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Subject[PATCH 1/2] nohz: Fix again collision between tick and other hrtimers
(This restores commit 24b91e360ef521a2808771633d76ebc68bd5604b that got
reverted by commit 558e8e27e73f53f8a512485be538b07115fe5f3c due to a
regression where CPUs spuriously stopped ticking. The issue happened
when a tick fired too early past its expected expiration: on IRQ exit
the tick was scheduled again to the same deadline but skipped
reprogramming because ts->next_tick still kept in cache the deadline.
This has been fixed now with resetting ts->next_tick from the tick
itself. Extra care has also been taken to prevent from obsolete values
throughout CPU hotplug operations.)

When the tick is stopped and an interrupt occurs afterward, we check on
that interrupt exit if the next tick needs to be rescheduled. If it
doesn't need any update, we don't want to do anything.

In order to check if the tick needs an update, we compare it against the
clockevent device deadline. Now that's a problem because the clockevent
device is at a lower level than the tick itself if it is implemented
on top of hrtimer.

Every hrtimer share this clockevent device. So comparing the next tick
deadline against the clockevent device deadline is wrong because the
device may be programmed for another hrtimer whose deadline collides
with the tick. As a result we may end up not reprogramming the tick

In a worst case scenario under full dynticks mode, the tick stops firing
as it is supposed to every 1hz, leaving /proc/stat stalled:

Task in a full dynticks CPU

* hrtimer A is queued 2 seconds ahead
* the tick is stopped, scheduled 1 second ahead
* tick fires 1 second later
* on tick exit, nohz schedules the tick 1 second ahead but sees
the clockevent device is already programmed to that deadline,
fooled by hrtimer A, the tick isn't rescheduled.
* hrtimer A is cancelled before its deadline
* tick never fires again until an interrupt happens...

In order to fix this, store the next tick deadline to the tick_sched
local structure and reuse that value later to check whether we need to
reprogram the clock after an interrupt.

On the other hand, ts->sleep_length still wants to know about the next
clock event and not just the tick, so we want to improve the related
comment to avoid confusion.

Reported-and-tested-by: Tim Wright <>
Reported-and-tested-by: Pavel Machek <>
Reported-by: James Hartsock <>
Acked-by: Rik van Riel <>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <>
Signed-off-by: Frederic Weisbecker <>
kernel/time/tick-sched.c | 26 ++++++++++++++++++++++++--
kernel/time/tick-sched.h | 2 ++
2 files changed, 26 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)

diff --git a/kernel/time/tick-sched.c b/kernel/time/tick-sched.c
index 7fe53be..502b320 100644
--- a/kernel/time/tick-sched.c
+++ b/kernel/time/tick-sched.c
@@ -150,6 +150,12 @@ static void tick_sched_handle(struct tick_sched *ts, struct pt_regs *regs)
if (is_idle_task(current))
+ /*
+ * In case the current tick fired too early past its expected
+ * expiration, make sure we don't bypass the next clock reprogramming
+ * to the same deadline.
+ */
+ ts->next_tick = 0;
@@ -660,6 +666,12 @@ static void tick_nohz_restart(struct tick_sched *ts, ktime_t now)
hrtimer_start_expires(&ts->sched_timer, HRTIMER_MODE_ABS_PINNED);
tick_program_event(hrtimer_get_expires(&ts->sched_timer), 1);
+ /*
+ * Reset to make sure next tick stop doesn't get fooled by past
+ * cached clock deadline.
+ */
+ ts->next_tick = 0;

static ktime_t tick_nohz_stop_sched_tick(struct tick_sched *ts,
@@ -771,7 +783,7 @@ static ktime_t tick_nohz_stop_sched_tick(struct tick_sched *ts,
tick = expires;

/* Skip reprogram of event if its not changed */
- if (ts->tick_stopped && (expires == dev->next_event))
+ if (ts->tick_stopped && (expires == ts->next_tick))
goto out;

@@ -791,6 +803,8 @@ static ktime_t tick_nohz_stop_sched_tick(struct tick_sched *ts,
trace_tick_stop(1, TICK_DEP_MASK_NONE);

+ ts->next_tick = tick;
* If the expiration time == KTIME_MAX, then we simply stop
* the tick timer.
@@ -806,7 +820,10 @@ static ktime_t tick_nohz_stop_sched_tick(struct tick_sched *ts,
tick_program_event(tick, 1);
- /* Update the estimated sleep length */
+ /*
+ * Update the estimated sleep length until the next timer
+ * (not only the tick).
+ */
ts->sleep_length = ktime_sub(dev->next_event, now);
return tick;
@@ -864,6 +881,11 @@ static bool can_stop_idle_tick(int cpu, struct tick_sched *ts)
if (unlikely(!cpu_online(cpu))) {
if (cpu == tick_do_timer_cpu)
tick_do_timer_cpu = TICK_DO_TIMER_NONE;
+ /*
+ * Make sure the CPU doesn't get fooled by obsolete tick
+ * deadline if it comes back online later.
+ */
+ ts->next_tick = 0;
return false;

diff --git a/kernel/time/tick-sched.h b/kernel/time/tick-sched.h
index bf38226..075444e 100644
--- a/kernel/time/tick-sched.h
+++ b/kernel/time/tick-sched.h
@@ -27,6 +27,7 @@ enum tick_nohz_mode {
* timer is modified for nohz sleeps. This is necessary
* to resume the tick timer operation in the timeline
* when the CPU returns from nohz sleep.
+ * @next_tick: Next tick to be fired when in dynticks mode.
* @tick_stopped: Indicator that the idle tick has been stopped
* @idle_jiffies: jiffies at the entry to idle for idle time accounting
* @idle_calls: Total number of idle calls
@@ -44,6 +45,7 @@ struct tick_sched {
unsigned long check_clocks;
enum tick_nohz_mode nohz_mode;
ktime_t last_tick;
+ ktime_t next_tick;
int inidle;
int tick_stopped;
unsigned long idle_jiffies;
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