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Subject[PATCH 1/2] zram: add zstd to the supported algorithms list
Date
Add ZSTD to the list of supported compression algorithms.

ZRAM fio perf test:

LZO DEFLATE ZSTD

#jobs1
WRITE: (2180MB/s) (77.2MB/s) (1429MB/s)
WRITE: (1617MB/s) (77.7MB/s) (1202MB/s)
READ: (426MB/s) (595MB/s) (1181MB/s)
READ: (422MB/s) (572MB/s) (1020MB/s)
READ: (318MB/s) (67.8MB/s) (563MB/s)
WRITE: (318MB/s) (67.9MB/s) (564MB/s)
READ: (336MB/s) (68.3MB/s) (583MB/s)
WRITE: (335MB/s) (68.2MB/s) (582MB/s)
#jobs2
WRITE: (3441MB/s) (152MB/s) (2141MB/s)
WRITE: (2507MB/s) (147MB/s) (1888MB/s)
READ: (801MB/s) (1146MB/s) (1890MB/s)
READ: (767MB/s) (1096MB/s) (2073MB/s)
READ: (621MB/s) (126MB/s) (1009MB/s)
WRITE: (621MB/s) (126MB/s) (1009MB/s)
READ: (656MB/s) (125MB/s) (1075MB/s)
WRITE: (657MB/s) (126MB/s) (1077MB/s)
#jobs3
WRITE: (4772MB/s) (225MB/s) (3394MB/s)
WRITE: (3905MB/s) (211MB/s) (2939MB/s)
READ: (1216MB/s) (1608MB/s) (3218MB/s)
READ: (1159MB/s) (1431MB/s) (2981MB/s)
READ: (906MB/s) (156MB/s) (1457MB/s)
WRITE: (907MB/s) (156MB/s) (1458MB/s)
READ: (953MB/s) (158MB/s) (1595MB/s)
WRITE: (952MB/s) (157MB/s) (1593MB/s)
#jobs4
WRITE: (6036MB/s) (265MB/s) (4469MB/s)
WRITE: (5059MB/s) (263MB/s) (3951MB/s)
READ: (1618MB/s) (2066MB/s) (4276MB/s)
READ: (1573MB/s) (1942MB/s) (3830MB/s)
READ: (1202MB/s) (227MB/s) (1971MB/s)
WRITE: (1200MB/s) (227MB/s) (1968MB/s)
READ: (1265MB/s) (226MB/s) (2116MB/s)
WRITE: (1264MB/s) (226MB/s) (2114MB/s)
#jobs5
WRITE: (5339MB/s) (233MB/s) (3781MB/s)
WRITE: (4298MB/s) (234MB/s) (3276MB/s)
READ: (1626MB/s) (2048MB/s) (4081MB/s)
READ: (1567MB/s) (1929MB/s) (3758MB/s)
READ: (1174MB/s) (205MB/s) (1747MB/s)
WRITE: (1173MB/s) (204MB/s) (1746MB/s)
READ: (1214MB/s) (208MB/s) (1890MB/s)
WRITE: (1215MB/s) (208MB/s) (1892MB/s)
#jobs6
WRITE: (5666MB/s) (270MB/s) (4338MB/s)
WRITE: (4828MB/s) (267MB/s) (3772MB/s)
READ: (1803MB/s) (2058MB/s) (4946MB/s)
READ: (1805MB/s) (2156MB/s) (4711MB/s)
READ: (1334MB/s) (235MB/s) (2135MB/s)
WRITE: (1335MB/s) (235MB/s) (2137MB/s)
READ: (1364MB/s) (236MB/s) (2268MB/s)
WRITE: (1365MB/s) (237MB/s) (2270MB/s)
#jobs7
WRITE: (5474MB/s) (270MB/s) (4300MB/s)
WRITE: (4666MB/s) (266MB/s) (3817MB/s)
READ: (2022MB/s) (2319MB/s) (5472MB/s)
READ: (1924MB/s) (2260MB/s) (5031MB/s)
READ: (1369MB/s) (242MB/s) (2153MB/s)
WRITE: (1370MB/s) (242MB/s) (2155MB/s)
READ: (1499MB/s) (246MB/s) (2310MB/s)
WRITE: (1497MB/s) (246MB/s) (2307MB/s)
#jobs8
WRITE: (5558MB/s) (273MB/s) (4439MB/s)
WRITE: (4763MB/s) (271MB/s) (3918MB/s)
READ: (2201MB/s) (2599MB/s) (6062MB/s)
READ: (2105MB/s) (2463MB/s) (5413MB/s)
READ: (1490MB/s) (252MB/s) (2238MB/s)
WRITE: (1488MB/s) (252MB/s) (2236MB/s)
READ: (1566MB/s) (254MB/s) (2434MB/s)
WRITE: (1568MB/s) (254MB/s) (2437MB/s)
#jobs9
WRITE: (5120MB/s) (264MB/s) (4035MB/s)
WRITE: (4531MB/s) (267MB/s) (3740MB/s)
READ: (1940MB/s) (2258MB/s) (4986MB/s)
READ: (2024MB/s) (2387MB/s) (4871MB/s)
READ: (1343MB/s) (246MB/s) (2038MB/s)
WRITE: (1342MB/s) (246MB/s) (2037MB/s)
READ: (1553MB/s) (238MB/s) (2243MB/s)
WRITE: (1552MB/s) (238MB/s) (2242MB/s)
#jobs10
WRITE: (5345MB/s) (271MB/s) (3988MB/s)
WRITE: (4750MB/s) (254MB/s) (3668MB/s)
READ: (1876MB/s) (2363MB/s) (5150MB/s)
READ: (1990MB/s) (2256MB/s) (5080MB/s)
READ: (1355MB/s) (250MB/s) (2019MB/s)
WRITE: (1356MB/s) (251MB/s) (2020MB/s)
READ: (1490MB/s) (252MB/s) (2202MB/s)
WRITE: (1488MB/s) (252MB/s) (2199MB/s)

jobs1 perfstat
instructions 52,065,555,710 ( 0.79) 855,731,114,587 ( 2.64) 54,280,709,944 ( 1.40)
branches 14,020,427,116 ( 725.847) 101,733,449,582 (1074.521) 11,170,591,067 ( 992.869)
branch-misses 22,626,174 ( 0.16%) 274,197,885 ( 0.27%) 25,915,805 ( 0.23%)
jobs2 perfstat
instructions 103,633,110,402 ( 0.75) 1,710,822,100,914 ( 2.59) 107,879,874,104 ( 1.28)
branches 27,931,237,282 ( 679.203) 203,298,267,479 (1037.326) 22,185,350,842 ( 884.427)
branch-misses 46,103,811 ( 0.17%) 533,747,204 ( 0.26%) 49,682,483 ( 0.22%)
jobs3 perfstat
instructions 154,857,283,657 ( 0.76) 2,565,748,974,197 ( 2.57) 161,515,435,813 ( 1.31)
branches 41,759,490,355 ( 670.529) 304,905,605,277 ( 978.765) 33,215,805,907 ( 888.003)
branch-misses 74,263,293 ( 0.18%) 759,746,240 ( 0.25%) 76,841,196 ( 0.23%)
jobs4 perfstat
instructions 206,215,849,076 ( 0.75) 3,420,169,460,897 ( 2.60) 215,003,061,664 ( 1.31)
branches 55,632,141,739 ( 666.501) 406,394,977,433 ( 927.241) 44,214,322,251 ( 883.532)
branch-misses 102,287,788 ( 0.18%) 1,098,617,314 ( 0.27%) 103,891,040 ( 0.23%)
jobs5 perfstat
instructions 258,711,315,588 ( 0.67) 4,275,657,533,244 ( 2.23) 269,332,235,685 ( 1.08)
branches 69,802,821,166 ( 588.823) 507,996,211,252 ( 797.036) 55,450,846,129 ( 735.095)
branch-misses 129,217,214 ( 0.19%) 1,243,284,991 ( 0.24%) 173,512,278 ( 0.31%)
jobs6 perfstat
instructions 312,796,166,008 ( 0.61) 5,133,896,344,660 ( 2.02) 323,658,769,588 ( 1.04)
branches 84,372,488,583 ( 520.541) 610,310,494,402 ( 697.642) 66,683,292,992 ( 693.939)
branch-misses 159,438,978 ( 0.19%) 1,396,368,563 ( 0.23%) 174,406,934 ( 0.26%)
jobs7 perfstat
instructions 363,211,372,930 ( 0.56) 5,988,205,600,879 ( 1.75) 377,824,674,156 ( 0.93)
branches 98,057,013,765 ( 463.117) 711,841,255,974 ( 598.762) 77,879,009,954 ( 600.443)
branch-misses 199,513,153 ( 0.20%) 1,507,651,077 ( 0.21%) 248,203,369 ( 0.32%)
jobs8 perfstat
instructions 413,960,354,615 ( 0.52) 6,842,918,558,378 ( 1.45) 431,938,486,581 ( 0.83)
branches 111,812,574,884 ( 414.224) 813,299,084,518 ( 491.173) 89,062,699,827 ( 517.795)
branch-misses 233,584,845 ( 0.21%) 1,531,593,921 ( 0.19%) 286,818,489 ( 0.32%)
jobs9 perfstat
instructions 465,976,220,300 ( 0.53) 7,698,467,237,372 ( 1.47) 486,352,600,321 ( 0.84)
branches 125,931,456,162 ( 424.063) 915,207,005,715 ( 498.192) 100,370,404,090 ( 517.439)
branch-misses 256,992,445 ( 0.20%) 1,782,809,816 ( 0.19%) 345,239,380 ( 0.34%)
jobs10 perfstat
instructions 517,406,372,715 ( 0.53) 8,553,527,312,900 ( 1.48) 540,732,653,094 ( 0.84)
branches 139,839,780,676 ( 427.732) 1,016,737,699,389 ( 503.172) 111,696,557,638 ( 516.750)
branch-misses 259,595,561 ( 0.19%) 1,952,570,279 ( 0.19%) 357,818,661 ( 0.32%)

seconds elapsed 20.630411534 96.084546565 12.743373571
seconds elapsed 22.292627625 100.984155001 14.407413560
seconds elapsed 22.396016966 110.344880848 14.032201392
seconds elapsed 22.517330949 113.351459170 14.243074935
seconds elapsed 28.548305104 156.515193765 19.159286861
seconds elapsed 30.453538116 164.559937678 19.362492717
seconds elapsed 33.467108086 188.486827481 21.492612173
seconds elapsed 35.617727591 209.602677783 23.256422492
seconds elapsed 42.584239509 243.959902566 28.458540338
seconds elapsed 47.683632526 269.635248851 31.542404137

Over all, ZSTD has slower WRITE, but much faster READ (perhaps
a static compression buffer used during the test helped ZSTD a
lot), which results in faster test results.

Memory consumption (zram mm_stat file):

zram LZO mm_stat
mm_stat (jobs1): 2147483648 23068672 33558528 0 33558528 0 0
mm_stat (jobs2): 2147483648 23068672 33558528 0 33558528 0 0
mm_stat (jobs3): 2147483648 23068672 33558528 0 33562624 0 0
mm_stat (jobs4): 2147483648 23068672 33558528 0 33558528 0 0
mm_stat (jobs5): 2147483648 23068672 33558528 0 33558528 0 0
mm_stat (jobs6): 2147483648 23068672 33558528 0 33562624 0 0
mm_stat (jobs7): 2147483648 23068672 33558528 0 33566720 0 0
mm_stat (jobs8): 2147483648 23068672 33558528 0 33558528 0 0
mm_stat (jobs9): 2147483648 23068672 33558528 0 33558528 0 0
mm_stat (jobs10): 2147483648 23068672 33558528 0 33562624 0 0

zram DEFLATE mm_stat
mm_stat (jobs1): 2147483648 16252928 25178112 0 25178112 0 0
mm_stat (jobs2): 2147483648 16252928 25178112 0 25178112 0 0
mm_stat (jobs3): 2147483648 16252928 25178112 0 25178112 0 0
mm_stat (jobs4): 2147483648 16252928 25178112 0 25178112 0 0
mm_stat (jobs5): 2147483648 16252928 25178112 0 25178112 0 0
mm_stat (jobs6): 2147483648 16252928 25178112 0 25178112 0 0
mm_stat (jobs7): 2147483648 16252928 25178112 0 25190400 0 0
mm_stat (jobs8): 2147483648 16252928 25178112 0 25190400 0 0
mm_stat (jobs9): 2147483648 16252928 25178112 0 25178112 0 0
mm_stat (jobs10): 2147483648 16252928 25178112 0 25178112 0 0

zram ZSTD mm_stat
mm_stat (jobs1): 2147483648 11010048 16781312 0 16781312 0 0
mm_stat (jobs2): 2147483648 11010048 16781312 0 16781312 0 0
mm_stat (jobs3): 2147483648 11010048 16781312 0 16785408 0 0
mm_stat (jobs4): 2147483648 11010048 16781312 0 16781312 0 0
mm_stat (jobs5): 2147483648 11010048 16781312 0 16781312 0 0
mm_stat (jobs6): 2147483648 11010048 16781312 0 16781312 0 0
mm_stat (jobs7): 2147483648 11010048 16781312 0 16781312 0 0
mm_stat (jobs8): 2147483648 11010048 16781312 0 16781312 0 0
mm_stat (jobs9): 2147483648 11010048 16781312 0 16785408 0 0
mm_stat (jobs10): 2147483648 11010048 16781312 0 16781312 0 0

==================================================================================

Official benchmarks [1]:

Compressor name Ratio Compression Decompress.
zstd 1.1.3 -1 2.877 430 MB/s 1110 MB/s
zlib 1.2.8 -1 2.743 110 MB/s 400 MB/s
brotli 0.5.2 -0 2.708 400 MB/s 430 MB/s
quicklz 1.5.0 -1 2.238 550 MB/s 710 MB/s
lzo1x 2.09 -1 2.108 650 MB/s 830 MB/s
lz4 1.7.5 2.101 720 MB/s 3600 MB/s
snappy 1.1.3 2.091 500 MB/s 1650 MB/s
lzf 3.6 -1 2.077 400 MB/s 860 MB/s

[1] https://github.com/facebook/zstd

Signed-off-by: Sergey Senozhatsky <sergey.senozhatsky@gmail.com>
---
drivers/block/zram/zcomp.c | 3 +++
1 file changed, 3 insertions(+)

diff --git a/drivers/block/zram/zcomp.c b/drivers/block/zram/zcomp.c
index 5b8992beffec..cc66daec7bbc 100644
--- a/drivers/block/zram/zcomp.c
+++ b/drivers/block/zram/zcomp.c
@@ -31,6 +31,9 @@ static const char * const backends[] = {
#endif
#if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_CRYPTO_842)
"842",
+#endif
+#if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_CRYPTO_ZSTD)
+ "zstd",
#endif
NULL
};
--
2.14.1
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