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Subject[PATCHv5 9/9] x86/mm: Allow to have userspace mappings above 47-bits
Date
On x86, 5-level paging enables 56-bit userspace virtual address space.
Not all user space is ready to handle wide addresses. It's known that
at least some JIT compilers use higher bits in pointers to encode their
information. It collides with valid pointers with 5-level paging and
leads to crashes.

To mitigate this, we are not going to allocate virtual address space
above 47-bit by default.

But userspace can ask for allocation from full address space by
specifying hint address (with or without MAP_FIXED) above 47-bits.

If hint address set above 47-bit, but MAP_FIXED is not specified, we try
to look for unmapped area by specified address. If it's already
occupied, we look for unmapped area in *full* address space, rather than
from 47-bit window.

A high hint address would only affect the allocation in question, but not
any future mmap()s.

Specifying high hint address on older kernel or on machine without 5-level
paging support is safe. The hint will be ignored and kernel will fall back
to allocation from 47-bit address space.

This approach helps to easily make application's memory allocator aware
about large address space without manually tracking allocated virtual
address space.

One important case we need to handle here is interaction with MPX.
MPX (without MAWA( extension cannot handle addresses above 47-bit, so we
need to make sure that MPX cannot be enabled we already have VMA above
the boundary and forbid creating such VMAs once MPX is enabled.

Signed-off-by: Kirill A. Shutemov <kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com>
Reviewed-by: Dmitry Safonov <dsafonov@virtuozzo.com>
Cc: linux-api@vger.kernel.org
---
arch/x86/include/asm/elf.h | 4 ++--
arch/x86/include/asm/mpx.h | 9 +++++++++
arch/x86/include/asm/processor.h | 11 ++++++++---
arch/x86/kernel/sys_x86_64.c | 30 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++----
arch/x86/mm/hugetlbpage.c | 27 +++++++++++++++++++++++----
arch/x86/mm/mmap.c | 6 +++---
arch/x86/mm/mpx.c | 33 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-
7 files changed, 103 insertions(+), 17 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/elf.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/elf.h
index e8ab9a46bc68..7a30513a4046 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/elf.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/elf.h
@@ -250,7 +250,7 @@ extern int force_personality32;
the loader. We need to make sure that it is out of the way of the program
that it will "exec", and that there is sufficient room for the brk. */

-#define ELF_ET_DYN_BASE (TASK_SIZE / 3 * 2)
+#define ELF_ET_DYN_BASE (TASK_SIZE_LOW / 3 * 2)

/* This yields a mask that user programs can use to figure out what
instruction set this CPU supports. This could be done in user space,
@@ -304,7 +304,7 @@ static inline int mmap_is_ia32(void)
}

extern unsigned long tasksize_32bit(void);
-extern unsigned long tasksize_64bit(void);
+extern unsigned long tasksize_64bit(int full_addr_space);
extern unsigned long get_mmap_base(int is_legacy);

#ifdef CONFIG_X86_32
diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/mpx.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/mpx.h
index a0d662be4c5b..7d7404756bb4 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/mpx.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/mpx.h
@@ -73,6 +73,9 @@ static inline void mpx_mm_init(struct mm_struct *mm)
}
void mpx_notify_unmap(struct mm_struct *mm, struct vm_area_struct *vma,
unsigned long start, unsigned long end);
+
+unsigned long mpx_unmapped_area_check(unsigned long addr, unsigned long len,
+ unsigned long flags);
#else
static inline siginfo_t *mpx_generate_siginfo(struct pt_regs *regs)
{
@@ -94,6 +97,12 @@ static inline void mpx_notify_unmap(struct mm_struct *mm,
unsigned long start, unsigned long end)
{
}
+
+static inline unsigned long mpx_unmapped_area_check(unsigned long addr,
+ unsigned long len, unsigned long flags)
+{
+ return addr;
+}
#endif /* CONFIG_X86_INTEL_MPX */

#endif /* _ASM_X86_MPX_H */
diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/processor.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/processor.h
index 3cada998a402..aaed58b03ddb 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/processor.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/processor.h
@@ -795,6 +795,7 @@ static inline void spin_lock_prefetch(const void *x)
#define IA32_PAGE_OFFSET PAGE_OFFSET
#define TASK_SIZE PAGE_OFFSET
#define TASK_SIZE_MAX TASK_SIZE
+#define DEFAULT_MAP_WINDOW TASK_SIZE
#define STACK_TOP TASK_SIZE
#define STACK_TOP_MAX STACK_TOP

@@ -834,7 +835,9 @@ static inline void spin_lock_prefetch(const void *x)
* particular problem by preventing anything from being mapped
* at the maximum canonical address.
*/
-#define TASK_SIZE_MAX ((1UL << 47) - PAGE_SIZE)
+#define TASK_SIZE_MAX ((1UL << __VIRTUAL_MASK_SHIFT) - PAGE_SIZE)
+
+#define DEFAULT_MAP_WINDOW ((1UL << 47) - PAGE_SIZE)

/* This decides where the kernel will search for a free chunk of vm
* space during mmap's.
@@ -842,12 +845,14 @@ static inline void spin_lock_prefetch(const void *x)
#define IA32_PAGE_OFFSET ((current->personality & ADDR_LIMIT_3GB) ? \
0xc0000000 : 0xFFFFe000)

+#define TASK_SIZE_LOW (test_thread_flag(TIF_ADDR32) ? \
+ IA32_PAGE_OFFSET : DEFAULT_MAP_WINDOW)
#define TASK_SIZE (test_thread_flag(TIF_ADDR32) ? \
IA32_PAGE_OFFSET : TASK_SIZE_MAX)
#define TASK_SIZE_OF(child) ((test_tsk_thread_flag(child, TIF_ADDR32)) ? \
IA32_PAGE_OFFSET : TASK_SIZE_MAX)

-#define STACK_TOP TASK_SIZE
+#define STACK_TOP TASK_SIZE_LOW
#define STACK_TOP_MAX TASK_SIZE_MAX

#define INIT_THREAD { \
@@ -870,7 +875,7 @@ extern void start_thread(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long new_ip,
* space during mmap's.
*/
#define __TASK_UNMAPPED_BASE(task_size) (PAGE_ALIGN(task_size / 3))
-#define TASK_UNMAPPED_BASE __TASK_UNMAPPED_BASE(TASK_SIZE)
+#define TASK_UNMAPPED_BASE __TASK_UNMAPPED_BASE(TASK_SIZE_LOW)

#define KSTK_EIP(task) (task_pt_regs(task)->ip)

diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/sys_x86_64.c b/arch/x86/kernel/sys_x86_64.c
index 207b8f2582c7..74d1587b181d 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/sys_x86_64.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/sys_x86_64.c
@@ -21,6 +21,7 @@
#include <asm/compat.h>
#include <asm/ia32.h>
#include <asm/syscalls.h>
+#include <asm/mpx.h>

/*
* Align a virtual address to avoid aliasing in the I$ on AMD F15h.
@@ -100,8 +101,8 @@ SYSCALL_DEFINE6(mmap, unsigned long, addr, unsigned long, len,
return error;
}

-static void find_start_end(unsigned long flags, unsigned long *begin,
- unsigned long *end)
+static void find_start_end(unsigned long addr, unsigned long flags,
+ unsigned long *begin, unsigned long *end)
{
if (!in_compat_syscall() && (flags & MAP_32BIT)) {
/* This is usually used needed to map code in small
@@ -120,7 +121,10 @@ static void find_start_end(unsigned long flags, unsigned long *begin,
}

*begin = get_mmap_base(1);
- *end = in_compat_syscall() ? tasksize_32bit() : tasksize_64bit();
+ if (in_compat_syscall())
+ *end = tasksize_32bit();
+ else
+ *end = tasksize_64bit(addr > DEFAULT_MAP_WINDOW);
}

unsigned long
@@ -132,10 +136,14 @@ arch_get_unmapped_area(struct file *filp, unsigned long addr,
struct vm_unmapped_area_info info;
unsigned long begin, end;

+ addr = mpx_unmapped_area_check(addr, len, flags);
+ if (IS_ERR_VALUE(addr))
+ return addr;
+
if (flags & MAP_FIXED)
return addr;

- find_start_end(flags, &begin, &end);
+ find_start_end(addr, flags, &begin, &end);

if (len > end)
return -ENOMEM;
@@ -171,6 +179,10 @@ arch_get_unmapped_area_topdown(struct file *filp, const unsigned long addr0,
unsigned long addr = addr0;
struct vm_unmapped_area_info info;

+ addr = mpx_unmapped_area_check(addr, len, flags);
+ if (IS_ERR_VALUE(addr))
+ return addr;
+
/* requested length too big for entire address space */
if (len > TASK_SIZE)
return -ENOMEM;
@@ -195,6 +207,16 @@ arch_get_unmapped_area_topdown(struct file *filp, const unsigned long addr0,
info.length = len;
info.low_limit = PAGE_SIZE;
info.high_limit = get_mmap_base(0);
+
+ /*
+ * If hint address is above DEFAULT_MAP_WINDOW, look for unmapped area
+ * in the full address space.
+ *
+ * !in_compat_syscall() check to avoid high addresses for x32.
+ */
+ if (addr > DEFAULT_MAP_WINDOW && !in_compat_syscall())
+ info.high_limit += TASK_SIZE_MAX - DEFAULT_MAP_WINDOW;
+
info.align_mask = 0;
info.align_offset = pgoff << PAGE_SHIFT;
if (filp) {
diff --git a/arch/x86/mm/hugetlbpage.c b/arch/x86/mm/hugetlbpage.c
index 302f43fd9c28..730f00250acb 100644
--- a/arch/x86/mm/hugetlbpage.c
+++ b/arch/x86/mm/hugetlbpage.c
@@ -18,6 +18,7 @@
#include <asm/tlbflush.h>
#include <asm/pgalloc.h>
#include <asm/elf.h>
+#include <asm/mpx.h>

#if 0 /* This is just for testing */
struct page *
@@ -85,25 +86,38 @@ static unsigned long hugetlb_get_unmapped_area_bottomup(struct file *file,
info.flags = 0;
info.length = len;
info.low_limit = get_mmap_base(1);
+
+ /*
+ * If hint address is above DEFAULT_MAP_WINDOW, look for unmapped area
+ * in the full address space.
+ */
info.high_limit = in_compat_syscall() ?
- tasksize_32bit() : tasksize_64bit();
+ tasksize_32bit() : tasksize_64bit(addr > DEFAULT_MAP_WINDOW);
+
info.align_mask = PAGE_MASK & ~huge_page_mask(h);
info.align_offset = 0;
return vm_unmapped_area(&info);
}

static unsigned long hugetlb_get_unmapped_area_topdown(struct file *file,
- unsigned long addr0, unsigned long len,
+ unsigned long addr, unsigned long len,
unsigned long pgoff, unsigned long flags)
{
struct hstate *h = hstate_file(file);
struct vm_unmapped_area_info info;
- unsigned long addr;

info.flags = VM_UNMAPPED_AREA_TOPDOWN;
info.length = len;
info.low_limit = PAGE_SIZE;
info.high_limit = get_mmap_base(0);
+
+ /*
+ * If hint address is above DEFAULT_MAP_WINDOW, look for unmapped area
+ * in the full address space.
+ */
+ if (addr > DEFAULT_MAP_WINDOW && !in_compat_syscall())
+ info.high_limit += TASK_SIZE_MAX - DEFAULT_MAP_WINDOW;
+
info.align_mask = PAGE_MASK & ~huge_page_mask(h);
info.align_offset = 0;
addr = vm_unmapped_area(&info);
@@ -118,7 +132,7 @@ static unsigned long hugetlb_get_unmapped_area_topdown(struct file *file,
VM_BUG_ON(addr != -ENOMEM);
info.flags = 0;
info.low_limit = TASK_UNMAPPED_BASE;
- info.high_limit = TASK_SIZE;
+ info.high_limit = TASK_SIZE_LOW;
addr = vm_unmapped_area(&info);
}

@@ -135,6 +149,11 @@ hugetlb_get_unmapped_area(struct file *file, unsigned long addr,

if (len & ~huge_page_mask(h))
return -EINVAL;
+
+ addr = mpx_unmapped_area_check(addr, len, flags);
+ if (IS_ERR_VALUE(addr))
+ return addr;
+
if (len > TASK_SIZE)
return -ENOMEM;

diff --git a/arch/x86/mm/mmap.c b/arch/x86/mm/mmap.c
index 19ad095b41df..199050249d60 100644
--- a/arch/x86/mm/mmap.c
+++ b/arch/x86/mm/mmap.c
@@ -42,9 +42,9 @@ unsigned long tasksize_32bit(void)
return IA32_PAGE_OFFSET;
}

-unsigned long tasksize_64bit(void)
+unsigned long tasksize_64bit(int full_addr_space)
{
- return TASK_SIZE_MAX;
+ return full_addr_space ? TASK_SIZE_MAX : DEFAULT_MAP_WINDOW;
}

static unsigned long stack_maxrandom_size(unsigned long task_size)
@@ -140,7 +140,7 @@ void arch_pick_mmap_layout(struct mm_struct *mm)
mm->get_unmapped_area = arch_get_unmapped_area_topdown;

arch_pick_mmap_base(&mm->mmap_base, &mm->mmap_legacy_base,
- arch_rnd(mmap64_rnd_bits), tasksize_64bit());
+ arch_rnd(mmap64_rnd_bits), tasksize_64bit(0));

#ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_COMPAT_MMAP_BASES
/*
diff --git a/arch/x86/mm/mpx.c b/arch/x86/mm/mpx.c
index 1c34b767c84c..8c8da27e8549 100644
--- a/arch/x86/mm/mpx.c
+++ b/arch/x86/mm/mpx.c
@@ -355,10 +355,19 @@ int mpx_enable_management(void)
*/
bd_base = mpx_get_bounds_dir();
down_write(&mm->mmap_sem);
+
+ /* MPX doesn't support addresses above 47-bits yet. */
+ if (find_vma(mm, DEFAULT_MAP_WINDOW)) {
+ pr_warn_once("%s (%d): MPX cannot handle addresses "
+ "above 47-bits. Disabling.",
+ current->comm, current->pid);
+ ret = -ENXIO;
+ goto out;
+ }
mm->context.bd_addr = bd_base;
if (mm->context.bd_addr == MPX_INVALID_BOUNDS_DIR)
ret = -ENXIO;
-
+out:
up_write(&mm->mmap_sem);
return ret;
}
@@ -1030,3 +1039,25 @@ void mpx_notify_unmap(struct mm_struct *mm, struct vm_area_struct *vma,
if (ret)
force_sig(SIGSEGV, current);
}
+
+/* MPX cannot handle addresses above 47-bits yet. */
+unsigned long mpx_unmapped_area_check(unsigned long addr, unsigned long len,
+ unsigned long flags)
+{
+ if (!kernel_managing_mpx_tables(current->mm))
+ return addr;
+ if (addr + len <= DEFAULT_MAP_WINDOW)
+ return addr;
+ if (flags & MAP_FIXED)
+ return -ENOMEM;
+
+ /*
+ * Requested len is larger than whole area we're allowed to map in.
+ * Resetting hinting address wouldn't do much good -- fail early.
+ */
+ if (len > DEFAULT_MAP_WINDOW)
+ return -ENOMEM;
+
+ /* Look for unmap area within DEFAULT_MAP_WINDOW */
+ return 0;
+}
--
2.11.0
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