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SubjectRe: [RFC 1/2] dt-bindings: add mmio-based syscon mux controller DT bindings
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Hi Rob,

On Wed, 2017-04-19 at 17:09 -0500, Rob Herring wrote:
> On Thu, Apr 13, 2017 at 05:48:11PM +0200, Philipp Zabel wrote:
> > This adds device tree binding documentation for mmio-based syscon
> > multiplexers controlled by a single bitfield in a syscon register
> > range.
> >
> > Signed-off-by: Philipp Zabel <p.zabel@pengutronix.de>
> > ---
> > Documentation/devicetree/bindings/mux/mmio-mux.txt | 56 ++++++++++++++++++++++
> > 1 file changed, 56 insertions(+)
> > create mode 100644 Documentation/devicetree/bindings/mux/mmio-mux.txt
> >
> > diff --git a/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/mux/mmio-mux.txt b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/mux/mmio-mux.txt
> > new file mode 100644
> > index 0000000000000..11d96f5d98583
> > --- /dev/null
> > +++ b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/mux/mmio-mux.txt
> > @@ -0,0 +1,56 @@
> > +MMIO bitfield-based multiplexer controller bindings
> > +
> > +Define a syscon bitfield to be used to control a multiplexer. The parent
> > +device tree node must be a syscon node to provide register access.
> > +
> > +Required properties:
> > +- compatible : "gpio-mux"
>
> ?
>
> > +- reg : register base of the register containing the control bitfield
> > +- bit-mask : bitmask of the control bitfield in the control register
> > +- bit-shift : bit offset of the control bitfield in the control register
> > +- #mux-control-cells : <0>
> > +* Standard mux-controller bindings as decribed in mux-controller.txt
> > +
> > +Optional properties:
> > +- idle-state : if present, the state the mux will have when idle. The
> > + special state MUX_IDLE_AS_IS is the default.
> > +
> > +The multiplexer state is defined as the value of the bitfield described
> > +by the reg, bit-mask, and bit-shift properties, accessed through the parent
> > +syscon.
> > +
> > +Example:
> > +
> > + syscon {
> > + compatible = "syscon";
> > +
> > + mux: mux-controller@3 {
> > + compatible = "mmio-mux";
> > + reg = <0x3>;
> > + bit-mask = <0x1>;
> > + bit-shift = <5>;
>
> This pattern doesn't scale once you have multiple fields @ addr 3. I
> also don't really think a node per register field in DT really scales.

Thanks, I have been a bit uneasy with the separate per-bitfield mux
controller node, so I'm eager to agree. But thit makes me unsure how to
best represent the information that is spelled out above.

> I think the parent should be declared as a mux controller instead.

The syscon node itself should be the mux controller? Would you expect
the mmio-mux driver bind to the syscon node, or should the mux framework
handle creation of the mux controls in this case (i.e. does the syscon
node get a "mmio-mux" added to its compatible list)?

> You could encode the mux addr and bit position in the mux cells.

What about the bit-mask / bitfield width? Just add a cell for it?

gpr: syscon {
compatible = "mmio-mux", "syscon", "simple-mfd";
#mux-control-cells = <3>;

video-mux {
compatible = "video-mux";
/* register 0x3, bits [6:5] */
mux-controls = <&gpr 0x3 5 0x3>;

ports {
/* ports 0..5 */
};
};
};

Or maybe using MSB and LSB would be better to read?

video-mux {
/* register 0x3, bits [6:5] */
mux-control = <&gpr 0x3 6 5>;

ports {
/* ports 0..5 */
};
};

> > + #mux-control-cells = <0>;
> > + };
> > + };
> > +
> > + video-mux {
> > + compatible = "video-mux";
> > + mux-controls = <&mux>;
>
> The mux binding was largely defined for a single control controling
> multiple muxes. This doesn't really fit that, but I guess this is an
> improvement over a custom syscon phandle.

What I especially like about the mux-controls property is that would
allow me to use the gpio-mux driver (or any other mux controller)
instead of having to code variants of the video-mux for all possible
control schemes.

regards
Philipp

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