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Subject[tip:x86/mm] x86/mm: Enable RCU based page table freeing (CONFIG_HAVE_RCU_TABLE_FREE=y)
Commit-ID:  9e52fc2b50de3a1c08b44f94c610fbe998c0031a
Gitweb: http://git.kernel.org/tip/9e52fc2b50de3a1c08b44f94c610fbe998c0031a
Author: Vitaly Kuznetsov <vkuznets@redhat.com>
AuthorDate: Mon, 28 Aug 2017 10:22:51 +0200
Committer: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
CommitDate: Thu, 31 Aug 2017 11:07:07 +0200

x86/mm: Enable RCU based page table freeing (CONFIG_HAVE_RCU_TABLE_FREE=y)

There's a subtle bug in how some of the paravirt guest code handles
page table freeing on x86:

On x86 software page table walkers depend on the fact that remote TLB flush
does an IPI: walk is performed lockless but with interrupts disabled and in
case the page table is freed the freeing CPU will get blocked as remote TLB
flush is required. On other architectures which don't require an IPI to do
remote TLB flush we have an RCU-based mechanism (see
include/asm-generic/tlb.h for more details).

In virtualized environments we may want to override the ->flush_tlb_others
callback in pv_mmu_ops and use a hypercall asking the hypervisor to do a
remote TLB flush for us. This breaks the assumption about IPIs. Xen PV has
been doing this for years and the upcoming remote TLB flush for Hyper-V will
do it too.

This is not safe, as software page table walkers may step on an already
freed page.

Fix the bug by enabling the RCU-based page table freeing mechanism,
CONFIG_HAVE_RCU_TABLE_FREE=y.

Testing with kernbench and mmap/munmap microbenchmarks, and neither showed
any noticeable performance impact.

Suggested-by: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Signed-off-by: Vitaly Kuznetsov <vkuznets@redhat.com>
Acked-by: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Acked-by: Juergen Gross <jgross@suse.com>
Acked-by: Kirill A. Shutemov <kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Andrew Cooper <andrew.cooper3@citrix.com>
Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@amacapital.net>
Cc: Boris Ostrovsky <boris.ostrovsky@oracle.com>
Cc: Jork Loeser <Jork.Loeser@microsoft.com>
Cc: KY Srinivasan <kys@microsoft.com>
Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Cc: Stephen Hemminger <sthemmin@microsoft.com>
Cc: Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: xen-devel@lists.xenproject.org
Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20170828082251.5562-1-vkuznets@redhat.com
[ Rewrote/fixed/clarified the changelog. ]
Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
---
arch/x86/Kconfig | 1 +
arch/x86/include/asm/tlb.h | 14 ++++++++++++++
arch/x86/mm/pgtable.c | 8 ++++----
3 files changed, 19 insertions(+), 4 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/x86/Kconfig b/arch/x86/Kconfig
index e4844e9..87e4472 100644
--- a/arch/x86/Kconfig
+++ b/arch/x86/Kconfig
@@ -167,6 +167,7 @@ config X86
select HAVE_HARDLOCKUP_DETECTOR_PERF if PERF_EVENTS && HAVE_PERF_EVENTS_NMI
select HAVE_PERF_REGS
select HAVE_PERF_USER_STACK_DUMP
+ select HAVE_RCU_TABLE_FREE
select HAVE_REGS_AND_STACK_ACCESS_API
select HAVE_RELIABLE_STACKTRACE if X86_64 && FRAME_POINTER && STACK_VALIDATION
select HAVE_STACK_VALIDATION if X86_64
diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/tlb.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/tlb.h
index c779730..79a4ca6 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/tlb.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/tlb.h
@@ -15,4 +15,18 @@

#include <asm-generic/tlb.h>

+/*
+ * While x86 architecture in general requires an IPI to perform TLB
+ * shootdown, enablement code for several hypervisors overrides
+ * .flush_tlb_others hook in pv_mmu_ops and implements it by issuing
+ * a hypercall. To keep software pagetable walkers safe in this case we
+ * switch to RCU based table free (HAVE_RCU_TABLE_FREE). See the comment
+ * below 'ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_RCU_TABLE_FREE' in include/asm-generic/tlb.h
+ * for more details.
+ */
+static inline void __tlb_remove_table(void *table)
+{
+ free_page_and_swap_cache(table);
+}
+
#endif /* _ASM_X86_TLB_H */
diff --git a/arch/x86/mm/pgtable.c b/arch/x86/mm/pgtable.c
index 508a708..218834a 100644
--- a/arch/x86/mm/pgtable.c
+++ b/arch/x86/mm/pgtable.c
@@ -56,7 +56,7 @@ void ___pte_free_tlb(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct page *pte)
{
pgtable_page_dtor(pte);
paravirt_release_pte(page_to_pfn(pte));
- tlb_remove_page(tlb, pte);
+ tlb_remove_table(tlb, pte);
}

#if CONFIG_PGTABLE_LEVELS > 2
@@ -72,21 +72,21 @@ void ___pmd_free_tlb(struct mmu_gather *tlb, pmd_t *pmd)
tlb->need_flush_all = 1;
#endif
pgtable_pmd_page_dtor(page);
- tlb_remove_page(tlb, page);
+ tlb_remove_table(tlb, page);
}

#if CONFIG_PGTABLE_LEVELS > 3
void ___pud_free_tlb(struct mmu_gather *tlb, pud_t *pud)
{
paravirt_release_pud(__pa(pud) >> PAGE_SHIFT);
- tlb_remove_page(tlb, virt_to_page(pud));
+ tlb_remove_table(tlb, virt_to_page(pud));
}

#if CONFIG_PGTABLE_LEVELS > 4
void ___p4d_free_tlb(struct mmu_gather *tlb, p4d_t *p4d)
{
paravirt_release_p4d(__pa(p4d) >> PAGE_SHIFT);
- tlb_remove_page(tlb, virt_to_page(p4d));
+ tlb_remove_table(tlb, virt_to_page(p4d));
}
#endif /* CONFIG_PGTABLE_LEVELS > 4 */
#endif /* CONFIG_PGTABLE_LEVELS > 3 */
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