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Subject[patch 17/29] lockup_detector: Get rid of the thread teardown/setup dance
The lockup detector reconfiguration tears down all watchdog threads when
the watchdog is disabled and sets them up again when its enabled.

That's a pointless exercise. The watchdog threads are not consuming an
insane amount of resources, so it's enough to set them up at init time and
keep them in parked position when the watchdog is disabled and unpark them
when it is reenabled. The smpboot thread infrastructure takes care of
keeping the force parked threads in place even across cpu hotplug.

Aside of that the code implements the park/unpark facility of smp hotplug
threads on its own, which is even more pointless. We have functionality in
the smpboot thread code to do so.

Use the new thread management functions and get rid of the unholy mess.

Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
---
kernel/watchdog.c | 190 +++++-------------------------------------------------
1 file changed, 19 insertions(+), 171 deletions(-)

--- a/kernel/watchdog.c
+++ b/kernel/watchdog.c
@@ -92,13 +92,6 @@ struct cpumask watchdog_cpumask __read_m
unsigned long *watchdog_cpumask_bits = cpumask_bits(&watchdog_cpumask);

/*
- * The 'watchdog_running' variable is set to 1 when the watchdog threads
- * are registered/started and is set to 0 when the watchdog threads are
- * unregistered/stopped, so it is an indicator whether the threads exist.
- */
-static int __read_mostly watchdog_running;
-
-/*
* These functions can be overridden if an architecture implements its
* own hardlockup detector.
*
@@ -123,10 +116,6 @@ void __weak watchdog_nmi_reconfigure(voi

#ifdef CONFIG_SOFTLOCKUP_DETECTOR

-/* Helper for online, unparked cpus. */
-#define for_each_watchdog_cpu(cpu) \
- for_each_cpu_and((cpu), cpu_online_mask, &watchdog_cpumask)
-
/* Global variables, exported for sysctl */
unsigned int __read_mostly softlockup_panic =
CONFIG_BOOTPARAM_SOFTLOCKUP_PANIC_VALUE;
@@ -252,11 +241,15 @@ void touch_all_softlockup_watchdogs(void
int cpu;

/*
- * this is done lockless
- * do we care if a 0 races with a timestamp?
- * all it means is the softlock check starts one cycle later
+ * watchdog_mutex cannpt be taken here, as this might be called
+ * from (soft)interrupt context, so the access to
+ * watchdog_allowed_cpumask might race with a concurrent update.
+ *
+ * The watchdog time stamp can race against a concurrent real
+ * update as well, the only side effect might be a cycle delay for
+ * the softlockup check.
*/
- for_each_watchdog_cpu(cpu)
+ for_each_cpu(cpu, &watchdog_allowed_mask)
per_cpu(watchdog_touch_ts, cpu) = 0;
wq_watchdog_touch(-1);
}
@@ -296,9 +289,6 @@ static void watchdog_interrupt_count(voi
__this_cpu_inc(hrtimer_interrupts);
}

-static int watchdog_enable_all_cpus(void);
-static void watchdog_disable_all_cpus(void);
-
/* watchdog kicker functions */
static enum hrtimer_restart watchdog_timer_fn(struct hrtimer *hrtimer)
{
@@ -492,95 +482,6 @@ static struct smp_hotplug_thread watchdo
.unpark = watchdog_enable,
};

-/*
- * park all watchdog threads that are specified in 'watchdog_cpumask'
- *
- * This function returns an error if kthread_park() of a watchdog thread
- * fails. In this situation, the watchdog threads of some CPUs can already
- * be parked and the watchdog threads of other CPUs can still be runnable.
- * Callers are expected to handle this special condition as appropriate in
- * their context.
- *
- * This function may only be called in a context that is protected against
- * races with CPU hotplug - for example, via get_online_cpus().
- */
-static int watchdog_park_threads(void)
-{
- int cpu, ret = 0;
-
- for_each_watchdog_cpu(cpu) {
- ret = kthread_park(per_cpu(softlockup_watchdog, cpu));
- if (ret)
- break;
- }
- return ret;
-}
-
-/*
- * unpark all watchdog threads that are specified in 'watchdog_cpumask'
- *
- * This function may only be called in a context that is protected against
- * races with CPU hotplug - for example, via get_online_cpus().
- */
-static void watchdog_unpark_threads(void)
-{
- int cpu;
-
- for_each_watchdog_cpu(cpu)
- kthread_unpark(per_cpu(softlockup_watchdog, cpu));
-}
-
-static int update_watchdog_all_cpus(void)
-{
- int ret;
-
- ret = watchdog_park_threads();
- if (ret)
- return ret;
-
- watchdog_unpark_threads();
-
- return 0;
-}
-
-static int watchdog_enable_all_cpus(void)
-{
- int err = 0;
-
- if (!watchdog_running) {
- err = smpboot_register_percpu_thread_cpumask(&watchdog_threads,
- &watchdog_cpumask);
- if (err)
- pr_err("Failed to create watchdog threads, disabled\n");
- else
- watchdog_running = 1;
- } else {
- /*
- * Enable/disable the lockup detectors or
- * change the sample period 'on the fly'.
- */
- err = update_watchdog_all_cpus();
-
- if (err) {
- watchdog_disable_all_cpus();
- pr_err("Failed to update lockup detectors, disabled\n");
- }
- }
-
- if (err)
- watchdog_enabled = 0;
-
- return err;
-}
-
-static void watchdog_disable_all_cpus(void)
-{
- if (watchdog_running) {
- watchdog_running = 0;
- smpboot_unregister_percpu_thread(&watchdog_threads);
- }
-}
-
static void softlockup_update_smpboot_threads(void)
{
lockdep_assert_held(&watchdog_mutex);
@@ -655,7 +556,6 @@ static inline int watchdog_park_threads(
static inline void watchdog_unpark_threads(void) { }
static inline int watchdog_enable_all_cpus(void) { return 0; }
static inline void watchdog_disable_all_cpus(void) { }
-static inline void set_sample_period(void) { }
static inline void softlockup_init_threads(void) { }
static inline void softlockup_update_threads(void) { }
static inline void softlockup_reconfigure_threads(bool enabled) { }
@@ -695,28 +595,10 @@ void lockup_detector_soft_poweroff(void)
/*
* Update the run state of the lockup detectors.
*/
-static int proc_watchdog_update(void)
+static void proc_watchdog_update(void)
{
- int err = 0;
-
- /*
- * Watchdog threads won't be started if they are already active.
- * The 'watchdog_running' variable in watchdog_*_all_cpus() takes
- * care of this. If those threads are already active, the sample
- * period will be updated and the lockup detectors will be enabled
- * or disabled 'on the fly'.
- */
- if (watchdog_enabled && watchdog_thresh)
- err = watchdog_enable_all_cpus();
- else
- watchdog_disable_all_cpus();
-
+ softlockup_reconfigure_threads(watchdog_enabled && watchdog_thresh);
watchdog_nmi_reconfigure();
-
- __lockup_detector_cleanup();
-
- return err;
-
}

/*
@@ -772,17 +654,8 @@ static int proc_watchdog_common(int whic
new = old & ~which;
} while (cmpxchg(&watchdog_enabled, old, new) != old);

- /*
- * Update the run state of the lockup detectors. There is _no_
- * need to check the value returned by proc_watchdog_update()
- * and to restore the previous value of 'watchdog_enabled' as
- * both lockup detectors are disabled if proc_watchdog_update()
- * returns an error.
- */
- if (old == new)
- goto out;
-
- err = proc_watchdog_update();
+ if (old != new)
+ proc_watchdog_update();
}
out:
mutex_unlock(&watchdog_mutex);
@@ -826,50 +699,28 @@ int proc_soft_watchdog(struct ctl_table
int proc_watchdog_thresh(struct ctl_table *table, int write,
void __user *buffer, size_t *lenp, loff_t *ppos)
{
- int err, old, new;
+ int err, old;

cpu_hotplug_disable();
mutex_lock(&watchdog_mutex);

- old = ACCESS_ONCE(watchdog_thresh);
+ old = READ_ONCE(watchdog_thresh);
err = proc_dointvec_minmax(table, write, buffer, lenp, ppos);

- if (err || !write)
- goto out;
+ if (!err && write && old != READ_ONCE(watchdog_thresh))
+ proc_watchdog_update();

- /*
- * Update the sample period. Restore on failure.
- */
- new = ACCESS_ONCE(watchdog_thresh);
- if (old == new)
- goto out;
-
- set_sample_period();
- err = proc_watchdog_update();
- if (err) {
- watchdog_thresh = old;
- set_sample_period();
- }
-out:
mutex_unlock(&watchdog_mutex);
cpu_hotplug_enable();
return err;
}

-static void watchdog_update_cpus(void)
-{
- if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_SOFTLOCKUP_DETECTOR) && watchdog_running) {
- smpboot_update_cpumask_percpu_thread(&watchdog_threads,
- &watchdog_cpumask);
- __lockup_detector_cleanup();
- }
-}
-
static void proc_watchdog_cpumask_update(void)
{
/* Remove impossible cpus to keep sysctl output clean. */
cpumask_and(&watchdog_cpumask, &watchdog_cpumask, cpu_possible_mask);
- watchdog_update_cpus();
+
+ softlockup_update_threads();
watchdog_nmi_reconfigure();
}

@@ -899,8 +750,6 @@ int proc_watchdog_cpumask(struct ctl_tab

void __init lockup_detector_init(void)
{
- set_sample_period();
-
#ifdef CONFIG_NO_HZ_FULL
if (tick_nohz_full_enabled()) {
pr_info("Disabling watchdog on nohz_full cores by default\n");
@@ -911,6 +760,5 @@ void __init lockup_detector_init(void)
cpumask_copy(&watchdog_cpumask, cpu_possible_mask);
#endif

- if (watchdog_enabled)
- watchdog_enable_all_cpus();
+ softlockup_init_threads();
}

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