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Subject[PATCH 22/24] thunderbolt: Add support for host and device NVM firmware upgrade
Date
Starting from Intel Falcon Ridge the NVM firmware can be upgraded by
using DMA configuration based mailbox commands. If we detect that the
host or device (device support starts from Intel Alpine Ridge) has the
DMA configuration based mailbox we expose NVM information to the
userspace as two separate Linux NVMem devices: nvm_active and
nvm_non_active. The former is read-only portion of the active NVM which
firmware upgrade tools can be use to find out suitable NVM image if the
device identification strings are not enough.

The latter is write-only portion where the new NVM image is to be
written by the userspace. It is up to the userspace to find out right
NVM image (the kernel does very minimal validation). The ICM firmware
itself authenticates the new NVM firmware and fails the operation if it
is not what is expected.

We also expose two new sysfs files per each switch: nvm_version and
nvm_authenticate which can be used to read the active NVM version and
start the upgrade process.

We also introduce safe mode which is the mode a switch goes when it does
not have properly authenticated firmware. In this mode the switch only
accepts a couple of commands including flashing a new NVM firmware image
and triggering power cycle.

This code is based on the work done by Amir Levy and Michael Jamet.

Signed-off-by: Michael Jamet <michael.jamet@intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Mika Westerberg <mika.westerberg@linux.intel.com>
Reviewed-by: Yehezkel Bernat <yehezkel.bernat@intel.com>
---
Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-bus-thunderbolt | 26 ++
drivers/thunderbolt/Kconfig | 1 +
drivers/thunderbolt/domain.c | 17 +
drivers/thunderbolt/icm.c | 33 +-
drivers/thunderbolt/nhi.h | 1 +
drivers/thunderbolt/switch.c | 595 +++++++++++++++++++++++-
drivers/thunderbolt/tb.h | 36 ++
7 files changed, 684 insertions(+), 25 deletions(-)

diff --git a/Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-bus-thunderbolt b/Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-bus-thunderbolt
index c100bdeacfaf..ed88f0eb593b 100644
--- a/Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-bus-thunderbolt
+++ b/Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-bus-thunderbolt
@@ -80,3 +80,29 @@ KernelVersion: 4.13
Contact: thunderbolt-software@lists.01.org
Description: This attribute contains unique id (UUID) of this device
extracted from the device DROM or hardware registers.
+
+What: /sys/bus/thunderbolt/devices/.../nvm_version
+Date: Sep 2017
+KernelVersion: 4.13
+Contact: thunderbolt-software@lists.01.org
+Description: If the device has upgradeable firmware the version
+ number is available here. Format: %x.%x, major.minor.
+ If the device is in safe mode reading the file returns
+ -ENODATA instead as the NVM version is not available.
+
+What: /sys/bus/thunderbolt/devices/.../nvm_authenticate
+Date: Sep 2017
+KernelVersion: 4.13
+Contact: thunderbolt-software@lists.01.org
+Description: When new NVM image is written to the non-active NVM
+ area (through non_activeX NVMem device), the
+ authentication procedure is started by writing 1 to
+ this file. If everything goes well, the device is
+ restarted with the new NVM firmware. If the image
+ verification fails an error code is returned instead.
+
+ When read holds status of the last authentication
+ operation if an error occurred during the process. This
+ is directly the status value from the DMA configuration
+ based mailbox before the device is power cycled. Writing
+ 0 here clears the status.
diff --git a/drivers/thunderbolt/Kconfig b/drivers/thunderbolt/Kconfig
index a9cc724985ad..f4869c38c7e4 100644
--- a/drivers/thunderbolt/Kconfig
+++ b/drivers/thunderbolt/Kconfig
@@ -6,6 +6,7 @@ menuconfig THUNDERBOLT
select CRC32
select CRYPTO
select CRYPTO_HASH
+ select NVMEM
help
Thunderbolt Controller driver. This driver is required if you
want to hotplug Thunderbolt devices on Apple hardware or on PCs
diff --git a/drivers/thunderbolt/domain.c b/drivers/thunderbolt/domain.c
index b8754c222ab4..d5075266b202 100644
--- a/drivers/thunderbolt/domain.c
+++ b/drivers/thunderbolt/domain.c
@@ -427,6 +427,23 @@ int tb_domain_challenge_switch_key(struct tb *tb, struct tb_switch *sw)
return ret;
}

+/**
+ * tb_domain_disconnect_pcie_paths() - Disconnect all PCIe paths
+ * @tb: Domain whose PCIe paths to disconnect
+ *
+ * This needs to be called in preparation for NVM upgrade of the host
+ * controller. Makes sure all PCIe paths are disconnected.
+ *
+ * Return %0 on success and negative errno in case of error.
+ */
+int tb_domain_disconnect_pcie_paths(struct tb *tb)
+{
+ if (!tb->cm_ops->disconnect_pcie_paths)
+ return -EPERM;
+
+ return tb->cm_ops->disconnect_pcie_paths(tb);
+}
+
int tb_domain_init(void)
{
return bus_register(&tb_bus_type);
diff --git a/drivers/thunderbolt/icm.c b/drivers/thunderbolt/icm.c
index c99b2ae0e7ab..27fcba91aba2 100644
--- a/drivers/thunderbolt/icm.c
+++ b/drivers/thunderbolt/icm.c
@@ -63,6 +63,7 @@
* where ICM needs to be started manually
* @vnd_cap: Vendor defined capability where PCIe2CIO mailbox resides
* (only set when @upstream_port is not %NULL)
+ * @safe_mode: ICM is in safe mode
* @is_supported: Checks if we can support ICM on this controller
* @get_mode: Read and return the ICM firmware mode (optional)
* @get_route: Find a route string for given switch
@@ -74,6 +75,7 @@ struct icm {
struct delayed_work rescan_work;
struct pci_dev *upstream_port;
int vnd_cap;
+ bool safe_mode;
bool (*is_supported)(struct tb *tb);
int (*get_mode)(struct tb *tb);
int (*get_route)(struct tb *tb, u8 link, u8 depth, u64 *route);
@@ -861,6 +863,10 @@ static int icm_firmware_init(struct tb *tb)
ret = icm->get_mode(tb);

switch (ret) {
+ case NHI_FW_SAFE_MODE:
+ icm->safe_mode = true;
+ break;
+
case NHI_FW_CM_MODE:
/* Ask ICM to accept all Thunderbolt devices */
nhi_mailbox_cmd(nhi, NHI_MAILBOX_ALLOW_ALL_DEVS, 0);
@@ -888,12 +894,20 @@ static int icm_firmware_init(struct tb *tb)

static int icm_driver_ready(struct tb *tb)
{
+ struct icm *icm = tb_priv(tb);
int ret;

ret = icm_firmware_init(tb);
if (ret)
return ret;

+ if (icm->safe_mode) {
+ tb_info(tb, "Thunderbolt host controller is in safe mode.\n");
+ tb_info(tb, "You need to update NVM firmware of the controller before it can be used.\n");
+ tb_info(tb, "For latest updates check https://thunderbolttechnology.net/updates.\n");
+ return 0;
+ }
+
return __icm_driver_ready(tb, &tb->security_level);
}

@@ -984,12 +998,23 @@ static void icm_complete(struct tb *tb)

static int icm_start(struct tb *tb)
{
+ struct icm *icm = tb_priv(tb);
int ret;

- tb->root_switch = tb_switch_alloc(tb, &tb->dev, 0);
+ if (icm->safe_mode)
+ tb->root_switch = tb_switch_alloc_safe_mode(tb, &tb->dev, 0);
+ else
+ tb->root_switch = tb_switch_alloc(tb, &tb->dev, 0);
if (!tb->root_switch)
return -ENODEV;

+ /*
+ * NVM upgrade has not been tested on Apple systems and they
+ * don't provide images publicly either. To be on the safe side
+ * prevent root switch NVM upgrade on Macs for now.
+ */
+ tb->root_switch->no_nvm_upgrade = is_apple();
+
ret = tb_switch_add(tb->root_switch);
if (ret)
tb_switch_put(tb->root_switch);
@@ -1007,6 +1032,11 @@ static void icm_stop(struct tb *tb)
nhi_mailbox_cmd(tb->nhi, NHI_MAILBOX_DRV_UNLOADS, 0);
}

+static int icm_disconnect_pcie_paths(struct tb *tb)
+{
+ return nhi_mailbox_cmd(tb->nhi, NHI_MAILBOX_DISCONNECT_PCIE_PATHS, 0);
+}
+
/* Falcon Ridge and Alpine Ridge */
static const struct tb_cm_ops icm_fr_ops = {
.driver_ready = icm_driver_ready,
@@ -1018,6 +1048,7 @@ static const struct tb_cm_ops icm_fr_ops = {
.approve_switch = icm_fr_approve_switch,
.add_switch_key = icm_fr_add_switch_key,
.challenge_switch_key = icm_fr_challenge_switch_key,
+ .disconnect_pcie_paths = icm_disconnect_pcie_paths,
};

struct tb *icm_probe(struct tb_nhi *nhi)
diff --git a/drivers/thunderbolt/nhi.h b/drivers/thunderbolt/nhi.h
index 243f5fcfa367..6acf07594758 100644
--- a/drivers/thunderbolt/nhi.h
+++ b/drivers/thunderbolt/nhi.h
@@ -155,6 +155,7 @@ enum nhi_fw_mode {

enum nhi_mailbox_cmd {
NHI_MAILBOX_SAVE_DEVS = 0x05,
+ NHI_MAILBOX_DISCONNECT_PCIE_PATHS = 0x06,
NHI_MAILBOX_DRV_UNLOADS = 0x07,
NHI_MAILBOX_ALLOW_ALL_DEVS = 0x23,
};
diff --git a/drivers/thunderbolt/switch.c b/drivers/thunderbolt/switch.c
index 5dc96ad1fc68..d6f6880ec6b9 100644
--- a/drivers/thunderbolt/switch.c
+++ b/drivers/thunderbolt/switch.c
@@ -5,13 +5,474 @@
*/

#include <linux/delay.h>
+#include <linux/idr.h>
+#include <linux/nvmem-provider.h>
+#include <linux/sizes.h>
#include <linux/slab.h>
+#include <linux/vmalloc.h>

#include "tb.h"

/* Switch authorization from userspace is serialized by this lock */
static DEFINE_MUTEX(switch_lock);

+/* Switch NVM support */
+
+#define NVM_DEVID 0x05
+#define NVM_VERSION 0x08
+#define NVM_CSS 0x10
+#define NVM_FLASH_SIZE 0x45
+
+#define NVM_MIN_SIZE SZ_32K
+#define NVM_MAX_SIZE SZ_512K
+
+static DEFINE_IDA(nvm_ida);
+
+struct nvm_auth_status {
+ struct list_head list;
+ uuid_be uuid;
+ u32 status;
+};
+
+/*
+ * Hold NVM authentication failure status per switch This information
+ * needs to stay around even when the switch gets power cycled so we
+ * keep it separately.
+ */
+static LIST_HEAD(nvm_auth_status_cache);
+static DEFINE_MUTEX(nvm_auth_status_lock);
+
+static struct nvm_auth_status *__nvm_get_auth_status(const struct tb_switch *sw)
+{
+ struct nvm_auth_status *st;
+
+ list_for_each_entry(st, &nvm_auth_status_cache, list) {
+ if (!uuid_be_cmp(st->uuid, *sw->uuid))
+ return st;
+ }
+
+ return NULL;
+}
+
+static void nvm_get_auth_status(const struct tb_switch *sw, u32 *status)
+{
+ struct nvm_auth_status *st;
+
+ mutex_lock(&nvm_auth_status_lock);
+ st = __nvm_get_auth_status(sw);
+ mutex_unlock(&nvm_auth_status_lock);
+
+ *status = st ? st->status : 0;
+}
+
+static void nvm_set_auth_status(const struct tb_switch *sw, u32 status)
+{
+ struct nvm_auth_status *st;
+
+ if (WARN_ON(!sw->uuid))
+ return;
+
+ mutex_lock(&nvm_auth_status_lock);
+ st = __nvm_get_auth_status(sw);
+
+ if (!st) {
+ st = kzalloc(sizeof(*st), GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!st)
+ goto unlock;
+
+ memcpy(&st->uuid, sw->uuid, sizeof(st->uuid));
+ INIT_LIST_HEAD(&st->list);
+ list_add_tail(&st->list, &nvm_auth_status_cache);
+ }
+
+ st->status = status;
+unlock:
+ mutex_unlock(&nvm_auth_status_lock);
+}
+
+static void nvm_clear_auth_status(const struct tb_switch *sw)
+{
+ struct nvm_auth_status *st;
+
+ mutex_lock(&nvm_auth_status_lock);
+ st = __nvm_get_auth_status(sw);
+ if (st) {
+ list_del(&st->list);
+ kfree(st);
+ }
+ mutex_unlock(&nvm_auth_status_lock);
+}
+
+static int nvm_validate_and_write(struct tb_switch *sw)
+{
+ unsigned int image_size, hdr_size;
+ const u8 *buf = sw->nvm->buf;
+ u16 ds_size;
+ int ret;
+
+ if (!buf)
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ image_size = sw->nvm->buf_data_size;
+ if (image_size < NVM_MIN_SIZE || image_size > NVM_MAX_SIZE)
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ /*
+ * FARB pointer must point inside the image and must at least
+ * contain parts of the digital section we will be reading here.
+ */
+ hdr_size = (*(u32 *)buf) & 0xffffff;
+ if (hdr_size + NVM_DEVID + 2 >= image_size)
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ /* Digital section start should be aligned to 4k page */
+ if (!IS_ALIGNED(hdr_size, SZ_4K))
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ /*
+ * Read digital section size and check that it also fits inside
+ * the image.
+ */
+ ds_size = *(u16 *)(buf + hdr_size);
+ if (ds_size >= image_size)
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ if (!sw->safe_mode) {
+ u16 device_id;
+
+ /*
+ * Make sure the device ID in the image matches the one
+ * we read from the switch config space.
+ */
+ device_id = *(u16 *)(buf + hdr_size + NVM_DEVID);
+ if (device_id != sw->config.device_id)
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ if (sw->generation < 3) {
+ /* Write CSS headers first */
+ ret = dma_port_flash_write(sw->dma_port,
+ DMA_PORT_CSS_ADDRESS, buf + NVM_CSS,
+ DMA_PORT_CSS_MAX_SIZE);
+ if (ret)
+ return ret;
+ }
+
+ /* Skip headers in the image */
+ buf += hdr_size;
+ image_size -= hdr_size;
+ }
+
+ return dma_port_flash_write(sw->dma_port, 0, buf, image_size);
+}
+
+static int nvm_authenticate_host(struct tb_switch *sw)
+{
+ int ret;
+
+ /*
+ * Root switch NVM upgrade requires that we disconnect the
+ * existing PCIe paths first (in case it is not in safe mode
+ * already).
+ */
+ if (!sw->safe_mode) {
+ ret = tb_domain_disconnect_pcie_paths(sw->tb);
+ if (ret)
+ return ret;
+ /*
+ * The host controller goes away pretty soon after this if
+ * everything goes well so getting timeout is expected.
+ */
+ ret = dma_port_flash_update_auth(sw->dma_port);
+ return ret == -ETIMEDOUT ? 0 : ret;
+ }
+
+ /*
+ * From safe mode we can get out by just power cycling the
+ * switch.
+ */
+ dma_port_power_cycle(sw->dma_port);
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static int nvm_authenticate_device(struct tb_switch *sw)
+{
+ int ret, retries = 10;
+
+ ret = dma_port_flash_update_auth(sw->dma_port);
+ if (ret && ret != -ETIMEDOUT)
+ return ret;
+
+ /*
+ * Poll here for the authentication status. It takes some time
+ * for the device to respond (we get timeout for a while). Once
+ * we get response the device needs to be power cycled in order
+ * to the new NVM to be taken into use.
+ */
+ do {
+ u32 status;
+
+ ret = dma_port_flash_update_auth_status(sw->dma_port, &status);
+ if (ret < 0 && ret != -ETIMEDOUT)
+ return ret;
+ if (ret > 0) {
+ if (status) {
+ tb_sw_warn(sw, "failed to authenticate NVM\n");
+ nvm_set_auth_status(sw, status);
+ }
+
+ tb_sw_info(sw, "power cycling the switch now\n");
+ dma_port_power_cycle(sw->dma_port);
+ return 0;
+ }
+
+ msleep(500);
+ } while (--retries);
+
+ return -ETIMEDOUT;
+}
+
+static ssize_t nvm_authenticate_show(struct device *dev,
+ struct device_attribute *attr, char *buf)
+{
+ struct tb_switch *sw = tb_to_switch(dev);
+ u32 status;
+
+ nvm_get_auth_status(sw, &status);
+ return sprintf(buf, "%#x\n", status);
+}
+
+static ssize_t nvm_authenticate_store(struct device *dev,
+ struct device_attribute *attr, const char *buf, size_t count)
+{
+ struct tb_switch *sw = tb_to_switch(dev);
+ unsigned int val;
+ int ret;
+
+ if (mutex_lock_interruptible(&switch_lock))
+ return -ERESTARTSYS;
+
+ ret = kstrtouint(buf, 0, &val);
+ if (ret)
+ goto unlock;
+
+ switch (val) {
+ case 0:
+ /* Just clear the authentication status */
+ nvm_clear_auth_status(sw);
+ break;
+
+ case 1:
+ ret = nvm_validate_and_write(sw);
+ if (ret)
+ goto unlock;
+
+ sw->nvm->authenticating = true;
+
+ if (!tb_route(sw))
+ ret = nvm_authenticate_host(sw);
+ else
+ ret = nvm_authenticate_device(sw);
+ break;
+
+ default:
+ ret = -EINVAL;
+ break;
+ }
+
+unlock:
+ mutex_unlock(&switch_lock);
+
+ if (ret)
+ return ret;
+ return count;
+}
+static DEVICE_ATTR_RW(nvm_authenticate);
+
+static ssize_t nvm_version_show(struct device *dev,
+ struct device_attribute *attr, char *buf)
+{
+ struct tb_switch *sw = tb_to_switch(dev);
+
+ if (sw->safe_mode)
+ return -ENODATA;
+ return sprintf(buf, "%x.%x\n", sw->nvm->major, sw->nvm->minor);
+}
+static DEVICE_ATTR_RO(nvm_version);
+
+static struct attribute *nvm_attrs[] = {
+ &dev_attr_nvm_authenticate.attr,
+ &dev_attr_nvm_version.attr,
+ NULL,
+};
+
+static struct attribute_group nvm_group = {
+ .attrs = nvm_attrs,
+};
+
+static int tb_switch_nvm_read(void *priv, unsigned int offset, void *val,
+ size_t bytes)
+{
+ struct tb_switch *sw = priv;
+
+ return dma_port_flash_read(sw->dma_port, offset, val, bytes);
+}
+
+static int tb_switch_nvm_write(void *priv, unsigned int offset, void *val,
+ size_t bytes)
+{
+ struct tb_switch *sw = priv;
+ int ret = 0;
+
+ if (mutex_lock_interruptible(&switch_lock))
+ return -ERESTARTSYS;
+
+ /*
+ * Since writing the NVM image might require some special steps,
+ * for example when CSS headers are written, we cache the image
+ * locally here and handle the special cases when the user asks
+ * us to authenticate the image.
+ */
+ if (!sw->nvm->buf) {
+ sw->nvm->buf = vmalloc(NVM_MAX_SIZE);
+ if (!sw->nvm->buf) {
+ ret = -ENOMEM;
+ goto unlock;
+ }
+ }
+
+ sw->nvm->buf_data_size = offset + bytes;
+ memcpy(sw->nvm->buf + offset, val, bytes);
+
+unlock:
+ mutex_unlock(&switch_lock);
+
+ return ret;
+}
+
+static struct nvmem_device *register_nvmem(struct tb_switch *sw, int id,
+ size_t size, bool active)
+{
+ struct nvmem_config config;
+
+ memset(&config, 0, sizeof(config));
+
+ if (active) {
+ config.name = "nvm_active";
+ config.reg_read = tb_switch_nvm_read;
+ } else {
+ config.name = "nvm_non_active";
+ config.reg_write = tb_switch_nvm_write;
+ }
+
+ config.id = id;
+ config.stride = 4;
+ config.word_size = 4;
+ config.size = size;
+ config.dev = &sw->dev;
+ config.owner = THIS_MODULE;
+ config.root_only = true;
+ config.priv = sw;
+
+ return nvmem_register(&config);
+}
+
+static int tb_switch_nvm_add(struct tb_switch *sw)
+{
+ struct nvmem_device *nvm_dev;
+ struct tb_switch_nvm *nvm;
+ u32 val;
+ int ret;
+
+ if (!sw->dma_port)
+ return 0;
+
+ nvm = kzalloc(sizeof(*nvm), GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!nvm)
+ return -ENOMEM;
+
+ nvm->id = ida_simple_get(&nvm_ida, 0, 0, GFP_KERNEL);
+
+ /*
+ * If the switch is in safe-mode the only accessible portion of
+ * the NVM is the non-active one where userspace is expected to
+ * write new functional NVM.
+ */
+ if (!sw->safe_mode) {
+ u32 nvm_size, hdr_size;
+
+ ret = dma_port_flash_read(sw->dma_port, NVM_FLASH_SIZE, &val,
+ sizeof(val));
+ if (ret)
+ goto err_ida;
+
+ hdr_size = sw->generation < 3 ? SZ_8K : SZ_16K;
+ nvm_size = (SZ_1M << (val & 7)) / 8;
+ nvm_size = (nvm_size - hdr_size) / 2;
+
+ ret = dma_port_flash_read(sw->dma_port, NVM_VERSION, &val,
+ sizeof(val));
+ if (ret)
+ goto err_ida;
+
+ nvm->major = val >> 16 & 0xff;
+ nvm->minor = val >> 8 & 0xff;
+
+ nvm_dev = register_nvmem(sw, nvm->id, nvm_size, true);
+ if (IS_ERR(nvm_dev)) {
+ ret = PTR_ERR(nvm_dev);
+ goto err_ida;
+ }
+ nvm->active = nvm_dev;
+ }
+
+ nvm_dev = register_nvmem(sw, nvm->id, NVM_MAX_SIZE, false);
+ if (IS_ERR(nvm_dev)) {
+ ret = PTR_ERR(nvm_dev);
+ goto err_nvm_active;
+ }
+ nvm->non_active = nvm_dev;
+
+ sw->nvm = nvm;
+
+ ret = sysfs_create_group(&sw->dev.kobj, &nvm_group);
+ if (ret) {
+ sw->nvm = NULL;
+ goto err_nvm_nonactive;
+ }
+
+ return 0;
+
+err_nvm_nonactive:
+ nvmem_unregister(nvm->non_active);
+err_nvm_active:
+ if (nvm->active)
+ nvmem_unregister(nvm->active);
+err_ida:
+ ida_simple_remove(&nvm_ida, nvm->id);
+ kfree(nvm);
+
+ return ret;
+}
+
+static void tb_switch_nvm_remove(struct tb_switch *sw)
+{
+ if (!sw->nvm)
+ return;
+
+ /* Remove authentication status in case the switch is unplugged */
+ if (!sw->nvm->authenticating)
+ nvm_clear_auth_status(sw);
+
+ sysfs_remove_group(&sw->dev.kobj, &nvm_group);
+ nvmem_unregister(sw->nvm->non_active);
+ if (sw->nvm->active)
+ nvmem_unregister(sw->nvm->active);
+ ida_simple_remove(&nvm_ida, sw->nvm->id);
+ vfree(sw->nvm->buf);
+ kfree(sw->nvm);
+ sw->nvm = NULL;
+}
+
/* port utility functions */

static const char *tb_port_type(struct tb_regs_port_header *port)
@@ -617,6 +1078,44 @@ struct tb_switch *tb_switch_alloc(struct tb *tb, struct device *parent,
}

/**
+ * tb_switch_alloc_safe_mode() - allocate a switch that is in safe mode
+ * @tb: Pointer to the owning domain
+ * @parent: Parent device for this switch
+ * @route: Route string for this switch
+ *
+ * This creates a switch in safe mode. This means the switch pretty much
+ * lacks all capabilities except DMA configuration port before it is
+ * flashed with a valid NVM firmware.
+ *
+ * The returned switch must be released by calling tb_switch_put().
+ *
+ * Return: Pointer to the allocated switch or %NULL in case of failure
+ */
+struct tb_switch *
+tb_switch_alloc_safe_mode(struct tb *tb, struct device *parent, u64 route)
+{
+ struct tb_switch *sw;
+
+ sw = kzalloc(sizeof(*sw), GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!sw)
+ return NULL;
+
+ sw->tb = tb;
+ sw->config.depth = tb_route_length(route);
+ sw->config.route_hi = upper_32_bits(route);
+ sw->config.route_lo = lower_32_bits(route);
+ sw->safe_mode = true;
+
+ device_initialize(&sw->dev);
+ sw->dev.parent = parent;
+ sw->dev.bus = &tb_bus_type;
+ sw->dev.type = &tb_switch_type;
+ dev_set_name(&sw->dev, "%u-%llx", tb->index, tb_route(sw));
+
+ return sw;
+}
+
+/**
* tb_switch_configure() - Uploads configuration to the switch
* @sw: Switch to configure
*
@@ -696,8 +1195,11 @@ static void tb_switch_set_uuid(struct tb_switch *sw)
sw->uuid = kmemdup(uuid, sizeof(uuid), GFP_KERNEL);
}

-static void tb_switch_add_dma_port(struct tb_switch *sw)
+static int tb_switch_add_dma_port(struct tb_switch *sw)
{
+ u32 status;
+ int ret;
+
switch (sw->generation) {
case 3:
break;
@@ -705,14 +1207,49 @@ static void tb_switch_add_dma_port(struct tb_switch *sw)
case 2:
/* Only root switch can be upgraded */
if (tb_route(sw))
- return;
+ return 0;
break;

default:
- return;
+ /*
+ * DMA port is the only thing available when the switch
+ * is in safe mode.
+ */
+ if (!sw->safe_mode)
+ return 0;
+ break;
}

+ if (sw->no_nvm_upgrade)
+ return 0;
+
sw->dma_port = dma_port_alloc(sw);
+ if (!sw->dma_port)
+ return 0;
+
+ /*
+ * Check status of the previous flash authentication. If there
+ * is one we need to power cycle the switch in any case to make
+ * it functional again.
+ */
+ ret = dma_port_flash_update_auth_status(sw->dma_port, &status);
+ if (ret <= 0)
+ return ret;
+
+ if (status) {
+ tb_sw_info(sw, "switch flash authentication failed\n");
+ tb_switch_set_uuid(sw);
+ nvm_set_auth_status(sw, status);
+ }
+
+ tb_sw_info(sw, "power cycling the switch now\n");
+ dma_port_power_cycle(sw->dma_port);
+
+ /*
+ * We return error here which causes the switch adding failure.
+ * It should appear back after power cycle is complete.
+ */
+ return -ESHUTDOWN;
}

/**
@@ -738,34 +1275,43 @@ int tb_switch_add(struct tb_switch *sw)
* to the userspace. NVM can be accessed through DMA
* configuration based mailbox.
*/
- tb_switch_add_dma_port(sw);
-
- /* read drom */
- ret = tb_drom_read(sw);
- if (ret) {
- tb_sw_warn(sw, "tb_eeprom_read_rom failed\n");
+ ret = tb_switch_add_dma_port(sw);
+ if (ret)
return ret;
- }
- tb_sw_info(sw, "uid: %#llx\n", sw->uid);

- tb_switch_set_uuid(sw);
+ if (!sw->safe_mode) {
+ /* read drom */
+ ret = tb_drom_read(sw);
+ if (ret) {
+ tb_sw_warn(sw, "tb_eeprom_read_rom failed\n");
+ return ret;
+ }
+ tb_sw_info(sw, "uid: %#llx\n", sw->uid);

- for (i = 0; i <= sw->config.max_port_number; i++) {
- if (sw->ports[i].disabled) {
- tb_port_info(&sw->ports[i], "disabled by eeprom\n");
- continue;
+ tb_switch_set_uuid(sw);
+
+ for (i = 0; i <= sw->config.max_port_number; i++) {
+ if (sw->ports[i].disabled) {
+ tb_port_info(&sw->ports[i], "disabled by eeprom\n");
+ continue;
+ }
+ ret = tb_init_port(&sw->ports[i]);
+ if (ret)
+ return ret;
}
- ret = tb_init_port(&sw->ports[i]);
- if (ret)
- return ret;
+
+ if (sw->security_level == TB_SECURITY_SECURE)
+ sw->dev.groups = secure_switch_groups;
+ else
+ sw->dev.groups = switch_groups;
}

- if (sw->security_level == TB_SECURITY_SECURE)
- sw->dev.groups = secure_switch_groups;
- else
- sw->dev.groups = switch_groups;
+ ret = device_add(&sw->dev);
+ if (ret)
+ return ret;

- return device_add(&sw->dev);
+ tb_switch_nvm_add(sw);
+ return 0;
}

/**
@@ -792,6 +1338,7 @@ void tb_switch_remove(struct tb_switch *sw)
if (!sw->is_unplugged)
tb_plug_events_active(sw, false);

+ tb_switch_nvm_remove(sw);
device_unregister(&sw->dev);
}

diff --git a/drivers/thunderbolt/tb.h b/drivers/thunderbolt/tb.h
index 9449497cea4f..b3029cebe714 100644
--- a/drivers/thunderbolt/tb.h
+++ b/drivers/thunderbolt/tb.h
@@ -7,6 +7,7 @@
#ifndef TB_H_
#define TB_H_

+#include <linux/nvmem-provider.h>
#include <linux/pci.h>
#include <linux/uuid.h>

@@ -15,6 +16,30 @@
#include "dma_port.h"

/**
+ * struct tb_switch_nvm - Structure holding switch NVM information
+ * @major: Major version number of the active NVM portion
+ * @minor: Minor version number of the active NVM portion
+ * @id: Identifier used with both NVM portions
+ * @active: Active portion NVMem device
+ * @non_active: Non-active portion NVMem device
+ * @buf: Buffer where the NVM image is stored before it is written to
+ * the actual NVM flash device
+ * @buf_data_size: Number of bytes actually consumed by the new NVM
+ * image
+ * @authenticating: The switch is authenticating the new NVM
+ */
+struct tb_switch_nvm {
+ u8 major;
+ u8 minor;
+ int id;
+ struct nvmem_device *active;
+ struct nvmem_device *non_active;
+ void *buf;
+ size_t buf_data_size;
+ bool authenticating;
+};
+
+/**
* enum tb_security_level - Thunderbolt security level
* @TB_SECURITY_NONE: No security, legacy mode
* @TB_SECURITY_USER: User approval required at minimum
@@ -49,6 +74,9 @@ enum tb_security_level {
* @cap_plug_events: Offset to the plug events capability (%0 if not found)
* @is_unplugged: The switch is going away
* @drom: DROM of the switch (%NULL if not found)
+ * @nvm: Pointer to the NVM if the switch has one (%NULL otherwise)
+ * @no_nvm_upgrade: Prevent NVM upgrade of this switch
+ * @safe_mode: The switch is in safe-mode
* @authorized: Whether the switch is authorized by user or policy
* @work: Work used to automatically authorize a switch
* @security_level: Switch supported security level
@@ -79,6 +107,9 @@ struct tb_switch {
int cap_plug_events;
bool is_unplugged;
u8 *drom;
+ struct tb_switch_nvm *nvm;
+ bool no_nvm_upgrade;
+ bool safe_mode;
unsigned int authorized;
struct work_struct work;
enum tb_security_level security_level;
@@ -170,6 +201,7 @@ struct tb_path {
* @approve_switch: Approve switch
* @add_switch_key: Add key to switch
* @challenge_switch_key: Challenge switch using key
+ * @disconnect_pcie_paths: Disconnects PCIe paths before NVM update
*/
struct tb_cm_ops {
int (*driver_ready)(struct tb *tb);
@@ -185,6 +217,7 @@ struct tb_cm_ops {
int (*add_switch_key)(struct tb *tb, struct tb_switch *sw);
int (*challenge_switch_key)(struct tb *tb, struct tb_switch *sw,
const u8 *challenge, u8 *response);
+ int (*disconnect_pcie_paths)(struct tb *tb);
};

/**
@@ -349,6 +382,7 @@ void tb_domain_complete(struct tb *tb);
int tb_domain_approve_switch(struct tb *tb, struct tb_switch *sw);
int tb_domain_approve_switch_key(struct tb *tb, struct tb_switch *sw);
int tb_domain_challenge_switch_key(struct tb *tb, struct tb_switch *sw);
+int tb_domain_disconnect_pcie_paths(struct tb *tb);

static inline void tb_domain_put(struct tb *tb)
{
@@ -357,6 +391,8 @@ static inline void tb_domain_put(struct tb *tb)

struct tb_switch *tb_switch_alloc(struct tb *tb, struct device *parent,
u64 route);
+struct tb_switch *tb_switch_alloc_safe_mode(struct tb *tb,
+ struct device *parent, u64 route);
int tb_switch_configure(struct tb_switch *sw);
int tb_switch_add(struct tb_switch *sw);
void tb_switch_remove(struct tb_switch *sw);
--
2.11.0
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