to %d/%d handlers\n",
+ data->name, data->ndev, ok, data->handlers);
+ WARN_ON(!ok);
+ return 0;
+
+free_handler:
+ kfree(data->handler);
+free_reg:
+ iounmap(data->reg);
+free_data:
+ kfree(data);
+ return out;
+}
+
+IRQCHIP_DECLARE(plic0, "riscv,plic0", plic_init);
--
2.13.5
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