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SubjectRe: [PATCH] ASoC: fsl_ssi: Override bit clock rate based on slot number
On Tue, Sep 12, 2017 at 04:35:13PM +0200, Arnaud Mouiche wrote:

> >- * freq: Output BCLK frequency = samplerate * 32 (fixed) * channels
> >- * dir: SND_SOC_CLOCK_OUT -> TxBCLK, SND_SOC_CLOCK_IN -> RxBCLK.
> >+ * freq: Output BCLK frequency = samplerate * 32 (fixed) * slots (or channels)
>
> Slots are not necessarily 32 bits width.
> Indeed, a simple grep of snd_soc_dai_set_tdm_slot shows 16, 24, 32
> and 0 bits usage. (don't know the real meaning of 0 BTW...)
> So, it should be good to also remember the slots width given in
> snd_soc_dai_set_tdm_slot() call.

RM says that the word length is fixed to 32 in I2S Master mode.
So I used it here. But I think using it with the slots could be
wrong here as you stated. What kind of clock rates (bit and lr)
does a TDM case have?

The problem of slot width here is handled in the set_tdm_slot()
at all. So I tried to ignored that. But we probably do need it
when calculating things with the slot number.

Could you please give me a few set of examples of how you set
set_sysclk(), set_tdm_slot() with the current driver? The idea
here is to figure out a way to calculate the bclk in hw_params
without getting set_sysclk() involved any more.

> Anyway, there is something wrong in the snd_soc_codec_set_sysclk
> usage by fsl_ssi
> Let's get a look again at the description:
>
> /**
> * snd_soc_dai_set_sysclk - configure DAI system or master clock.
> * @dai: DAI
> * @clk_id: DAI specific clock ID
> * @freq: new clock frequency in Hz
> * @dir: new clock direction - input/output.
> *
> * Configures the DAI master (MCLK) or system (SYSCLK) clocking.
> */
> int snd_soc_dai_set_sysclk(struct snd_soc_dai *dai, int clk_id,
> unsigned int freq, int dir)
>
> So, it can be used to configure 2 different clocks (and more) with
> different usages.
>
> Lukasz complains that simple-card is configuring MCLK incorrectly.
> but simple-card, only want to configure the SYSCLK, whereas fsl_ssi
> understand "configure the MCLK..." (fsl_ssi doesn't check the clk_id
> at all)

It's more than a clock_id in my opinion. The driver now sets
the bit clock rate via set_sysclk() other than the MCLK rate
actually.

> I think the problem is here.
> I would propose a new clk_id
>
> #define FSL_SSI_SYSCLK_MCLK 1
>
> And leave fsl_ssi_set_dai_sysclk(xxx, FSL_SSI_SYSCLK_MCLK, ...)
> override the computed mlck.
> This will leave a way for obscure TDM users to specify a specific a
> random mclk frequency for obscure reasons...
> Unfortunately, such generic clock_id (sysclk, mclk) were never
> defined widely.

Unfortunately, it looks like a work around to me. I understand
the idea of leaving set_sysclk() out there to override the bit
clock is convenient, but it is not a standard ALSA design and
may eventually introduce new problems like today.

> Is it really needed ? It is true that, up to now, we are using
> fsl_ssi_set_dai_sysclk() in addition to snd_soc_dai_set_tdm_slot()
> only because this was the only way to deal with correct mclk
> setting. And if now, snd_soc_dai_set_tdm_slot() do its job
> correctly, fsl_ssi_set_dai_sysclk() will become useless (except for
> obscure TDM users of course)

The idea here is to drop the set_sysclk() for all user cases
including TDM cases. So we need a solid patch to calculate the
bit clock rate in hw_params() for TDM user cases..

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