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Subject[PATCH v5 05/11] mm: thp: enable thp migration in generic path
Date
From: Zi Yan <zi.yan@cs.rutgers.edu>

This patch adds thp migration's core code, including conversions
between a PMD entry and a swap entry, setting PMD migration entry,
removing PMD migration entry, and waiting on PMD migration entries.

This patch makes it possible to support thp migration.
If you fail to allocate a destination page as a thp, you just split
the source thp as we do now, and then enter the normal page migration.
If you succeed to allocate destination thp, you enter thp migration.
Subsequent patches actually enable thp migration for each caller of
page migration by allowing its get_new_page() callback to
allocate thps.

ChangeLog v1 -> v2:
- support pte-mapped thp, doubly-mapped thp

Signed-off-by: Naoya Horiguchi <n-horiguchi@ah.jp.nec.com>

ChangeLog v2 -> v3:
- use page_vma_mapped_walk()
- use pmdp_huge_clear_flush() instead of pmdp_huge_get_and_clear() in
set_pmd_migration_entry()

ChangeLog v3 -> v4:
- factor out the code of removing pte pgtable page in zap_huge_pmd()

ChangeLog v4 -> v5:
- remove unnecessary PTE-mapped THP code in remove_migration_pmd()
and set_pmd_migration_entry()
- restructure the code in zap_huge_pmd() to avoid factoring out
the pte pgtable page code
- in zap_huge_pmd(), check that PMD swap entries are migration entries
- change author information

Signed-off-by: Zi Yan <zi.yan@cs.rutgers.edu>
---
arch/x86/include/asm/pgtable_64.h | 2 +
include/linux/swapops.h | 69 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-
mm/huge_memory.c | 84 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++---
mm/migrate.c | 30 +++++++++++++-
mm/page_vma_mapped.c | 13 ++++--
mm/pgtable-generic.c | 3 +-
mm/rmap.c | 11 +++++
7 files changed, 200 insertions(+), 12 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/pgtable_64.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/pgtable_64.h
index 770b5ae271ed..bd0252630bb3 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/pgtable_64.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/pgtable_64.h
@@ -187,7 +187,9 @@ static inline int pgd_large(pgd_t pgd) { return 0; }
((type) << (SWP_TYPE_FIRST_BIT)) \
| ((offset) << SWP_OFFSET_FIRST_BIT) })
#define __pte_to_swp_entry(pte) ((swp_entry_t) { pte_val((pte)) })
+#define __pmd_to_swp_entry(pmd) ((swp_entry_t) { pmd_val((pmd)) })
#define __swp_entry_to_pte(x) ((pte_t) { .pte = (x).val })
+#define __swp_entry_to_pmd(x) ((pmd_t) { .pmd = (x).val })

extern int kern_addr_valid(unsigned long addr);
extern void cleanup_highmap(void);
diff --git a/include/linux/swapops.h b/include/linux/swapops.h
index 5c3a5f3e7eec..c543c6f25e8f 100644
--- a/include/linux/swapops.h
+++ b/include/linux/swapops.h
@@ -103,7 +103,8 @@ static inline void *swp_to_radix_entry(swp_entry_t entry)
#ifdef CONFIG_MIGRATION
static inline swp_entry_t make_migration_entry(struct page *page, int write)
{
- BUG_ON(!PageLocked(page));
+ BUG_ON(!PageLocked(compound_head(page)));
+
return swp_entry(write ? SWP_MIGRATION_WRITE : SWP_MIGRATION_READ,
page_to_pfn(page));
}
@@ -126,7 +127,7 @@ static inline struct page *migration_entry_to_page(swp_entry_t entry)
* Any use of migration entries may only occur while the
* corresponding page is locked
*/
- BUG_ON(!PageLocked(p));
+ BUG_ON(!PageLocked(compound_head(p)));
return p;
}

@@ -163,6 +164,70 @@ static inline int is_write_migration_entry(swp_entry_t entry)

#endif

+struct page_vma_mapped_walk;
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_ENABLE_THP_MIGRATION
+extern void set_pmd_migration_entry(struct page_vma_mapped_walk *pvmw,
+ struct page *page);
+
+extern void remove_migration_pmd(struct page_vma_mapped_walk *pvmw,
+ struct page *new);
+
+extern void pmd_migration_entry_wait(struct mm_struct *mm, pmd_t *pmd);
+
+static inline swp_entry_t pmd_to_swp_entry(pmd_t pmd)
+{
+ swp_entry_t arch_entry;
+
+ arch_entry = __pmd_to_swp_entry(pmd);
+ return swp_entry(__swp_type(arch_entry), __swp_offset(arch_entry));
+}
+
+static inline pmd_t swp_entry_to_pmd(swp_entry_t entry)
+{
+ swp_entry_t arch_entry;
+
+ arch_entry = __swp_entry(swp_type(entry), swp_offset(entry));
+ return __swp_entry_to_pmd(arch_entry);
+}
+
+static inline int is_pmd_migration_entry(pmd_t pmd)
+{
+ return !pmd_present(pmd) && is_migration_entry(pmd_to_swp_entry(pmd));
+}
+#else
+static inline void set_pmd_migration_entry(struct page_vma_mapped_walk *pvmw,
+ struct page *page)
+{
+ BUILD_BUG();
+}
+
+static inline void remove_migration_pmd(struct page_vma_mapped_walk *pvmw,
+ struct page *new)
+{
+ BUILD_BUG();
+}
+
+static inline void pmd_migration_entry_wait(struct mm_struct *m, pmd_t *p) { }
+
+static inline swp_entry_t pmd_to_swp_entry(pmd_t pmd)
+{
+ BUILD_BUG();
+ return swp_entry(0, 0);
+}
+
+static inline pmd_t swp_entry_to_pmd(swp_entry_t entry)
+{
+ BUILD_BUG();
+ return (pmd_t){{ 0 }};
+}
+
+static inline int is_pmd_migration_entry(pmd_t pmd)
+{
+ return 0;
+}
+#endif
+
#ifdef CONFIG_MEMORY_FAILURE

extern atomic_long_t num_poisoned_pages __read_mostly;
diff --git a/mm/huge_memory.c b/mm/huge_memory.c
index 0db1f1c90aad..7406d88445bf 100644
--- a/mm/huge_memory.c
+++ b/mm/huge_memory.c
@@ -1633,10 +1633,23 @@ int zap_huge_pmd(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct vm_area_struct *vma,
spin_unlock(ptl);
tlb_remove_page_size(tlb, pmd_page(orig_pmd), HPAGE_PMD_SIZE);
} else {
- struct page *page = pmd_page(orig_pmd);
- page_remove_rmap(page, true);
- VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(page_mapcount(page) < 0, page);
- VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(!PageHead(page), page);
+ struct page *page = NULL;
+ int migration = 0;
+
+ if (pmd_present(orig_pmd)) {
+ page = pmd_page(orig_pmd);
+ page_remove_rmap(page, true);
+ VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(page_mapcount(page) < 0, page);
+ VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(!PageHead(page), page);
+ } else {
+ swp_entry_t entry;
+
+ VM_BUG_ON(!is_pmd_migration_entry(orig_pmd));
+ entry = pmd_to_swp_entry(orig_pmd);
+ page = pfn_to_page(swp_offset(entry));
+ migration = 1;
+ }
+
if (PageAnon(page)) {
zap_deposited_table(tlb->mm, pmd);
add_mm_counter(tlb->mm, MM_ANONPAGES, -HPAGE_PMD_NR);
@@ -1645,8 +1658,10 @@ int zap_huge_pmd(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct vm_area_struct *vma,
zap_deposited_table(tlb->mm, pmd);
add_mm_counter(tlb->mm, MM_FILEPAGES, -HPAGE_PMD_NR);
}
+
spin_unlock(ptl);
- tlb_remove_page_size(tlb, page, HPAGE_PMD_SIZE);
+ if (!migration)
+ tlb_remove_page_size(tlb, page, HPAGE_PMD_SIZE);
}
return 1;
}
@@ -2669,3 +2684,62 @@ static int __init split_huge_pages_debugfs(void)
}
late_initcall(split_huge_pages_debugfs);
#endif
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_ENABLE_THP_MIGRATION
+void set_pmd_migration_entry(struct page_vma_mapped_walk *pvmw,
+ struct page *page)
+{
+ struct vm_area_struct *vma = pvmw->vma;
+ struct mm_struct *mm = vma->vm_mm;
+ unsigned long address = pvmw->address;
+ pmd_t pmdval;
+ swp_entry_t entry;
+
+ if (!(pvmw->pmd && !pvmw->pte))
+ return;
+
+ mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_start(mm, address,
+ address + HPAGE_PMD_SIZE);
+
+ flush_cache_range(vma, address, address + HPAGE_PMD_SIZE);
+ pmdval = pmdp_huge_clear_flush(vma, address, pvmw->pmd);
+ if (pmd_dirty(pmdval))
+ set_page_dirty(page);
+ entry = make_migration_entry(page, pmd_write(pmdval));
+ pmdval = swp_entry_to_pmd(entry);
+ set_pmd_at(mm, address, pvmw->pmd, pmdval);
+ page_remove_rmap(page, true);
+ put_page(page);
+
+ mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_end(mm, address,
+ address + HPAGE_PMD_SIZE);
+}
+
+void remove_migration_pmd(struct page_vma_mapped_walk *pvmw, struct page *new)
+{
+ struct vm_area_struct *vma = pvmw->vma;
+ struct mm_struct *mm = vma->vm_mm;
+ unsigned long address = pvmw->address;
+ unsigned long mmun_start = address & HPAGE_PMD_MASK;
+ unsigned long mmun_end = mmun_start + HPAGE_PMD_SIZE;
+ pmd_t pmde;
+ swp_entry_t entry;
+
+ if (!(pvmw->pmd && !pvmw->pte))
+ return;
+
+ entry = pmd_to_swp_entry(*pvmw->pmd);
+ get_page(new);
+ pmde = pmd_mkold(mk_huge_pmd(new, vma->vm_page_prot));
+ if (is_write_migration_entry(entry))
+ pmde = maybe_pmd_mkwrite(pmde, vma);
+
+ flush_cache_range(vma, mmun_start, mmun_end);
+ page_add_anon_rmap(new, vma, mmun_start, true);
+ set_pmd_at(mm, mmun_start, pvmw->pmd, pmde);
+ flush_tlb_range(vma, mmun_start, mmun_end);
+ if (vma->vm_flags & VM_LOCKED)
+ mlock_vma_page(new);
+ update_mmu_cache_pmd(vma, address, pvmw->pmd);
+}
+#endif
diff --git a/mm/migrate.c b/mm/migrate.c
index 5cfe3c27bcbe..bbc856264b69 100644
--- a/mm/migrate.c
+++ b/mm/migrate.c
@@ -214,6 +214,13 @@ static bool remove_migration_pte(struct page *page, struct vm_area_struct *vma,
new = page - pvmw.page->index +
linear_page_index(vma, pvmw.address);

+ /* PMD-mapped THP migration entry */
+ if (!pvmw.pte && pvmw.page) {
+ VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(PageHuge(page) || !PageTransCompound(page), page);
+ remove_migration_pmd(&pvmw, new);
+ continue;
+ }
+
get_page(new);
pte = pte_mkold(mk_pte(new, READ_ONCE(vma->vm_page_prot)));
if (pte_swp_soft_dirty(*pvmw.pte))
@@ -327,6 +334,27 @@ void migration_entry_wait_huge(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
__migration_entry_wait(mm, pte, ptl);
}

+#ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_ENABLE_THP_MIGRATION
+void pmd_migration_entry_wait(struct mm_struct *mm, pmd_t *pmd)
+{
+ spinlock_t *ptl;
+ struct page *page;
+
+ ptl = pmd_lock(mm, pmd);
+ if (!is_pmd_migration_entry(*pmd))
+ goto unlock;
+ page = migration_entry_to_page(pmd_to_swp_entry(*pmd));
+ if (!get_page_unless_zero(page))
+ goto unlock;
+ spin_unlock(ptl);
+ wait_on_page_locked(page);
+ put_page(page);
+ return;
+unlock:
+ spin_unlock(ptl);
+}
+#endif
+
#ifdef CONFIG_BLOCK
/* Returns true if all buffers are successfully locked */
static bool buffer_migrate_lock_buffers(struct buffer_head *head,
@@ -1085,7 +1113,7 @@ static ICE_noinline int unmap_and_move(new_page_t get_new_page,
goto out;
}

- if (unlikely(PageTransHuge(page))) {
+ if (unlikely(PageTransHuge(page) && !PageTransHuge(newpage))) {
lock_page(page);
rc = split_huge_page(page);
unlock_page(page);
diff --git a/mm/page_vma_mapped.c b/mm/page_vma_mapped.c
index de9c40d7304a..e209a12d8722 100644
--- a/mm/page_vma_mapped.c
+++ b/mm/page_vma_mapped.c
@@ -137,16 +137,23 @@ bool page_vma_mapped_walk(struct page_vma_mapped_walk *pvmw)
if (!pud_present(*pud))
return false;
pvmw->pmd = pmd_offset(pud, pvmw->address);
- if (pmd_trans_huge(*pvmw->pmd)) {
+ if (pmd_trans_huge(*pvmw->pmd) || is_pmd_migration_entry(*pvmw->pmd)) {
pvmw->ptl = pmd_lock(mm, pvmw->pmd);
- if (!pmd_present(*pvmw->pmd))
- return not_found(pvmw);
if (likely(pmd_trans_huge(*pvmw->pmd))) {
if (pvmw->flags & PVMW_MIGRATION)
return not_found(pvmw);
if (pmd_page(*pvmw->pmd) != page)
return not_found(pvmw);
return true;
+ } else if (!pmd_present(*pvmw->pmd)) {
+ if (unlikely(is_migration_entry(pmd_to_swp_entry(*pvmw->pmd)))) {
+ swp_entry_t entry = pmd_to_swp_entry(*pvmw->pmd);
+
+ if (migration_entry_to_page(entry) != page)
+ return not_found(pvmw);
+ return true;
+ }
+ return not_found(pvmw);
} else {
/* THP pmd was split under us: handle on pte level */
spin_unlock(pvmw->ptl);
diff --git a/mm/pgtable-generic.c b/mm/pgtable-generic.c
index c99d9512a45b..1175f6a24fdb 100644
--- a/mm/pgtable-generic.c
+++ b/mm/pgtable-generic.c
@@ -124,7 +124,8 @@ pmd_t pmdp_huge_clear_flush(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address,
{
pmd_t pmd;
VM_BUG_ON(address & ~HPAGE_PMD_MASK);
- VM_BUG_ON(!pmd_trans_huge(*pmdp) && !pmd_devmap(*pmdp));
+ VM_BUG_ON((pmd_present(*pmdp) && !pmd_trans_huge(*pmdp) &&
+ !pmd_devmap(*pmdp)) || !pmd_present(*pmdp));
pmd = pmdp_huge_get_and_clear(vma->vm_mm, address, pmdp);
flush_pmd_tlb_range(vma, address, address + HPAGE_PMD_SIZE);
return pmd;
diff --git a/mm/rmap.c b/mm/rmap.c
index b0c6b20dca74..b9505f15c099 100644
--- a/mm/rmap.c
+++ b/mm/rmap.c
@@ -1302,6 +1302,7 @@ static bool try_to_unmap_one(struct page *page, struct vm_area_struct *vma,
bool ret = true;
enum ttu_flags flags = (enum ttu_flags)arg;

+
/* munlock has nothing to gain from examining un-locked vmas */
if ((flags & TTU_MUNLOCK) && !(vma->vm_flags & VM_LOCKED))
return true;
@@ -1312,6 +1313,16 @@ static bool try_to_unmap_one(struct page *page, struct vm_area_struct *vma,
}

while (page_vma_mapped_walk(&pvmw)) {
+ /* PMD-mapped THP migration entry */
+ if (flags & TTU_MIGRATION) {
+ if (!pvmw.pte && page) {
+ VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(PageHuge(page) || !PageTransCompound(page),
+ page);
+ set_pmd_migration_entry(&pvmw, page);
+ continue;
+ }
+ }
+
/*
* If the page is mlock()d, we cannot swap it out.
* If it's recently referenced (perhaps page_referenced
--
2.11.0
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