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SubjectRe: [PATCH v2] mm/page_alloc: Wait for oom_lock before retrying.
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Michal Hocko wrote:
> On Sun 16-07-17 19:59:51, Tetsuo Handa wrote:
> > Since the whole memory reclaim path has never been designed to handle the
> > scheduling priority inversions, those locations which are assuming that
> > execution of some code path shall eventually complete without using
> > synchronization mechanisms can get stuck (livelock) due to scheduling
> > priority inversions, for CPU time is not guaranteed to be yielded to some
> > thread doing such code path.
> >
> > mutex_trylock() in __alloc_pages_may_oom() (waiting for oom_lock) and
> > schedule_timeout_killable(1) in out_of_memory() (already held oom_lock) is
> > one of such locations, and it was demonstrated using artificial stressing
> > that the system gets stuck effectively forever because SCHED_IDLE priority
> > thread is unable to resume execution at schedule_timeout_killable(1) if
> > a lot of !SCHED_IDLE priority threads are wasting CPU time [1].
> >
> > To solve this problem properly, complete redesign and rewrite of the whole
> > memory reclaim path will be needed. But we are not going to think about
> > reimplementing the the whole stack (at least for foreseeable future).
> >
> > Thus, this patch workarounds livelock by forcibly yielding enough CPU time
> > to the thread holding oom_lock by using mutex_lock_killable() mechanism,
> > so that the OOM killer/reaper can use CPU time yielded by this patch.
> > Of course, this patch does not help if the cause of lack of CPU time is
> > somewhere else (e.g. executing CPU intensive computation with very high
> > scheduling priority), but that is not fault of this patch.
> > This patch only manages not to lockup if the cause of lack of CPU time is
> > direct reclaim storm wasting CPU time without making any progress while
> > waiting for oom_lock.
>
> I have to think about this some more. Hitting much more on the oom_lock
> is a problem while __oom_reap_task_mm still depends on the oom_lock. With
> http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20170626130346.26314-1-mhocko@kernel.org it
> doesn't do anymore.

I suggested preserving oom_lock serialization when setting MMF_OOM_SKIP in
reply to that post (unless we use some trick for force calling
get_page_from_freelist() after confirming that there is no !MMF_OOM_SKIP mm).

>
> Also this whole reasoning is little bit dubious to me. The whole reclaim
> stack might still preempt the holder of the lock so you are addressin
> only a very specific contention case where everybody hits the oom. I
> suspect that a differently constructed testcase might result in the same
> problem.

I think that direct reclaim/compaction is primary source of CPU time
consumption, for there will be nothing more to do other than
get_page_from_freelist() and schedule_timeout_uninterruptible() if
we are waiting for somebody else to make progress using the OOM killer.
Thus, if we wait using mutex_lock_killable(), direct reclaim/compaction
will not be called (i.e. the rest of whole reclaim stack will not preempt
the holder of the oom_lock) after each allocating thread failed to acquire
the oom_lock.

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