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SubjectRe: iov_iter_pipe warning.
On Mon, Sep 11, 2017 at 10:31:13AM +1000, Dave Chinner wrote:

> splice does not go down the direct IO path, so iomap_dio_actor()
> should never be handled a pipe as the destination for the IO data.
> Indeed, splice read has to supply the pages to be put into the pipe,
> which the DIO path does not do - it requires pages be supplied to
> it. So I'm not sure why we'd care about pipe destination limitations
> in the DIO path?

splice doesn't give a rat's arse for direct IO; it's up to filesystem.
generic_file_splice_read() simply sets up a pipe-backed iov_iter and
calls ->read_iter(), period.

iov_iter_get_pages() for pipe-backed destination does page allocation
and inserts freshly allocated pages into pipe. copy_to_iter() does
the same + copies data; copy_page_to_iter() grabs an extra reference
to page and inserts it into pipe, not that O_DIRECT ->read_iter()
had been likely to use the last one.

Normally O_DIRECT would work just fine - pages get allocated, references
to them put into pipe cyclic buffer *and* into a number of bio, bio
would get submitted and once the IO is completed we unlock the pipe,
making those pages available for readers.

With minimal care it works just fine - all you really need is
* cope with failing copy_to_... / iov_iter_get_pages().
Short read if we'd already gotten something, -EFAULT otherwise.
That goes for pipe-backed same as for iovec-backed - any ->read_iter()
that fails to handle that is already in trouble.
* make sure that iov_iter_get_pages()/iov_iter_get_pages_alloc()
is followed by iov_iter_advance() for the amount you've actually filled,
before any subsequent copy_to_iter()/copy_page_to_iter() or return
from ->read_iter(), whichever comes first. That includes the situation
when you actually hadn't filled anything at all - just remember to
do iov_iter_advance(to, 0) in that case. That's about the only
extra requirement imposed by pipes and it's not hard to satisfy.
Combination of iov_iter_advance() with iov_iter_revert() works as

Normally a filesystem doesn't need to care about splice at all -
just use generic_file_splice_read() and be done with that.
It will use the normal ->read_iter(), with whatever locking, etc.,
your filesystem would do on a normal read.

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