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SubjectRe: [PATCH 03/20] asm-generic/io.h: add PCI config space remap interface
On Fri, Mar 17, 2017 at 01:08:03AM +0100, Luis R. Rodriguez wrote:
> On Thu, Mar 16, 2017 at 04:12:43PM -0500, Bjorn Helgaas wrote:
> > [+cc Luis]
> >
> > On Mon, Feb 27, 2017 at 03:14:14PM +0000, Lorenzo Pieralisi wrote:
> > > The PCI specifications (Rev 3.0, 3.2.5 "Transaction Ordering and
> > > Posting") mandate non-posted configuration transactions. As further
> > > highlighted in the PCIe specifications (4.0 - Rev0.3, "Ordering
> > > Considerations for the Enhanced Configuration Access Mechanism"),
> > > through ECAM and ECAM-derivative configuration mechanism, the memory
> > > mapped transactions from the host CPU into Configuration Requests on the
> > > PCI express fabric may create ordering problems for software because
> > > writes to memory address are typically posted transactions (unless the
> > > architecture can enforce through virtual address mapping non-posted
> > > write transactions behaviour) but writes to Configuration Space are not
> > > posted on the PCI express fabric.
> > >
> > > Current DT and ACPI host bridge controllers map PCI configuration space
> > > (ECAM and ECAM-derivative) into the virtual address space through
> > > ioremap() calls, that are non-cacheable device accesses on most
> > > architectures, but may provide "bufferable" or "posted" write semantics
> > > in architecture like eg ARM/ARM64 that allow ioremap'ed regions writes
> > > to be buffered in the bus connecting the host CPU to the PCI fabric;
> > > this behaviour, as underlined in the PCIe specifications, may trigger
> > > transactions ordering rules and must be prevented.
> > >
> > > Introduce a new generic and explicit API to create a memory
> > > mapping for ECAM and ECAM-derivative config space area that
> > > defaults to ioremap_nocache() (which should provide a sane default
> > > behaviour) but still allowing architectures on which ioremap_nocache()
> > > results in posted write transactions to override the function
> > > call with an arch specific implementation that complies with
> > > the PCI specifications for configuration transactions.
> > ...

> > > +#ifndef pci_remap_cfgspace
> > > +#define pci_remap_cfgspace pci_remap_cfgspace
> > > +static inline void __iomem *pci_remap_cfgspace(phys_addr_t offset,
> > > + size_t size)
> > > +{
> > > + return ioremap_nocache(offset, size);
> > > +}
> >
> > I'm fine with this conceptually, but I think it would make more sense
> > if the name weren't specific to PCI or config space, e.g.,
> > ioremap_nopost() or something.
>
> Seems reasonable to me -- but are there other buses that could use
> this already as well ? Wouldn't these other buses also run into
> similar issues ? Can someone also bounce me a copy of the patches
> that use this ?

I forwarded a copy of the initial posting of all 20 patches to you.

> While at it, please add some documentation too, the above commit log
> is huge, and yet for the person eyeballing the code they won't have
> any clue why this was added exactly. Since this is about helping
> with picking the right ioremap due to certain semantics /
> requirements on the PCI config space, we should clarify then what
> exactly are the expectations here. The clearer you are the less in
> trouble we can get later.

I think the documentation above does contain the critical facts that:

- Accesses to PCI config space and PCI I/O port space should be
non-posted

- ARM64 currently maps them as posted, which may cause ordering
problems

It's possible the changelog could be made clearer by *removing* text,
but I'm not sure what Lorenzo could *add* to make it better.

This particular patch is generic (not ARM64-specific), so maybe all we
need to say here is that PCI requires non-posted mappings in some
cases, and we currently don't have a generic ioremap() to make them,
so we're adding a way for an arch to provide such an interface.

Bjorn

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