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SubjectRe: [RFC 1/1] mm, memcg: add prioritized reclaim
On Sat, Mar 18, 2017 at 4:46 AM, Tim Murray <timmurray@google.com> wrote:
> When a system is under memory pressure, it may be beneficial to prioritize
> some memory cgroups to keep their pages resident ahead of other cgroups'
> pages. Add a new interface to memory cgroups, memory.priority, that enables
> kswapd and direct reclaim to scan more pages in lower-priority cgroups
> before looking at higher-priority cgroups.
>
> Signed-off-by: Tim Murray <timmurray@google.com>
> ---
> include/linux/memcontrol.h | 20 +++++++++++++++++++-
> mm/memcontrol.c | 33 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> mm/vmscan.c | 3 ++-
> 3 files changed, 54 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/include/linux/memcontrol.h b/include/linux/memcontrol.h
> index 5af377303880..0d0f95839a8d 100644
> --- a/include/linux/memcontrol.h
> +++ b/include/linux/memcontrol.h
> @@ -206,7 +206,9 @@ struct mem_cgroup {
> bool oom_lock;
> int under_oom;
>
> - int swappiness;
> + int swappiness;
> + int priority;
> +
> /* OOM-Killer disable */
> int oom_kill_disable;
>
> @@ -487,6 +489,16 @@ static inline bool task_in_memcg_oom(struct task_struct *p)
>
> bool mem_cgroup_oom_synchronize(bool wait);
>
> +static inline int mem_cgroup_priority(struct mem_cgroup *memcg)
> +{
> + /* root ? */
> + if (mem_cgroup_disabled() || !memcg->css.parent)
> + return 0;
> +
> + return memcg->priority;
> +}
> +
> +
> #ifdef CONFIG_MEMCG_SWAP
> extern int do_swap_account;
> #endif
> @@ -766,6 +778,12 @@ static inline
> void mem_cgroup_count_vm_event(struct mm_struct *mm, enum vm_event_item idx)
> {
> }
> +
> +static inline int mem_cgroup_priority(struct mem_cgroup *memcg)
> +{
> + return 0;
> +}
> +
> #endif /* CONFIG_MEMCG */
>
> #ifdef CONFIG_CGROUP_WRITEBACK
> diff --git a/mm/memcontrol.c b/mm/memcontrol.c
> index 2bd7541d7c11..7343ca106a36 100644
> --- a/mm/memcontrol.c
> +++ b/mm/memcontrol.c
> @@ -81,6 +81,8 @@ struct mem_cgroup *root_mem_cgroup __read_mostly;
>
> #define MEM_CGROUP_RECLAIM_RETRIES 5
>
> +#define MEM_CGROUP_PRIORITY_MAX 10
> +
> /* Socket memory accounting disabled? */
> static bool cgroup_memory_nosocket;
>
> @@ -241,6 +243,7 @@ enum res_type {
> _OOM_TYPE,
> _KMEM,
> _TCP,
> + _PRIO,
> };
>
> #define MEMFILE_PRIVATE(x, val) ((x) << 16 | (val))
> @@ -842,6 +845,10 @@ struct mem_cgroup *mem_cgroup_iter(struct mem_cgroup *root,
> */
> memcg = mem_cgroup_from_css(css);
>
> + if (reclaim && reclaim->priority &&
> + (DEF_PRIORITY - memcg->priority) < reclaim->priority)
> + continue;
> +
This as I understand will skip say a priority 0 memcg until scan
priority is less
than 3. Considering a case of foreground task at memcg priority 0, and
large number of background tasks each consuming very small amount of
memory (and thus tiny LRUs) and at priority 10. Also assume that
a large part of memory is occupied by these small apps (which I think is a valid
scenario on android). Because of the small LRU sizes of BG apps, the
kswapd priority will
drop fast and we would eventually reach priority 2. And at 2 or 1, a
lot of pages
would get scanned from both foreground and background tasks. The foreground
LRU will get excessively scanned, even though most of the memory is occupied
by the large number of small BG apps. No ?


> if (css == &root->css)
> break;
>
> @@ -2773,6 +2780,7 @@ enum {
> RES_MAX_USAGE,
> RES_FAILCNT,
> RES_SOFT_LIMIT,
> + RES_PRIORITY,
> };
>
> static u64 mem_cgroup_read_u64(struct cgroup_subsys_state *css,
> @@ -2783,6 +2791,7 @@ static u64 mem_cgroup_read_u64(struct cgroup_subsys_state *css,
>
> switch (MEMFILE_TYPE(cft->private)) {
> case _MEM:
> + case _PRIO:
> counter = &memcg->memory;
> break;
> case _MEMSWAP:
> @@ -2813,6 +2822,8 @@ static u64 mem_cgroup_read_u64(struct cgroup_subsys_state *css,
> return counter->failcnt;
> case RES_SOFT_LIMIT:
> return (u64)memcg->soft_limit * PAGE_SIZE;
> + case RES_PRIORITY:
> + return (u64)memcg->priority;
> default:
> BUG();
> }
> @@ -2966,6 +2977,22 @@ static int memcg_update_tcp_limit(struct mem_cgroup *memcg, unsigned long limit)
> return ret;
> }
>
> +static ssize_t mem_cgroup_update_prio(struct kernfs_open_file *of,
> + char *buf, size_t nbytes, loff_t off)
> +{
> + struct mem_cgroup *memcg = mem_cgroup_from_css(of_css(of));
> + unsigned long long prio = -1;
> +
> + buf = strstrip(buf);
> + prio = memparse(buf, NULL);
> +
> + if (prio >= 0 && prio <= MEM_CGROUP_PRIORITY_MAX) {
> + memcg->priority = (int)prio;
> + return nbytes;
> + }
> + return -EINVAL;
> +}
> +
> /*
> * The user of this function is...
> * RES_LIMIT.
> @@ -3940,6 +3967,12 @@ static struct cftype mem_cgroup_legacy_files[] = {
> .read_u64 = mem_cgroup_read_u64,
> },
> {
> + .name = "priority",
> + .private = MEMFILE_PRIVATE(_PRIO, RES_PRIORITY),
> + .write = mem_cgroup_update_prio,
> + .read_u64 = mem_cgroup_read_u64,
> + },
> + {
> .name = "stat",
> .seq_show = memcg_stat_show,
> },
> diff --git a/mm/vmscan.c b/mm/vmscan.c
> index bc8031ef994d..c47b21326ab0 100644
> --- a/mm/vmscan.c
> +++ b/mm/vmscan.c
> @@ -2116,6 +2116,7 @@ static void get_scan_count(struct lruvec *lruvec, struct mem_cgroup *memcg,
> unsigned long *lru_pages)
> {
> int swappiness = mem_cgroup_swappiness(memcg);
> + int priority = mem_cgroup_priority(memcg);
> struct zone_reclaim_stat *reclaim_stat = &lruvec->reclaim_stat;
> u64 fraction[2];
> u64 denominator = 0; /* gcc */
> @@ -2287,7 +2288,7 @@ static void get_scan_count(struct lruvec *lruvec, struct mem_cgroup *memcg,
> unsigned long scan;
>
> size = lruvec_lru_size(lruvec, lru, sc->reclaim_idx);
> - scan = size >> sc->priority;
> + scan = size >> (sc->priority + priority);
If most of the apps in background (with memcg priortiy near 10) are
smaller ones in terms of LRU size,
this would result in a priority drop because of increasing the
priority ? And this would also cause some
small LRUs never to be scanned i.e. when (size >>
MEM_CGROUP_PRIORITY_MAX) is 0 (or when
scan is > 0, but SCAN_FRACT makes it 0) ?

>
> if (!scan && pass && force_scan)
> scan = min(size, SWAP_CLUSTER_MAX);
> --
> 2.12.0.367.g23dc2f6d3c-goog
>
> --
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