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Subject[PATCH 2/2] nohz: Fix collision between tick and other hrtimers, again
This restores commit:

24b91e360ef5: ("nohz: Fix collision between tick and other hrtimers")

... which got reverted by commit:

558e8e27e73f: ('Revert "nohz: Fix collision between tick and other hrtimers"')

... due to a regression where CPUs spuriously stopped ticking.

The bug happened when a tick fired too early past its expected expiration:
on IRQ exit the tick was scheduled again to the same deadline but skipped
reprogramming because ts->next_tick still kept in cache the deadline.
This has been fixed now with resetting ts->next_tick from the tick
itself. Extra care has also been taken to prevent from obsolete values
throughout CPU hotplug operations. Also in order to honour further
paranoia, this version of the patch takes care about tick interrupts
whose regs are NULL. It happens when hrtimer_interrupt() is called from
non-interrupt contexts (ex: hotplug cpu down).

When the tick is stopped and an interrupt occurs afterward, we check on
that interrupt exit if the next tick needs to be rescheduled. If it
doesn't need any update, we don't want to do anything.

In order to check if the tick needs an update, we compare it against the
clockevent device deadline. Now that's a problem because the clockevent
device is at a lower level than the tick itself if it is implemented
on top of hrtimer.

Every hrtimer share this clockevent device. So comparing the next tick
deadline against the clockevent device deadline is wrong because the
device may be programmed for another hrtimer whose deadline collides
with the tick. As a result we may end up not reprogramming the tick

In a worst case scenario under full dynticks mode, the tick stops firing
as it is supposed to every 1hz, leaving /proc/stat stalled:

Task in a full dynticks CPU

* hrtimer A is queued 2 seconds ahead
* the tick is stopped, scheduled 1 second ahead
* tick fires 1 second later
* on tick exit, nohz schedules the tick 1 second ahead but sees
the clockevent device is already programmed to that deadline,
fooled by hrtimer A, the tick isn't rescheduled.
* hrtimer A is cancelled before its deadline
* tick never fires again until an interrupt happens...

In order to fix this, store the next tick deadline to the tick_sched
local structure and reuse that value later to check whether we need to
reprogram the clock after an interrupt.

On the other hand, ts->sleep_length still wants to know about the next
clock event and not just the tick, so we want to improve the related
comment to avoid confusion.

Reported-and-tested-by: Tim Wright <>
Reported-and-tested-by: Pavel Machek <>
Reported-by: James Hartsock <>
Signed-off-by: Frederic Weisbecker <>
Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <>
Acked-by: Rik van Riel <>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <>
Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <>
kernel/time/tick-sched.c | 49 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++--------
kernel/time/tick-sched.h | 2 ++
2 files changed, 43 insertions(+), 8 deletions(-)

diff --git a/kernel/time/tick-sched.c b/kernel/time/tick-sched.c
index d212bb6..30253ed 100644
--- a/kernel/time/tick-sched.c
+++ b/kernel/time/tick-sched.c
@@ -660,6 +660,12 @@ static void tick_nohz_restart(struct tick_sched *ts, ktime_t now)
hrtimer_start_expires(&ts->sched_timer, HRTIMER_MODE_ABS_PINNED);
tick_program_event(hrtimer_get_expires(&ts->sched_timer), 1);
+ /*
+ * Reset to make sure next tick stop doesn't get fooled by past
+ * cached clock deadline.
+ */
+ ts->next_tick = 0;

static ktime_t tick_nohz_stop_sched_tick(struct tick_sched *ts,
@@ -771,12 +777,15 @@ static ktime_t tick_nohz_stop_sched_tick(struct tick_sched *ts,
tick = expires;

/* Skip reprogram of event if its not changed */
- if (ts->tick_stopped) {
- if (hrtimer_active(&ts->sched_timer))
- WARN_ON_ONCE(hrtimer_get_expires(&ts->sched_timer) < dev->next_event);
- if (expires == dev->next_event)
+ if (ts->tick_stopped && (expires == ts->next_tick)) {
+ /* Sanity check: make sure clockevent is actually programmed */
+ if (likely(dev->next_event <= ts->next_tick))
goto out;
+ printk_once("basemono: %llu ts->next_tick: %llu dev->next_event: %llu timer->active: %d timer->expires: %llu\n",
+ basemono, ts->next_tick, dev->next_event,
+ hrtimer_active(&ts->sched_timer), hrtimer_get_expires(&ts->sched_timer));

@@ -796,6 +805,8 @@ static ktime_t tick_nohz_stop_sched_tick(struct tick_sched *ts,
trace_tick_stop(1, TICK_DEP_MASK_NONE);

+ ts->next_tick = tick;
* If the expiration time == KTIME_MAX, then we simply stop
* the tick timer.
@@ -811,7 +822,10 @@ static ktime_t tick_nohz_stop_sched_tick(struct tick_sched *ts,
tick_program_event(tick, 1);
- /* Update the estimated sleep length */
+ /*
+ * Update the estimated sleep length until the next timer
+ * (not only the tick).
+ */
ts->sleep_length = ktime_sub(dev->next_event, now);
return tick;
@@ -869,6 +883,11 @@ static bool can_stop_idle_tick(int cpu, struct tick_sched *ts)
if (unlikely(!cpu_online(cpu))) {
if (cpu == tick_do_timer_cpu)
tick_do_timer_cpu = TICK_DO_TIMER_NONE;
+ /*
+ * Make sure the CPU doesn't get fooled by obsolete tick
+ * deadline if it comes back online later.
+ */
+ ts->next_tick = 0;
return false;

@@ -1078,8 +1097,15 @@ static void tick_nohz_handler(struct clock_event_device *dev)
tick_sched_handle(ts, regs);

/* No need to reprogram if we are running tickless */
- if (unlikely(ts->tick_stopped))
+ if (unlikely(ts->tick_stopped)) {
+ /*
+ * In case the current tick fired too early past its expected
+ * expiration, make sure we don't bypass the next clock reprogramming
+ * to the same deadline.
+ */
+ ts->next_tick = 0;
+ }

hrtimer_forward(&ts->sched_timer, now, tick_period);
tick_program_event(hrtimer_get_expires(&ts->sched_timer), 1);
@@ -1179,8 +1205,15 @@ static enum hrtimer_restart tick_sched_timer(struct hrtimer *timer)
tick_sched_handle(ts, regs);

/* No need to reprogram if we are in idle or full dynticks mode */
- if (unlikely(ts->tick_stopped))
+ if (unlikely(ts->tick_stopped)) {
+ /*
+ * In case the current tick fired too early past its expected
+ * expiration, make sure we don't bypass the next clock reprogramming
+ * to the same deadline.
+ */
+ ts->next_tick = 0;
+ }

hrtimer_forward(timer, now, tick_period);

diff --git a/kernel/time/tick-sched.h b/kernel/time/tick-sched.h
index bf38226..075444e 100644
--- a/kernel/time/tick-sched.h
+++ b/kernel/time/tick-sched.h
@@ -27,6 +27,7 @@ enum tick_nohz_mode {
* timer is modified for nohz sleeps. This is necessary
* to resume the tick timer operation in the timeline
* when the CPU returns from nohz sleep.
+ * @next_tick: Next tick to be fired when in dynticks mode.
* @tick_stopped: Indicator that the idle tick has been stopped
* @idle_jiffies: jiffies at the entry to idle for idle time accounting
* @idle_calls: Total number of idle calls
@@ -44,6 +45,7 @@ struct tick_sched {
unsigned long check_clocks;
enum tick_nohz_mode nohz_mode;
ktime_t last_tick;
+ ktime_t next_tick;
int inidle;
int tick_stopped;
unsigned long idle_jiffies;
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