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SubjectRe: [v2 1/1] mm: discard memblock data later
[CC Andrew]

On Fri 11-08-17 17:05:54, Pavel Tatashin wrote:
> There is existing use after free bug when deferred struct pages are
> enabled:
>
> The memblock_add() allocates memory for the memory array if more than
> 128 entries are needed. See comment in e820__memblock_setup():
>
> * The bootstrap memblock region count maximum is 128 entries
> * (INIT_MEMBLOCK_REGIONS), but EFI might pass us more E820 entries
> * than that - so allow memblock resizing.
>
> This memblock memory is freed here:
> free_low_memory_core_early()
>
> We access the freed memblock.memory later in boot when deferred pages are
> initialized in this path:
>
> deferred_init_memmap()
> for_each_mem_pfn_range()
> __next_mem_pfn_range()
> type = &memblock.memory;
>
> One possible explanation for why this use-after-free hasn't been hit
> before is that the limit of INIT_MEMBLOCK_REGIONS has never been exceeded
> at least on systems where deferred struct pages were enabled.
>
> Tested by reducing INIT_MEMBLOCK_REGIONS down to 4 from the current 128,
> and verifying in qemu that this code is getting excuted and that the freed
> pages are sane.
>
> Fixes: 7e18adb4f80b ("mm: meminit: initialise remaining struct pages in parallel with kswapd")
> Signed-off-by: Pavel Tatashin <pasha.tatashin@oracle.com>
> Reviewed-by: Steven Sistare <steven.sistare@oracle.com>
> Reviewed-by: Daniel Jordan <daniel.m.jordan@oracle.com>
> Reviewed-by: Bob Picco <bob.picco@oracle.com>
> Acked-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>

As already mentioned I believe Cc: stable is reasonable.
> ---
> include/linux/memblock.h | 6 ++++--
> mm/memblock.c | 38 +++++++++++++++++---------------------
> mm/nobootmem.c | 16 ----------------
> mm/page_alloc.c | 4 ++++
> 4 files changed, 25 insertions(+), 39 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/include/linux/memblock.h b/include/linux/memblock.h
> index 77d427974f57..bae11c7e7bf3 100644
> --- a/include/linux/memblock.h
> +++ b/include/linux/memblock.h
> @@ -61,6 +61,7 @@ extern int memblock_debug;
> #ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_DISCARD_MEMBLOCK
> #define __init_memblock __meminit
> #define __initdata_memblock __meminitdata
> +void memblock_discard(void);
> #else
> #define __init_memblock
> #define __initdata_memblock
> @@ -74,8 +75,6 @@ phys_addr_t memblock_find_in_range_node(phys_addr_t size, phys_addr_t align,
> int nid, ulong flags);
> phys_addr_t memblock_find_in_range(phys_addr_t start, phys_addr_t end,
> phys_addr_t size, phys_addr_t align);
> -phys_addr_t get_allocated_memblock_reserved_regions_info(phys_addr_t *addr);
> -phys_addr_t get_allocated_memblock_memory_regions_info(phys_addr_t *addr);
> void memblock_allow_resize(void);
> int memblock_add_node(phys_addr_t base, phys_addr_t size, int nid);
> int memblock_add(phys_addr_t base, phys_addr_t size);
> @@ -110,6 +109,9 @@ void __next_mem_range_rev(u64 *idx, int nid, ulong flags,
> void __next_reserved_mem_region(u64 *idx, phys_addr_t *out_start,
> phys_addr_t *out_end);
>
> +void __memblock_free_early(phys_addr_t base, phys_addr_t size);
> +void __memblock_free_late(phys_addr_t base, phys_addr_t size);
> +
> /**
> * for_each_mem_range - iterate through memblock areas from type_a and not
> * included in type_b. Or just type_a if type_b is NULL.
> diff --git a/mm/memblock.c b/mm/memblock.c
> index 2cb25fe4452c..bf14aea6ab70 100644
> --- a/mm/memblock.c
> +++ b/mm/memblock.c
> @@ -285,31 +285,27 @@ static void __init_memblock memblock_remove_region(struct memblock_type *type, u
> }
>
> #ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_DISCARD_MEMBLOCK
> -
> -phys_addr_t __init_memblock get_allocated_memblock_reserved_regions_info(
> - phys_addr_t *addr)
> -{
> - if (memblock.reserved.regions == memblock_reserved_init_regions)
> - return 0;
> -
> - *addr = __pa(memblock.reserved.regions);
> -
> - return PAGE_ALIGN(sizeof(struct memblock_region) *
> - memblock.reserved.max);
> -}
> -
> -phys_addr_t __init_memblock get_allocated_memblock_memory_regions_info(
> - phys_addr_t *addr)
> +/**
> + * Discard memory and reserved arrays if they were allocated
> + */
> +void __init memblock_discard(void)
> {
> - if (memblock.memory.regions == memblock_memory_init_regions)
> - return 0;
> + phys_addr_t addr, size;
>
> - *addr = __pa(memblock.memory.regions);
> + if (memblock.reserved.regions != memblock_reserved_init_regions) {
> + addr = __pa(memblock.reserved.regions);
> + size = PAGE_ALIGN(sizeof(struct memblock_region) *
> + memblock.reserved.max);
> + __memblock_free_late(addr, size);
> + }
>
> - return PAGE_ALIGN(sizeof(struct memblock_region) *
> - memblock.memory.max);
> + if (memblock.memory.regions == memblock_memory_init_regions) {
> + addr = __pa(memblock.memory.regions);
> + size = PAGE_ALIGN(sizeof(struct memblock_region) *
> + memblock.memory.max);
> + __memblock_free_late(addr, size);
> + }
> }
> -
> #endif
>
> /**
> diff --git a/mm/nobootmem.c b/mm/nobootmem.c
> index 36454d0f96ee..3637809a18d0 100644
> --- a/mm/nobootmem.c
> +++ b/mm/nobootmem.c
> @@ -146,22 +146,6 @@ static unsigned long __init free_low_memory_core_early(void)
> NULL)
> count += __free_memory_core(start, end);
>
> -#ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_DISCARD_MEMBLOCK
> - {
> - phys_addr_t size;
> -
> - /* Free memblock.reserved array if it was allocated */
> - size = get_allocated_memblock_reserved_regions_info(&start);
> - if (size)
> - count += __free_memory_core(start, start + size);
> -
> - /* Free memblock.memory array if it was allocated */
> - size = get_allocated_memblock_memory_regions_info(&start);
> - if (size)
> - count += __free_memory_core(start, start + size);
> - }
> -#endif
> -
> return count;
> }
>
> diff --git a/mm/page_alloc.c b/mm/page_alloc.c
> index fc32aa81f359..63d16c185736 100644
> --- a/mm/page_alloc.c
> +++ b/mm/page_alloc.c
> @@ -1584,6 +1584,10 @@ void __init page_alloc_init_late(void)
> /* Reinit limits that are based on free pages after the kernel is up */
> files_maxfiles_init();
> #endif
> +#ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_DISCARD_MEMBLOCK
> + /* Discard memblock private memory */
> + memblock_discard();
> +#endif
>
> for_each_populated_zone(zone)
> set_zone_contiguous(zone);
> --
> 2.14.0

--
Michal Hocko
SUSE Labs

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