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Subject[PATCH] x86/ftrace: Fix ebp in ftrace_regs_caller that screws up unwinder
From: Steven Rostedt (VMware) <rostedt@goodmis.org>

Fengguang Wu's zero day bot triggered a stack unwinder dump. This can
be easily triggered when CONFIG_FRAME_POINTERS is enabled and -mfentry
is in use on x86_32.

># cd /sys/kernel/debug/tracing
># echo 'p:schedule schedule' > kprobe_events
># echo stacktrace > events/kprobes/schedule/trigger

This is because the code that implemented fentry in the
ftrace_regs_caller tried to use the least amount of #ifdefs, and
modified ebp when CC_USE_FENTRY was defined to point to the parent ip
as it does when CC_USE_FENTRY is not defined. But when
CONFIG_FRAME_POINTERS is set, it corrupts the ebp register for this
frame while doing the tracing.

NOTE, it does not corrupt ebp in any other way. It is just a bad
frame pointer when calling into the tracing infrastructure. The original
ebp is restored before returning from the fentry call. But if a stack
trace is performed inside the tracing, the unwinder will notice the bad
ebp.

Instead of toying with ebp with CC_USING_FENTRY, just slap the parent
ip into the second parameter (%edx), and have an #else that does it the
original way.

The unwinder will unfortunately miss the function being traced, as the
stack frame is not set up yet for it, as it is for x86_64. But fixing
that is a bit more complex and did not work before anyway.

This has been tested with and without FRAME_POINTERS being set while
using -mfentry, as well as using an older compiler that uses mcount.

Reported-by: kernel test robot <fengguang.wu@intel.com>
Analyzed-by: Josh Poimboeuf <jpoimboe@redhat.com>
Link: https://lists.01.org/pipermail/lkp/2017-April/006165.html
Fixes: 644e0e8dc76b ("x86/ftrace: Add -mfentry support to x86_32 with DYNAMIC_FTRACE set")
Signed-off-by: Steven Rostedt (VMware) <rostedt@goodmis.org>
---
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/ftrace_32.S b/arch/x86/kernel/ftrace_32.S
index 07f4035..722a145 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/ftrace_32.S
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/ftrace_32.S
@@ -128,14 +128,14 @@ ENTRY(ftrace_regs_caller)
pushl %edx
pushl %ecx
pushl %ebx
-#ifdef CC_USING_FENTRY
- /* Load 4 off of the parent ip addr into ebp */
- lea 14*4(%esp), %ebp
-#endif

movl 12*4(%esp), %eax /* Load ip (1st parameter) */
subl $MCOUNT_INSN_SIZE, %eax /* Adjust ip */
+#ifdef CC_USING_FENTRY
+ movl 15*4(%esp), %edx /* Load parent ip (2nd parameter) */
+#else
movl 0x4(%ebp), %edx /* Load parent ip (2nd parameter) */
+#endif
movl function_trace_op, %ecx /* Save ftrace_pos in 3rd parameter */
pushl %esp /* Save pt_regs as 4th parameter */

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