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SubjectRe: [RFC][PATCH] perf: Rewrite enabled/running timekeeping
Hi,

On Thu, Aug 31, 2017 at 10:18 AM, Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org> wrote:
> On Wed, Aug 23, 2017 at 11:54:15AM +0300, Alexey Budankov wrote:
>> On 22.08.2017 23:47, Peter Zijlstra wrote:
>> > On Thu, Aug 10, 2017 at 06:57:43PM +0300, Alexey Budankov wrote:
>> >> The key thing in the patch is explicit updating of tstamp fields for
>> >> INACTIVE events in update_event_times().
>> >
>> >> @@ -1405,6 +1426,9 @@ static void update_event_times(struct perf_event *event)
>> >> event->group_leader->state < PERF_EVENT_STATE_INACTIVE)
>> >> return;
>> >>
>> >> + if (event->state == PERF_EVENT_STATE_INACTIVE)
>> >> + perf_event_tstamp_update(event);
>> >> +
>> >> /*
>> >> * in cgroup mode, time_enabled represents
>> >> * the time the event was enabled AND active
>> >
>> > But why!? I thought the whole point was to not need to do this.
>>
>> update_event_times() is not called from timer interrupt handler
>> thus it is not on the critical path which is optimized in this patch set.
>>
>> But update_event_times() is called in the context of read() syscall so
>> this is the place where we may update event times for INACTIVE events
>> instead of timer interrupt.
>>
>> Also update_event_times() is called on thread context switch out so
>> we get event times also updated when the thread migrates to other CPU.
>>
>> >
>> > The thing I outlined earlier would only need to update timestamps when
>> > events change state and at no other point in time.
>>
>> But we still may request times while event is in INACTIVE state
>> thru read() syscall and event timings need to be up-to-date.
>
> Sure, read() also updates.
>
> So the below completely rewrites timekeeping (and probably breaks
> world) but does away with the need to touch events that don't get
> scheduled.
>
> Esp the cgroup stuff is entirely untested since I simply don't know how
> to operate that. I did run Vince's tests on it, and I think it doesn't
> regress, but I'm near a migraine so I can't really see straight atm.
>
> Vince, Stephane, could you guys have a peek?
>
okay, I will run some tests with cgroups on my systems.

> (There's a few other bits in, I'll break up into patches and write
> comments and Changelogs later, I think its can be split in some 5
> patches).
>
> The basic idea is really simple, we have a single timestamp and
> depending on the state we update enabled/running. This obviously only
> requires updates when we change state and when we need up-to-date
> timestamps (read).
>
> No more weird and wonderful mind bending interaction between 3 different
> timestamps with arcane update rules.
>
> ---
> include/linux/perf_event.h | 25 +-
> kernel/events/core.c | 551 ++++++++++++++++-----------------------------
> 2 files changed, 192 insertions(+), 384 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/include/linux/perf_event.h b/include/linux/perf_event.h
> index 8e22f24ded6a..2a6ae48a1a96 100644
> --- a/include/linux/perf_event.h
> +++ b/include/linux/perf_event.h
> @@ -485,9 +485,9 @@ struct perf_addr_filters_head {
> };
>
> /**
> - * enum perf_event_active_state - the states of a event
> + * enum perf_event_state - the states of a event
> */
> -enum perf_event_active_state {
> +enum perf_event_state {
> PERF_EVENT_STATE_DEAD = -4,
> PERF_EVENT_STATE_EXIT = -3,
> PERF_EVENT_STATE_ERROR = -2,
> @@ -578,7 +578,7 @@ struct perf_event {
> struct pmu *pmu;
> void *pmu_private;
>
> - enum perf_event_active_state state;
> + enum perf_event_state state;
> unsigned int attach_state;
> local64_t count;
> atomic64_t child_count;
> @@ -588,26 +588,10 @@ struct perf_event {
> * has been enabled (i.e. eligible to run, and the task has
> * been scheduled in, if this is a per-task event)
> * and running (scheduled onto the CPU), respectively.
> - *
> - * They are computed from tstamp_enabled, tstamp_running and
> - * tstamp_stopped when the event is in INACTIVE or ACTIVE state.
> */
> u64 total_time_enabled;
> u64 total_time_running;
> -
> - /*
> - * These are timestamps used for computing total_time_enabled
> - * and total_time_running when the event is in INACTIVE or
> - * ACTIVE state, measured in nanoseconds from an arbitrary point
> - * in time.
> - * tstamp_enabled: the notional time when the event was enabled
> - * tstamp_running: the notional time when the event was scheduled on
> - * tstamp_stopped: in INACTIVE state, the notional time when the
> - * event was scheduled off.
> - */
> - u64 tstamp_enabled;
> - u64 tstamp_running;
> - u64 tstamp_stopped;
> + u64 tstamp;
>
> /*
> * timestamp shadows the actual context timing but it can
> @@ -699,7 +683,6 @@ struct perf_event {
>
> #ifdef CONFIG_CGROUP_PERF
> struct perf_cgroup *cgrp; /* cgroup event is attach to */
> - int cgrp_defer_enabled;
> #endif
>
> struct list_head sb_list;
> diff --git a/kernel/events/core.c b/kernel/events/core.c
> index 294f1927f944..e968b3eab9c7 100644
> --- a/kernel/events/core.c
> +++ b/kernel/events/core.c
> @@ -582,6 +582,70 @@ static inline u64 perf_event_clock(struct perf_event *event)
> return event->clock();
> }
>
> +/*
> + * XXX comment about timekeeping goes here
> + */
> +
> +static __always_inline enum perf_event_state
> +__perf_effective_state(struct perf_event *event)
> +{
> + struct perf_event *leader = event->group_leader;
> +
> + if (leader->state <= PERF_EVENT_STATE_OFF)
> + return leader->state;
> +
> + return event->state;
> +}
> +
> +static __always_inline void
> +__perf_update_times(struct perf_event *event, u64 now, u64 *enabled, u64 *running)
> +{
> + enum perf_event_state state = __perf_effective_state(event);
> + u64 delta = now - event->tstamp;
> +
> + *enabled = event->total_time_enabled;
> + if (state >= PERF_EVENT_STATE_INACTIVE)
> + *enabled += delta;
> +
> + *running = event->total_time_running;
> + if (state >= PERF_EVENT_STATE_ACTIVE)
> + *running += delta;
> +}
> +
> +static void perf_event_update_time(struct perf_event *event)
> +{
> + u64 now = perf_event_time(event);
> +
> + __perf_update_times(event, now, &event->total_time_enabled,
> + &event->total_time_running);
> + event->tstamp = now;
> +}
> +
> +static void perf_event_update_sibling_time(struct perf_event *leader)
> +{
> + struct perf_event *sibling;
> +
> + list_for_each_entry(sibling, &leader->sibling_list, group_entry)
> + perf_event_update_time(sibling);
> +}
> +
> +static void
> +perf_event_set_state(struct perf_event *event, enum perf_event_state state)
> +{
> + if (event->state == state)
> + return;
> +
> + perf_event_update_time(event);
> + /*
> + * If a group leader gets enabled/disabled all its siblings
> + * are affected too.
> + */
> + if ((event->state < 0) ^ (state < 0))
> + perf_event_update_sibling_time(event);
> +
> + WRITE_ONCE(event->state, state);
> +}
> +
> #ifdef CONFIG_CGROUP_PERF
>
> static inline bool
> @@ -841,40 +905,6 @@ perf_cgroup_set_shadow_time(struct perf_event *event, u64 now)
> event->shadow_ctx_time = now - t->timestamp;
> }
>
> -static inline void
> -perf_cgroup_defer_enabled(struct perf_event *event)
> -{
> - /*
> - * when the current task's perf cgroup does not match
> - * the event's, we need to remember to call the
> - * perf_mark_enable() function the first time a task with
> - * a matching perf cgroup is scheduled in.
> - */
> - if (is_cgroup_event(event) && !perf_cgroup_match(event))
> - event->cgrp_defer_enabled = 1;
> -}
> -
> -static inline void
> -perf_cgroup_mark_enabled(struct perf_event *event,
> - struct perf_event_context *ctx)
> -{
> - struct perf_event *sub;
> - u64 tstamp = perf_event_time(event);
> -
> - if (!event->cgrp_defer_enabled)
> - return;
> -
> - event->cgrp_defer_enabled = 0;
> -
> - event->tstamp_enabled = tstamp - event->total_time_enabled;
> - list_for_each_entry(sub, &event->sibling_list, group_entry) {
> - if (sub->state >= PERF_EVENT_STATE_INACTIVE) {
> - sub->tstamp_enabled = tstamp - sub->total_time_enabled;
> - sub->cgrp_defer_enabled = 0;
> - }
> - }
> -}
> -
> /*
> * Update cpuctx->cgrp so that it is set when first cgroup event is added and
> * cleared when last cgroup event is removed.
> @@ -973,17 +1003,6 @@ static inline u64 perf_cgroup_event_time(struct perf_event *event)
> }
>
> static inline void
> -perf_cgroup_defer_enabled(struct perf_event *event)
> -{
> -}
> -
> -static inline void
> -perf_cgroup_mark_enabled(struct perf_event *event,
> - struct perf_event_context *ctx)
> -{
> -}
> -
> -static inline void
> list_update_cgroup_event(struct perf_event *event,
> struct perf_event_context *ctx, bool add)
> {
> @@ -1396,60 +1415,6 @@ static u64 perf_event_time(struct perf_event *event)
> return ctx ? ctx->time : 0;
> }
>
> -/*
> - * Update the total_time_enabled and total_time_running fields for a event.
> - */
> -static void update_event_times(struct perf_event *event)
> -{
> - struct perf_event_context *ctx = event->ctx;
> - u64 run_end;
> -
> - lockdep_assert_held(&ctx->lock);
> -
> - if (event->state < PERF_EVENT_STATE_INACTIVE ||
> - event->group_leader->state < PERF_EVENT_STATE_INACTIVE)
> - return;
> -
> - /*
> - * in cgroup mode, time_enabled represents
> - * the time the event was enabled AND active
> - * tasks were in the monitored cgroup. This is
> - * independent of the activity of the context as
> - * there may be a mix of cgroup and non-cgroup events.
> - *
> - * That is why we treat cgroup events differently
> - * here.
> - */
> - if (is_cgroup_event(event))
> - run_end = perf_cgroup_event_time(event);
> - else if (ctx->is_active)
> - run_end = ctx->time;
> - else
> - run_end = event->tstamp_stopped;
> -
> - event->total_time_enabled = run_end - event->tstamp_enabled;
> -
> - if (event->state == PERF_EVENT_STATE_INACTIVE)
> - run_end = event->tstamp_stopped;
> - else
> - run_end = perf_event_time(event);
> -
> - event->total_time_running = run_end - event->tstamp_running;
> -
> -}
> -
> -/*
> - * Update total_time_enabled and total_time_running for all events in a group.
> - */
> -static void update_group_times(struct perf_event *leader)
> -{
> - struct perf_event *event;
> -
> - update_event_times(leader);
> - list_for_each_entry(event, &leader->sibling_list, group_entry)
> - update_event_times(event);
> -}
> -
> static enum event_type_t get_event_type(struct perf_event *event)
> {
> struct perf_event_context *ctx = event->ctx;
> @@ -1492,6 +1457,8 @@ list_add_event(struct perf_event *event, struct perf_event_context *ctx)
> WARN_ON_ONCE(event->attach_state & PERF_ATTACH_CONTEXT);
> event->attach_state |= PERF_ATTACH_CONTEXT;
>
> + event->tstamp = perf_event_time(event);
> +
> /*
> * If we're a stand alone event or group leader, we go to the context
> * list, group events are kept attached to the group so that
> @@ -1699,8 +1666,6 @@ list_del_event(struct perf_event *event, struct perf_event_context *ctx)
> if (event->group_leader == event)
> list_del_init(&event->group_entry);
>
> - update_group_times(event);
> -
> /*
> * If event was in error state, then keep it
> * that way, otherwise bogus counts will be
> @@ -1709,7 +1674,7 @@ list_del_event(struct perf_event *event, struct perf_event_context *ctx)
> * of the event
> */
> if (event->state > PERF_EVENT_STATE_OFF)
> - event->state = PERF_EVENT_STATE_OFF;
> + perf_event_set_state(event, PERF_EVENT_STATE_OFF);
>
> ctx->generation++;
> }
> @@ -1808,38 +1773,24 @@ event_sched_out(struct perf_event *event,
> struct perf_cpu_context *cpuctx,
> struct perf_event_context *ctx)
> {
> - u64 tstamp = perf_event_time(event);
> - u64 delta;
> + enum perf_event_state state = PERF_EVENT_STATE_INACTIVE;
>
> WARN_ON_ONCE(event->ctx != ctx);
> lockdep_assert_held(&ctx->lock);
>
> - /*
> - * An event which could not be activated because of
> - * filter mismatch still needs to have its timings
> - * maintained, otherwise bogus information is return
> - * via read() for time_enabled, time_running:
> - */
> - if (event->state == PERF_EVENT_STATE_INACTIVE &&
> - !event_filter_match(event)) {
> - delta = tstamp - event->tstamp_stopped;
> - event->tstamp_running += delta;
> - event->tstamp_stopped = tstamp;
> - }
> -
> if (event->state != PERF_EVENT_STATE_ACTIVE)
> return;
>
> perf_pmu_disable(event->pmu);
>
> - event->tstamp_stopped = tstamp;
> event->pmu->del(event, 0);
> event->oncpu = -1;
> - event->state = PERF_EVENT_STATE_INACTIVE;
> +
> if (event->pending_disable) {
> event->pending_disable = 0;
> - event->state = PERF_EVENT_STATE_OFF;
> + state = PERF_EVENT_STATE_OFF;
> }
> + perf_event_set_state(event, state);
>
> if (!is_software_event(event))
> cpuctx->active_oncpu--;
> @@ -1859,7 +1810,9 @@ group_sched_out(struct perf_event *group_event,
> struct perf_event_context *ctx)
> {
> struct perf_event *event;
> - int state = group_event->state;
> +
> + if (group_event->state != PERF_EVENT_STATE_ACTIVE)
> + return;
>
> perf_pmu_disable(ctx->pmu);
>
> @@ -1873,7 +1826,7 @@ group_sched_out(struct perf_event *group_event,
>
> perf_pmu_enable(ctx->pmu);
>
> - if (state == PERF_EVENT_STATE_ACTIVE && group_event->attr.exclusive)
> + if (group_event->attr.exclusive)
> cpuctx->exclusive = 0;
> }
>
> @@ -1893,6 +1846,11 @@ __perf_remove_from_context(struct perf_event *event,
> {
> unsigned long flags = (unsigned long)info;
>
> + if (ctx->is_active & EVENT_TIME) {
> + update_context_time(ctx);
> + update_cgrp_time_from_cpuctx(cpuctx);
> + }
> +
> event_sched_out(event, cpuctx, ctx);
> if (flags & DETACH_GROUP)
> perf_group_detach(event);
> @@ -1955,14 +1913,17 @@ static void __perf_event_disable(struct perf_event *event,
> if (event->state < PERF_EVENT_STATE_INACTIVE)
> return;
>
> - update_context_time(ctx);
> - update_cgrp_time_from_event(event);
> - update_group_times(event);
> + if (ctx->is_active & EVENT_TIME) {
> + update_context_time(ctx);
> + update_cgrp_time_from_cpuctx(cpuctx);
> + }
> +
> if (event == event->group_leader)
> group_sched_out(event, cpuctx, ctx);
> else
> event_sched_out(event, cpuctx, ctx);
> - event->state = PERF_EVENT_STATE_OFF;
> +
> + perf_event_set_state(event, PERF_EVENT_STATE_OFF);
> }
>
> /*
> @@ -2019,8 +1980,7 @@ void perf_event_disable_inatomic(struct perf_event *event)
> }
>
> static void perf_set_shadow_time(struct perf_event *event,
> - struct perf_event_context *ctx,
> - u64 tstamp)
> + struct perf_event_context *ctx)
> {
> /*
> * use the correct time source for the time snapshot
> @@ -2048,9 +2008,9 @@ static void perf_set_shadow_time(struct perf_event *event,
> * is cleaner and simpler to understand.
> */
> if (is_cgroup_event(event))
> - perf_cgroup_set_shadow_time(event, tstamp);
> + perf_cgroup_set_shadow_time(event, event->tstamp);
> else
> - event->shadow_ctx_time = tstamp - ctx->timestamp;
> + event->shadow_ctx_time = event->tstamp - ctx->timestamp;
> }
>
> #define MAX_INTERRUPTS (~0ULL)
> @@ -2063,7 +2023,6 @@ event_sched_in(struct perf_event *event,
> struct perf_cpu_context *cpuctx,
> struct perf_event_context *ctx)
> {
> - u64 tstamp = perf_event_time(event);
> int ret = 0;
>
> lockdep_assert_held(&ctx->lock);
> @@ -2077,7 +2036,7 @@ event_sched_in(struct perf_event *event,
> * is visible.
> */
> smp_wmb();
> - WRITE_ONCE(event->state, PERF_EVENT_STATE_ACTIVE);
> + perf_event_set_state(event, PERF_EVENT_STATE_ACTIVE);
>
> /*
> * Unthrottle events, since we scheduled we might have missed several
> @@ -2089,26 +2048,19 @@ event_sched_in(struct perf_event *event,
> event->hw.interrupts = 0;
> }
>
> - /*
> - * The new state must be visible before we turn it on in the hardware:
> - */
> - smp_wmb();
> -
> perf_pmu_disable(event->pmu);
>
> - perf_set_shadow_time(event, ctx, tstamp);
> + perf_set_shadow_time(event, ctx);
>
> perf_log_itrace_start(event);
>
> if (event->pmu->add(event, PERF_EF_START)) {
> - event->state = PERF_EVENT_STATE_INACTIVE;
> + perf_event_set_state(event, PERF_EVENT_STATE_INACTIVE);
> event->oncpu = -1;
> ret = -EAGAIN;
> goto out;
> }
>
> - event->tstamp_running += tstamp - event->tstamp_stopped;
> -
> if (!is_software_event(event))
> cpuctx->active_oncpu++;
> if (!ctx->nr_active++)
> @@ -2132,8 +2084,6 @@ group_sched_in(struct perf_event *group_event,
> {
> struct perf_event *event, *partial_group = NULL;
> struct pmu *pmu = ctx->pmu;
> - u64 now = ctx->time;
> - bool simulate = false;
>
> if (group_event->state == PERF_EVENT_STATE_OFF)
> return 0;
> @@ -2163,27 +2113,13 @@ group_sched_in(struct perf_event *group_event,
> /*
> * Groups can be scheduled in as one unit only, so undo any
> * partial group before returning:
> - * The events up to the failed event are scheduled out normally,
> - * tstamp_stopped will be updated.
> - *
> - * The failed events and the remaining siblings need to have
> - * their timings updated as if they had gone thru event_sched_in()
> - * and event_sched_out(). This is required to get consistent timings
> - * across the group. This also takes care of the case where the group
> - * could never be scheduled by ensuring tstamp_stopped is set to mark
> - * the time the event was actually stopped, such that time delta
> - * calculation in update_event_times() is correct.
> + * The events up to the failed event are scheduled out normally.
> */
> list_for_each_entry(event, &group_event->sibling_list, group_entry) {
> if (event == partial_group)
> - simulate = true;
> + break;
>
> - if (simulate) {
> - event->tstamp_running += now - event->tstamp_stopped;
> - event->tstamp_stopped = now;
> - } else {
> - event_sched_out(event, cpuctx, ctx);
> - }
> + event_sched_out(event, cpuctx, ctx);
> }
> event_sched_out(group_event, cpuctx, ctx);
>
> @@ -2225,46 +2161,11 @@ static int group_can_go_on(struct perf_event *event,
> return can_add_hw;
> }
>
> -/*
> - * Complement to update_event_times(). This computes the tstamp_* values to
> - * continue 'enabled' state from @now, and effectively discards the time
> - * between the prior tstamp_stopped and now (as we were in the OFF state, or
> - * just switched (context) time base).
> - *
> - * This further assumes '@event->state == INACTIVE' (we just came from OFF) and
> - * cannot have been scheduled in yet. And going into INACTIVE state means
> - * '@event->tstamp_stopped = @now'.
> - *
> - * Thus given the rules of update_event_times():
> - *
> - * total_time_enabled = tstamp_stopped - tstamp_enabled
> - * total_time_running = tstamp_stopped - tstamp_running
> - *
> - * We can insert 'tstamp_stopped == now' and reverse them to compute new
> - * tstamp_* values.
> - */
> -static void __perf_event_enable_time(struct perf_event *event, u64 now)
> -{
> - WARN_ON_ONCE(event->state != PERF_EVENT_STATE_INACTIVE);
> -
> - event->tstamp_stopped = now;
> - event->tstamp_enabled = now - event->total_time_enabled;
> - event->tstamp_running = now - event->total_time_running;
> -}
> -
> static void add_event_to_ctx(struct perf_event *event,
> struct perf_event_context *ctx)
> {
> - u64 tstamp = perf_event_time(event);
> -
> list_add_event(event, ctx);
> perf_group_attach(event);
> - /*
> - * We can be called with event->state == STATE_OFF when we create with
> - * .disabled = 1. In that case the IOC_ENABLE will call this function.
> - */
> - if (event->state == PERF_EVENT_STATE_INACTIVE)
> - __perf_event_enable_time(event, tstamp);
> }
>
> static void ctx_sched_out(struct perf_event_context *ctx,
> @@ -2496,28 +2397,6 @@ perf_install_in_context(struct perf_event_context *ctx,
> }
>
> /*
> - * Put a event into inactive state and update time fields.
> - * Enabling the leader of a group effectively enables all
> - * the group members that aren't explicitly disabled, so we
> - * have to update their ->tstamp_enabled also.
> - * Note: this works for group members as well as group leaders
> - * since the non-leader members' sibling_lists will be empty.
> - */
> -static void __perf_event_mark_enabled(struct perf_event *event)
> -{
> - struct perf_event *sub;
> - u64 tstamp = perf_event_time(event);
> -
> - event->state = PERF_EVENT_STATE_INACTIVE;
> - __perf_event_enable_time(event, tstamp);
> - list_for_each_entry(sub, &event->sibling_list, group_entry) {
> - /* XXX should not be > INACTIVE if event isn't */
> - if (sub->state >= PERF_EVENT_STATE_INACTIVE)
> - __perf_event_enable_time(sub, tstamp);
> - }
> -}
> -
> -/*
> * Cross CPU call to enable a performance event
> */
> static void __perf_event_enable(struct perf_event *event,
> @@ -2535,14 +2414,12 @@ static void __perf_event_enable(struct perf_event *event,
> if (ctx->is_active)
> ctx_sched_out(ctx, cpuctx, EVENT_TIME);
>
> - __perf_event_mark_enabled(event);
> + perf_event_set_state(event, PERF_EVENT_STATE_INACTIVE);
>
> if (!ctx->is_active)
> return;
>
> if (!event_filter_match(event)) {
> - if (is_cgroup_event(event))
> - perf_cgroup_defer_enabled(event);
> ctx_sched_in(ctx, cpuctx, EVENT_TIME, current);
> return;
> }
> @@ -2862,18 +2739,10 @@ static void __perf_event_sync_stat(struct perf_event *event,
> * we know the event must be on the current CPU, therefore we
> * don't need to use it.
> */
> - switch (event->state) {
> - case PERF_EVENT_STATE_ACTIVE:
> + if (event->state == PERF_EVENT_STATE_ACTIVE)
> event->pmu->read(event);
> - /* fall-through */
>
> - case PERF_EVENT_STATE_INACTIVE:
> - update_event_times(event);
> - break;
> -
> - default:
> - break;
> - }
> + perf_event_update_time(event);
>
> /*
> * In order to keep per-task stats reliable we need to flip the event
> @@ -3110,10 +2979,6 @@ ctx_pinned_sched_in(struct perf_event_context *ctx,
> if (!event_filter_match(event))
> continue;
>
> - /* may need to reset tstamp_enabled */
> - if (is_cgroup_event(event))
> - perf_cgroup_mark_enabled(event, ctx);
> -
> if (group_can_go_on(event, cpuctx, 1))
> group_sched_in(event, cpuctx, ctx);
>
> @@ -3121,10 +2986,8 @@ ctx_pinned_sched_in(struct perf_event_context *ctx,
> * If this pinned group hasn't been scheduled,
> * put it in error state.
> */
> - if (event->state == PERF_EVENT_STATE_INACTIVE) {
> - update_group_times(event);
> - event->state = PERF_EVENT_STATE_ERROR;
> - }
> + if (event->state == PERF_EVENT_STATE_INACTIVE)
> + perf_event_set_state(event, PERF_EVENT_STATE_ERROR);
> }
> }
>
> @@ -3146,10 +3009,6 @@ ctx_flexible_sched_in(struct perf_event_context *ctx,
> if (!event_filter_match(event))
> continue;
>
> - /* may need to reset tstamp_enabled */
> - if (is_cgroup_event(event))
> - perf_cgroup_mark_enabled(event, ctx);
> -
> if (group_can_go_on(event, cpuctx, can_add_hw)) {
> if (group_sched_in(event, cpuctx, ctx))
> can_add_hw = 0;
> @@ -3541,7 +3400,7 @@ static int event_enable_on_exec(struct perf_event *event,
> if (event->state >= PERF_EVENT_STATE_INACTIVE)
> return 0;
>
> - __perf_event_mark_enabled(event);
> + perf_event_set_state(event, PERF_EVENT_STATE_INACTIVE);
>
> return 1;
> }
> @@ -3590,12 +3449,6 @@ static void perf_event_enable_on_exec(int ctxn)
> put_ctx(clone_ctx);
> }
>
> -struct perf_read_data {
> - struct perf_event *event;
> - bool group;
> - int ret;
> -};
> -
> static int __perf_event_read_cpu(struct perf_event *event, int event_cpu)
> {
> u16 local_pkg, event_pkg;
> @@ -3613,64 +3466,6 @@ static int __perf_event_read_cpu(struct perf_event *event, int event_cpu)
> return event_cpu;
> }
>
> -/*
> - * Cross CPU call to read the hardware event
> - */
> -static void __perf_event_read(void *info)
> -{
> - struct perf_read_data *data = info;
> - struct perf_event *sub, *event = data->event;
> - struct perf_event_context *ctx = event->ctx;
> - struct perf_cpu_context *cpuctx = __get_cpu_context(ctx);
> - struct pmu *pmu = event->pmu;
> -
> - /*
> - * If this is a task context, we need to check whether it is
> - * the current task context of this cpu. If not it has been
> - * scheduled out before the smp call arrived. In that case
> - * event->count would have been updated to a recent sample
> - * when the event was scheduled out.
> - */
> - if (ctx->task && cpuctx->task_ctx != ctx)
> - return;
> -
> - raw_spin_lock(&ctx->lock);
> - if (ctx->is_active) {
> - update_context_time(ctx);
> - update_cgrp_time_from_event(event);
> - }
> -
> - update_event_times(event);
> - if (event->state != PERF_EVENT_STATE_ACTIVE)
> - goto unlock;
> -
> - if (!data->group) {
> - pmu->read(event);
> - data->ret = 0;
> - goto unlock;
> - }
> -
> - pmu->start_txn(pmu, PERF_PMU_TXN_READ);
> -
> - pmu->read(event);
> -
> - list_for_each_entry(sub, &event->sibling_list, group_entry) {
> - update_event_times(sub);
> - if (sub->state == PERF_EVENT_STATE_ACTIVE) {
> - /*
> - * Use sibling's PMU rather than @event's since
> - * sibling could be on different (eg: software) PMU.
> - */
> - sub->pmu->read(sub);
> - }
> - }
> -
> - data->ret = pmu->commit_txn(pmu);
> -
> -unlock:
> - raw_spin_unlock(&ctx->lock);
> -}
> -
> static inline u64 perf_event_count(struct perf_event *event)
> {
> return local64_read(&event->count) + atomic64_read(&event->child_count);
> @@ -3733,63 +3528,81 @@ int perf_event_read_local(struct perf_event *event, u64 *value)
> return ret;
> }
>
> -static int perf_event_read(struct perf_event *event, bool group)
> +struct perf_read_data {
> + struct perf_event *event;
> + bool group;
> + int ret;
> +};
> +
> +static void __perf_event_read(struct perf_event *event,
> + struct perf_cpu_context *cpuctx,
> + struct perf_event_context *ctx,
> + void *data)
> {
> - int event_cpu, ret = 0;
> + struct perf_read_data *prd = data;
> + struct pmu *pmu = event->pmu;
> + struct perf_event *sibling;
>
> - /*
> - * If event is enabled and currently active on a CPU, update the
> - * value in the event structure:
> - */
> - if (event->state == PERF_EVENT_STATE_ACTIVE) {
> - struct perf_read_data data = {
> - .event = event,
> - .group = group,
> - .ret = 0,
> - };
> + if (ctx->is_active & EVENT_TIME) {
> + update_context_time(ctx);
> + update_cgrp_time_from_cpuctx(cpuctx);
> + }
>
> - event_cpu = READ_ONCE(event->oncpu);
> - if ((unsigned)event_cpu >= nr_cpu_ids)
> - return 0;
> + perf_event_update_time(event);
> + if (prd->group)
> + perf_event_update_sibling_time(event);
>
> - preempt_disable();
> - event_cpu = __perf_event_read_cpu(event, event_cpu);
> + if (event->state != PERF_EVENT_STATE_ACTIVE)
> + return;
>
> + if (!prd->group) {
> + pmu->read(event);
> + prd->ret = 0;
> + return;
> + }
> +
> + pmu->start_txn(pmu, PERF_PMU_TXN_READ);
> +
> + pmu->read(event);
> + list_for_each_entry(sibling, &event->sibling_list, group_entry) {
> + if (sibling->state == PERF_EVENT_STATE_ACTIVE) {
> + /*
> + * Use sibling's PMU rather than @event's since
> + * sibling could be on different (eg: software) PMU.
> + */
> + sibling->pmu->read(sibling);
> + }
> + }
> +
> + prd->ret = pmu->commit_txn(pmu);
> +}
> +
> +static int perf_event_read(struct perf_event *event, bool group)
> +{
> + struct perf_read_data prd = {
> + .event = event,
> + .group = group,
> + .ret = 0,
> + };
> +
> + if (event->ctx->task) {
> + event_function_call(event, __perf_event_read, &prd);
> + } else {
> /*
> - * Purposely ignore the smp_call_function_single() return
> - * value.
> - *
> - * If event_cpu isn't a valid CPU it means the event got
> - * scheduled out and that will have updated the event count.
> - *
> - * Therefore, either way, we'll have an up-to-date event count
> - * after this.
> - */
> - (void)smp_call_function_single(event_cpu, __perf_event_read, &data, 1);
> - preempt_enable();
> - ret = data.ret;
> - } else if (event->state == PERF_EVENT_STATE_INACTIVE) {
> - struct perf_event_context *ctx = event->ctx;
> - unsigned long flags;
> -
> - raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&ctx->lock, flags);
> - /*
> - * may read while context is not active
> - * (e.g., thread is blocked), in that case
> - * we cannot update context time
> + * For uncore events (which are per definition per-cpu)
> + * allow a different read CPU from event->cpu.
> */
> - if (ctx->is_active) {
> - update_context_time(ctx);
> - update_cgrp_time_from_event(event);
> - }
> - if (group)
> - update_group_times(event);
> - else
> - update_event_times(event);
> - raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&ctx->lock, flags);
> + struct event_function_struct efs = {
> + .event = event,
> + .func = __perf_event_read,
> + .data = &prd,
> + };
> + int cpu = __perf_event_read_cpu(event, event->cpu);
> +
> + cpu_function_call(cpu, event_function, &efs);
> }
>
> - return ret;
> + return prd.ret;
> }
>
> /*
> @@ -4388,7 +4201,7 @@ static int perf_release(struct inode *inode, struct file *file)
> return 0;
> }
>
> -u64 perf_event_read_value(struct perf_event *event, u64 *enabled, u64 *running)
> +static u64 __perf_event_read_value(struct perf_event *event, u64 *enabled, u64 *running)
> {
> struct perf_event *child;
> u64 total = 0;
> @@ -4416,6 +4229,18 @@ u64 perf_event_read_value(struct perf_event *event, u64 *enabled, u64 *running)
>
> return total;
> }
> +
> +u64 perf_event_read_value(struct perf_event *event, u64 *enabled, u64 *running)
> +{
> + struct perf_event_context *ctx;
> + u64 count;
> +
> + ctx = perf_event_ctx_lock(event);
> + count = __perf_event_read_value(event, enabled, running);
> + perf_event_ctx_unlock(event, ctx);
> +
> + return count;
> +}
> EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(perf_event_read_value);
>
> static int __perf_read_group_add(struct perf_event *leader,
> @@ -4431,6 +4256,8 @@ static int __perf_read_group_add(struct perf_event *leader,
> if (ret)
> return ret;
>
> + raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&ctx->lock, flags);
> +
> /*
> * Since we co-schedule groups, {enabled,running} times of siblings
> * will be identical to those of the leader, so we only publish one
> @@ -4453,8 +4280,6 @@ static int __perf_read_group_add(struct perf_event *leader,
> if (read_format & PERF_FORMAT_ID)
> values[n++] = primary_event_id(leader);
>
> - raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&ctx->lock, flags);
> -
> list_for_each_entry(sub, &leader->sibling_list, group_entry) {
> values[n++] += perf_event_count(sub);
> if (read_format & PERF_FORMAT_ID)
> @@ -4518,7 +4343,7 @@ static int perf_read_one(struct perf_event *event,
> u64 values[4];
> int n = 0;
>
> - values[n++] = perf_event_read_value(event, &enabled, &running);
> + values[n++] = __perf_event_read_value(event, &enabled, &running);
> if (read_format & PERF_FORMAT_TOTAL_TIME_ENABLED)
> values[n++] = enabled;
> if (read_format & PERF_FORMAT_TOTAL_TIME_RUNNING)
> @@ -4897,8 +4722,7 @@ static void calc_timer_values(struct perf_event *event,
>
> *now = perf_clock();
> ctx_time = event->shadow_ctx_time + *now;
> - *enabled = ctx_time - event->tstamp_enabled;
> - *running = ctx_time - event->tstamp_running;
> + __perf_update_times(event, ctx_time, enabled, running);
> }
>
> static void perf_event_init_userpage(struct perf_event *event)
> @@ -10516,7 +10340,7 @@ perf_event_exit_event(struct perf_event *child_event,
> if (parent_event)
> perf_group_detach(child_event);
> list_del_event(child_event, child_ctx);
> - child_event->state = PERF_EVENT_STATE_EXIT; /* is_event_hup() */
> + perf_event_set_state(child_event, PERF_EVENT_STATE_EXIT); /* is_event_hup() */
> raw_spin_unlock_irq(&child_ctx->lock);
>
> /*
> @@ -10754,7 +10578,7 @@ inherit_event(struct perf_event *parent_event,
> struct perf_event *group_leader,
> struct perf_event_context *child_ctx)
> {
> - enum perf_event_active_state parent_state = parent_event->state;
> + enum perf_event_state parent_state = parent_event->state;
> struct perf_event *child_event;
> unsigned long flags;
>
> @@ -11090,6 +10914,7 @@ static void __perf_event_exit_context(void *__info)
> struct perf_event *event;
>
> raw_spin_lock(&ctx->lock);
> + ctx_sched_out(ctx, cpuctx, EVENT_TIME);
> list_for_each_entry(event, &ctx->event_list, event_entry)
> __perf_remove_from_context(event, cpuctx, ctx, (void *)DETACH_GROUP);
> raw_spin_unlock(&ctx->lock);

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