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SubjectRe: [v4 4/4] mm, oom, docs: describe the cgroup-aware OOM killer
On Tue, Aug 08, 2017 at 04:24:32PM -0700, David Rientjes wrote:
> On Wed, 26 Jul 2017, Roman Gushchin wrote:
>
> > +Cgroup-aware OOM Killer
> > +~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
> > +
> > +Cgroup v2 memory controller implements a cgroup-aware OOM killer.
> > +It means that it treats memory cgroups as first class OOM entities.
> > +
> > +Under OOM conditions the memory controller tries to make the best
> > +choise of a victim, hierarchically looking for the largest memory
> > +consumer. By default, it will look for the biggest task in the
> > +biggest leaf cgroup.
> > +
> > +Be default, all cgroups have oom_priority 0, and OOM killer will
> > +chose the largest cgroup recursively on each level. For non-root
> > +cgroups it's possible to change the oom_priority, and it will cause
> > +the OOM killer to look athe the priority value first, and compare
> > +sizes only of cgroups with equal priority.
> > +
> > +But a user can change this behavior by enabling the per-cgroup
> > +oom_kill_all_tasks option. If set, it causes the OOM killer treat
> > +the whole cgroup as an indivisible memory consumer. In case if it's
> > +selected as on OOM victim, all belonging tasks will be killed.
> > +
> > +Tasks in the root cgroup are treated as independent memory consumers,
> > +and are compared with other memory consumers (e.g. leaf cgroups).
> > +The root cgroup doesn't support the oom_kill_all_tasks feature.
> > +
> > +This affects both system- and cgroup-wide OOMs. For a cgroup-wide OOM
> > +the memory controller considers only cgroups belonging to the sub-tree
> > +of the OOM'ing cgroup.
> > +
> > IO
> > --
>
> Thanks very much for following through with this.
>
> As described in http://marc.info/?l=linux-kernel&m=149980660611610 this is
> very similar to what we do for priority based oom killing.
>
> I'm wondering your comments on extending it one step further, however:
> include process priority as part of the selection rather than simply memcg
> priority.
>
> memory.oom_priority will dictate which memcg the kill will originate from,
> but processes have no ability to specify that they should actually be
> killed as opposed to a leaf memcg. I'm not sure how important this is for
> your usecase, but we have found it useful to be able to specify process
> priority as part of the decisionmaking.
>
> At each level of consideration, we simply kill a process with lower
> /proc/pid/oom_priority if there are no memcgs with a lower
> memory.oom_priority. This allows us to define the exact process that will
> be oom killed, absent oom_kill_all_tasks, and not require that the process
> be attached to leaf memcg. Most notably these are processes that are best
> effort: stats collection, logging, etc.

I'm focused on cgroup v2 interface, that means, that there are no processes
belonging to non-leaf cgroups. So, cgroups are compared only with root-cgroup
processes, and I'm not sure we really need a way to prioritize them.

>
> Do you think it would be helpful to introduce per-process oom priority as
> well?

I'm not against per-process oom_priority, and it might be a good idea
to replace the existing oom_score_adj with it at some point. I might be wrong,
but I think users mostly using the extereme oom_score_adj values;
no one really needs the tiebreaking based on some percentages
of the total memory. And oom_priority will be just a simpler and more clear
way to express the same intention.

But it's not directly related to this patchset, and it's more arguable,
so I think it can be done later.

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