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SubjectRe: [RFC PATCH 2/2] mm, oom: do not trigger out_of_memory from the #PF
Michal Hocko wrote:
> On Fri 19-05-17 22:02:44, Tetsuo Handa wrote:
> > Michal Hocko wrote:
> > > Any allocation failure during the #PF path will return with VM_FAULT_OOM
> > > which in turn results in pagefault_out_of_memory. This can happen for
> > > 2 different reasons. a) Memcg is out of memory and we rely on
> > > mem_cgroup_oom_synchronize to perform the memcg OOM handling or b)
> > > normal allocation fails.
> > >
> > > The later is quite problematic because allocation paths already trigger
> > > out_of_memory and the page allocator tries really hard to not fail
> >
> > We made many memory allocation requests from page fault path (e.g. XFS)
> > __GFP_FS some time ago, didn't we? But if I recall correctly (I couldn't
> > find the message), there are some allocation requests from page fault path
> > which cannot use __GFP_FS. Then, not all allocation requests can call
> > oom_kill_process() and reaching pagefault_out_of_memory() will be
> > inevitable.
> Even if such an allocation fail without the OOM killer then we simply
> retry the PF and will do that the same way how we keep retrying the
> allocation inside the page allocator. So how is this any different?

You are trying to remove out_of_memory() from pagefault_out_of_memory()
by this patch. But you also want to make !__GFP_FS allocations not to
keep retrying inside the page allocator in future kernels, don't you?
Then, a thread which need to allocate memory from page fault path but
cannot call oom_kill_process() will spin forever (unless somebody else
calls oom_kill_process() via a __GFP_FS allocation request). I consider
that introducing such possibility is a problem.

> > > allocations. Anyway, if the OOM killer has been already invoked there
> > > is no reason to invoke it again from the #PF path. Especially when the
> > > OOM condition might be gone by that time and we have no way to find out
> > > other than allocate.
> > >
> > > Moreover if the allocation failed and the OOM killer hasn't been
> > > invoked then we are unlikely to do the right thing from the #PF context
> > > because we have already lost the allocation context and restictions and
> > > therefore might oom kill a task from a different NUMA domain.
> >
> > If we carry a flag via task_struct that indicates whether it is an memory
> > allocation request from page fault and allocation failure is not acceptable,
> > we can call out_of_memory() from page allocator path.
> I do not understand

We need to allocate memory from page fault path in order to avoid spinning forever
(unless somebody else calls oom_kill_process() via a __GFP_FS allocation request),
doesn't it? Then, memory allocation requests from page fault path can pass flags
like __GFP_NOFAIL | __GFP_KILLABLE because retrying the page fault without
allocating memory is pointless. I called such flags as carry a flag via task_struct.

> > By the way, can page fault occur after reaching do_exit()? When a thread
> > reached do_exit(), fatal_signal_pending(current) becomes false, doesn't it?
> yes fatal_signal_pending will be false at the time and I believe we can
> perform a page fault past that moment and go via allocation path which would
> trigger the OOM or give this task access to reserves but it is more
> likely that the oom reaper will push to kill another task by that time
> if the situation didn't get resolved. Or did I miss your concern?

How checking fatal_signal_pending() here helps? It only suppresses printk().
If current thread needs to allocate memory because not all allocation requests
can call oom_kill_process(), doing printk() is not the right thing to do.
Allocate memory by some means (e.g. __GFP_NOFAIL | __GFP_KILLABLE) will be
the right thing to do.

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