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SubjectRe: [PATCH] x86/mm/KASLR: Do not adapt the size of the direct mapping section for SGI UV system
On 05/18/17 at 01:26pm, Mike Travis wrote:
> Hi Baoquan He,
>
> The concept of the patch is correct (since it is I as sent :),
> but I would prefer that the entire is_early_uv_system() be put
> into the uv.h file. Primarily because we may need to change
> that in the future so having UV specific code in other places
> than under platform/uv is not that desirable. Plus I think it's
> better to consolidate the logic in one place.
>
> Making it an inline function in uv.h is fine for now. If we
> need to change it, I'll move it to the UV specific init
> function.
>
> And if it's alright with others, you should add the #include
> of the efi.h header file under the part of uv.h that has
> #ifdef CONFIG_X86_UV defined.
>
> That would mean the KASLR function would only add an
> #include <asm/uv/uv.h> to access that UV specific funtion.

Yes, sounds better. Will change according to your suggestion, and make a
patchset to contain uv part code and kaslr part separately.

Thanks for your reviewing and suggestion, Mike! This is a regression on
rhel7 with kaslr enabled now. I used dmi_match to do the early check of
UV system, your SGI colleagues suggested the UVsystab way.

Thanks
Baoquan
>
> On 5/17/2017 11:52 PM, Baoquan He wrote:
> > On SGI UV system, kernel casually hang with kaslr enabled.
> >
> > The back trace is:
> >
> > kernel BUG at arch/x86/mm/init_64.c:311!
> > invalid opcode: 0000 [#1] SMP
> > [...]
> > RIP: 0010:__init_extra_mapping+0x188/0x196
> > [...]
> > Call Trace:
> > init_extra_mapping_uc+0x13/0x15
> > map_high+0x67/0x75
> > map_mmioh_high_uv3+0x20a/0x219
> > uv_system_init_hub+0x12d9/0x1496
> > uv_system_init+0x27/0x29
> > native_smp_prepare_cpus+0x28d/0x2d8
> > kernel_init_freeable+0xdd/0x253
> > ? rest_init+0x80/0x80
> > kernel_init+0xe/0x110
> > ret_from_fork+0x2c/0x40
> >
> > The root cause is SGI UV system needs map its MMIOH region to direct
> > mapping section.
> >
> > When kaslr disabled, there are 64TB space for system RAM to do direct
> > mapping. Both system RAM and SGI UV MMIOH region share this 64TB space.
> > However with kaslr enabled, mm KASLR only reserves the actual size of
> > system RAM plus 10TB for direct mapping usage. Then MMIOH mapping of
> > SGI UV could go beyond the upper bound of direct mapping section to step
> > into VMALLOC or VMEMMAP area. Then the BUG_ON() in __init_extra_mapping()
> > will be triggered.
> >
> > E.g on the SGI UV3 machine where this bug is reported , there are two MMIOH
> > regions:
> >
> > [ 1.519001] UV: Map MMIOH0_HI 0xffc00000000 - 0x100000000000
> > [ 1.523001] UV: Map MMIOH1_HI 0x100000000000 - 0x200000000000
> >
> > They are [16TB-16G, 16TB) and [16TB, 32TB). On this machine, 512G ram are
> > spread out to 1TB regions. Then above two SGI MMIOH regions also will be
> > mapped into the direct mapping section. The point is that SGI UV maps its
> > MMIOH regions to the direct mapping section in uv_system_init() which is
> > called during kernel_init_freeable(). It's much later than
> > kernel_randomize_memory(). Mm KASLR has no chance to take it into
> > consideration.
> >
> > To fix it, we need detect if it's SGI UV system early, then do not adapt
> > the size of the direct mapping section in kernel_randomize_memory() if yes.
> > According to discussion with SGI developer, "The SGI bios adds UVsystab.
> > Only systems running SGI bios (and now HPE Hawks2) will have UVsystab."
> >
> > Hence check if UVsystab is present, if yes, do not adapt the size of the
> > direct mapping section in kernel_randomize_memory()
> >
> > Signed-off-by: Baoquan He <bhe@redhat.com>
> > Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
> > Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com>
> > Cc: "H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@zytor.com>
> > Cc: x86@kernel.org
> > Cc: Matt Fleming <matt@codeblueprint.co.uk>
> > Cc: Ard Biesheuvel <ard.biesheuvel@linaro.org>
> > Cc: "travis@sgi.com" <travis@sgi.com>
> > Cc: Dimitri Sivanich <sivanich@hpe.com>
> > Cc: Thomas Garnier <thgarnie@google.com>
> > Cc: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org>
> > Cc: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
> > Cc: Masahiro Yamada <yamada.masahiro@socionext.com>
> > Cc: Russ Anderson <rja@sgi.com>
> > Cc: Frank Ramsay <frank.ramsay@hpe.com>
> > linux-efi@vger.kernel.org
> > ---
> > arch/x86/include/asm/uv/uv.h | 2 ++
> > arch/x86/mm/kaslr.c | 4 +++-
> > arch/x86/platform/efi/efi.c | 7 +++++++
> > 3 files changed, 12 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)
> >
> > diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/uv/uv.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/uv/uv.h
> > index 6686820..0275776 100644
> > --- a/arch/x86/include/asm/uv/uv.h
> > +++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/uv/uv.h
> > @@ -11,6 +11,7 @@ struct mm_struct;
> > extern enum uv_system_type get_uv_system_type(void);
> > extern int is_uv_system(void);
> > extern int is_uv_hubless(void);
> > +extern int is_early_uv_system(void);
> > extern void uv_cpu_init(void);
> > extern void uv_nmi_init(void);
> > extern void uv_system_init(void);
> > @@ -25,6 +26,7 @@ extern const struct cpumask *uv_flush_tlb_others(const struct cpumask *cpumask,
> > static inline enum uv_system_type get_uv_system_type(void) { return UV_NONE; }
> > static inline int is_uv_system(void) { return 0; }
> > static inline int is_uv_hubless(void) { return 0; }
> > +static inline int is_early_uv_system(void) { return 0; }
> > static inline void uv_cpu_init(void) { }
> > static inline void uv_system_init(void) { }
> > static inline const struct cpumask *
> > diff --git a/arch/x86/mm/kaslr.c b/arch/x86/mm/kaslr.c
> > index aed2064..b75e1f5 100644
> > --- a/arch/x86/mm/kaslr.c
> > +++ b/arch/x86/mm/kaslr.c
> > @@ -22,11 +22,13 @@
> > #include <linux/kernel.h>
> > #include <linux/init.h>
> > #include <linux/random.h>
> > +#include <linux/efi.h>
> >
> > #include <asm/pgalloc.h>
> > #include <asm/pgtable.h>
> > #include <asm/setup.h>
> > #include <asm/kaslr.h>
> > +#include <asm/uv/uv.h>
> >
> > #include "mm_internal.h"
> >
> > @@ -123,7 +125,7 @@ void __init kernel_randomize_memory(void)
> > CONFIG_RANDOMIZE_MEMORY_PHYSICAL_PADDING;
> >
> > /* Adapt phyiscal memory region size based on available memory */
> > - if (memory_tb < kaslr_regions[0].size_tb)
> > + if (memory_tb < kaslr_regions[0].size_tb && !is_early_uv_system())
> > kaslr_regions[0].size_tb = memory_tb;
> >
> > /* Calculate entropy available between regions */
> > diff --git a/arch/x86/platform/efi/efi.c b/arch/x86/platform/efi/efi.c
> > index 7e76a4d..b71e01d 100644
> > --- a/arch/x86/platform/efi/efi.c
> > +++ b/arch/x86/platform/efi/efi.c
> > @@ -74,6 +74,13 @@ static int __init setup_add_efi_memmap(char *arg)
> > }
> > early_param("add_efi_memmap", setup_add_efi_memmap);
> >
> > +#ifdef CONFIG_X86_UV
> > +int is_early_uv_system(void)
> > +{
> > + return !((efi.uv_systab == EFI_INVALID_TABLE_ADDR) || !efi.uv_systab);
> > +}
> > +#endif
> > +
> > static efi_status_t __init phys_efi_set_virtual_address_map(
> > unsigned long memory_map_size,
> > unsigned long descriptor_size,
> >

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