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Subject[PATCH v2] arm64: fix unwind_frame() for filtered out fn for function graph tracing
do_task_stat() calls get_wchan(), which further does unbind_frame().
unbind_frame() restores frame->pc to original value in case function
graph tracer has modified a return address (LR) in a stack frame to hook
a function return. However, if function graph tracer has hit a filtered
function, then we can't unwind it as ftrace_push_return_trace() has
biased the index(frame->graph) with a 'huge negative'

Moreover, arm64 stack walker defines index(frame->graph) as unsigned
int, which can not compare a -ve number.

Similar problem we can have with calling of walk_stackframe() from
save_stack_trace_tsk() or dump_backtrace().

This patch fixes unwind_frame() to test the index for -ve value and
restore index accordingly before we can restore frame->pc.


cd /sys/kernel/debug/tracing/
echo schedule > set_graph_notrace
echo 1 > options/display-graph
echo wakeup > current_tracer
ps -ef | grep -i agent

Above commands result in:
Unable to handle kernel paging request at virtual address ffff801bd3d1e000
pgd = ffff8003cbe97c00
[ffff801bd3d1e000] *pgd=0000000000000000, *pud=0000000000000000
Internal error: Oops: 96000006 [#1] SMP
CPU: 5 PID: 11696 Comm: ps Not tainted 4.11.0+ #33
task: ffff8003c21ba000 task.stack: ffff8003cc6c0000
PC is at unwind_frame+0x12c/0x180
LR is at get_wchan+0xd4/0x134
pc : [<ffff00000808892c>] lr : [<ffff0000080860b8>] pstate: 60000145
sp : ffff8003cc6c3ab0
x29: ffff8003cc6c3ab0 x28: 0000000000000001
x27: 0000000000000026 x26: 0000000000000026
x25: 00000000000012d8 x24: 0000000000000000
x23: ffff8003c1c04000 x22: ffff000008c83000
x21: ffff8003c1c00000 x20: 000000000000000f
x19: ffff8003c1bc0000 x18: 0000fffffc593690
x17: 0000000000000000 x16: 0000000000000001
x15: 0000b855670e2b60 x14: 0003e97f22cf1d0f
x13: 0000000000000001 x12: 0000000000000000
x11: 00000000e8f4883e x10: 0000000154f47ec8
x9 : 0000000070f367c0 x8 : 0000000000000000
x7 : 00008003f7290000 x6 : 0000000000000018
x5 : 0000000000000000 x4 : ffff8003c1c03cb0
x3 : ffff8003c1c03ca0 x2 : 00000017ffe80000
x1 : ffff8003cc6c3af8 x0 : ffff8003d3e9e000

Process ps (pid: 11696, stack limit = 0xffff8003cc6c0000)
Stack: (0xffff8003cc6c3ab0 to 0xffff8003cc6c4000)
[<ffff00000808892c>] unwind_frame+0x12c/0x180
[<ffff000008305008>] do_task_stat+0x864/0x870
[<ffff000008305c44>] proc_tgid_stat+0x3c/0x48
[<ffff0000082fde0c>] proc_single_show+0x5c/0xb8
[<ffff0000082b27e0>] seq_read+0x160/0x414
[<ffff000008289e6c>] __vfs_read+0x58/0x164
[<ffff00000828b164>] vfs_read+0x88/0x144
[<ffff00000828c2e8>] SyS_read+0x60/0xc0
[<ffff0000080834a0>] __sys_trace_return+0x0/0x4

fixes: 20380bb390a4 (arm64: ftrace: fix a stack tracer's output under function graph tracer)
Signed-off-by: Pratyush Anand <>
v1 -> v2:
- improved commit log
- now index is restored and thereafter frame->pc as well.

arch/arm64/include/asm/stacktrace.h | 2 +-
arch/arm64/kernel/stacktrace.c | 3 +++
2 files changed, 4 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)

diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/stacktrace.h b/arch/arm64/include/asm/stacktrace.h
index 5b6eafccc5d8..816db5b9b874 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/include/asm/stacktrace.h
+++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/stacktrace.h
@@ -23,7 +23,7 @@ struct stackframe {
unsigned long sp;
unsigned long pc;
- unsigned int graph;
+ int graph;

diff --git a/arch/arm64/kernel/stacktrace.c b/arch/arm64/kernel/stacktrace.c
index 09d37d66b630..4c47147d0554 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/kernel/stacktrace.c
+++ b/arch/arm64/kernel/stacktrace.c
@@ -75,6 +75,9 @@ int notrace unwind_frame(struct task_struct *tsk, struct stackframe *frame)
if (tsk->ret_stack &&
(frame->pc == (unsigned long)return_to_handler)) {
+ if (frame->graph < 0)
+ frame->graph += FTRACE_NOTRACE_DEPTH;
* This is a case where function graph tracer has
* modified a return address (LR) in a stack frame
 \ /
  Last update: 2017-09-01 07:49    [W:0.056 / U:0.572 seconds]
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