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Subject[PATCH v2 01/13] ANDROID: binder: remove proc waitqueue
Date
Removes the process waitqueue, so that threads
can only wait on the thread waitqueue. Whenever
there is process work to do, pick a thread and
wake it up. Having the caller pick a thread is
helpful for things like priority inheritance.

This also fixes an issue with using epoll(),
since we no longer have to block on different
waitqueues.

Signed-off-by: Martijn Coenen <maco@android.com>
---
drivers/android/binder.c | 255 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++--------------
1 file changed, 181 insertions(+), 74 deletions(-)

diff --git a/drivers/android/binder.c b/drivers/android/binder.c
index ba9e613b42d6..56211d025c2d 100644
--- a/drivers/android/binder.c
+++ b/drivers/android/binder.c
@@ -28,10 +28,10 @@
* binder_node_lock() and binder_node_unlock() are
* used to acq/rel
* 3) proc->inner_lock : protects the thread and node lists
- * (proc->threads, proc->nodes) and all todo lists associated
- * with the binder_proc (proc->todo, thread->todo,
- * proc->delivered_death and node->async_todo), as well as
- * thread->transaction_stack
+ * (proc->threads, proc->waiting_threads, proc->nodes)
+ * and all todo lists associated with the binder_proc
+ * (proc->todo, thread->todo, proc->delivered_death and
+ * node->async_todo), as well as thread->transaction_stack
* binder_inner_proc_lock() and binder_inner_proc_unlock()
* are used to acq/rel
*
@@ -475,6 +475,8 @@ enum binder_deferred_state {
* (protected by @outer_lock)
* @refs_by_node: rbtree of refs ordered by ref->node
* (protected by @outer_lock)
+ * @waiting_threads: threads currently waiting for proc work
+ * (protected by @inner_lock)
* @pid PID of group_leader of process
* (invariant after initialized)
* @tsk task_struct for group_leader of process
@@ -504,8 +506,6 @@ enum binder_deferred_state {
* (protected by @inner_lock)
* @requested_threads_started: number binder threads started
* (protected by @inner_lock)
- * @ready_threads: number of threads waiting for proc work
- * (protected by @inner_lock)
* @tmp_ref: temporary reference to indicate proc is in use
* (protected by @inner_lock)
* @default_priority: default scheduler priority
@@ -526,6 +526,7 @@ struct binder_proc {
struct rb_root nodes;
struct rb_root refs_by_desc;
struct rb_root refs_by_node;
+ struct list_head waiting_threads;
int pid;
struct task_struct *tsk;
struct files_struct *files;
@@ -540,7 +541,6 @@ struct binder_proc {
int max_threads;
int requested_threads;
int requested_threads_started;
- int ready_threads;
int tmp_ref;
long default_priority;
struct dentry *debugfs_entry;
@@ -556,6 +556,7 @@ enum {
BINDER_LOOPER_STATE_EXITED = 0x04,
BINDER_LOOPER_STATE_INVALID = 0x08,
BINDER_LOOPER_STATE_WAITING = 0x10,
+ BINDER_LOOPER_STATE_POLL = 0x20,
};

/**
@@ -564,6 +565,8 @@ enum {
* (invariant after initialization)
* @rb_node: element for proc->threads rbtree
* (protected by @proc->inner_lock)
+ * @waiting_thread_node: element for @proc->waiting_threads list
+ * (protected by @proc->inner_lock)
* @pid: PID for this thread
* (invariant after initialization)
* @looper: bitmap of looping state
@@ -593,6 +596,7 @@ enum {
struct binder_thread {
struct binder_proc *proc;
struct rb_node rb_node;
+ struct list_head waiting_thread_node;
int pid;
int looper; /* only modified by this thread */
bool looper_need_return; /* can be written by other thread */
@@ -920,6 +924,86 @@ static long task_close_fd(struct binder_proc *proc, unsigned int fd)
return retval;
}

+static bool binder_has_work_ilocked(struct binder_thread *thread,
+ bool do_proc_work)
+{
+ return !binder_worklist_empty_ilocked(&thread->todo) ||
+ thread->looper_need_return ||
+ (do_proc_work &&
+ !binder_worklist_empty_ilocked(&thread->proc->todo));
+}
+
+static bool binder_has_work(struct binder_thread *thread, bool do_proc_work)
+{
+ bool has_work;
+
+ binder_inner_proc_lock(thread->proc);
+ has_work = binder_has_work_ilocked(thread, do_proc_work);
+ binder_inner_proc_unlock(thread->proc);
+
+ return has_work;
+}
+
+static bool binder_available_for_proc_work_ilocked(struct binder_thread *thread)
+{
+ return !thread->transaction_stack &&
+ binder_worklist_empty_ilocked(&thread->todo) &&
+ (thread->looper & (BINDER_LOOPER_STATE_ENTERED |
+ BINDER_LOOPER_STATE_REGISTERED));
+}
+
+static void binder_wakeup_poll_threads_ilocked(struct binder_proc *proc,
+ bool sync)
+{
+ struct rb_node *n;
+ struct binder_thread *thread;
+
+ for (n = rb_first(&proc->threads); n != NULL; n = rb_next(n)) {
+ thread = rb_entry(n, struct binder_thread, rb_node);
+ if (thread->looper & BINDER_LOOPER_STATE_POLL &&
+ binder_available_for_proc_work_ilocked(thread)) {
+ if (sync)
+ wake_up_interruptible_sync(&thread->wait);
+ else
+ wake_up_interruptible(&thread->wait);
+ }
+ }
+}
+
+static void binder_wakeup_proc_ilocked(struct binder_proc *proc, bool sync)
+{
+ struct binder_thread *thread;
+
+ BUG_ON(!spin_is_locked(&proc->inner_lock));
+ thread = list_first_entry_or_null(&proc->waiting_threads,
+ struct binder_thread,
+ waiting_thread_node);
+
+ if (thread) {
+ list_del_init(&thread->waiting_thread_node);
+ if (sync)
+ wake_up_interruptible_sync(&thread->wait);
+ else
+ wake_up_interruptible(&thread->wait);
+ return;
+ }
+
+ /* Didn't find a thread waiting for proc work; this can happen
+ * in two scenarios:
+ * 1. All threads are busy handling transactions
+ * In that case, one of those threads should call back into
+ * the kernel driver soon and pick up this work.
+ * 2. Threads are using the (e)poll interface, in which case
+ * they may be blocked on the waitqueue without having been
+ * added to waiting_threads. For this case, we just iterate
+ * over all threads not handling transaction work, and
+ * wake them all up. We wake all because we don't know whether
+ * a thread that called into (e)poll is handling non-binder
+ * work currently.
+ */
+ binder_wakeup_poll_threads_ilocked(proc, sync);
+}
+
static void binder_set_nice(long nice)
{
long min_nice;
@@ -1138,7 +1222,7 @@ static bool binder_dec_node_nilocked(struct binder_node *node,
if (proc && (node->has_strong_ref || node->has_weak_ref)) {
if (list_empty(&node->work.entry)) {
binder_enqueue_work_ilocked(&node->work, &proc->todo);
- wake_up_interruptible(&node->proc->wait);
+ binder_wakeup_proc_ilocked(proc, false);
}
} else {
if (hlist_empty(&node->refs) && !node->local_strong_refs &&
@@ -2399,7 +2483,6 @@ static void binder_transaction(struct binder_proc *proc,
struct binder_thread *target_thread = NULL;
struct binder_node *target_node = NULL;
struct list_head *target_list;
- wait_queue_head_t *target_wait;
struct binder_transaction *in_reply_to = NULL;
struct binder_transaction_log_entry *e;
uint32_t return_error = 0;
@@ -2409,6 +2492,7 @@ static void binder_transaction(struct binder_proc *proc,
binder_size_t last_fixup_min_off = 0;
struct binder_context *context = proc->context;
int t_debug_id = atomic_inc_return(&binder_last_id);
+ bool wakeup_for_proc_work = false;

e = binder_transaction_log_add(&binder_transaction_log);
e->debug_id = t_debug_id;
@@ -2572,10 +2656,9 @@ static void binder_transaction(struct binder_proc *proc,
if (target_thread) {
e->to_thread = target_thread->pid;
target_list = &target_thread->todo;
- target_wait = &target_thread->wait;
} else {
target_list = &target_proc->todo;
- target_wait = &target_proc->wait;
+ wakeup_for_proc_work = true;
}
e->to_proc = target_proc->pid;

@@ -2882,7 +2965,7 @@ static void binder_transaction(struct binder_proc *proc,
binder_node_lock(target_node);
if (target_node->has_async_transaction) {
target_list = &target_node->async_todo;
- target_wait = NULL;
+ wakeup_for_proc_work = false;
} else
target_node->has_async_transaction = 1;
/*
@@ -2901,11 +2984,13 @@ static void binder_transaction(struct binder_proc *proc,
binder_inner_proc_unlock(target_proc);
binder_node_unlock(target_node);
}
- if (target_wait) {
- if (reply || !(tr->flags & TF_ONE_WAY))
- wake_up_interruptible_sync(target_wait);
- else
- wake_up_interruptible(target_wait);
+ if (target_thread) {
+ wake_up_interruptible_sync(&target_thread->wait);
+ } else if (wakeup_for_proc_work) {
+ binder_inner_proc_lock(target_proc);
+ binder_wakeup_proc_ilocked(target_proc,
+ !(tr->flags & TF_ONE_WAY));
+ binder_inner_proc_unlock(target_proc);
}
if (target_thread)
binder_thread_dec_tmpref(target_thread);
@@ -3345,12 +3430,14 @@ static int binder_thread_write(struct binder_proc *proc,
&ref->death->work,
&thread->todo);
else {
- binder_enqueue_work(
- proc,
+ binder_inner_proc_lock(proc);
+ binder_enqueue_work_ilocked(
&ref->death->work,
&proc->todo);
- wake_up_interruptible(
- &proc->wait);
+ binder_wakeup_proc_ilocked(
+ proc,
+ false);
+ binder_inner_proc_unlock(proc);
}
}
} else {
@@ -3385,8 +3472,9 @@ static int binder_thread_write(struct binder_proc *proc,
binder_enqueue_work_ilocked(
&death->work,
&proc->todo);
- wake_up_interruptible(
- &proc->wait);
+ binder_wakeup_proc_ilocked(
+ proc,
+ false);
}
} else {
BUG_ON(death->work.type != BINDER_WORK_DEAD_BINDER);
@@ -3441,7 +3529,8 @@ static int binder_thread_write(struct binder_proc *proc,
binder_enqueue_work_ilocked(
&death->work,
&proc->todo);
- wake_up_interruptible(&proc->wait);
+ binder_wakeup_proc_ilocked(
+ proc, false);
}
}
binder_inner_proc_unlock(proc);
@@ -3468,13 +3557,6 @@ static void binder_stat_br(struct binder_proc *proc,
}
}

-static int binder_has_proc_work(struct binder_proc *proc,
- struct binder_thread *thread)
-{
- return !binder_worklist_empty(proc, &proc->todo) ||
- thread->looper_need_return;
-}
-
static int binder_has_thread_work(struct binder_thread *thread)
{
return !binder_worklist_empty(thread->proc, &thread->todo) ||
@@ -3512,6 +3594,38 @@ static int binder_put_node_cmd(struct binder_proc *proc,
return 0;
}

+static int binder_wait_for_work(struct binder_thread *thread,
+ bool do_proc_work)
+{
+ DEFINE_WAIT(wait);
+ struct binder_proc *proc = thread->proc;
+ int ret = 0;
+
+ freezer_do_not_count();
+ binder_inner_proc_lock(proc);
+ for (;;) {
+ prepare_to_wait(&thread->wait, &wait, TASK_INTERRUPTIBLE);
+ if (binder_has_work_ilocked(thread, do_proc_work))
+ break;
+ if (do_proc_work)
+ list_add(&thread->waiting_thread_node,
+ &proc->waiting_threads);
+ binder_inner_proc_unlock(proc);
+ schedule();
+ binder_inner_proc_lock(proc);
+ list_del_init(&thread->waiting_thread_node);
+ if (signal_pending(current)) {
+ ret = -ERESTARTSYS;
+ break;
+ }
+ }
+ finish_wait(&thread->wait, &wait);
+ binder_inner_proc_unlock(proc);
+ freezer_count();
+
+ return ret;
+}
+
static int binder_thread_read(struct binder_proc *proc,
struct binder_thread *thread,
binder_uintptr_t binder_buffer, size_t size,
@@ -3532,10 +3646,7 @@ static int binder_thread_read(struct binder_proc *proc,

retry:
binder_inner_proc_lock(proc);
- wait_for_proc_work = thread->transaction_stack == NULL &&
- binder_worklist_empty_ilocked(&thread->todo);
- if (wait_for_proc_work)
- proc->ready_threads++;
+ wait_for_proc_work = binder_available_for_proc_work_ilocked(thread);
binder_inner_proc_unlock(proc);

thread->looper |= BINDER_LOOPER_STATE_WAITING;
@@ -3552,23 +3663,15 @@ static int binder_thread_read(struct binder_proc *proc,
binder_stop_on_user_error < 2);
}
binder_set_nice(proc->default_priority);
- if (non_block) {
- if (!binder_has_proc_work(proc, thread))
- ret = -EAGAIN;
- } else
- ret = wait_event_freezable_exclusive(proc->wait, binder_has_proc_work(proc, thread));
+ }
+
+ if (non_block) {
+ if (!binder_has_work(thread, wait_for_proc_work))
+ ret = -EAGAIN;
} else {
- if (non_block) {
- if (!binder_has_thread_work(thread))
- ret = -EAGAIN;
- } else
- ret = wait_event_freezable(thread->wait, binder_has_thread_work(thread));
+ ret = binder_wait_for_work(thread, wait_for_proc_work);
}

- binder_inner_proc_lock(proc);
- if (wait_for_proc_work)
- proc->ready_threads--;
- binder_inner_proc_unlock(proc);
thread->looper &= ~BINDER_LOOPER_STATE_WAITING;

if (ret)
@@ -3854,7 +3957,8 @@ static int binder_thread_read(struct binder_proc *proc,

*consumed = ptr - buffer;
binder_inner_proc_lock(proc);
- if (proc->requested_threads + proc->ready_threads == 0 &&
+ if (proc->requested_threads == 0 &&
+ list_empty(&thread->proc->waiting_threads) &&
proc->requested_threads_started < proc->max_threads &&
(thread->looper & (BINDER_LOOPER_STATE_REGISTERED |
BINDER_LOOPER_STATE_ENTERED)) /* the user-space code fails to */
@@ -3965,7 +4069,7 @@ static struct binder_thread *binder_get_thread_ilocked(
thread->return_error.cmd = BR_OK;
thread->reply_error.work.type = BINDER_WORK_RETURN_ERROR;
thread->reply_error.cmd = BR_OK;
-
+ INIT_LIST_HEAD(&new_thread->waiting_thread_node);
return thread;
}

@@ -4078,28 +4182,24 @@ static unsigned int binder_poll(struct file *filp,
{
struct binder_proc *proc = filp->private_data;
struct binder_thread *thread = NULL;
- int wait_for_proc_work;
+ bool wait_for_proc_work;

thread = binder_get_thread(proc);

binder_inner_proc_lock(thread->proc);
- wait_for_proc_work = thread->transaction_stack == NULL &&
- binder_worklist_empty_ilocked(&thread->todo);
+ thread->looper |= BINDER_LOOPER_STATE_POLL;
+ wait_for_proc_work = binder_available_for_proc_work_ilocked(thread);
+
binder_inner_proc_unlock(thread->proc);

- if (wait_for_proc_work) {
- if (binder_has_proc_work(proc, thread))
- return POLLIN;
- poll_wait(filp, &proc->wait, wait);
- if (binder_has_proc_work(proc, thread))
- return POLLIN;
- } else {
- if (binder_has_thread_work(thread))
- return POLLIN;
- poll_wait(filp, &thread->wait, wait);
- if (binder_has_thread_work(thread))
- return POLLIN;
- }
+ if (binder_has_work(thread, wait_for_proc_work))
+ return POLLIN;
+
+ poll_wait(filp, &thread->wait, wait);
+
+ if (binder_has_thread_work(thread))
+ return POLLIN;
+
return 0;
}

@@ -4146,8 +4246,10 @@ static int binder_ioctl_write_read(struct file *filp,
&bwr.read_consumed,
filp->f_flags & O_NONBLOCK);
trace_binder_read_done(ret);
- if (!binder_worklist_empty(proc, &proc->todo))
- wake_up_interruptible(&proc->wait);
+ binder_inner_proc_lock(proc);
+ if (!binder_worklist_empty_ilocked(&proc->todo))
+ binder_wakeup_proc_ilocked(proc, false);
+ binder_inner_proc_unlock(proc);
if (ret < 0) {
if (copy_to_user(ubuf, &bwr, sizeof(bwr)))
ret = -EFAULT;
@@ -4389,7 +4491,6 @@ static int binder_open(struct inode *nodp, struct file *filp)
get_task_struct(current->group_leader);
proc->tsk = current->group_leader;
INIT_LIST_HEAD(&proc->todo);
- init_waitqueue_head(&proc->wait);
proc->default_priority = task_nice(current);
binder_dev = container_of(filp->private_data, struct binder_device,
miscdev);
@@ -4399,6 +4500,7 @@ static int binder_open(struct inode *nodp, struct file *filp)
binder_stats_created(BINDER_STAT_PROC);
proc->pid = current->group_leader->pid;
INIT_LIST_HEAD(&proc->delivered_death);
+ INIT_LIST_HEAD(&proc->waiting_threads);
filp->private_data = proc;

mutex_lock(&binder_procs_lock);
@@ -4450,7 +4552,6 @@ static void binder_deferred_flush(struct binder_proc *proc)
}
}
binder_inner_proc_unlock(proc);
- wake_up_interruptible_all(&proc->wait);

binder_debug(BINDER_DEBUG_OPEN_CLOSE,
"binder_flush: %d woke %d threads\n", proc->pid,
@@ -4519,7 +4620,7 @@ static int binder_node_release(struct binder_node *node, int refs)
ref->death->work.type = BINDER_WORK_DEAD_BINDER;
binder_enqueue_work_ilocked(&ref->death->work,
&ref->proc->todo);
- wake_up_interruptible(&ref->proc->wait);
+ binder_wakeup_proc_ilocked(ref->proc, false);
binder_inner_proc_unlock(ref->proc);
}

@@ -5007,23 +5108,29 @@ static void print_binder_proc_stats(struct seq_file *m,
struct binder_proc *proc)
{
struct binder_work *w;
+ struct binder_thread *thread;
struct rb_node *n;
- int count, strong, weak;
+ int count, strong, weak, ready_threads;
size_t free_async_space =
binder_alloc_get_free_async_space(&proc->alloc);

seq_printf(m, "proc %d\n", proc->pid);
seq_printf(m, "context %s\n", proc->context->name);
count = 0;
+ ready_threads = 0;
binder_inner_proc_lock(proc);
for (n = rb_first(&proc->threads); n != NULL; n = rb_next(n))
count++;
+
+ list_for_each_entry(thread, &proc->waiting_threads, waiting_thread_node)
+ ready_threads++;
+
seq_printf(m, " threads: %d\n", count);
seq_printf(m, " requested threads: %d+%d/%d\n"
" ready threads %d\n"
" free async space %zd\n", proc->requested_threads,
proc->requested_threads_started, proc->max_threads,
- proc->ready_threads,
+ ready_threads,
free_async_space);
count = 0;
for (n = rb_first(&proc->nodes); n != NULL; n = rb_next(n))
--
2.14.1.581.gf28d330327-goog
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