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SubjectRe: [PATCH] nvdimm: fix potential double-fetch bug
[ adding Jerry ]

On Wed, Aug 23, 2017 at 2:07 PM, Meng Xu <meng.xu@gatech.edu> wrote:
> From: Meng Xu <mengxu.gatech@gmail.com>
>
> While examining the kernel source code, I found a dangerous operation that
> could turn into a double-fetch situation (a race condition bug) where
> the same userspace memory region are fetched twice into kernel with sanity
> checks after the first fetch while missing checks after the second fetch.
>
> In the case of _IOC_NR(ioctl_cmd) == ND_CMD_CALL:
>
> 1. The first fetch happens in line 935 copy_from_user(&pkg, p, sizeof(pkg)
>
> 2. subsequently `pkg.nd_reserved2` is asserted to be all zeroes
> (line 984 to 986).
>
> 3. The second fetch happens in line 1022 copy_from_user(buf, p, buf_len)
>
> 4. Given that `p` can be fully controlled in userspace, an attacker can
> race condition to override the header part of `p`, say,
> `((struct nd_cmd_pkg *)p)->nd_reserved2` to arbitrary value
> (say nine 0xFFFFFFFF for `nd_reserved2`) after the first fetch but before the
> second fetch. The changed value will be copied to `buf`.
>
> 5. There is no checks on the second fetches until the use of it in
> line 1034: nd_cmd_clear_to_send(nvdimm_bus, nvdimm, cmd, buf) and
> line 1038: nd_desc->ndctl(nd_desc, nvdimm, cmd, buf, buf_len, &cmd_rc)
> which means that the assumed relation, `p->nd_reserved2` are all zeroes might
> not hold after the second fetch. And once the control goes to these functions
> we lose the context to assert the assumed relation.
>
> 6. Based on my manual analysis, `p->nd_reserved2` is not used in function
> `nd_cmd_clear_to_send` and potential implementations of `nd_desc->ndctl`
> so there is no working exploit against it right now. However, this could
> easily turns to an exploitable one if careless developers start to use
> `p->nd_reserved2` later and assume that they are all zeroes.
>
> Proposed patch:
>
> The patch explicitly overrides `buf->nd_reserved2` after the second fetch with
> the value `pkg.nd_reserved2` from the first fetch. In this way, it is assured
> that the relation, `buf->nd_reserved2` are all zeroes, holds after the second
> fetch.
>
> Signed-off-by: Meng Xu <mengxu.gatech@gmail.com>
> ---
> drivers/nvdimm/bus.c | 6 ++++++
> 1 file changed, 6 insertions(+)
>
> diff --git a/drivers/nvdimm/bus.c b/drivers/nvdimm/bus.c
> index 937fafa..20c4d0f 100644
> --- a/drivers/nvdimm/bus.c
> +++ b/drivers/nvdimm/bus.c
> @@ -1024,6 +1024,12 @@ static int __nd_ioctl(struct nvdimm_bus *nvdimm_bus, struct nvdimm *nvdimm,
> goto out;
> }
>
> + if (cmd == ND_CMD_CALL) {
> + struct nd_cmd_pkg *hdr = (struct nd_cmd_pkg *)buf;
> + memcpy(hdr->nd_reserved2, pkg.nd_reserved2,
> + sizeof(pkg.nd_reserved2));
> + }
> +

I think we're ok because the end point like acpi_nfit_ctl() is
responsible for re-validating the buffer. So what I would rather like
to see is deleting this loop:

for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(pkg.nd_reserved2); i++)
if (pkg.nd_reserved2[i])
return -EINVAL;

...from __nd_ioctl() and move it into acpi_nfit_ctl() directly where it belongs.

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