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SubjectRe: "KVM: x86: generalize guest_cpuid_has_ helpers" breaks clang
On Tue, Sep 12, 2017 at 5:18 PM, Radim Krčmář <> wrote:
> 2017-09-12 16:42+0200, Dmitry Vyukov:
>> Hi Radim,
>> I've just noticed that your commit "KVM: x86: generalize
>> guest_cpuid_has_ helpers" breaks clang build on this assert:
>> static __always_inline struct cpuid_reg x86_feature_cpuid(unsigned x86_feature)
>> {
>> unsigned x86_leaf = x86_feature / 32;
>> BUILD_BUG_ON(!__builtin_constant_p(x86_leaf));
>> In clang __builtin_constant_p is never true for function arguments,
>> it's true only for compile-time constants (what you can use as stack
>> array size, or C++ template argument). What would work is an
>> additional macro along the lines of:
> GCC optimizes it thanks to __always_inline, so the x86_feature is
> constant in each instance of this function ... the goal is to have
> compile-time input checking.
>> #define x86_feature_cpuid(x) (BUILD_BUG_ON(!__builtin_constant_p(x),
>> __x86_feature_cpuid(x))
>> But again assuming that caller pass the constant directly.
> The __builtin_constant_p() check is just a canary, the important ones
> are
> BUILD_BUG_ON(x86_leaf >= ARRAY_SIZE(reverse_cpuid));
> BUILD_BUG_ON(reverse_cpuid[x86_leaf].function == 0);
> and these would be very awkward if moved out of the function.
>> Could you please fix it?
> Sure, I can just make them BUG_ON (or WARN_ON with error handling), but
> I tried with clang version 4.0.1 and got no errors -- are you using an
> older version? (or a command other than `make HOSTCC=clang CC=clang`)


I use clang version 6.0.0 (trunk 313027).

I am on 8fac2f96ab86b0e14ec4e42851e21e9b518bdc55 on Linus tree. Here
is my config (which is basically defconfig + kvm enabled):
Build with: make CC=/build/bin/clang
and get:

MODPOST vmlinux.o
arch/x86/kvm/x86.o: In function `kvm_set_apic_base':
x86.c:(.text+0x4738): undefined reference to `__compiletime_assert_62'
arch/x86/kvm/x86.o: In function `kvm_set_cr4':
x86.c:(.text+0x54ae): undefined reference to `__compiletime_assert_62'
x86.c:(.text+0x54dc): undefined reference to `__compiletime_assert_62'
x86.c:(.text+0x5509): undefined reference to `__compiletime_assert_62'
x86.c:(.text+0x5536): undefined reference to `__compiletime_assert_62'
arch/x86/kvm/x86.o:x86.c:(.text+0x5563): more undefined references to
`__compiletime_assert_62' follow
make: *** [vmlinux] Error 1

I've commented out the first BUILD_BUG_ON, and these did not cause build errors:

BUILD_BUG_ON(x86_leaf >= ARRAY_SIZE(reverse_cpuid));
BUILD_BUG_ON(reverse_cpuid[x86_leaf].function == 0);

I guess clang still eliminates dead branches. Clang optimizer does
know that these are constant, it just does not allow build
success/failure nor runtime behavior depend on optimization level and
compiler version. I.e. with gcc you can get build failure with only
some compiler flags and/or compiler versions. Clang gives stable
result. But the optimizer does use constant propagation, etc during

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