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Subject[PATCH v6 3/3] PCI: iproc: Implement PCI hotplug support
Date
This patch implements PCI hotplug support for iproc family chipsets.

iproc based SOC (e.g. Stingray) does not have hotplug controller
integrated.
Hence, standard PCI hotplug framework hooks can-not be used.
e.g. controlled power up/down of slot.

The mechanism, for e.g. Stingray has adopted for PCI hotplug is as follows:
PCI present lines are input to GPIOs depending on the type of
connector (x2, x4, x8).

GPIO array needs to be present if hotplug is supported.
HW implementation is SOC/Board specific, and also it depends on how
add-in card is designed
(e.g. how many present pins are implemented).

If x8 card is connected, then it might be possible that all the
3 present pins could go low, or at least one pin goes low.
If x4 card is connected, then it might be possible that 2 present
pins go low, or at least one pin goes low.

The implementation essentially takes care of following:
> Initializing hotplug irq thread.
> Detecting the endpoint device based on link state.
> Handling PERST and detecting the plugged devices.
> Ordered Hot plug-out, where User is expected
to write 1 to /sys/bus/pci/devices/<pci_dev>/remove
> Handling spurious interrupt
> Handling multiple interrupts and makes sure that card is
enumerated only once.

Signed-off-by: Oza Pawandeep <oza.oza@broadcom.com>
Reviewed-by: Ray Jui <ray.jui@broadcom.com>

diff --git a/drivers/pci/host/pcie-iproc-platform.c b/drivers/pci/host/pcie-iproc-platform.c
index a5073a9..6287a43 100644
--- a/drivers/pci/host/pcie-iproc-platform.c
+++ b/drivers/pci/host/pcie-iproc-platform.c
@@ -92,6 +92,9 @@ static int iproc_pcie_pltfm_probe(struct platform_device *pdev)
pcie->need_ob_cfg = true;
}

+ if (of_property_read_bool(np, "slot-pluggable"))
+ pcie->enable_hotplug = true;
+
/* PHY use is optional */
pcie->phy = devm_phy_get(dev, "pcie-phy");
if (IS_ERR(pcie->phy)) {
diff --git a/drivers/pci/host/pcie-iproc.c b/drivers/pci/host/pcie-iproc.c
index 8bd5e54..2b4d830 100644
--- a/drivers/pci/host/pcie-iproc.c
+++ b/drivers/pci/host/pcie-iproc.c
@@ -28,6 +28,7 @@
#include <linux/of_irq.h>
#include <linux/of_platform.h>
#include <linux/phy/phy.h>
+#include <linux/gpio.h>

#include "pcie-iproc.h"

@@ -65,6 +66,17 @@
#define PCIE_DL_ACTIVE_SHIFT 2
#define PCIE_DL_ACTIVE BIT(PCIE_DL_ACTIVE_SHIFT)

+#define CFG_RC_LTSSM 0x1cf8
+#define CFG_RC_PHY_CTL 0x1804
+#define CFG_RC_LTSSM_TIMEOUT 1000
+#define CFG_RC_LTSSM_STATE_MASK 0xff
+#define CFG_RC_LTSSM_STATE_L1 0x1
+
+#define CFG_RC_CLR_LTSSM_HIST_SHIFT 29
+#define CFG_RC_CLR_LTSSM_HIST_MASK BIT(CFG_RC_CLR_LTSSM_HIST_SHIFT)
+#define CFG_RC_CLR_RECOV_HIST_SHIFT 31
+#define CFG_RC_CLR_RECOV_HIST_MASK BIT(CFG_RC_CLR_RECOV_HIST_SHIFT)
+
#define APB_ERR_EN_SHIFT 0
#define APB_ERR_EN BIT(APB_ERR_EN_SHIFT)

@@ -1354,13 +1366,107 @@ static int iproc_pcie_rev_init(struct iproc_pcie *pcie)
return 0;
}

+static bool iproc_pci_hp_check_ltssm(struct iproc_pcie *pcie)
+{
+ struct pci_bus *bus = pcie->root_bus;
+ u32 val, timeout = CFG_RC_LTSSM_TIMEOUT;
+
+ /* Clear LTSSM history. */
+ pci_bus_read_config_dword(pcie->root_bus, 0,
+ CFG_RC_PHY_CTL, &val);
+ pci_bus_write_config_dword(bus, 0, CFG_RC_PHY_CTL,
+ val | CFG_RC_CLR_RECOV_HIST_MASK |
+ CFG_RC_CLR_LTSSM_HIST_MASK);
+ /* write back the origional value. */
+ pci_bus_write_config_dword(bus, 0, CFG_RC_PHY_CTL, val);
+
+ do {
+ pci_bus_read_config_dword(pcie->root_bus, 0,
+ CFG_RC_LTSSM, &val);
+ /* check link state to see if link moved to L1 state. */
+ if ((val & CFG_RC_LTSSM_STATE_MASK) ==
+ CFG_RC_LTSSM_STATE_L1)
+ return true;
+ timeout--;
+ usleep_range(500, 1000);
+ } while (timeout);
+
+ return false;
+}
+
+static irqreturn_t iproc_pci_hotplug_thread(int irq, void *data)
+{
+ struct iproc_pcie *pcie = data;
+ struct pci_bus *bus = pcie->root_bus, *child;
+ bool link_status;
+
+ iproc_pcie_perst_ctrl(pcie, true);
+ iproc_pcie_perst_ctrl(pcie, false);
+
+ link_status = iproc_pci_hp_check_ltssm(pcie);
+
+ if (link_status &&
+ !iproc_pcie_check_link(pcie) &&
+ !pcie->ep_is_present) {
+ pci_rescan_bus(bus);
+ list_for_each_entry(child, &bus->children, node)
+ pcie_bus_configure_settings(child);
+ pcie->ep_is_present = true;
+ dev_info(pcie->dev,
+ "PCI Hotplug: <device detected and enumerated>\n");
+ } else if (link_status && pcie->ep_is_present)
+ /*
+ * ep_is_present makes sure, enumuration done only once.
+ * So it can handle spurious intrrupts, and also if we
+ * get multiple interrupts for all the implemented pins,
+ * we handle it only once.
+ */
+ dev_info(pcie->dev,
+ "PCI Hotplug: <device already present>\n");
+ else {
+ iproc_pcie_perst_ctrl(pcie, true);
+ pcie->ep_is_present = false;
+ dev_info(pcie->dev,
+ "PCI Hotplug: <device removed>\n");
+ }
+ return IRQ_HANDLED;
+}
+
+static int iproc_pci_hp_gpio_irq_get(struct iproc_pcie *pcie)
+{
+ struct gpio_descs *hp_gpiod;
+ struct device *dev = pcie->dev;
+ int i;
+
+ hp_gpiod = devm_gpiod_get_array(dev, "prsnt", GPIOD_IN);
+ if (PTR_ERR(hp_gpiod) == -EPROBE_DEFER)
+ return -EPROBE_DEFER;
+
+ if (!IS_ERR(hp_gpiod) && (hp_gpiod->ndescs > 0)) {
+ for (i = 0; i < hp_gpiod->ndescs; ++i) {
+ gpiod_direction_input(hp_gpiod->desc[i]);
+ if (request_threaded_irq(gpiod_to_irq
+ (hp_gpiod->desc[i]),
+ NULL, iproc_pci_hotplug_thread,
+ IRQF_TRIGGER_FALLING,
+ "PCI-hotplug", pcie))
+ dev_err(dev,
+ "PCI hotplug prsnt: request irq failed\n");
+ }
+ }
+ pcie->ep_is_present = false;
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
int iproc_pcie_setup(struct iproc_pcie *pcie, struct list_head *res)
{
struct device *dev;
int ret;
void *sysdata;
- struct pci_bus *child;
+ struct pci_bus *bus, *child;
struct pci_host_bridge *host = pci_host_bridge_from_priv(pcie);
+ bool link_not_active;

dev = pcie->dev;

@@ -1386,6 +1492,12 @@ int iproc_pcie_setup(struct iproc_pcie *pcie, struct list_head *res)
goto err_exit_phy;
}

+ if (pcie->enable_hotplug) {
+ ret = iproc_pci_hp_gpio_irq_get(pcie);
+ if (ret < 0)
+ return ret;
+ }
+
iproc_pcie_perst_ctrl(pcie, true);
iproc_pcie_perst_ctrl(pcie, false);

@@ -1408,8 +1520,16 @@ int iproc_pcie_setup(struct iproc_pcie *pcie, struct list_head *res)
sysdata = pcie;
#endif

- ret = iproc_pcie_check_link(pcie);
- if (ret) {
+ link_not_active = iproc_pcie_check_link(pcie);
+ if (link_not_active && pcie->enable_hotplug) {
+ /*
+ * When link is not active and PCI hotplug
+ * is supported, do not turn off phy, let probe
+ * go ahead.
+ */
+ dev_err(dev, "no PCIe EP device detected\n");
+ iproc_pcie_perst_ctrl(pcie, true);
+ } else if (link_not_active) {
dev_err(dev, "no PCIe EP device detected\n");
goto err_power_off_phy;
}
@@ -1420,24 +1540,34 @@ int iproc_pcie_setup(struct iproc_pcie *pcie, struct list_head *res)
if (iproc_pcie_msi_enable(pcie))
dev_info(dev, "not using iProc MSI\n");

- list_splice_init(res, &host->windows);
- host->busnr = 0;
- host->dev.parent = dev;
- host->ops = &iproc_pcie_ops;
- host->sysdata = sysdata;
- host->map_irq = pcie->map_irq;
- host->swizzle_irq = pci_common_swizzle;
+ if (!link_not_active) {
+ list_splice_init(res, &host->windows);
+ host->busnr = 0;
+ host->dev.parent = dev;
+ host->ops = &iproc_pcie_ops;
+ host->sysdata = sysdata;
+ host->map_irq = pcie->map_irq;
+ host->swizzle_irq = pci_common_swizzle;
+
+ ret = pci_scan_root_bus_bridge(host);
+ if (ret < 0) {
+ dev_err(dev, "failed to scan host: %d\n", ret);
+ goto err_power_off_phy;
+ }

- ret = pci_scan_root_bus_bridge(host);
- if (ret < 0) {
- dev_err(dev, "failed to scan host: %d\n", ret);
- goto err_power_off_phy;
+ pci_assign_unassigned_bus_resources(host->bus);
+ pcie->root_bus = host->bus;
+ } else {
+ bus = pci_create_root_bus(dev, 0,
+ &iproc_pcie_ops, sysdata, res);
+ if (!bus) {
+ dev_err(dev, "unable to create PCI root bus\n");
+ ret = -ENOMEM;
+ goto err_power_off_phy;
+ }
+ pcie->root_bus = bus;
}

- pci_assign_unassigned_bus_resources(host->bus);
-
- pcie->root_bus = host->bus;
-
list_for_each_entry(child, &host->bus->children, node)
pcie_bus_configure_settings(child);

diff --git a/drivers/pci/host/pcie-iproc.h b/drivers/pci/host/pcie-iproc.h
index a6b55ce..e5d0cd4 100644
--- a/drivers/pci/host/pcie-iproc.h
+++ b/drivers/pci/host/pcie-iproc.h
@@ -77,6 +77,10 @@ struct iproc_pcie_ib {
* @ib: inbound mapping related parameters
* @ib_map: outbound mapping region related parameters
*
+ * @enable_hotplug: indicates PCI hotplug feature is enabled
+ * @ep_is_present: when PCIe hotplug is enabled, this flag is used to
+ * indicate whether or not the endpoint device is present
+ *
* @need_msi_steer: indicates additional configuration of the iProc PCIe
* controller is required to steer MSI writes to external interrupt controller
* @msi: MSI data
@@ -104,6 +108,9 @@ struct iproc_pcie {
struct iproc_pcie_ib ib;
const struct iproc_pcie_ib_map *ib_map;

+ bool enable_hotplug;
+ bool ep_is_present;
+
bool need_msi_steer;
struct iproc_msi *msi;
};
--
1.9.1
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