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SubjectRe: [PATCH v2] xattr: Enable security.capability in user namespaces
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On Fri, 2017-07-14 at 19:02 -0500, Eric W. Biederman wrote:
> Mimi Zohar <zohar@linux.vnet.ibm.com> writes:
>
> > On Fri, 2017-07-14 at 13:17 -0500, Eric W. Biederman wrote:
> >> "Serge E. Hallyn" <serge@hallyn.com> writes:
> >>
> >> > Quoting Stefan Berger (stefanb@linux.vnet.ibm.com):
> >> >> On 07/14/2017 09:34 AM, Serge E. Hallyn wrote:
> >> >> >Quoting Stefan Berger (stefanb@linux.vnet.ibm.com):
> >> >> >>On 07/13/2017 08:38 PM, Eric W. Biederman wrote:
> >> >> >>>Stefan Berger <stefanb@linux.vnet.ibm.com> writes:
> >> >> >>>
> >> >> >>>>On 07/13/2017 01:49 PM, Eric W. Biederman wrote:
> >> >> >>>>
> >> >> >>>>>My big question right now is can you implement Ted's suggested
> >> >> >>>>>restriction. Only one security.foo or secuirty.foo@... attribute ?
> >> >> >>>>We need to raw-list the xattrs and do the check before writing them. I am fairly sure this can be done.
> >> >> >>>>
> >> >> >>>>So now you want to allow security.foo and one security.foo@uid=<> or just a single one security.foo(@[[:print:]]*)?
> >> >> >>>>
> >> >> >>>The latter.
> >> >> >>That case would prevent a container user from overriding the xattr
> >> >> >>on the host. Is that what we want? For limiting the number of xattrs
> >> >> >Not really. If the file is owned by a uid mapped into the container,
> >> >> >then the container root can chown the file which will clear the file
> >> >> >capability, after which he can set a new one. If the file is not
> >> >> >owned by a uid mapped into the container, then container root could
> >> >> >not set a filecap anyway.
> >> >>
> >> >> Let's say I installed a container where all files are signed and
> >> >> thus have security.ima. Now for some reason I want to re-sign some
> >> >> or all files inside that container. How would I do that ? Would I
> >> >> need to get rid of security.ima first, possibly by copying each
> >> >> file, deleting the original file, and renaming the copied file to
> >> >> the original name, or should I just be able to write out a new
> >> >> signature, thus creating security.ima@uid=1000 besides the
> >> >> security.ima ?
> >> >>
> >> >> Stefan
> >> >
> >> > Hi Mimi,
> >> >
> >> > what do you think makes most sense for IMA?
> >>
> >> I am going to give my two cents since I have been thinking about this.
> >>
> >> First I think this entire scheme plays hobs with the security.evm
> >> attribute as security.evm needs to know the names of the xattrs to
> >> protect.
> >>
> >> I forget which attributes has a hash and what has a message
> >> athentication code.
> >
> > security.ima contains either a file hash or a signature. (file data)
> > security.evm contains either a signature or an hmac of the security
> > xattrs and other file metadata. (file meta-data)
> >
> > The same rules would apply to security.evm, as described in my
> > response.  Based on it's view of the security xattrs, either the
> > native or namespace security.evm would be updated.
> >
> >> If there is an attribute with a simple file hash I think it only make
> >> sense for the kernel to touch it, and I don't see any sense in having
> >> multiples.
> >
> > Only files that are in the IMA-appraisal policy is the file hash
> > calculated and written out as security.ima.  Depending this policy,
> > does the security.ima exist.  So if the file is in policy for both the
> > native and namespace policies, agreed the same hash doesn't need to be
> > written as two different xattrs.
> >
> >> If there is an attribute with a message authentication code (roughly a
> >> signed hash) it makes sense to have that to be tied to the kernel key
> >> ring that controlls the keys. (Which probably means a per user
> >> namespace thing at some point). But again pretty untouchable otherwise.
> >
> > Right, the namespace would require it's own EVM key.
> >
> >> Which brings us to the semantic question of would it be nice to have
> >> stacked IMA/EVM on the same file.
> >>
> >> I really don't think we do. I think allowing multiple keys for
> >> different part of trusting files is easy enough that we should have no
> >> need to fight over which keys do which.
> >
> > We definitely want to support different policies on the native and in
> > the namespace with different keys and keyrings.
> >
> > Refer to Mehmet Kaaylap's recent post, which refers to a PoC version
> > of IMA namespacing - kernsec.org/pipermail/linux-security-module-
> > archive/2017-July/002286.html.
> >
> >> Looking at integrity.h I see signature_v2_hdr that has a keyid. Any use
> >> case I can think of for distributing a distribution image with ima/evm
> >> xattrs will need to use asymmetric keys aka public/private keypairs so
> >> that the originator of the content does not give away their private
> >> keys.
> >
> > Agreed.
> >
> >> Given that usefully we are talking about content that should be
> >> connected to keys in one way or another I don't believe it even makes
> >> sense at this point to attempt to use uids for dealing with ima and
> >> evm content.
> >
> > We need to resolve the xattr issue in order to namespace IMA-
> > appraisal. 
>
>
> Mimi I have two questions:
>
> a) Is the keyid enough to distinguish the security.ima and security.evm
> xattrs of one container from another container and from native? Or
> do we have some important security xattrs that are associated with
> keys that don't have a keyid?
>
> b) Can we reasonably live with a limitation that the native and the
> namespace'd policies don't intersect? Or in the case of an
> interesection the native policy is the only one that is executed?
>
> I submit that if the answer is keyids are always present, and we can
> live with the native policy taking precedence over the container policy
> then we have a solution to the IMA xattrs.

IMA-measurement is hierachical, meaning that the measurement policy
determines whether the measurement exists in the native, the
container, or both measurement lists.

One of the main namespacing use cases for IMA-appraisal is the ability
to limit running an executable to a particular container.  So unlike
IMA-measurement, which is hierarchical, the IMA-appraisal namespace
policy takes precedence over the native policy.

Mimi

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