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SubjectRe: kernel BUG at mm/swap_slots.c:270
On Mon, Mar 20, 2017 at 09:25:50AM +0800, Huang, Ying wrote:
> Hi,
>
> Michal Hocko <mhocko@kernel.org> writes:
>
> > On Sat 18-03-17 09:57:18, Linus Torvalds wrote:
> >> Tim at al,
> >> I got this on my desktop at shutdown:
> >>
> >> ------------[ cut here ]------------
> >> kernel BUG at mm/swap_slots.c:270!
> >> invalid opcode: 0000 [#1] SMP
> >> CPU: 5 PID: 1745 Comm: (sd-pam) Not tainted 4.11.0-rc1-00243-g24c534bb161b #1
> >> Hardware name: System manufacturer System Product Name/Z170-K, BIOS
> >> 1803 05/06/2016
> >> RIP: 0010:free_swap_slot+0xba/0xd0
> >> Call Trace:
> >> swap_free+0x36/0x40
> >> do_swap_page+0x360/0x6d0
> >> __handle_mm_fault+0x880/0x1080
> >> handle_mm_fault+0xd0/0x240
> >> __do_page_fault+0x232/0x4d0
> >> do_page_fault+0x20/0x70
> >> page_fault+0x22/0x30
> >> ---[ end trace aefc9ede53e0ab21 ]---
> >>
> >> so there seems to be something screwy in the new swap_slots code.
> >
> > I am travelling (LSFMM) so I didn't get to look at this more thoroughly
> > but it seems like a race because enable_swap_slots_cache is called at
> > the very end of the swapon and we could have already created a swap
> > entry for a page by that time I guess.
> >
> >> Any ideas? I'm not finding other reports of this, but I'm also not
> >> seeing why it should BUG_ON(). The "use_swap_slot_cache" thing very
> >> much checks whether swap_slot_cache_initialized has been set, so the
> >> BUG_ON() just seems like garbage. But please take a look.
> >
> > I guess you are right. I cannot speak of the original intention but it
> > seems Tim wanted to be careful to not see unexpected swap entry when
> > the swap wasn't initialized yet. I would just drop the BUG_ON and bail
> > out when the slot cache hasn't been initialized yet.
>
> Yes. The BUG_ON() is problematic. The initialization of swap slot
> cache may fail too, if so, we should still allow using swap without slot
> cache. Will send out a fixing patch ASAP.
>

I kind of suspect that the swap slot cache initialization failed for some
reason. But swap should still work when we try to free a swap slot
without the slots cache.

A proposed patch to fix this problem:

--->8---
From: Tim Chen <tim.c.chen@linux.intel.com>
Date: Mon, 20 Mar 2017 10:00:03 -0400
Subject: [PATCH] mm/swap: Fix inappropriate BUG_ON in swap_slots.c

It is possible that we don't have swap_slots cache configured and
running when swap is in use and swap slot is freed. So the BUG_ON is
in appropriate when swap_slots cache is not initizliaed when a swap slot
is released.

Signed-off-by: Tim Chen <tim.c.chen@linux.intel.com>
---
mm/swap_slots.c | 5 +++--
1 file changed, 3 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)

diff --git a/mm/swap_slots.c b/mm/swap_slots.c
index 9b5bc86..a17ecbf 100644
--- a/mm/swap_slots.c
+++ b/mm/swap_slots.c
@@ -267,10 +267,11 @@ int free_swap_slot(swp_entry_t entry)
{
struct swap_slots_cache *cache;

- BUG_ON(!swap_slot_cache_initialized);
+ if (unlikely(!use_swap_slot_cache))
+ swapcache_free_entries(&entry, 1);

cache = &get_cpu_var(swp_slots);
- if (use_swap_slot_cache && cache->slots_ret) {
+ if (cache->slots_ret) {
spin_lock_irq(&cache->free_lock);
/* Swap slots cache may be deactivated before acquiring lock */
if (!use_swap_slot_cache) {
--
2.5.5
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